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List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

ListEdit

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Continent Official population Year
1 Tokyo   Japan Asia 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Delhi   India Asia 35,454,000[4] 2018
3 Shanghai   China Asia 34,865,252[5] 2015
4 Jakarta   Indonesia Asia 31,689,592[6] 2015
5 Seoul   South Korea Asia 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Guangzhou   China Asia 25,000,000[5] 2015
7 Beijing   China Asia 24,900,000[5] 2015
8 Manila   Philippines Asia 24,650,000[8] 2018
9 New York City   United States North America 23,876,155[9] 2017
10 Shenzhen   China Asia 23,300,000[5] 2015
11 Mexico City   Mexico North America 21,650,668[10] 2017
12 São Paulo   Brazil South America 21,242,939[11] 2016
13 Lagos   Nigeria Africa 21,000,000[12] 2014
14 Mumbai   India Asia 20,748,395[4] 2011
15 Cairo   Egypt Africa 20,500,000[13] 2012
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)   Japan Asia 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Wuhan   China Asia 19,000,000[5] 2015
18 Los Angeles   United States North America 18,788,800[9] 2017
19 Chengdu   China Asia 18,100,000[5] 2015
20 Dhaka   Bangladesh Asia 17,151,925[14] 2011
21 Chongqing   China Asia 17,000,000[5] 2015
22 Karachi   Pakistan Asia 16,900,000[15] 2018
23 Moscow   Russia Europe 16,855,000[8] 2018
24 Tianjin   China Asia 15,400,000[5] 2015
25 Istanbul   Turkey Europe 15,029,231[16] 2017
26 Bangkok   Thailand Asia 14,626,225[17] 2010
27 Kolkata   India Asia 14,617,882[4] 2011
28 Tehran   Iran Asia 14,595,904[18] 2011
29 London   United Kingdom Europe 14,187,146[19] 2016
30 Hangzhou   China Asia 13,400,000[5] 2015
31 Surabaya   Indonesia Asia 13,123,948[20] 2015
32 Buenos Aires   Argentina South America 13,074,000[21] 2010
33 Xi'an   China Asia 12,900,000[5] 2015
34 Paris   France Europe 12,532,901[22] 2015
35 Bangalore   India Asia 12,517,749[4] 2018
36 Changzhou   China Asia 12,400,000[5] 2015
37 Kinshasa   Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 12,350,000[8] 2018
38 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil South America 12,330,186[11] 2016
39 Shantou   China Asia 12,000,000[5] 2015
40 Nanjing   China Asia 11,700,000[5] 2015
41 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany Europe 11,471,732[23] 2006
42 Lahore   Pakistan Asia 11,070,000[8] 2018
43 Jinan   China Asia 11,000,000[5] 2015
44 Chennai   India Asia 10,555,000[8] 2018
45 Harbin   China Asia 10,500,000[5] 2015
46 Chicago   United States North America 9,901,711[9] 2017
47 Lima   Peru South America 9,886,647[24] 2015
48 Washington, D.C. - Baltimore   United States North America 9,764,315[9] 2017
49 Zhengzhou   China Asia 9,700,000[5] 2015
50 Johannesburg   South Africa Africa 9,616,000[25] 2016
51 Qingdao   China Asia 9,600,000[5] 2015
52 Bogotá   Colombia South America 9,286,225[26] 2015
53 Chūkyō (Nagoya)   Japan Asia 9,107,000[3] 2010
56 Bandung   Indonesia Asia 8,495,928[20] 2014
57 Boston   United States North America 8,233,270[9] 2017
58 Randstad   Netherlands Europe 8,219,380[27] 2016
59 Busan   South Korea Asia 8,202,239[28] 2014
60 Milan   Italy Europe 8,173,176[29] 2017
61 Dallas-Fort Worth   United States North America 7,846,293[9] 2017
62 Hyderabad   India Asia 7,749,334[4] 2011
63 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia Asia 7,739,570[30] 2016
64 Shenyang   China Asia 7,700,000[5] 2015
65 Wenzhou   China Asia 7,600,000[5] 2015
66 Pune   India Asia 7,541,946[4] 2011
67 Hong Kong   Hong Kong Asia 7,409,800[31] 2017
68 Nanchang   China Asia 7,400,000[5] 2015
69 Yangon   Myanmar Asia 7,360,703[32] 2014
70 Philadelphia   United States North America 7,206,807[9] 2017
71 Houston   United States North America 7,093,190[9] 2017
72 Taipei–Keelung   Taiwan Asia 7,045,488[33] 2013
73 Miami   United States North America 6,828,241[9] 2017
74 Santiago   Chile South America 6,683,852[34] 2012
75 Atlanta   United States North America 6,555,956[9] 2017
76 Madrid   Spain Europe 6,549,520[19] 2018
77 Luanda   Angola Africa 6,542,944[35] 2014
78 Toronto   Canada North America 6,417,516[36] 2016
79 Ahmedabad   India Asia 6,352,254[4] 2011
80 Saint Petersburg   Russia Europe 6,200,000[37][circular reference] 2015
81 Berlin/Brandenburg   Germany Europe 6,004,857[38] 2015
82 Munich   Germany Europe 5,900,000[39][38] 2014
83 Belo Horizonte   Brazil South America 5,873,841[11] 2016
84 Kanpur   India Asia 5,873,588[40] 2011
85 Frankfurt Rhine-Main   Germany Europe 5,821,523[41] 2015
86 Singapore   Singapore Asia 5,535,000[42] 2015
87 Barcelona   Spain Europe 5,445,904[19] 2016
88 Ankara   Turkey Asia 5,346,518[16] 2016
89 Detroit   United States North America 5,336,286[9] 2017
90 Caracas   Venezuela South America 5,322,310[43][44] 2015
91 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman   United Arab Emirates Asia 5,300,000[45] 2015
92 Stuttgart   Germany Europe 5,300,000[46][38] 2015
93 Hamburg   Germany Europe 5,100,000[38] 2015
94 Sydney   Australia Oceania 5,005,400[47] 2016
95 Guadalajara   Mexico North America 4,909,287[10] 2017
96 Alexandria   Egypt Africa 4,778,000[48] 2015
96 Seattle   United States North America 4,764,736[9] 2017
97 Phoenix   United States North America 4,737,270[9] 2017
97 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward   United States North America 4,727,357[9] 2017
98 Melbourne   Australia Oceania 4,641,636[49] 2016
99 Monterrey   Mexico North America 4,603,254[10] 2017
100 Minneapolis-St. Paul   United States North America 4,597,883[9] 2017

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit