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List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

ListEdit

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Official population Year
1 Tokyo   Japan 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai   China 34,000,000[4] 2010
3 São Paulo   Brazil 33,383,303[5] 2016
4 Jakarta   Indonesia 31,689,592[6] 2015
5 Delhi   India 26,454,000[7] 2016
6 Seoul   South Korea 25,514,000[8] 2016
7 Karachi   Pakistan 25,100,000[9] 2016
8 Guangzhou   China 25,000,000[4] 2010
9 Beijing   China 24,900,000[4] 2010
10 Shenzhen   China 23,300,000[4] 2010
11 Mexico City   Mexico 21,339,781[10] 2015
12 Lagos   Nigeria 21,000,000[11] 2014
13 Mumbai   India 20,748,395[7] 2011
14 New York   United States 20,153,634[12] 2016
15 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)   Japan 19,342,000[3] 2010
16 Moscow   Russia 19,000,000[citation needed] 2016
17 Wuhan   China 19,000,000[4] 2010
18 Chengdu   China 18,100,000[4] 2010
19 Dhaka   Bangladesh 17,151,925[13] 2011
20 Chongqing   China 17,000,000[4] 2010
21 Tianjin   China 15,400,000[4] 2010
22 Istanbul   Turkey 14,804,116[14] 2016
23 Kolkata   India 14,617,882[7] 2011
24 Tehran   Iran 14,595,904[15] 2011
25 London   United Kingdom 13,842,667[16] 2015
26 Hangzhou   China 13,400,000[4] 2010
27 Los Angeles   United States 13,310,447[12] 2016
28 Buenos Aires   Argentina 13,074,000[17] 2010
29 Xi'an   China 12,900,000[4] 2010
30 Manila   Philippines 12,877,253[18] 2015
31 Changzhou   China 12,400,000[4] 2010
32 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil 12,330,186[5] 2016
33 Paris   France 12,073,914[16] 2015
34 Shantou   China 12,000,000[4] 2010
35 Nanjing   China 11,700,000[4] 2010
36 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany 11,471,732[19] 2006
37 Jinan   China 11,000,000[4] 2010
38 Chennai   India 10,576,167[citation needed] 2011
39 Harbin   China 10,500,000[4] 2010
40 Lahore   Pakistan 10,052,000[20] 2010
41 Lima   Peru 9,886,647[21] 2015
42 Zhengzhou   China 9,700,000[4] 2010
43 Qingdao   China 9,600,000[4] 2010
44 Chicago   United States 9,512,999[12] 2016
45 Bogotá   Colombia 9,286,225[22] 2015
46 Chūkyō (Nagoya)   Japan 9,107,000[3] 2010
47 Bangalore   India 8,917,749[7] 2011
48 Bandung   Indonesia 8,495,928[23] 2014
48 Bangkok   Thailand 8,305,218[24] 2010
49 Busan   South Korea 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
50 Hyderabad   India 7,749,334[7] 2011
51 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia 7,739,570[25] 2016
52 Shenyang   China 7,700,000[4] 2010
53 Wenzhou   China 7,600,000[4] 2010
54 Nanchang   China 7,400,000[4] 2010
55 Yangon   Myanmar 7,360,703[26] 2014
56 Hong Kong   China 7,298,600[27] 2015
57 Dallas–Fort Worth   United States 7,233,323[12] 2016
58 Randstad   Netherlands 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
59 Taipei–Keelung   Taiwan 7,045,488[28] 2013
60 Houston   United States 6,772,470[12] 2016
61 Santiago   Chile 6,683,852[29] 2012
62 Luanda   Angola 6,542,944[30] 2014
63 Surabaya   Indonesia 6,484,206[31] 2015
63 Toronto   Canada 6,417,516[32][better source needed] 2016
64 Madrid   Spain 6,385,298[16] 2015
65 Ahmedabad   India 6,352,254[7] 2011
66 Washington, D.C.   United States 6,131,977[12] 2016
67 Philadelphia   United States 6,070,500[12] 2016
68 Miami   United States 6,066,387[12] 2016
69 Berlin/Brandenburg   Germany 6,004,857[33] 2015
70 Munich   Germany 5,900,000[34][33] 2014
71 Belo Horizonte   Brazil 5,873,841[5] 2016
72 Frankfurt Rhine-Main   Germany 5,821,523[33] 2015
73 Atlanta   United States 5,789,700[12] 2016
74 Singapore   Singapore 5,535,000[35] 2015
75 Barcelona   Spain 5,432,802[16] 2015
76 Ankara   Turkey 5,346,518[14] 2016
77 Caracas   Venezuela 5,322,310[36][37] 2015
78 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman   United Arab Emirates 5,300,000[38] 2015
79 Stuttgart   Germany 5,300,000[39][33] 2015
80 Hamburg   Germany 5,100,000[33] 2015
81 Pune   India 5,049,968[7] 2011
82 Sydney   Australia 5,005,400[40] 2016
83 Guadalajara   Mexico 4,796,050[10] 2015
84 Boston   United States 4,794,447[12] 2016
85 San Francisco–Oakland   United States 4,679,166[12] 2016
86 Phoenix   United States 4,661,537[12] 2016
87 Melbourne   Australia 4,641,636[40] 2016
88 Surat   India 4,585,367[7] 2011
89 Riverside-San Bernardino   United States 4,527,837[12] 2014
90 Monterrey   Mexico 4,477,614[10] 2015
91 Rome   Italy 4,342,046[16] 2015
92 Detroit   United States 4,297,617[12] 2016
93 Milan   Italy 4,247,125[16] 2015
94 Montréal   Canada 4,098,927[41] 2016
95 Athens   Greece 3,822,843[16] 2015

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit