Lewisham is a National Rail and Docklands Light Railway station in Lewisham, south-east London which first opened in 1849. On the National Rail network it is 7 miles 61 chains (12.5 km) measured from London Victoria and is operated by Southeastern.
|Local authority||London Borough of Lewisham|
Docklands Light Railway
|Number of platforms||6|
|Accessible||Yes(DLR and 4 NR platforms) |
|Fare zone||2 and 3|
|DLR annual boardings and alightings|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||2.003 million|
|– interchange||3.577 million|
|– interchange||3.756 million|
|– interchange||2.201 million|
|– interchange||2.634 million|
|30 July 1849||Opened|
|1 January 1857||Renamed (Lewisham Junction)|
|7 July 1929||Renamed (Lewisham)|
|London transport portal|
There are four platforms for main-line trains: 3 and 4 on the North Kent Line, and 1 and 2 on a loop off the South Eastern Main Line (which are also known as the mid-Kent route).
The current station which dates from 1857 is constructed of yellow stock brick with stone dressing and has an unusual survival of a wooden clapboard building at the back. The facade has a pleasing symmetry of three windows, three entrance doors, and three windows.
Original doors sash windows skirting tiling and banisters are present inside. The original corniced ceiling of the main hall is currently concealed by a lowered fake ceiling. Platform 3 has kept its original canopy with its elaborate cast iron brackets which depict cherries. some of the original chamfered wood and cast iron supports of the original canopy survive on platform 2.
The station has similarities with other listed stations built at around the same time such as the listed Ladywell railway station, Blackheath station and Gravesend railway station which has the same elaborate cast iron supporting brackets as can be found at Lewisham.
Platforms 5 and 6 are served by Docklands Light Railway trains to Bank and Stratford. The Docklands Light Railway station opened in 1999 following a southward extension from Island Gardens. The original canopy over platform 4 was demolished at some point post 1990.
The original canopy over the main entrance was demolished in 2009 at a cost of £790k  and replaced with a steel version.
From December 2009, Lewisham was fitted with electric ticket gates, in line with the Government's new strategy to give all Greater London National Rail stations Oyster card accessibility and closing access to those who attempt to travel without tickets. This was controversial as it involved the closure of the gate on Platform 4 and led to a petition signed by over 1,000.
Opening and early years (1857-1922)Edit
The North Kent line opened on 30 July 1849 by the South Eastern Railway linking Strood with the London and Greenwich Railway route to London Bridge. The original station was located east of the Lewisham Road overbridge with access off Lewisham Road. With the opening of the mid-Kent line in 1857 a new station was built to the west so both lines could be served.
Eleven passengers were killed in the Lewisham rail crash (1857) when a train ran into the back of a stationary train.
In 1898 the South Eastern Railway and the London Chatham and Dover Railway agreed to work as one railway company under the name of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway.
Southern Railway (1923-1947)Edit
The Mid-Kent line was electrified with services commencing on 28 February 1926.
In 1929 large-scale remodelling of the junction was undertaken to enable cross-London freight traffic to be routed via Nunhead and Loughborough Junction. The new route utilised part of the former Greenwich Park branch (which had closed in 1917) and included a flyover.
The loop between Lewisham and the main line towards Hither Green, which had opened in 1929, was electrified on 16 July 1933 allowing Sidcup and Orpington local electric services to call.
The Nunhead line was electrified in summer 1935 and opened to electric traffic on 30 September 1935 with services from the Bexleyheath and Sidcup to St Paul's (Blackfriars). This service was cancelled during World War 2 as an economy measure recommencing on 12 August 1946.
British Railways (1948-1994)Edit
After World War II and following nationalisation on 1 January 1948, it fell under the auspices of British Railways Southern Region.
On the 4 December 1957 the Lewisham rail crash occurred to the west of the station with 90 fatalities.
As part of the London Bridge re-signalling a new loop line was opened with a reversible track down to the west (Fast Line) side of St Johns which opened up on 1 April 1976.
Upon sectorisation in 1982, three passenger sectors were created: InterCity, operating principal express services; and London & South East (renamed Network SouthEast in 1986) who operated commuter services in the London area.
Franchise (1994-present day)Edit
Following de-nationalisation of British Rail on 1 April 1994 the infrastructure to St Johns station became the responsibility of Railtrack whilst a business unit operated the train services. On 13 October 1996 operation of the passenger services passed to Connex South Eastern who were originally due to run the franchise until 2011.
On 27 June 2003 the Strategic Rail Authority decided to strip Connex of the franchise citing poor financial management and run the franchise itself. Connex South Eastern continued to operate the franchise until 8 November 2003 with the services transferring to the Strategic Rail Authority's South Eastern Trains subsidiary the following day.
The loop line to St Johns was doubled in 2013.
There was formerly a bus terminus within the station, but this was relocated to Thurston Road as part of the Lewisham Gateway project.
- On 4 December 1957, the Lewisham rail crash occurred to the west of the station with 90 fatalities. A plaque at the station commemorates this incident.
- In the early morning hours of 24 January 2017, a GB Railfreight train travelling from Grain to Neasden derailed at Lewisham. Although no railway workers or passengers were injured in the derailment, it caused widespread disruption across the Southeastern system, with numerous delays and cancellations for the day.
- On the evening of 2 March 2018 during exceptionally cold weather, several trains were delayed close to the station and passengers evacuated themselves onto the tracks.
Planned London Underground servicesEdit
Fleet line serviceEdit
In 1971 and 1972, parliamentary approval was given for construction of Phases 2 and 3 of the planned Fleet line. Phase 3 on the proposal would have extended the line from Fenchurch Street to Lewisham, with new platforms constructed underground. Further plans for Phase 4 of the extension considered the line taking over the mainline tracks on the Addiscombe and Hayes branch lines. Preliminary construction works were carried out elsewhere on the extension before the plan was postponed by lack of funds. Following a change of name to Jubilee line, the first part of the line opened in 1979, but the remaining plans were not carried out. When the Jubilee line was extended in 1999, a different route to Stratford was followed.
Bakerloo line serviceEdit
Tfl is currently considering extending the Bakerloo line to Lewisham. Both line options stop at Lewisham. If progressed the station is currently expected to open in 2030.
In its draft Kent Route Utilisation Strategy, Network Rail mentions the possibility of extending the Bakerloo line from Elephant & Castle to Lewisham, and then taking over the Hayes branch line. Network Rail states that this would free up six paths per hour into central London and so increasing capacity on the Tonbridge main line, which would also relieve the junctions around Lewisham.
Lewisham is the southern terminus of the DLR, the previous station being Elverson Road. It is on the boundary of Travelcard Zone 2 and Zone 3 and is a major transport hub, with many buses passing through or terminating here.
There are a number of freight trains that are generally routed through platforms 3 and 4. In 2012 these include freightliner trains (Isle of Grain), gypsum (Hothfield), aggregates (Angerstein Wharf) and nuclear material (Dungeness).
The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:
Southeastern (National Rail)Edit
Railways around Lewisham and Hither Green
- 4tph to London Charing Cross via London Bridge
- 8tph to London Cannon Street
- 2tph to London Victoria via Denmark Hill & Peckham Rye
- 4tph to London Cannon Street via Sidcup or via Bexleyheath both returning via Greenwich
- 4tph to Dartford via Bexleyheath of which 2 continue to Gravesend
- 2tph to Dartford via Woolwich Arsenal
Docklands Light RailwayEdit
Lewisham previously had an adjoining bus station for terminating routes. The station closed on 28 February 2014 for the major Lewisham Gateway redevelopment project.
- Tube Map
- "Southeastern: Lewisham". Archived from the original on 29 May 2009.
- Transport for London (12 February 2013). "Freedom of Information DLR usage 1213". Transport for London. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Up-to-date DLR entry/exit statistics for each station" (XLSX). What Do They Know. Transport for London. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- "Passenger Numbers - Docklands Light Railway Limited" (XLSX (after downloading zip)). What Do They Know. Transport for London. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Southeastern -Station facilities: Lewisham Archived 9 July 2007 at Archive.today
- "Picture". c1.staticflickr.com. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Petition to re-open Lewisham station gate signed by 1,152". News Shopper.
- "Error". www.btp.police.uk. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008.
- Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 47.
- "Search". www.beckenhamhistory.co.uk.
- "BoT Lewisham" (PDF). www.railwaysarchive.co.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 17.
- Thomas, David St John; Whitehouse, Patrick (1990). BR in the Eighties. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-9854-7.
- "On November 22 Britain's Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott opened the 4·2 km Lewisham extension of London's Docklands Light Railway". Railway Gazette. Railway Gazette. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- Network Rail closer to Railtrack takeover BBC News, 1 April 2016
- "Accounting for Producer Needs: The case of Britain's rail infrastructure" (PDF). Centre for Management and Organisational History. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- "BBC NEWS - UK - England - Train firm loses franchise". BBC News. 27 June 2003. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- Basher Bowker pulls the plug on Connex The Telegraph 29 June 2003
- Telegraph Reporters (24 January 2017). "Southeastern passengers face major delays after freight train derailment near Lewisham station". The Telegraph.
- Network Rail. "Lewisham Derailment - 24 January, 2017". YouTube.
- BBC News https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-43266245
- Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. p. 36. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
- "Bakerloo line extension - Transport for London - Citizen Space". consultations.tfl.gov.uk.
- , Network Rail - Kent Route Utilisation Strategy: Draft for Consultation (April 2009) at paragraph 10.8.2 p. 172
- "Lewisham Gateway changes start today". SE13URE. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lewisham station (London).|
|Preceding station||DLR||Following station|
|Docklands Light Railway||Terminus|
Nunhead to Lewisham Link (Victoria - Dartford)
|London Bridge or New Cross||Southeastern
North Kent &
|London Bridge or St Johns||Southeastern
Dartford Loop Line
Grove Park Line
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
Phase 3 (never constructed)