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List of metropolitan areas in Europe

Satellite picture of Europe by night. Lights reveal the urbanized areas of Europe. It also shows the Blue Banana megalopolis from north-west England to northern Italy, and Golden Banana urbanized area between Genua and Valencia.

This list ranks metropolitan areas in Europe by their population according to three different sources; it includes metropolitan areas that have a population of over 1 million.

Contents

SourcesEdit

List includes metropolitan areas according only studies of ESPON, Eurostat, and OECD. For this reason some metropolitan areas, like Italian Genoa Metropolitan Area (population is over 1.510.000 as of 2012 according "CityRailway" Official Report), aren't included in this list, with data by other statistic survey institutes.

Figures in the first column come from the ESPON project, "Study on Urban Functions", which defines cities according to the concept of a functional urban area (core urban area defined morphologically on the basis of population density, plus the surrounding labour pool defined on the basis of commuting). Figures in the second column come from Eurostat's Urban Audit and correspond to Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). Figures in the fourth column come from the OECD Territorial Reviews and correspond to "metropolitan regions". Further information on how the areas are defined can be found in the source documents. These figures should be seen as an interpretation, not as conclusive fact.

Metropolitan areasEdit

  Areas within the European Union
Metropolitan area name Country ESPON
Functional Urban Area
(2006)[1]
Eurostat
Metropolitan region
(2017)[2]
OECD
Metropolitan region
(2016)[3]
Amsterdam metropolitan area   Netherlands 2,497,000[a] 2,729,421 2,717,363[a]
Antwerp   Belgium 1,406,000[b] 1,041,811 1,097,788
Athens   Greece 3,761,000 3,773,559 3,562,538
Barcelona metropolitan area   Spain 4,082,000[c] 5,474,482 3,969,628
Belgrade   Serbia 1,133,146 1,659,440 1,133,146
Berlin   Germany 4,016,000 5,207,915 5,142,247
Bilbao   Spain 947,000 1,134,514 1,037,033
Birmingham (West Midlands)   United Kingdom 2,601,107 4,332,264 2,968,313
Bremen   Germany 1,077,000 1,269,755 1,255,402
Bristol   United Kingdom 1,041,000 1,133,729 944,390
Brussels-Capital Region   Belgium 2,639,000[b] 2,513,849 2,628,971
Bucharest metropolitan area   Romania 2,064,000 2,287,347 No data
Budapest metropolitan area   Hungary 2,523,000 3,000,076 2,965,908
Cardiff   United Kingdom 1,097,000 1,129,971 779,800
Copenhagen   Denmark 2,350,000[4][5][d] 2,014,225 2,054,881
Donetsk   Ukraine No data No data No data
Dnipro   Ukraine No data No data No data
Dublin Metropolitan Area   Ireland 1,477,000 1,917,677 1,914,191
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region   Germany 2,764,000[e] 2,671,358 2,647,100
Gdańsk   Poland 993,000 1,309,027 1,154,488
Greater Glasgow   United Kingdom 1,395,000 1,836,014 1,817,860
The Hague   Netherlands 1,404,000[a] 853,987 1,070,292
Hamburg Metropolitan Region   Germany 2,983,000 3,282,164 3,234,465
Helsinki Metropolitan Area   Finland 1,285,000 1,638,293 1,471,930
Istanbul[f]   Turkey No data No data 11,400,000
Katowice metropolitan area   Poland 3,029,000[g] 2,713,464 2,541,191
Kazan   Russia No data No data No data
Kharkiv   Ukraine No data No data No data
Kiev metropolitan area   Ukraine No data No data No data
Kraków metropolitan area   Poland 1,236,000 1,472,784 1,407,564
West Yorkshire (Leeds - Bradford)   United Kingdom 2,302,000 1,118,711[h] 2,598,078
Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai   France/
  Belgium
1,379,000[i] 2,612,189 1,344,730
Lisbon Metropolitan Area   Portugal 2,591,000 2,821,349 2,818,149
Liverpool/Birkenhead   United Kingdom 2,241,000 1,530,512[j] 1,202,000
Łódź   Poland 1,165,000 1,079,031 915,942
Wrocław   Poland 861,000 634,192 No data
London metropolitan area   United Kingdom 11,203,000 14,187,146 11,984,435
Lyon   France 1,669,000 1,860,112 1,951,439
Madrid metropolitan area   Spain 5,263,000 6,476,838 6,633,278
Greater Manchester   United Kingdom 2,556,000 3,287,460 3,319,654
Marseille   France 1,530,000 3,099,950 1,751,020
Milan metropolitan area   Italy 7,636,000[k] 4,316,398 5,101,065
Minsk   Belarus No data No data No data
Moscow metropolitan area   Russia No data No data No data
Munich   Germany 2,665,000[l] 2,879,107 2,849,393
Naples metropolitan area   Italy 3,714,000[6] 3,107,006 3,418,061
Nice   France 1,082,000 1,081,455 818,110
Nizhny Novgorod   Russia No data No data No data
Nottingham-Derby   United Kingdom 1,534,000 323,475[m] 908 434
Nuremberg Metropolitan Region   Germany 1,443,000 1,333,043 1,323,620
Odessa   Ukraine No data No data No data
Greater Oslo   Norway 1,037,000 1,271,127 1,344,368
Paris metropolitan area   France 11,175,000 12,193,865 12,006,868
Perm   Russia No data No data No data
Porto Metropolitan Area   Portugal 1,245,000[n] 1,719,021 1,272,104
Portsmouth-Southampton   United Kingdom 1,547,000 670,017[o] 538,536
Poznań   Poland 919,000 1,178,442 983,006
Prague   Czech Republic 1,669,000 2,619,490 2,177,527
Rhein-Nord[p] (Düsseldorf - Neuss)   Germany 3,073,000[q] 1,547,143 Not listed[a]
Rhein-Süd[p] (Cologne - Bonn)   Germany 3,070,000[q] 1,987,901[r] 1,975,018
Riga   Latvia 1,195,000 641,423 937,546
Rome metropolitan area   Italy 5,190,000 4,353,738 4,414,288
Rostov-on-Don   Russia No data No data No data
Rotterdam   Netherlands 1,904,000[a] 1,445,056 1,680,466
Ruhr area   Germany 5,376,000[q] 5,118,681 5,102,104
Saarbrücken - Forbach   Germany/
  France
1,102,000 804,286 801,525
Saint Petersburg   Russia No data No data No data
Samara   Russia No data No data No data
Saratov   Russia No data No data No data
Seville   Spain 1,180,000[s] 1,943,191 1,532,587
Sofia   Bulgaria 1,260,120 1,681,592 no data
Metropolitan Stockholm   Sweden 2,171,000 2,325,353 2,269,060
South Yorkshire (Sheffield)   United Kingdom 1,869,000 576,167[t] 1,178,489
Stuttgart Metropolitan Region   Germany 2,289,000 2,757,930 2,736,450
Thessaloniki Metropolitan Area   Greece 1,052,000 1,108,085 1,054,673
Turin metropolitan area   Italy 1,601,000[u] 2,277,857 1,769,475
Newcastle-Sunderland   United Kingdom 1,599,000 1,167,815[v] 1,166,554
Ufa   Russia No data No data No data
Valencia   Spain 1,398,000[w] 2,522,383 1,708,826
Vienna   Austria 2,584,000 2,811,186 2,793,510
Volgograd   Russia No data No data No data
Warsaw metropolitan area   Poland 2,785,000 3,369,567 3,132,671
Zagreb   Croatia 1,107,115 1,243,779 No data
Zürich metropolitan area    Switzerland 1,615,000 1,984,534 1,337,344

Polycentric metropolitan areas in the European UnionEdit

(excludes Commonwealth of Independent States and Turkey)

Rank Area State Population[7]
1 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany 12,190,000
2 Randstad   Netherlands 8,219,380
3 Upper Silesian metropolitan area   Poland/   Czech Republic 5,294,000
4 Flemish Diamond   Belgium 5,103,000

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Part of the Randstad polycentric urban region consisting of the metropolitan areas of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht (982,000). The total population of the region is 7,100,000.
  2. ^ a b The Flemish Diamond metropolitan region, which consists of the metropolitan areas of Brussels, Antwerp, Gent, and Leuven, has a total population of 5,103,000.
  3. ^ Total population is 4,251,000 if the metropolitan area of Mataro (169,000) is included.
  4. ^ Part of the wider Öresund region, which includes the Swedish metropolitan area of Malmö (961,000). The total regional population is 2,842,000.
  5. ^ Part of the Rhein-Main metropolitan region with a total population of 4,149,000, which additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Darmstadt (501,000), Wiesbaden (453,000), and Mainz (431,000).
  6. ^ 65% of the population lives on the European part
  7. ^ Part of the polycentric Upper Silesian urban region with a total population of 5,294,000. The region additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Ostrava (1,046,000), Bielsko-Biala (584,000) and Rybnik (526,000).
  8. ^ Just Leeds (Bradford 535,135)
  9. ^ Part of the wider Lille-Bassin Minier region with a total population of 3,115,000.
  10. ^ Just Liverpool
  11. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 8,311,000.
  12. ^ When combined with the Augsburg metropolitan area (606,000), the region has a total population of 3,271,000.
  13. ^ just Nottingham (Derby 257,101)
  14. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 1,778,000.
  15. ^ just Portsmouth (Southampton 253,395)
  16. ^ a b Polycentric metropolitan area
  17. ^ a b c Part of the polycentric urban region of Rhein-Ruhr, which has a total population of 12,190,000.
  18. ^ just Cologne, Bonn 919,979
  19. ^ Total population is 1,262,000 if the metropolitan area of Utrera (82,000) is included.
  20. ^ just Sheffield
  21. ^ Total population is 1,716,000 if the metropolitan of Pinerolo is included.
  22. ^ just Newcastle (Sunderland 278,034)
  23. ^ Total population is 1,499,000 if the metropolitan area of Sagunto is included.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3)]" (PDF). European Spatial Planning Observation Network. March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015., Final Report, Chapter 3
  2. ^ "Database". ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2018. click General and regional statistics / Regional statistics by typology / Metropolitan regions / Demography statistics by metropolitan regions / Population on 1 January by broad age group, sex and metropolitan regions (met_pjanaggr3)
  3. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, [1], Metropolitan areas, (OECD Publishing, 2017), Table 1.1
  4. ^ OECD: Territorial Review Copenhagen, 2009, p. 34, ISBN 9789264060029
  5. ^ also obtainable through [2]
  6. ^ "Principal Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation. January 2017.
  7. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3) Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine, Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007) page 241-243

External linksEdit

  • Geopolis: research group, university of Paris-Diderot, France - Population of urban areas of 10,000 or more