1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1892nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 892nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 19th century, and the 3rd year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1892, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
|Ab urbe condita||2645|
|Balinese saka calendar||1813–1814|
|British Regnal year||55 Vict. 1 – 56 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)|
4588 or 4528
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
4589 or 4529
|- Vikram Samvat||1948–1949|
|- Shaka Samvat||1813–1814|
|- Kali Yuga||4992–4993|
|Japanese calendar||Meiji 25|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||20 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2434–2435|
2018 or 1637 or 865
— to —
2019 or 1638 or 866
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1892.|
- January 1 – Ellis Island begins accommodating immigrants to the United States.
- January 15 –James Naismith's rules for basketball are published for the first time in the Springfield YMCA International Training School's newspaper, in an article titled "A New Game".
- February 18 – Pennsauken Township, New Jersey is incorporated.
- February 27 – Rudolf Diesel applies for a patent, on his compression ignition engine (the Diesel engine).
- February 29 – St. Petersburg, Florida is incorporated.
- March 1 – Theodoros Deligiannis ends his term as Prime Minister of Greece, and Konstantinos Konstantopoulos takes office.
- March 6–8 – "Exclusive Agreement": Rulers of the Trucial States (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Quwain) sign an agreement, by which they become de facto British protectorates.
- March 11 – The first basketball game is played in public, between students and faculty at the Springfield YMCA. The final score is 5–1 in favor of the students, with the only goal for the faculty being scored by Amos Alonzo Stagg. A crowd of 200 spectators watches the game.
- March 13 – Ernest Louis, a grandson of Queen Victoria, becomes Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine on the death of his father, Grand Duke Louis IV.
- March 15 – The Liverpool Football Club is founded by John Houlding, the owner of Anfield; Houlding decides to form his own team after Everton leaves Anfield, in an argument over rent.
- March 17 – The St. Patrick's Day Snowstorm besieges Tennessee with upwards of 26 inches of snow, establishing accumulation records that still stand.
- March 18 – Sir Frederick Stanley announces his intention to donate the Stanley Cup.
- March 20 – The first ever French rugby championship final takes place in Paris. Pierre de Coubertin referees the match, which Racing Club de France wins 4–3 over Stade Français.
- March 31 – The world's first fingerprinting bureau is formally opened by the Buenos Aires Chief of Police; it had been operating unofficially since the previous year.
- April – The Johnson County War breaks out, between small farmers and large ranchers in Wyoming.
- April 15 – The General Electric Company is established, through the merger of the Thomson-Houston Company and the Edison General Electric Company.
- April 29 – Redondo Beach, California is founded.
- May 7 – The Cook Islands issue their first postage stamps.
- May 11 – The 18th Kentucky Derby is run in Louisville, Kentucky; Azra finishes first, Huron second and Phil Dwyer third in a race with only three horses.
- May 19 – Battle of Yemoja River: British troops defeat Ijebu infantry in modern-day Nigeria, using a maxim gun.
- May 20 – The last broad gauge "Down" train rides from Paddington, on the Great Western Railway.
- May 22 – The British conquest of Ijebu Ode marks a major extension of colonial power, into the Nigerian interior.
- May 24 – Prince George (later George V) becomes Duke of York.
- May 28 – In San Francisco, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
- June 4 – Abercrombie & Fitch is established by David T. Abercrombie.
- June 5 – An oil fire in Oil City, Pennsylvania, kills 130 people.
- June 7 – Homer Plessy (who is black) is arrested for sitting on the whites-only car in Louisiana, leading to the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson court case.
- June 11 – The Limelight Department, later one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
- Stockholm Public Women's Club is founded in Stockholm.
- June 30 – The Homestead Strike begins in Homestead, Pennsylvania, culminating in a battle between striking workers and private security agents on July 6.
- July 4 – Samoa changes its time zone to being 3 hours behind California, such that it crosses the International Date Line, and July 4 occurs twice.
- July 4–18 – British general election: The Conservative and Liberal Unionist coalition government loses its majority in the House of Commons, eventually leading to Prime Minister Lord Salisbury's resignation on August 12.
- July 6
- July 8 – The Great Fire of 1892 devastates the city of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
- July 12 – A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in Saint-Gervais-les-Bains.
- July 13 – The United International Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property (UIBPIP or BIRPI) is established in Bern, Switzerland.
- August – The first electric light bulb in Bulgaria is used at the Plovdiv Fair.
- August 4 – The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden are found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.
- August 4 – Franklin Park, Illinois is incorporated as a village.
- August 9 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
- August 15 –Valparaíso, Chile founded first football team Santiago Wanderers
- August 18 – William Ewart Gladstone assumes the British premiership, as head of Liberal government, with Irish Nationalist Party support.
- September 3 – The Nottingham Forest Football Club plays their first league match, a 2–2 draw with Everton FC.
- September 8 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited.
- September 9 – Amalthea, the third moon of Jupiter, is discovered by Edward Emerson Barnard.
- September 15 – Sergei Witte replaces Ivan Vyshnegradsky, as Russian finance minister.
- September – Women are first admitted to Yale University's graduate school.
- October 5
- October 12 – To mark the 400th anniversary Columbus Day holiday, the "Pledge of Allegiance" is first recited in unison by students in U.S. public schools.
- October 30 – The Historical American Exposition opens in Madrid.
- October 31 – The first collection of Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories from The Strand Magazine, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, is published in London.
- November 8
- November 17 – French troops occupy Abomey, capital of the kingdom of Dahomey.
- November 24 – The Hotel Zinzendorf catches fire in the city of Winston-Salem, North Carolina; 45 people die.
- December 5 – John Thompson becomes Canada's fourth prime minister.
- December 9 – English soccer club Newcastle United is founded.
- December 17 – First issue of Vogue is published.
- December 18 – The Nutcracker ballet, with music by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, is premiered at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia.
- December 22 – The Newcastle East End F.C. is renamed Newcastle United F.C., following the demise of the Newcastle West End F.C. and East End's move to St James' Park, formerly West End's home, in the north east of England.
- Andrew Carnegie combines all of his separate businesses into the Carnegie Steel Company, allowing him to gain a monopoly in the United States steel industry.
- The Inter-Parliamentary Bureau for Permanent Arbitration is established.
- A cholera outbreak occurs in Hamburg, Germany.
- A tortoise called Timothy is brought to the estate of Powderham Castle in England, where she lives until her death in 2004.
- Abu Dhabi becomes a British protectorate
- The Cadet Band (modern-day Highty-Tighties) of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (modern-day Virginia Tech) is established in the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets.
- The Community of the Resurrection, an Anglican religious community for men, is founded in the north of England by Charles Gore and Walter Frere.
- Viruses are discovered by Russian–Ukrainian biologist Dimitri Ivanovski.
- Aberdeen, Maryland is founded
- Worthington, Ontario, Canada is incorporated as a mining community.
- Construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway begins.
- Unione Sportiva Pro Vercelli football club is founded in Piedmont, Italy.
- The first Canadian National Rugby-Football Championship game is played (Osgoode Hall defeats Montreal 45–5).
- January 1
- January 3 – J. R. R. Tolkien, South African professor, linguist, philologist, conlanger and author of The Lord of the Rings, The Hobbit and The Silmarillion (d. 1973)
- January 10 – Vladimir Littauer, Russian equestrian trainer, coach (d. 1989)
- January 12 – Mikhail Kirponos, Soviet general (d. 1941)
- January 14
- January 15 – Rex Ingram, Irish film director (d. 1950)
- January 16
- January 18
- January 19 – Ólafur Thors, Icelandic politician, 5-times prime minister (d. 1964)
- January 22 – Marcel Dassault, French aircraft industrialist (d. 1986)
- January 25 – Takeo Takagi, Japanese admiral (d. 1944)
- January 26 – Zara Cully, American actress (d. 1978)
- January 28
- January 31 – Eddie Cantor, American actor, singer (d. 1964)
- February 3 – Juan Negrín, Spanish physician, politician and 67th Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1956)
- February 4 – Yrjö Kilpinen, Finnish composer (d. 1959)
- February 5 – Shunji Isaki, Japanese admiral (d. 1943)
- February 6
- February 9 – Peggy Wood, American actress (d. 1978)
- February 10 – Alan Hale Sr., American actor (d. 1950)
- February 13 – Robert H. Jackson, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1954)
- February 14 – Radola Gajda, Czech commander and politician (d. 1948)
- February 15 – James Forrestal, first United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1949)
- February 18 – Wendell Willkie, U.S. Republican presidential candidate (d. 1944)
- February 21 – Harry Stack Sullivan, American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst (d. 1949)
- February 22 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American writer (d. 1950)
- February 23 – Kathleen Harrison, English actress (d. 1995)
- February 24 – Konstantin Fedin, Russian writer (d. 1977)
- February 27 – William Demarest, American actor (d. 1983)
- February 29
- March 1 – Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (d. 1927)
- March 3 – Mississippi John Hurt, American country blues singer, guitarist (d. 1966) (some sources give his year of birth as 1893).
- March 9
- March 10
- March 15 – Charles Nungesser, French aviator, World War I fighter ace (d. 1927)
- March 16 – César Vallejo, Peruvian poet (d. 1938)
- March 25 – Andy Clyde, Scottish actor (d. 1967)
- March 27 – Ferde Grofé, American pianist, composer (d. 1972)
- March 28
- March 30
- April 4 – Italo Mus, Italian painter (d. 1967)
- April 6
- April 8 – Mary Pickford, Canadian actress, studio founder (d. 1979)
- April 12 – Johnny Dodds, American jazz clarinettist (d. 1940)
- April 12 – Henry Darger, reclusive American outsider artist (d. 1973)
- April 13
- April 16 – Ferenc Kiss, Hungarian actor (d. 1978)
- April 19 – Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (d. 1983)
- April 26 – Richard L. Conolly, American admiral (d. 1962)
- April 27 – Raizō Tanaka, Japanese admiral (d. 1969)
- April 28 – Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (d. 1975)
- May 2 – Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron), German World War I fighter pilot (d. 1918)
- May 3
- May 4 – Stanisława Paleolog, Polish official, military and political activist (d. 1968)
- May 5 – Rajarsi Janakananda, a leading Indian disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda (d. 1955)
- May 7
- May 9 – Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
- May 11 – Margaret Rutherford, English actress (d. 1972)
- May 12 – Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
- May 14 – Theodor Burchardi, German admiral (d. 1983)
- May 16 – Manton S. Eddy, American general (d. 1962)
- May 18 – Ezio Pinza, Italian bass (d. 1957)
- May 19 – Pops Foster, American jazz musician (d. 1969)
- May 23 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (d. 1922)
- May 26 – Maxwell Bodenheim, American poet, novelist (d. 1954)
- May 30 – Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (d. 1972)
- May 31
- June 1 – Amānullāh Khān, ruler of Afghanistan (d. 1960)
- June 8 – Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov, Soviet aeronautical engineer, aircraft designer (d. 1944)
- June 13 – Basil Rathbone, British actor (d. 1967)
- June 15 – Wallace Wade, American football coach, University of Alabama, Duke University (d. 1986)
- June 21 – Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (d. 1971)
- June 22 – Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
- June 23 – Mieczysław Horszowski, Polish pianist (d. 1993)
- June 25
- June 26 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
- June 28
- June 30 – Oswald Pohl, German S.S. officer (d. 1951)
- July 1
- July 3 – Thomas White, English cricketer (d. 1979)
- July 4
- July 6 – Willy Coppens, Belgian World War I flying ace (d. 1986)
- July 8
- July 11
- July 12 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
- July 15 – Milena Rudnytska, Ukrainian educator, women's activist, politician and writer (d. 1979)
- July 16 – Michel Coiffard, French World War I fighter ace (d. 1918)
- July 17 – Edwin Harris Dunning, British aviator (d. 1917)
- July 22
- July 23 – Haile Selassie I, Ethiopian emperor (d. 1975)
- July 26 – Sad Sam Jones, American baseball player (d. 1966)
- July 28 – K. Kanagaratnam, Ceylon Tamil civil servant, politician (d. 1952)
- July 29 – William Powell, American actor (d. 1984)
- August 1 – Kinsan Ginsan, Japanese supercentenarians (d. 2000) and (d. 2001)
- August 2 – Jack L. Warner, Canadian film producer (d. 1978)
- August 6 – Hoot Gibson, American actor, film director (d. 1962)
- August 11
- August 12 – Alfred Lunt, American actor, stage director (d. 1977)
- August 15 – Walther Nehring, German general (d. 1983)
- August 16
- August 17 – Tamon Yamaguchi, Japanese admiral (d. 1942)
- August 19 – Elizabeth Kozlova, Russian ornithologist (d. 1975)
- August 25 – Gabriel Guérin, French World War I fighter ace (d. 1918)
- August 26 – Elizebeth Smith Friedman, American cryptographer (d. 1980)
- September 4 – Darius Milhaud, French composer (d. 1974)
- September 5 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (d. 1973)
- September 6 – Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
- September 10 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
- September 11 – Pinto Colvig, American vaudeville actor, radio actor, newspaper cartoonist, prolific movie voice actor, and circus performer (original voice of Goofy) (d. 1967)
- September 12 – Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher (d. 1984)
- September 15 – Louis Favre, French painter (d. 1956)
- September 20 – Patricia Collinge, Irish-American actress (d. 1974)
- October 3 – Sentarō Ōmori, Japanese admiral (d. 1974)
- October 4
- October 6 – Jackie Saunders, American silent movie actress (d. 1954)
- October 8 – Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (d. 1941)
- October 9 – Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
- October 13 – Malcolm McGregor, American silent film actor (d. 1945)
- October 14 – Andrei Yeremenko, Soviet military leader, Marshal of the Soviet Union (d. 1970)
- October 16
- October 17 – R. K. Shanmukham Chetty, Indian jurist, economist (d. 1953)
- October 23 – Gummo Marx, American actor, comedian (d. 1977)
- October 27 – Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian writer (d. 1953)
- October 28 – Dink Johnson, American jazz musician (d. 1954)
- October 29 – Stanisław Ostrowski, former President of Poland (d. 1982)
- October 30 – Charles Atlas, Italian-American strongman, sideshow performer (d. 1972)
- October 31 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess champion (d. 1946)
- November 2 – Alice Brady, American actress (d. 1939)
- November 5 – J. B. S. Haldane, British geneticist (d. 1964)
- November 9 – Erich Auerbach, German philologist (d. 1957)
- November 11 – Isidor Achron, Polish-American pianist, composer and brother of Joseph Achron (d. 1948)
- November 12 – Guo Moruo, Chinese author, poet (d. 1978)
- November 14 – Dieudonné Costes, French aviator (d. 1973)
- November 16
- November 22 – Emma Tillman, briefly the world's oldest living person and last verified person born in 1892 (d. 2007)
- November 24 – Daniel McVey, Australian public servant (d. 1972)
- December 4 – Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator (d. 1975)
- December 5 – Cyril Ring, American film actor (d. 1967)
- December 6 – Osbert Sitwell, English writer (d. 1969)
- December 7 – Max Ehrlich, German actor, screenwriter, and humor writer (d. 1944) (one of the casualties of the Auschwitz concentration camp)
- December 8 – Bert Hinkler, Australian pioneer aviator (d. 1933)
- December 9 – André Randall, French actor (d. 1974)
- December 12
- December 15 – J. Paul Getty, American industrialist (d. 1976)
- December 21 – Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet (d. 1980)
- December 24 – Ruth Chatterton, American actress, novelist, and aviator (d. 1961)
- December 26 – Don Barclay, American actor (d. 1975)
- December 27 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War I flying ace (d. 1917)
- December 29 – Emory Parnell, American actor (d. 1979)
- December 31 – Stanley Price, American film, television actor (d. 1955)
- Ahmad Daouk, 2-Time Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 1979)
- Gerald Haxton, secretary and lover of W. Somerset Maugham (d. 1944)
- Abdallah Khalil, 3rd Prime Minister of Sudan (d. 1970)
- V. Veerasingam, Ceylon Tamil teacher and politician (d. 1964)
- Wu Shuqing, Chinese feminist, nationalist and revolutionary
- January 7 – Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt and the Sudan (b. 1852)
- January 8 – Christopher Raymond Perry Rodgers, American admiral (b. 1819)
- January 12 – William Reeves, Irish antiquarian (b. 1815)
- January 14 – Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, second in line for the throne of the United Kingdom (b. 1864)
- January 21 – John Couch Adams, English astronomer (b. 1819)
- January 31 – Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (b. 1834)
- February 2 – Darinka Petrovic, princess consort of Montenegro (b. 1838)
- February 5 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (b. 1807)
- February 7 – Andrew Bryson, American admiral (b. 1822)
- February 27 – Louis Vuitton, world-renowned French fashion designer (b. 1821)
- March 13 – Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1837)
- March 16 – Samuel F. Miller, American politician (b. 1827)
- March 26 – Walt Whitman, American poet (b. 1819)
- March 28 – Emily Lucas Blackall, American author and philanthropist (b. 1832)
- April 4 – José María Castro Madriz, President of Costa Rica (b. 1818)
- April 12 – Ogarita Booth Henderson, American stage actress, daughter of John Wilkes Booth (b. 1859)
- April 17 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1822)
- April 19 – Fr. Thomas Pelham Dale SSC, Anglo-Catholic clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (b. 1821)
- April 21 – Emelie Tracy Y. Swett, American author (b. 1863)
- April 22 – Édouard Lalo, French composer (b. 1823)
- April 25 – William Backhouse Astor, Jr., American businessman (b. 1830)
- April 26 – Sir Provo William Perry Wallis, British admiral, naval hero (b. 1791)
- May 5 – August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)
- May 22 – Alexander Campbell, Canadian politician (b. 1822)
- May 29 – Bahá'u'lláh, Persian founder of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1817)
- May 30 – Mary H. Gray Clarke, American correspondent (b. 1835)
- June 8 – Robert Ford, American assassin of Jesse James (b. 1862)
- June 9 – William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
- June 28 – Sir Harry Atkinson, 10th Premier of New Zealand (b. 1831)
- July 18 – Rose Terry Cooke, American author (b. 1827)
- July 30 – Count Joseph Alexander Hübner, Austrian diplomat (b. 1811)
- August 4 – Ernestine Rose, Polish-born feminist (b. 1810)
- August 23 – Deodoro da Fonseca, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827)
- September 6 – Betty Bentley Beaumont, British merchant (b. 1828)
- September 7 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet, abolitionist (b. 1807)
- September 11 – Clarissa Caldwell Lathrop, American social reformer (b. 1847)
- September 12 – John Cummings Howell, United States Navy admiral (b. 1819)
- October 2 – Ernest Renan, French philosopher, philologist, historian and writer (b. 1823)
- October 6 – Alfred, Lord Tennyson, British poet (b. 1809)
- October 23 – Emin Pasha, Ottoman-German doctor, Governor of Equatoria (b. 1840)
- October 24 – Mir-Fatah-Agha, Persian Shiite cleric
- October 25 – Caroline Harrison, First Lady of the United States (b. 1832)
- December 2 – Jay Gould, American financier (b. 1836)
- December 6 – Werner von Siemens, German inventor, industrialist (b. 1816)
- December 11 – William Milligan, Scottish theologian (b. 1821)
- December 14 – Sir Adams Archibald, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1814)
- Dimitrie Brătianu, 15th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1818)
- Eudora Stone Bumstead, American poet (b. 1860)
- Katherine Fox, American spiritualist medium (b. 1837)
- Louisa Jane Hall, American literary critic (b. 1802)
- Charles Lafontaine, Swiss mesmerist (b. 1803)
- Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, Tibetan teacher (b. 1820)
- Mary Allen West, American superintendent of schools (b. 1837)