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List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

ListEdit

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Continent Official population Year
1 Tokyo   Japan Asia 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai   China Asia 34,865,252[4] 2010
3 Jakarta   Indonesia Asia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi   India Asia 26,454,000[6] 2011
5 Seoul   South Korea Asia 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Karachi   Pakistan Asia 25,100,000[8] 2016
7 Guangzhou   China Asia 25,000,000[4] 2010
8 Beijing   China Asia 24,900,000[4] 2010
9 Manila   Philippines Asia 24,650,000[9] 2018
10 Shenzhen   China Asia 23,300,000[4] 2010
11 Mexico City   Mexico North America 21,650,668[10] 2017
12 São Paulo   Brazil South America 21,242,939[11] 2016
13 Lagos   Nigeria Africa 21,000,000[12] 2014
14 Mumbai   India Asia 20,748,395[6] 2011
15 Cairo   Egypt Africa 20,500,000[13] 2012
16 New York City   United States North America 20,320,876[14] 2017
17 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)   Japan Asia 19,342,000[3] 2010
18 Wuhan   China Asia 19,000,000[4] 2010
19 Chengdu   China Asia 18,100,000[4] 2010
20 Dhaka   Bangladesh Asia 17,151,925[15] 2011
21 Chongqing   China Asia 17,000,000[4] 2010
22 Moscow   Russia Europe 16,855,000[9] 2018
23 Tianjin   China Asia 15,400,000[4] 2010
24 Istanbul   Turkey Asia 15,029,231[16] 2017
25 Bangkok   Thailand Asia 14,626,225[17] 2010
26 Kolkata   India Asia 14,617,882[6] 2011
27 Tehran   Iran Asia 14,595,904[18] 2011
28 London   United Kingdom Europe 14,040,163[19] 2016
29 Hangzhou   China Asia 13,400,000[4] 2010
30 Los Angeles   United States North America 13,353,907[14] 2017
31 Buenos Aires   Argentina South America 13,074,000[20] 2010
32 Xi'an   China Asia 12,900,000[4] 2010
33 Changzhou   China Asia 12,400,000[4] 2010
34 Kinshasa   Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 12,350,000[9] 2018
35 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil South America 12,330,186[11] 2016
36 Paris   France Europe 12,142,802[19] 2016
37 Shantou   China Asia 12,000,000[4] 2010
38 Nanjing   China Asia 11,700,000[4] 2010
39 Rhine-Ruhr   Germany Europe 11,471,732[21] 2006
40 Lahore   Pakistan Asia 11,070,000[9] 2018
41 Jinan   China Asia 11,000,000[4] 2010
42 Chennai   India Asia 10,555,000[9] 2018
43 Harbin   China Asia 10,500,000[4] 2010
44 Lima   Peru South America 9,886,647[22] 2015
45 Zhengzhou   China Asia 9,700,000[4] 2010
46 Johannesburg   South Africa Africa 9,616,000[23] 2016
47 Qingdao   China Asia 9,600,000[4] 2010
48 Chicago   United States North America 9,533,040[14] 2017
49 Bogotá   Colombia South America 9,286,225[24] 2015
50 Chūkyō (Nagoya)   Japan Asia 9,107,000[3] 2010
51 Bangalore   India Asia 8,917,749[6] 2011
52 Bandung   Indonesia Asia 8,495,928[25] 2014
53 Busan   South Korea Asia 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
54 Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia Asia 7,800,000[citation needed] 2017
55 Hyderabad   India Asia 7,749,334[6] 2011
56 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia Asia 7,739,570[26] 2016
57 Shenyang   China Asia 7,700,000[4] 2010
58 Wenzhou   China Asia 7,600,000[4] 2010
59 Milan   Italy Europe 7,500,000[27] 2006
60 Hong Kong   China Asia 7,409,800[28] 2017
61 Nanchang   China Asia 7,400,000[4] 2010
62 Dallas-Fort Worth   United States North America 7,399,662[14] 2017
63 Yangon   Myanmar Asia 7,360,703[29] 2014
64 Randstad   Netherlands Europe 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
65 Taipei–Keelung   Taiwan Asia 7,045,488[30] 2013
66 Houston   United States North America 6,892,427[14] 2017
67 Santiago   Chile South America 6,683,852[31] 2012
68 Luanda   Angola Africa 6,542,944[32] 2014
69 Surabaya   Indonesia Asia 10,818,385[33] 2015
70 Madrid   Spain Europe 6,424,275[19] 2016
71 Ahmedabad   India Asia 6,352,254[6] 2011
72 Washington, D.C.   United States North America 6,216,589[14] 2017
73 Saint Petersburg   Russia Europe 6,200,000[34] 2015
74 Miami   United States North America 6,158,824[14] 2017
75 Philadelphia   United States North America 6,096,120[14] 2017
76 Berlin/Brandenburg   Germany Europe 6,004,857[35] 2015
77 Toronto   Canada North America 5,928,040[36] 2016
78 Munich   Germany Europe 5,900,000[37][35] 2014
79 Atlanta   United States North America 5,884,736[14] 2017
80 Belo Horizonte   Brazil South America 5,873,841[11] 2016
81 Amaravati   India Asia 5,873,588[38] 2011
82 Frankfurt Rhine-Main   Germany Europe 5,821,523[39] 2015
83 Singapore   Singapore Asia 5,535,000[40] 2015
84 Barcelona   Spain Europe 5,445,904[19] 2016
85 Ankara   Turkey Asia 5,346,518[16] 2016
86 Caracas   Venezuela South America 5,322,310[41][42] 2015
87 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman   United Arab Emirates Asia 5,300,000[43] 2015
88 Stuttgart   Germany Europe 5,300,000[44][35] 2015
89 Hamburg   Germany Europe 5,100,000[35] 2015
90 Pune   India Asia 5,049,968[6] 2011
91 Sydney   Australia Oceania 5,005,400[45] 2016
92 Guadalajara   Mexico North America 4,909,287[10] 2017
93 Boston   United States North America 4,836,531[14] 2017
94 Alexandria   Egypt Africa 4,778,000[46] 2015
95 Phoenix   United States North America 4,737,270[14] 2017
96 San Francisco–Oakland   United States North America 4,727,357[14] 2017
97 Melbourne   Australia Oceania 4,641,636[47] 2016
98 Kabul   Afghanistan Asia 4,635,000[48] 2015
99 Monterrey   Mexico North America 4,603,254[10] 2017
100 Surat   India Asia 4,585,367[6] 2011

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit