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List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

ListEdit

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Continent Official population Year
1 Tokyo   Japan Asia 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai   China Asia 34,865,252[4] 2015
3 Jakarta   Indonesia Asia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi   India Asia 26,454,000[6] 2011
5 Seoul   South Korea Asia 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Guangzhou   China Asia 25,000,000[4] 2015
7 Beijing   China Asia 24,900,000[4] 2015
8 Manila   Philippines Asia 24,650,000[8] 2018
9 Shenzhen   China Asia 23,300,000[4] 2015
10 Mexico City   Mexico North America 21,650,668[9] 2017
11 São Paulo   Brazil South America 21,242,939[10] 2016
12 Lagos   Nigeria Africa 21,000,000[11] 2014
13 Mumbai   India Asia 20,748,395[6] 2011
14 Cairo   Egypt Africa 20,500,000[12] 2012
15 New York City   United States North America 20,320,876[13] 2017
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)   Japan Asia 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Wuhan   China Asia 19,000,000[4] 2015
18 Chengdu   China Asia 18,100,000[4] 2015
19 Dhaka   Bangladesh Asia 17,151,925[14] 2011
20 Chongqing   China Asia 17,000,000[4] 2015
21 Karachi   Pakistan Asia 16,900,000[15] 2018
22 Moscow   Russia Europe 16,855,000[8] 2018
23 Tianjin   China Asia 15,400,000[4] 2015
24 Istanbul   Turkey Europe 15,029,231[16] 2017
25 Bangkok   Thailand Asia 14,626,225[17] 2010
26 Kolkata   India Asia 14,617,882[6] 2011
27 Tehran   Iran Asia 14,595,904[18] 2011
28 London   United Kingdom Europe 14,040,163[19] 2016
29 Hangzhou   China Asia 13,400,000[4] 2015
30 Los Angeles   United States North America 13,353,907[13] 2017
31 Buenos Aires   Argentina South America 13,074,000[20] 2010
32 Xi'an   China Asia 12,900,000[4] 2015
33 Paris   France Europe 12,532,901[21] 2015
34 Bangalore   India Asia 12,517,749[6] 2018
35 Changzhou   China Asia 12,400,000[4] 2015
36 Kinshasa   Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 12,350,000[8] 2018
37 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil South America 12,330,186[10] 2016
38 Shantou   China Asia 12,000,000[4] 2015
39 Nanjing   China Asia 11,700,000[4] 2015
40 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany Europe 11,471,732[22] 2006
41 Lahore   Pakistan Asia 11,070,000[8] 2018
42 Jinan   China Asia 11,000,000[4] 2015
43 Surabaya   Indonesia Asia 10,818,385[23] 2015
44 Chennai   India Asia 10,555,000[8] 2018
45 Harbin   China Asia 10,500,000[4] 2015
46 Lima   Peru South America 9,886,647[24] 2015
47 Zhengzhou   China Asia 9,700,000[4] 2015
48 Johannesburg   South Africa Africa 9,616,000[25] 2016
49 Qingdao   China Asia 9,600,000[4] 2015
50 Chicago   United States North America 9,533,040[13] 2017
51 Bogotá   Colombia South America 9,286,225[26] 2015
52 Chūkyō (Nagoya)   Japan Asia 9,107,000[3] 2010
53 Bandung   Indonesia Asia 8,495,928[27] 2014
54 Randstad   Netherlands Europe 8,219,380[28] 2016
55 Busan   South Korea Asia 8,202,239[29] 2014
56 Milan   Italy Europe 8,173,176[30] 2017
57 Hyderabad   India Asia 7,749,334[6] 2011
58 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia Asia 7,739,570[31] 2016
59 Shenyang   China Asia 7,700,000[4] 2015
60 Wenzhou   China Asia 7,600,000[4] 2015
61 Pune   India Asia 7,541,946[6] 2011
62 Hong Kong   Hong Kong Asia 7,409,800[32] 2017
63 Nanchang   China Asia 7,400,000[4] 2015
64 Dallas-Fort Worth   United States North America 7,399,662[13] 2017
65 Yangon   Myanmar Asia 7,360,703[33] 2014
66 Taipei–Keelung   Taiwan Asia 7,045,488[34] 2013
67 Houston   United States North America 6,892,427[13] 2017
68 Santiago   Chile South America 6,683,852[35] 2012
69 Luanda   Angola Africa 6,542,944[36] 2014
70 Madrid   Spain Europe 6,424,275[19] 2016
71 Ahmedabad   India Asia 6,352,254[6] 2011
72 Washington, D.C.   United States North America 6,216,589[13] 2017
73 Saint Petersburg   Russia Europe 6,200,000[37] 2015
74 Miami   United States North America 6,158,824[13] 2017
75 Philadelphia   United States North America 6,096,120[13] 2017
76 Berlin/Brandenburg   Germany Europe 6,004,857[38] 2015
77 Toronto   Canada North America 5,928,040[39] 2016
78 Munich   Germany Europe 5,900,000[40][38] 2014
79 Atlanta   United States North America 5,884,736[13] 2017
80 Belo Horizonte   Brazil South America 5,873,841[10] 2016
81 Amaravati   India Asia 5,873,588[41] 2011
82 Frankfurt Rhine-Main   Germany Europe 5,821,523[42] 2015
83 Singapore   Singapore Asia 5,535,000[43] 2015
84 Barcelona   Spain Europe 5,445,904[19] 2016
85 Ankara   Turkey Asia 5,346,518[16] 2016
86 Caracas   Venezuela South America 5,322,310[44][45] 2015
87 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman   United Arab Emirates Asia 5,300,000[46] 2015
88 Stuttgart   Germany Europe 5,300,000[47][38] 2015
89 Hamburg   Germany Europe 5,100,000[38] 2015
90 Sydney   Australia Oceania 5,005,400[48] 2016
91 Guadalajara   Mexico North America 4,909,287[9] 2017
92 Boston   United States North America 4,836,531[13] 2017
93 Alexandria   Egypt Africa 4,778,000[49] 2015
94 Phoenix   United States North America 4,737,270[13] 2017
95 San Francisco–Oakland   United States North America 4,727,357[13] 2017
96 Melbourne   Australia Oceania 4,641,636[50] 2016
97 Kabul   Afghanistan Asia 4,635,000[51] 2015
98 Monterrey   Mexico North America 4,603,254[9] 2017
99 Surat   India Asia 4,585,367[6] 2011

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit