Gravesend railway station

Coordinates: 51°26′28.74″N 0°22′0.09″E / 51.4413167°N 0.3666917°E / 51.4413167; 0.3666917

Gravesend railway station serves the town of Gravesend in north Kent, England. It is 23 miles 75 chains (38.5 km) down the line from London Charing Cross.

Gravesend
National Rail
Gravesend Railway Station.jpg
Class 395 Javelin arriving at Platform 2 in 2014
General information
LocationGravesend, Borough of Gravesham
England
Grid referenceTQ645740
Managed bySoutheastern
Platforms3
Other information
Station codeGRV
ClassificationDfT category C2
History
Opened30 July 1849
Passengers
2016/17Increase 2.984 million
 Interchange Increase 0.114 million
2017/18Increase 2.989 million
 Interchange Increase 0.191 million
2018/19Increase 3.087 million
 Interchange Decrease 0.184 million
2019/20Decrease 2.989 million
 Interchange Decrease 0.155 million
2020/21Decrease 0.882 million
 Interchange Decrease 47,714
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road
Auto-train for Allhallows-on-Sea in 1959
View of new footbridge and lifts at Gravesend Railway Station from Platform 2
Looking coast bound showing Platform 0 (far right), Platform 1 (right) and Platform 2 (left).
Coast bound view of Gravesend station from the new footbridge.

Train services are operated by Southeastern and Thameslink. During Christmas 2013, a major overhaul of the lines and platforms changed the four track, two platform layout into two through lines and a western facing bay platform.

HistoryEdit

The first railway line to arrive in Gravesend was the Gravesend & Rochester Railway (G&RR) who had purchased the Thames and Medway Canal and its tunnel between Strood and Higham. The G&RR ran the first train to the then terminus at Gravesend (adjacent to the Canal Basin) on 10 February 1845. On 30 July 1849 the line was extended to North Kent East Junction on the South Eastern Railway (SER) and thence to London Bridge.

There was a second Gravesend station (later known as Gravesend West Street then later still Gravesend West) opened by SER's rivals, London, Chatham & Dover Railway (LCDR). It was the end of a branch off the LCDR's main line and it allowed access to Victoria. Journey times were uncompetitive and, when the two companies combined in 1899, the branch was soon relegated to a secondary line and closed in 1968. To differentiate from this other station, Gravesend was named Gravesend Central for a long time.

High speed HS1 services to London St Pancras International were introduced in December 2009 and proved highly successful. The station is now seen as a major interchange for metro and high speed services. There is far greater customer patronage for high speed services to St Pancras from Gravesend in comparison to nearby Ebbsfleet International, where usage is considered modest at best. This might be due (in part) to the sizeable London-bound commuter population in and around Gravesham, as opposed to domestic passenger use at Ebbsfleet, from elsewhere in North West Kent. Additionally services between Maidstone West and London St Pancras have since been added to SouthEastern's High Speed route, which stop at Strood and Gravesend prior to joining the high speed lines at Ebbsfleet.

In 2013 a £19 million overhaul of the station, platforms and lines involved the demolition of a former water tank base on the southern platform of the station (Platform 1 at this time), the installation of a new lift/stair bridge complex towards the western end of the station, the removal of the early 20th century footbridge that spanned the lines close to the ticket halls and a major remodelling of the lines and platforms.[1]

The station's track layout was substantially altered in December 2013. This was primarily for extending the current platforms to accommodate 12 coach trains as opposed to the previous 10 coach limit. Platform 1 has been extended and converted to a London facing bay platform and renumbered as Platform 0. A new single face central Platform 1 is located on the site of what was the former up 'through' road. Services from Medway and Faversham, including London bound high speed trains use this platform. This new platform has bi directional workings and capability. Platform 2 remained numbered as '2', however, it lost its turnback capability and thus caters solely for coast bound services. Services terminating at Gravesend from London Charing Cross or London Cannon Street stations terminate on Platform 0.

The previous historic but narrow central footbridge, has been replaced with a large sheltered bridge with lifts, at the London end of the station and serving all three platforms. This new bridge is at the far western end of the platforms, the previous bridge was conveniently near the centre of the platforms and near to the entry/exit.

ServicesEdit

Services at Gravesend are operated by Southeastern and Thameslink using Class 376, 395, 465, 466 and 700 EMUs.

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:[2]

During the peak hours, the station is also served by 4 trains per day between London St Pancras International and Maidstone West.[3]

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Southeastern
SoutheasternTerminus
Peak Hours Only
Thameslink
  Ferry services  
Tilbury Town
via Bus Link
  Gravesend–Tilbury Ferry   Terminus
Disused railways
Terminus   British Rail
Southern Region

  Uralite Halt
Northfleet   British Rail
Southern Region

  Denton Halt
  British Rail
Southern Region

  Milton Range
Halt
  British Rail
Southern Region

  Hoo Junction
Staff Halt

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gravesend station improvement unlocks capacity improvements in Kent". 6 January 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  2. ^ Table 194, 200, 201, 212 National Rail timetable, December 2021
  3. ^ "High-speed trains start from Maidstone". Kent Online. Kent Messenger Group. 20 May 2011. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2011.

External linksEdit