Paddington tube station (Circle and Hammersmith & City lines)
Paddington is a London Underground station served by the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines. It is located adjacent to the north side of Paddington mainline station and has entrances from within the mainline station and from Paddington Basin. The station is between Royal Oak and Edgware Road and is in London Fare Zone 1.
Entrance from Paddington Basin
|Local authority||City of Westminster|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||2|
Paddington Bakerloo, Circle and District line station 
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|1863||Opened (as terminus)|
|1864||Extension (to Hammersmith)|
|1872||Started ("Middle Circle")|
|1905||Ended ("Middle Circle")|
|1990||Started (Hammersmith & City)|
|2009||Started (Circle line to Hammersmith)|
|London transport portal|
The station is one of two separate Underground stations of the same name. The other station, on Praed Street to the south of the mainline station, is served by the Bakerloo, Circle and District lines. Although shown on the London Underground map as a single station, the two stations are not directly linked and interchange between them is via the concourse of the mainline station.
The station was opened as Paddington (Bishop's Road) by the Metropolitan Railway (MR, later the Metropolitan line) on 10 January 1863 as the western terminus of the world's first underground railway.[n 1] The station building was located on the road bridge carrying Bishop's Road (now Bishop's Bridge Road) over the mainline tracks of the Great Western Railway (GWR).[n 2] Services were initially operated with rolling stock provided by the GWR, and the MR route to Farringdon was laid with dual-gauge track for both broad-gauge and standard-gauge trains.[n 3]
On 13 June 1864, GWR services were extended westward when the Hammersmith & City Railway (H&CR) opened to Hammersmith.[n 4] MR services began operating to Hammersmith in 1865. Initially, trains ran for about 1 mile (1.6 km) on the GWR's mainline tracks between Paddington and the start of the Hammersmith branch, but delays on the mainline section led to a separate pair of parallel tracks for the Hammersmith service being constructed. These opened on 30 October 1871.
On 1 October 1868, the MR opened a south-west facing junction (Praed Street junction) approximately 350 yards (320 m) west of Edgware Road for a new branch to Gloucester Road.[n 5] MR trains to Gloucester Road served a separate station named Paddington (Praed Street) south of the main-line station. Paddington (Bishop's Road) station was given its current name in 10 September 1933.
From 1 August 1872, the '"Middle Circle"' service also began operations through the station running from Moorgate then over the Hammersmith branch to Latimer Road then, via a now demolished link, to the West London Line to Addison Road and the District Railway (DR, later the District line) to Mansion House. The service was operated jointly by the GWR and the DR. The service ended on 31 January 1905.
Until 1990, services through the station were shown on maps as part of the MR and, later the Metropolitan line. They were separately identified as the Hammersmith & City line in 1990.
In December 2009, Circle line services began serving the station. Originally operating as a loop-line using tracks constructed by the MR and the DR and serving only the station in Praed Street, the Circle line's route was altered to include the Hammersmith branch to increase train frequency on the branch and improve the regularity of Circle line trains. Trains run in a spiral anti-clockwise from Edgware Road around the loop, back to Edgware Road and then on to the Hammersmith branch.[n 6]
Accidents and incidentsEdit
On 9 May 1864, the boiler of a Great Northern Railway 0-6-0 locomotive exploded as it was leaving Bishops Road. Two people were seriously injured and the resulting debris landed up to 250 yards (230 m) away, and a section of the main station roof was dented.
The station is in London Fare Zone 1 between Royal Oak and Edgware Road stations. Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but, generally, Hammersmith & City line trains operate every 10 minutes from approximately 04:50 to 00:42 eastbound and 05:22 to 00:53 westbound; they are supplemented by Circle line trains every 10 minutes from approximately 04:58 to 23:43 eastbound and 06:40 to 00:45 westbound. Both lines use the same tracks.
Lancaster Gate Underground station on the Central line and Marylebone mainline station are within walking distance and out of station interchanges to these stations are permitted at no extra cost if made within the permitted time.
Notes and referencesEdit
- The Metropolitan Railway ran mostly in shallow tunnels constructed using the cut-and-cover technique under existing roads. Some sections of the trench were left un-roofed for ventilation. Some station platforms were below ground level within the roofed sections of tunnel but others, such as Paddington (Bishop's Road) had glazed roofs.
- The Metropolitan Railway's chief engineer was John Fowler.
- A falling out between the managers of the GWR and MR led to the GWR withdrawing its trains from the MR's use in August 1863, though it continued to operate its own suburban services over the MR's tracks. The MR hired standard gauge rolling stock from the Great Northern Railway and London & North Western Railway whilst it had its own constructed.
- The Hammersmith & City Railway was promoted jointly by the GWR and MR, but established as a separate company. It was jointly controlled by the two companies from 1 July 1865.
- The branch to Gloucester Road met the District Railway there and, with later extensions of both lines towards the City of London eventually formed the Inner Circle (now the Circle line).
- Although the two Paddington Underground stations are only about 400 metres (440 yd) apart geographically, the distance by rail on the Circle line without changing trains is 20.84 kilometres (12.95 mi) around almost the whole of the line's loop section.
- "Circle Line, Topology". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London. 19 February 2019.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Transport for London. December 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- Rose 1999.
- Walford 1878.
- Wolmar 2005, p. 32.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 14.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 10.
- Wolmar 2005, p. 60.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 16.
- Jackson 1986, pp. 39–40.
- Bruce 1983, p. 11.
- Lee 1956, p. 29.
- "Services on London Underground's Circle line to be extended to Hammersmith". Transport for London. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- Rail distance calculated from kilometerage data at "Circle Line, Toplogy". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- "Paddington station works completed ahead of schedule". Transport for London. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- Jackson 1984, p. 330.
- "Timetables". Transport for London. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- "Buses from Paddington" (PDF). Transport for London. 19 November 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Bruce, J Graeme (1983). Steam to Silver. A history of London Transport Surface Rolling Stock. Capital Transport. ISBN 0-904711-45-5.
- Day, John R.; Reed, John (2010) . The Story of London's Underground (11th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-341-9.
- Jackson, Alan (1984) . London's Termini (New Revised ed.). London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-330-02747-6.
- Jackson, Alan (1986). London's Metropolitan Railway. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8839-8.
- Lee, Charles E. (1956). The Metropolitan District Railway. The Oakwood Press. ASIN B0000CJGHS.
- Rose, Douglas (1999) . The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
- Walford, Edward (1878). "XVIII". Underground London: Its railways, subways and sewers. Old and New London. 5. Cassell, Petter & Galpin. Retrieved 18 August 2017 – via British History Online.
- Wolmar, Christian (2005) . The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1-84354-023-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paddington tube station (Circle and Hammersmith & City lines).|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Hammersmith & City line||
Hammersmith branch (1864–1990)