List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits

Below is a list of the largest cities in the European Union according to the population within their city limits.[Note 1] The cities listed all have populations over 300,000 and total. The list deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or larger urban zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. Paris is the most populous urban area in the European Union, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of the City of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table.

Cities by population within city limitsEdit

Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels is the capital of both Belgium and de facto the European Union.

City Member State Official
population
Date of census Reference Photography
Berlin   Germany 3,748,148 31 December 2018 [1]  
Madrid   Spain 3,223,334 31 January 2018 [2]  
Rome   Italy 2,856,133 31 December 2018 [3]  
Paris   France 2,140,526 1 January 2019 [4][5]  
Vienna   Austria 1,911,728 1 January 2020 [6]  
Hamburg   Germany 1,841,179 31 December 2018 [7]  
Bucharest   Romania 1,827,810 31 December 2016 [8]  
Warsaw   Poland 1,783,321 30 June 2019 [9]  
Budapest   Hungary 1,752,286 1 January 2019 [10]  
Barcelona   Spain 1,620,343 31 January 2018 [2]  
Munich   Germany 1,471,508 31 December 2018 [11]  
Milan   Italy 1,378,689 31 December 2018 [3]  
Prague   Czech Republic 1,318,688 30 September 2019 [12]  
Sofia   Bulgaria 1,478,330 15 March 2019 [13]  
Brussels[Note 2][dubious ]   Belgium 1,208,542 1 January 2019 [14]  
Cologne   Germany 1,085,664 31 December 2018 [15][16]  
Stockholm   Sweden 972,647 30 September 2019 [17]  
Naples   Italy 959,188 31 December 2018 [3]  
Turin   Italy 875,698 31 December 2018 [3]  
Amsterdam   Netherlands 864,217 31 January 2019 [18]  
Marseille   France 862,211 1 January 2016 [4][19]  
Zagreb   Croatia 804,049 1 January 2018 [20]  
Valencia   Spain 791,413 31 January 2018 [2]  
Kraków   Poland 774,839 30 June 2019 [21]  
Frankfurt   Germany 753,056 31 December 2018 [22]  
Seville   Spain 688,711 1 January 2018 [2]  
Łódź   Poland 682,679 30 June 2019 [21]  
Zaragoza   Spain 666,880 1 January 2018 [2]  
Athens   Greece 664,046 31 January 2012 [23]  
Palermo   Italy 663,401 31 December 2018 [3]  
Helsinki   Finland 648,042 1 January 2019 [24]  
Rotterdam   Netherlands 645,965 31 January 2019 [18]  
Wrocław   Poland 641,607 30 June 2019 [21]  
Stuttgart   Germany 634,830 31 December 2018 [25]  
Riga   Latvia 632,614 1 January 2019 [26]  
Copenhagen   Denmark 626,508 30 June 2019 [27]  
Düsseldorf   Germany 619,294 31 December 2018 [15][28]  
Leipzig   Germany 587,857 31 December 2018 [29]  
Dortmund   Germany 587,010 31 December 2018 [15][30]  
Essen   Germany 583,393 31 December 2017 [15][28]  
Genoa   Italy 578,000 31 December 2018 [31]  
Gothenburg   Sweden 578,320 30 September 2019 [17]  
Málaga   Spain 571,026 13 January 2018 [2]  
Bremen   Germany 569,352 31 December 2018 [32]  
Vilnius   Lithuania 557,440 1 July 2019 [33]  
Dublin   Ireland 554,554 24 April 2016 [34]  
Dresden   Germany 554,649 31 December 2018 [29]  
The Hague   Netherlands 539,040 1 January 2019 [18]  
Hanover   Germany 538,068 31 December 2018 [35]  
Poznań   Poland 535,802 30 June 2019 [21]  
Antwerp   Belgium 525,935 1 January 2019 [36]  
Nuremberg   Germany 518,365 31 December 2018 [11]  
Lyon   France 515,695 31 January 2016 [4][37]  
Lisbon   Portugal 506,654 31 December 2018 [38]  
Duisburg   Germany 498,590 31 December 2018 [15][28]  
Toulouse   France 479,638 1 January 2015 [4][39]  
Gdańsk   Poland 466,631 31 December 2018 [21]  
Murcia   Spain 447,182 31 January 2018 [2]  
Tallinn   Estonia 441,101 1 April 2019 [40]  
Bratislava   Slovakia 432,864 1 January 2019 [41]  
Palma de Mallorca   Spain 409,661 1 January 2018 [2]  
Szczecin   Poland 403,274 31 December 2018 [21]  
Bologna   Italy 390,636 31 December 2018 [3]  
Brno   Czech Republic 380,681 1 January 2019 [12]  
Iași   Romania 378,954 1 January 2018 [42]  
Florence   Italy 378,839 31 December 2018 [3]  
Las Palmas   Spain 378,517 1 January 2018 [2]  
Bochum   Germany 364,628 31 December 2018 [15][30]  
Wuppertal   Germany 354,382 31 December 2018 [15][28]  
Utrecht   Netherlands 352,936 31 January 2019 [18]  
Bydgoszcz   Poland 351,254 31 December 2018 [21]  
Aarhus   Denmark 349,977 1 October 2019 [43]  
Plovdiv   Bulgaria 346,893 31 December 2018 [44]  
Bilbao   Spain 345,821 1 January 2018 [2]  
Malmö   Sweden 343,650 30 September 2019 [17]  
Nice   France 342,637 1 January 2016 [4][45]  
Lublin   Poland 339,811 31 December 2018 [21]  
Varna   Bulgaria 336,505 31 December 2018 [44]  
Bielefeld   Germany 333,786 31 December 2018 [15][46]  
Alicante   Spain 331,577 1 January 2018 [2]  
Timișoara   Romania 328,186 1 January 2018 [42]  
Bonn   Germany 327,258 31 December 2018 [15][16]  
Córdoba   Spain 325,708 1 January 2018 [2]  
Thessaloniki   Greece 325,182 30 June 2011 [23]  
Cluj-Napoca   Romania 324,960 1 January 2018 [42]  
Bari   Italy 320,862 31 December 2018 [3]  
Constanța   Romania 317,832 1 January 2016 [42]  
Münster   Germany 314,319 31 December 2018 [15][47]  
Karlsruhe   Germany 313,092 31 December 2018 [25]  
Catania   Italy 311,584 30 May 2018 [3]  
Mannheim   Germany 309,370 31 December 2018 [25]  
Nantes   France 306,694 1 January 2016
Galați   Romania 304,050 1 January 2018 [42]  
Craiova   Romania 301,269 1 January 2018 [42]  

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Currently there is one significant exception: Brussels lists the population of Brussels Capital Region
  2. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region.

ReferencesEdit

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