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List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

ListEdit

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Official population Year
1 Tokyo   Japan 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai   China 34,865,252[4] 2010
3 Jakarta   Indonesia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi   India 26,454,000[6] 2016
5 Seoul   South Korea 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Karachi   Pakistan 25,100,000[8] 2016
7 Guangzhou   China 25,000,000[4] 2010
8 Beijing   China 24,900,000[4] 2010
9 Shenzhen   China 23,300,000[4] 2010
10 Mexico City   Mexico 21,339,781[9] 2015
11 São Paulo   Brazil 21,242,939[10] 2016
12 Lagos   Nigeria 21,000,000[11] 2014
13 Mumbai   India 20,748,395[6] 2011
14 Cairo   Egypt 20,500,000[12] 2012
15 New York   United States 20,153,634[13] 2016
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)   Japan 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Moscow   Russia 19,000,000[citation needed] 2016
18 Wuhan   China 19,000,000[4] 2010
19 Chengdu   China 18,100,000[4] 2010
20 Dhaka   Bangladesh 17,151,925[14] 2011
21 Chongqing   China 17,000,000[4] 2010
22 Tianjin   China 15,400,000[4] 2010
23 Istanbul   Turkey 14,804,116[15] 2016
24 Bangkok   Thailand 14,626,225[16] 2010
25 Kolkata   India 14,617,882[6] 2011
26 Tehran   Iran 14,595,904[17] 2011
27 London   United Kingdom 13,842,667[18] 2015
28 Hangzhou   China 13,400,000[4] 2010
29 Los Angeles   United States 13,310,447[13] 2016
30 Buenos Aires   Argentina 13,074,000[19] 2010
31 Xi'an   China 12,900,000[4] 2010
32 Manila   Philippines 12,877,253[20] 2015
33 Changzhou   China 12,400,000[4] 2010
34 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil 12,330,186[10] 2016
35 Paris   France 12,073,914[18] 2015
36 Shantou   China 12,000,000[4] 2010
37 Nanjing   China 11,700,000[4] 2010
38 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany 11,471,732[21] 2006
39 Jinan   China 11,000,000[4] 2010
40 Chennai   India 10,576,167[citation needed] 2011
41 Harbin   China 10,500,000[4] 2010
42 Lahore   Pakistan 10,052,000[22] 2010
43 Lima   Peru 9,886,647[23] 2015
44 Zhengzhou   China 9,700,000[4] 2010
45 Qingdao   China 9,600,000[4] 2010
46 Chicago   United States 9,512,999[13] 2016
47 Bogotá   Colombia 9,286,225[24] 2015
48 Chūkyō (Nagoya)   Japan 9,107,000[3] 2010
49 Bangalore   India 8,917,749[6] 2011
50 Bandung   Indonesia 8,495,928[25] 2014
51 Johannesburg   South Africa 8,434,292[26] 2015
52 Busan   South Korea 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
53 Hyderabad   India 7,749,334[6] 2011
54 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia 7,739,570[27] 2016
55 Shenyang   China 7,700,000[4] 2010
56 Wenzhou   China 7,600,000[4] 2010
57 Milan   Italy 7,500,000[28] 2006
58 Nanchang   China 7,400,000[4] 2010
59 Yangon   Myanmar 7,360,703[29] 2014
60 Hong Kong   China 7,298,600[30] 2015
61 Dallas–Fort Worth   United States 7,233,323[13] 2016
62 Randstad   Netherlands 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
63 Taipei–Keelung   Taiwan 7,045,488[31] 2013
64 Houston   United States 6,772,470[13] 2016
65 Santiago   Chile 6,683,852[32] 2012
66 Luanda   Angola 6,542,944[33] 2014
67 Surabaya   Indonesia 6,484,206[34] 2015
68 Toronto   Canada 6,417,516[35][better source needed] 2016
69 Madrid   Spain 6,385,298[18] 2015
70 Ahmedabad   India 6,352,254[6] 2011
71 Washington, D.C.   United States 6,131,977[13] 2016
72 Philadelphia   United States 6,070,500[13] 2016
73 Miami   United States 6,066,387[13] 2016
74 Berlin/Brandenburg   Germany 6,004,857[36] 2015
75 Munich   Germany 5,900,000[37][36] 2014
76 Belo Horizonte   Brazil 5,873,841[10] 2016
77 Frankfurt Rhine-Main   Germany 5,821,523[36] 2015
78 Atlanta   United States 5,789,700[13] 2016
79 Singapore   Singapore 5,535,000[38] 2015
80 Barcelona   Spain 5,432,802[18] 2015
81 Ankara   Turkey 5,346,518[15] 2016
82 Caracas   Venezuela 5,322,310[39][40] 2015
83 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman   United Arab Emirates 5,300,000[41] 2015
84 Stuttgart   Germany 5,300,000[42][36] 2015
85 Hamburg   Germany 5,100,000[36] 2015
86 Pune   India 5,049,968[6] 2011
87 Sydney   Australia 5,005,400[43] 2016
88 Guadalajara   Mexico 4,796,050[9] 2015
89 Boston   United States 4,794,447[13] 2016
90 San Francisco–Oakland   United States 4,679,166[13] 2016
91 Phoenix   United States 4,661,537[13] 2016
92 Melbourne   Australia 4,641,636[43] 2016
93 Surat   India 4,585,367[6] 2011
94 Riverside-San Bernardino   United States 4,527,837[13] 2014
95 Monterrey   Mexico 4,477,614[9] 2015
96 Rome   Italy 4,342,046[18] 2015
97 Detroit   United States 4,297,617[13] 2016
98 Montreal   Canada 4,098,927[44] 2016
99 Athens   Greece 3,822,843[18] 2015

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit