Neuss (German pronunciation: [nɔʏs] (listen); spelled Neuß until 1968; Limburgish: Nüss [ˈnɵs]; Latin: Novaesium) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the west bank of the Rhine opposite Düsseldorf. Neuss is the largest city within the Rhein-Kreis Neuss district. It is primarily known for its historic Roman sites, as well as the annual Neusser Bürger-Schützenfest. Neuss and Trier share the title of "Germany's oldest city"; and in 1984 Neuss celebrated the 2000th anniversary of its founding in 16 BCE.

Town hall
Town hall
Flag of Neuss
Coat of arms of Neuss
Location of Neuss within Rhein-Kreis Neuss district
DüsseldorfDuisburgCologneKrefeldDüren (district)Heinsberg (district)Mettmann (district)Viersen (district)MönchengladbachRhein-Erft-KreisDormagenGrevenbroichJüchenKaarstKorschenbroichMeerbuschNeussRommerskirchenNeuss in NE.svg
About this image
Neuss is located in Germany
Neuss is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 51°12′N 6°42′E / 51.200°N 6.700°E / 51.200; 6.700Coordinates: 51°12′N 6°42′E / 51.200°N 6.700°E / 51.200; 6.700
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictRhein-Kreis Neuss
 • Mayor (2020–25) Reiner Breuer [de][1] (SPD)
 • Total99.48 km2 (38.41 sq mi)
40 m (130 ft)
 • Total152,731
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes02131, 02137 (Norf), 02182
Vehicle registrationNE, GV


Rheinbahn tram in downtown Neuss.
Saint Sebastianus church in the city of Neuss

Ancient RomeEdit

Neuss was founded by the Romans in 16 BC as a military fortification (castrum) with the current city to the north of the castrum, at the confluence of the rivers Rhine and Erft, with the name of Novaesium.[citation needed]

Legio XVI Gallica ("Gallic 16th Legion") of the Roman army was stationed here in 43-70 AD. It was disbanded after surrendering during the Batavian rebellion (AD 70).[3]

Later a civil settlement was founded in the area of today's centre of the town during the 1st century AD. Novaesium, together with Trier (Augusta Treverorum), is one of the three oldest Roman settlements in Germany.[citation needed]

Middle AgesEdit

Neuss grew during the Middle Ages because of its prime location on several routes, by the crossing of the great Rhine valley, and with its harbour and ferry. During the 10th century, the remains of the martyr and tribune Saint Quirinus, not to be confused with the Roman god Quirinus, had been relocated to Neuss. This resulted in pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Quirinus even from countries beyond the borders of the Holy Roman Empire. Neuss was first documented as a town in 1138.[citation needed]

One of the main events in the town's history is the siege of the town in 1474–75 by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, that lasted for nearly a year. The citizens of Neuss withstood the siege and were therefore rewarded by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. The town was granted the right to mint its own coins and to carry the imperial coat of arms, the imperial eagle and the crown, in the town's own coat of arms. Neuss became a member of the Hanseatic League, although it was never accepted by the other members of the League.[citation needed]

Early modernityEdit

In 1586, more than two-thirds of the city was destroyed by fire, and several wars during the reign of King Louis XIV of France resulted in worsening finances for Neuss. Its importance as a place for trading declined rapidly, and from the mid-17th century onwards, Neuss became a place only important for its agriculture.

Until the late 18th century, Neuss belonged to the Electorate of Cologne. From 1794 to 1814, Neuss was part of France during the reign of Napoleon. In 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars, Neuss became part of the Kingdom of Prussia, and was reorganized as a district with the municipalities of Neuss, Dormagen, Nettesheim, Nievenheim, Rommerskirchen and Zons. The town had a population of 6,333 at that time. It was part of the Prussian Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1815–22) and its successor, the Rhine Province (1822–1946).

19th century – presentEdit

Neuss regained its economic power in the 19th century, with expansion of the harbour in 1835, and increasing industrial activity. The city's boundaries were expanded in 1881. Neuss became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946.

In 1968 the spelling of the name was changed from Neuß to Neuss. In 1975 the town of Neuss and the district of Grevenbroich were joined to form the district of Rhein-Kreis Neuss with a population of 440,000 and its seat of government in Neuss. Neuss is also home to Toshiba's European headquarters.

Largest groups of foreign residents[4]
Nationality Population (2018)
  Turkey 5,440
  Poland 1,775
  Greece 1,627
  Portugal 1,132
  Italy 1,088
  Serbia and Montenegro 1,072
  Syria 982
  Croatia 829



The current mayor of Neuss is Reiner Breuer of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Candidate Party Votes %
Reiner Breuer Social Democratic Party 30,337 52.9
Jan-Philipp Büchler Christian Democratic Union 18,800 32.8
Michael Klinkicht Alliance 90/The Greens 4,049 7.1
Roland Sperling The Left 1,346 2.4
Michael Fielenbach Free Democratic Party 1,181 2.1
Thomas Lang UWG/Free Voters Neuss 1,158 2.0
Hans Dietz Centre Party 463 0.8
Valid votes 57,334 98.9
Invalid votes 617 1.1
Total 57,951 100.0
Electorate/voter turnout 120,328 48.2
Source: City of Neuss

Mayors and Lord Mayors since 1849Edit

  • 1849–1851: Heinrich Thywissen, Mayor (Bürgermeister)
  • 1851–1858: Michael Frings, Mayor
  • 1858–1882: Johann Joseph Ridder, Mayor
  • 1882–1889: Carl Wenders, Mayor
  • 1890–1902: Engelbert Tilmann, Mayor
  • 1902–1921: Franz Gielen, Lord Mayor
  • 1921–1930: Heinrich Hüpper, Lord Mayor
  • 1930–1934: Wilhelm Henrichs, Centre Party, Lord Mayor (Oberbürgermeister)
  • 1934–1938: Wilhelm Eberhard Gelberg, NSDAP, Lord Mayor
  • 1938–1945: Wilhelm Tödtmann, NSDAP, Lord Mayor
  • 1945–1946: Josef Nagel, Lord Mayor
  • 1946: Josef Schmitz, Lord Mayor
  • 1946–1961: Alfons Frings, CDU, Lord Mayor
  • 1961–1967: Peter Wilhelm Kallen, Lord Mayor
  • 1967–1982: Herbert Karrenberg, CDU, Lord Mayor
  • 1982–1987: Hermann Wilhelm Thywissen, CDU, Lord Mayor
  • 1987–1998: Bertold Mathias Reinartz, CDU, Mayor
  • 1998–2015: Herbert Napp, CDU, Mayor
  • 2015–present: Reiner Breuer, SPD, Mayor

City councilEdit

Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Neuss city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Party Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 20,810 36.4   3.4 21   6
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 18,517 32.4   5.1 19 ±0
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 7,996 14.0   3.2 8   1
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 2,420 4.2   0.0 2   1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 1,882 3.3   4.9 2   4
The Left (Die Linke) 1,601 2.8   1.2 2   1
UWG/Free Voters Neuss (UWG/FW) 1,106 1.9   0.0 1 ±0
Action Party for Animal Protection (hier!) 929 1.6 New 1 New
Active for Neuss (Aktiv) 863 1.5 New 1 New
Die PARTEI 823 1.4 New 1 New
Centre Party (Zentrum) 223 0.4   0.2 0 ±0
Independent Volkmar Wolfram Ortlepp 18 0.0 New 0 New
Valid votes 57,188 98.8
Invalid votes 672 1.2
Total 57,860 100.0 58   10
Electorate/voter turnout 120,328 48.1   2.6
Source: City of Neuss

Number of inhabitantsEdit

  • 1798: 4,423
  • 1831: 7,888
  • 1861: 10,300
  • 1885: 20,074
  • 1900: 28,472
  • 1925: 44,958
  • 1945: 51,624
  • 1965: 111,104
  • 1987: 142,178
  • 2015: 159,672


One sports club is Neusser Schlittschuh-Klub. Their sections are figure skating, ice stock sport and, as the only club in Germany, bandy. With the lack of a large ice surface, the variety rink bandy is practiced.[5] There are also two football clubs in the city of Neuss: VfR Neuss Football Club and DJK Novesia Neuss.[citation needed]

Points of interestEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Theodor Schwann 1857

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Neuss is twinned with:[7]



  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 29 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  3. ^ Matthew Bunson (1 January 2009). Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire. Infobase Publishing. pp. 313–. ISBN 978-1-4381-1027-1.
  4. ^ "Die ausländischen Mitbürger in der Stadt Neuss am 0 1.01.2013" (PDF). Stadt Neuss. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
  5. ^ Neusser Schlittschuh-Klub official home page
  6. ^ "Nachruf auf "mac" Erik Martin | scouting".
  7. ^ "Partnerstädte". (in German). Neuss. Retrieved 2021-03-02.

External linksEdit