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List of metropolitan areas by population


One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

ListEdit

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Official population Year
1 Tokyo   Japan 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai   China 34,865,252[4] 2010
3 Jakarta   Indonesia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi   India 26,454,000[6] 2016
5 Seoul   South Korea 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Karachi   Pakistan 25,100,000[8] 2016
7 Guangzhou   China 25,000,000[4] 2010
8 Beijing   China 24,900,000[4] 2010
9 Shenzhen   China 23,300,000[4] 2010
10 Mexico City   Mexico 21,497,029[9] 2016
11 São Paulo   Brazil 21,242,939[10] 2016
12 Lagos   Nigeria 21,000,000[11] 2014
13 Mumbai   India 20,748,395[6] 2011
14 Cairo   Egypt 20,500,000[12] 2012
15 New York City   United States 20,320,876[13] 2017
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)   Japan 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Wuhan   China 19,000,000[4] 2010
18 Chengdu   China 18,100,000[4] 2010
19 Dhaka   Bangladesh 17,151,925[14] 2011
20 Chongqing   China 17,000,000[4] 2010
21 Moscow   Russia 16,855,000[15] 2017
22 Tianjin   China 15,400,000[4] 2010
23 Istanbul   Turkey 15,029,231[16] 2017
24 Bangkok   Thailand 14,626,225[17] 2010
25 Kolkata   India 14,617,882[6] 2011
26 Tehran   Iran 14,595,904[18] 2011
27 London   United Kingdom 14,040,163[19] 2016
28 Hangzhou   China 13,400,000[4] 2010
29 Los Angeles   United States 13,353,907[13] 2017
30 Buenos Aires   Argentina 13,074,000[20] 2010
31 Xi'an   China 12,900,000[4] 2010
32 Manila   Philippines 12,877,253[21] 2015
33 Changzhou (Chang-Zhu-Tan)   China 12,400,000[4] 2010
34 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil 12,330,186[10] 2016
35 Paris   France 12,142,802[19] 2016
36 Shantou   China 12,000,000[4] 2010
37 Kinshasa   Democratic Republic of the Congo 11,855,000[22] 2017
38 Nanjing   China 11,700,000[4] 2010
39 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany 11,471,732[23] 2006
40 Jinan   China 11,000,000[4] 2010
41 Chennai   India 10,576,167 [24][citation needed] 2014
42 Harbin   China 10,500,000[4] 2010
43 Lahore   Pakistan 10,052,000 [25] 2010
44 Lima   Peru 9,886,647[26] 2015
45 Zhengzhou   China 9,700,000[4] 2010
46 Johannesburg   South Africa 9,616,000[27] 2016
47 Qingdao   China 9,600,000[4] 2010
48 Chicago   United States 9,533,040[13] 2017
49 Bogotá   Colombia 9,286,225[28] 2015
50 Chūkyō (Nagoya)   Japan 9,107,000[3] 2010
51 Bangalore   India 8,917,749[6] 2011
52 Bandung   Indonesia 8,495,928[29] 2014
53 Busan   South Korea 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
54 Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia 7,800,000[citation needed] 2017
55 Hyderabad   India 7,749,334[6] 2011
56 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia 7,739,570[30] 2016
57 Shenyang   China 7,700,000[4] 2010
58 Wenzhou   China 7,600,000[4] 2010
59 Milan   Italy 7,500,000[31] 2006
60 Hong Kong   China 7,409,800[32] 2017
61 Nanchang   China 7,400,000[4] 2010
62 Dallas-Fort Worth   United States 7,399,662[13] 2017
63 Yangon   Myanmar 7,360,703[33] 2014
64 Randstad   Netherlands 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
65 Taipei–Keelung   Taiwan 7,045,488[34] 2013
66 Houston   United States 6,892,427[13] 2017
67 Santiago   Chile 6,683,852[35] 2012
68 Luanda   Angola 6,542,944[36] 2014
69 Surabaya   Indonesia 6,484,206[29] 2015
70 Madrid   Spain 6,424,275[19] 2016
71 Ahmedabad   India 6,352,254[6] 2011
72 Washington, D.C.   United States 6,216,589[13] 2017
73 Miami   United States 6,158,824[13] 2017
74 Philadelphia   United States 6,096,120[13] 2017
75 Berlin/Brandenburg   Germany 6,004,857[37] 2015
76 Toronto   Canada 5,928,040[38] 2016
77 Munich   Germany 5,900,000[39][37] 2014
78 Atlanta   United States 5,884,736[13] 2017
79 Belo Horizonte   Brazil 5,873,841[10] 2016
80 Amaravati   India 5,873,588[40] 2011
81 Frankfurt Rhine-Main   Germany 5,821,523[41] 2015
82 Singapore   Singapore 5,535,000[42] 2015
83 Barcelona   Spain 5,445,904[19] 2016
84 Ankara   Turkey 5,346,518[16] 2016
85 Caracas   Venezuela 5,322,310[43][44] 2015
86 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman   United Arab Emirates 5,300,000[45] 2015
87 Stuttgart   Germany 5,300,000[46][37] 2015
88 Hamburg   Germany 5,100,000[37] 2015
89 Pune   India 5,049,968[6] 2011
90 Sydney   Australia 5,005,400[47] 2016
91 Guadalajara   Mexico 4,909,287[9] 2017
92 Boston   United States 4,836,531[13] 2017
93 Alexandria   Egypt 4,778,000[48] 2015
94 Phoenix   United States 4,737,270[13] 2017
95 San Francisco–Oakland   United States 4,727,357[13] 2017
96 Melbourne   Australia 4,641,636[49] 2016
97 Kabul   Afghanistan 4,635,000[50] 2015
98 Surat   India 4,585,367[6] 2011
99 Riverside-San Bernardino   United States 4,580,670[13] 2017
100 Monterrey   Mexico 4,477,614[9] 2015

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit