List of metropolitan areas in Europe

This list ranks metropolitan areas in Europe by their population according to three different sources; it includes metropolitan areas that have a population of over 1 million.

Satellite picture of Europe by night. Lights reveal the urbanized areas of Europe. It also shows the Blue Banana megalopolis from north-west England to northern Italy, and Golden Banana urbanized area between Genoa and Valencia.

SourcesEdit

List includes metropolitan areas according only studies of ESPON, Eurostat, and OECD. For this reason some metropolitan areas, like Italian Genoa Metropolitan Area (population is over 1.510.000 as of 2012 according "CityRailway" Official Report), aren't included in this list, with data by other statistic survey institutes.

Figures in the first column come from the ESPON project, "Study on Urban Functions", which defines cities according to the concept of a functional urban area (core urban area defined morphologically on the basis of population density, plus the surrounding labour pool defined on the basis of commuting). Figures in the second column come from Eurostat's Urban Audit and correspond to Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). Figures in the fourth column come from the OECD Territorial Reviews and correspond to "metropolitan regions". Further information on how the areas are defined can be found in the source documents. These figures should be seen as an interpretation, not as conclusive fact.

Metropolitan areasEdit

  Areas within the European Union
Metropolitan area name Country City Population

Urban Agglomeration

(2020)[1]

Eurostat
Metropolitan region
(2019)[2]
Eurostat
Metropolitan region
(2018)[2]
ESPON
Functional Urban Area
(2006)[3]
OECD
Metropolitan region
(2016)[4]
Amsterdam metropolitan area   Netherlands 2,475,000 3,269,905 3,242,852 2,497,000[a] 2,717,363[a]
Antwerp   Belgium 1,120,000 985,332 1,047,030 1,406,000[b] 1,097,788
Athens   Greece 3,350,000 3,561,750 3,576,590 3,761,000 3,562,538
Barcelona metropolitan area   Spain 4,775,000 5,575,204 5,514,881 4,082,000[c] 3,969,628
Belgrade   Serbia 1,420,000 No data No data No data 1,133,146
Berlin   Germany 4,725,000 5,303,846 5,259,363 4,016,000 5,142,247
Bilbao   Spain <1,000,000 1,137,191 1,134,848 947,000 1,037,033
Birmingham (West Midlands)   United Kingdom 4,127,349 3,558,916 2,545,475 3,683,000 2,968,313
Bremen   Germany 1,000,000 1,277,609 1,274,611 1,077,000 1,255,402
Bristol   United Kingdom <1,000,000 1,157,937 1,147,017 1,041,000 944,390
Brussels-Capital Region   Belgium 2,700,000 2,548,941 2,528,996 2,639,000[b] 2,628,971
Bucharest metropolitan area   Romania 2,200,000 2,315,173 2,301,255 2,064,000 No data
Budapest metropolitan area   Hungary 2,625,000 3,031,160 3,011,598 2,523,000 2,965,908
Cardiff   United Kingdom <1,000,000 1,140,165 1,135,795 1,097,000 779,800
Copenhagen   Denmark 1,680,000 2,045,259 2,030,718 2,350,000[5][6][d] 2,054,881
Donetsk   Ukraine 1,440,000 No data No data No data No data
Dnipro   Ukraine 1,390,000 No data No data No data No data
Dublin Metropolitan Area   Ireland 1,390,000 2,107,749 2,069,386 1,477,000 1,914,191
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region   Germany 3,250,000 2,710,127 2,693,115 2,764,000[e] 2,647,100
Gdańsk (Tricity)   Poland <1,000,000 1,317,517 993,000 1,154,488
Gothenburg   Sweden 1,041,850 1,021,831 1,015,974 759,000 950,000
Greater Glasgow   United Kingdom 1,680,000 1,861,315 1,854,866 1,395,000 1,817,860
The Hague   Netherlands 3,250,000 [f] 1,103,368 1,093,212 1,404,000[a] 1,070,292
Hamburg Metropolitan Region   Germany 2,875,000 3,327,940 3,309,215 2,983,000 3,234,465
Helsinki Metropolitan Area   Finland 1,300,000 1,671,024 1,655,624 1,285,000 1,471,930
Istanbul[g]   Turkey 16,000,000 No data No data No data 11,400,000
Katowice metropolitan area   Poland 2,350,000 2,695,148 2,705,106 3,029,000[h] 2,541,191
Kazan   Russia 1,260,000 No data No data No data No data
Kharkiv   Ukraine 1,640,000 No data No data No data No data
Kiev metropolitan area   Ukraine 3,475,000 No data No data No data No data
Kraków metropolitan area   Poland <1,000,000 1,491,811 1,480,803 1,236,000 1,407,564
West Yorkshire (Leeds - Bradford)   United Kingdom 2,175,000 1,750,276 1,741,298 2,302,000 2,598,078
Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai   France/
  Belgium
1,290,000 2,594,456 2,597,774 1,379,000[i] 1,344,730
Lisbon metropolitan area   Portugal 2,475,000 2,846,332 2,833,679 2,591,000 2,818,149
Liverpool/Birkenhead   United Kingdom 1,880,000 1,784,475 2,042,955 2,241,000 1,202,000
Łódź   Poland <1,000,000 1,070,544 1,074,374 1,165,000 915,942
Wrocław   Poland <1,000,000 638,659 636,050 861,000 No data
London metropolitan area   United Kingdom 14,800,000 14,372,596 14,257,962 11,203,000 11,984,435
Lyon   France 1,980,000 1,865,534 1,867,275 1,669,000 1,951,439
Madrid metropolitan area   Spain 6,550,000 6,641,649 6,549,520 5,263,000 6,633,278
Greater Manchester   United Kingdom 3,350,000 3,712,997 3,695,071 2,556,000 3,319,654
Marseille   France 1,660,000 3,100,329 3,100,110 1,530,000 1,751,020
Milan metropolitan area   Italy 6,200,000 4,354,448 4,336,121 7,636,000[j] 5,101,065
Minsk   Belarus 2,000,000 No data No data No data No data
Moscow metropolitan area   Russia 17,300,000 No data No data No data No data
Munich   Germany 2,250,000 2,908,664 2,883,373 2,665,000[k] 2,849,393
Naples metropolitan area   Italy 4,225,000 3,084,890 3,101,002 3,714,000[7] 3,418,061
Nice   France <1,000,000 1,080,815 1,082,139 1,082,000 818,110
Nizhny Novgorod   Russia 1,730,000 No data No data No data No data
Nottingham-Derby   United Kingdom 1,380,000 331,297 329,448[l] 1,534,000 908 434
Nuremberg Metropolitan Region   Germany 1,200,000 1,349,848 1,340,886 1,443,000 1,323,620
Odessa   Ukraine 1,110,000 No data No data No data No data
Greater Oslo   Norway 1,190,000 1,305,122 1,287,495 1,037,000 1,344,368
Paris metropolitan area   France 11,400,000 12,244,807 12,183,893 11,175,000 12,006,868
Perm   Russia 1,110,000 No data No data No data No data
Porto Metropolitan Area   Portugal 1,540,000 1,722,374 1,719,702 1,245,000[m] 1,272,104
Portsmouth-Southampton   United Kingdom 1,160,000 806,001 802,162 1,547,000 538,536
Poznań   Poland <1,000,000 1,186,164 919,000 983,006
Prague   Czech Republic 1,440,000 2,677,964 2,647,308 1,669,000 2,177,527
Rhein-Nord[n] (Düsseldorf - Neuss)   Germany See Rhein-Sud 1,555,985 1,552,097 3,073,000[o] Not listed[a]
Rhein-Süd[n] (Cologne - Bonn)   Germany 5,000,000 2,003,046 1,994,524 3,070,000[o] 1,975,018
Riga   Latvia <1,000,000 1,003,203 1,005,237 1,195,000 937,546
Rome metropolitan area   Italy 3,575,000 4,342,212 4,355,725 5,190,000 4,414,288
Rostov-on-Don   Russia 1,300,000 No data No data No data No data
Rotterdam   Netherlands 3,250,000 [p] 1,846,933 1,835,354 1,904,000[a] 1,680,466
Ruhr area   Germany 5,700,000 5,111,530 5,113,487 5,376,000[o] 5,102,104
Saarbrücken - Forbach   Germany/
  France
No data 802,664 1,102,000 801,525
Saint Petersburg   Russia 5,650,000 No data No data No data No data
Samara   Russia 1,300,000 No data No data No data No data
Saratov   Russia 1,090,000 No data No data No data No data
Seville   Spain 1,290,000 1,949,640 1,945,236 1,180,000[q] 1,532,587
Sofia   Bulgaria 1,300,000 1,678,041 1,679,413 1,174,000 no data
Metropolitan Stockholm   Sweden 2,225,000 2,344,124 2,308,143 2,171,000 2,269,060
South Yorkshire (Sheffield)   United Kingdom 1,570,000 584,028 580,108 1,869,000 1,178,489
Stuttgart Metropolitan Region   Germany 2,400,000 2,787,724 2,778,591 2,289,000 2,736,450
Thessaloniki metropolitan area   Greece <1,000,000 1,104,690 1,105,663 1,052,000 1,054,673
Turin metropolitan area   Italy 1,640,000 2,259,523 2,269,120 1,601,000[r] 1,769,475
Newcastle-Sunderland   United Kingdom 1,480,000 1,177,704 1,172,580 1,599,000 1,166,554
Ufa   Russia 1,130,000 No data No data No data No data
Valencia   Spain 2,000,000 2,540,588 2,531,187 1,398,000[s] 1,708,826
Vienna   Austria 2,250,000 2,853,903 2,838,558 2,584,000 2,793,510
Volgograd   Russia 1,410,000 No data No data No data No data
Warsaw metropolitan area   Poland 2,375,000 3,053,104 3,025,034 2,785,000 3,132,671
Zagreb   Croatia <1,000,000 1,240,433 1,240,310 No data No data
Zürich metropolitan area    Switzerland 1,430,000 1,520,968 1,504,346 1,615,000 1,337,344

Polycentric metropolitan areas in the European UnionEdit

(excludes Commonwealth of Independent States and Turkey)

Rank Area State Population[8]
1 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany 12,190,000
2 Randstad   Netherlands 8,219,380
3 Upper Silesian metropolitan area   Poland/   Czech Republic 5,294,000
4 Flemish Diamond   Belgium 5,103,000
5 Vienna-Bratislava metropolitan region   Austria/   Slovakia 4,600,000

See alsoEdit

Regional and country-specific listsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Part of the Randstad polycentric urban region consisting of the metropolitan areas of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht (982,000). The total population of the region is 7,100,000.
  2. ^ a b The Flemish Diamond metropolitan region, which consists of the metropolitan areas of Brussels, Antwerp, Gent, and Leuven, has a total population of 5,103,000.
  3. ^ Total population is 4,251,000 if the metropolitan area of Mataro (169,000) is included.
  4. ^ Part of the wider Öresund region, which includes the Swedish metropolitan area of Malmö (961,000). The total regional population is 2,842,000.
  5. ^ Part of the Rhein-Main metropolitan region with a total population of 4,149,000, which additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Darmstadt (501,000), Wiesbaden (453,000), and Mainz (431,000).
  6. ^ Including Rotterdam
  7. ^ 65% of the population lives on the European part
  8. ^ Part of the polycentric Upper Silesian urban region with a total population of 5,294,000. The region additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Ostrava (1,046,000), Bielsko-Biala (584,000) and Rybnik (526,000).
  9. ^ Part of the wider Lille-Bassin Minier region with a total population of 3,115,000.
  10. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 8,311,000.
  11. ^ When combined with the Augsburg metropolitan area (606,000), the region has a total population of 3,271,000.
  12. ^ just Nottingham (Derby 257,101)
  13. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 1,778,000.
  14. ^ a b Polycentric metropolitan area
  15. ^ a b c Part of the polycentric urban region of Rhein-Ruhr, which has a total population of 12,190,000.
  16. ^ Including The Hague
  17. ^ Total population is 1,262,000 if the metropolitan area of Utrera (82,000) is included.
  18. ^ Total population is 1,716,000 if the metropolitan of Pinerolo is included.
  19. ^ Total population is 1,499,000 if the metropolitan area of Sagunto is included.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Major Agglomerations of The World". citypopulation.de. 1 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Database". ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. Retrieved 20 Jun 2020. click General and regional statistics / Regional statistics by typology / Metropolitan regions / Demography statistics by metropolitan regions / Population on 1 January by broad age group, sex and metropolitan regions (met_pjanaggr3)
  3. ^ "Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3)]" (PDF). European Spatial Planning Observation Network. March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015., Final Report, Chapter 3
  4. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, [1], Metropolitan areas, (OECD Publishing, 2017), Table 1.1
  5. ^ OECD: Territorial Review Copenhagen, 2009, p. 34, ISBN 9789264060029
  6. ^ also obtainable through
  7. ^ "Principal Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation. January 2017.
  8. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3) Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine, Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007) page 241-243

External linksEdit

  • Geopolis: research group, university of Paris-Diderot, France - Population of urban areas of 10,000 or more