William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 – March 5, 1984) was an American actor. A major star at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, he was paired with Myrna Loy in 14 films, including the Thin Man series based on the Nick and Nora Charles characters created by Dashiell Hammett. Powell was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor three times: for The Thin Man (1934), My Man Godfrey (1936), and Life with Father (1947).
William Horatio Powell
July 29, 1892
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||March 5, 1984 (aged 91)|
Palm Springs, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Desert Memorial Park, Cathedral City, California, U.S.|
(m. 1915; div. 1930)
(m. 1931; div. 1933)
|Partner(s)||Jean Harlow (1934–1937, her death)|
|Children||William David Powell|
Born in Pittsburgh in 1892, William Powell was the only child of Nettie Manila (née Brady) and Horatio Warren Powell, who worked as an accountant. In 1907, young William moved with his family to Kansas City, Missouri, where he graduated from Central High School four years later. The Powells while residing in Kansas City lived only a few blocks away from the Carpenters, whose daughter Harlean also went to Hollywood under the name Jean Harlow, although she and William did not meet until they were both established film actors.
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After high school, Powell enrolled at the University of Kansas, where he intended to study law, but after only a week there, he decided to leave the school and relocate to New York City to attend the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. In 1912, Powell graduated from the AADA, and worked in some vaudeville and stock companies. After several successful experiences on the Broadway stage, he began his Hollywood career in 1922, playing a small role as an evil henchman of Professor Moriarty in a production of Sherlock Holmes with John Barrymore. He later performed as Francis I in When Knighthood Was in Flower with Marion Davies, which was considered the most expensive film ever produced at the time.
Under contract to Paramount throughout most of the 1920s, Powell played heels and villains in the early part of his career. As he gained experience, he gradually shifted into leading-man roles paired with such leading ladies as Bebe Daniels, Evelyn Brent, and Kay Francis. When Powell left Paramount to sign with Warner Bros., Francis joined him. One of their most successful films together was One Way Passage. Between Paramount and Warner Bros., Powell and Francis made seven films together.
His most memorable role in silent movies was as a vengeful film director opposite Emil Jannings' Academy Award-winning performance as a fallen general in The Last Command (1928). This success, along with Powell's commandingly pleasant speaking voice, led to his first starring role as amateur detective Philo Vance in the "talkie" The Canary Murder Case (1929). He played Philo Vance at Paramount Pictures three more times, and once at Warner's in his final appearance in the role in The Kennel Murder Case.
Powell was loved by many people in Hollywood. Actress Marion Shilling worked with him in Shadow of the Law, and called him, "Self-effacing, deferential, exceedingly thoughtful of other people, he was one of the kindest human beings I have ever met. He sensed that I was in awe of him, so from the start, he did what he could to put me at ease."
Powell's most famous role was that of Nick Charles in six Thin Man films, beginning with The Thin Man in 1934, based upon Dashiell Hammett's novel. The role provided a perfect opportunity for Powell, with his resonant speaking voice, to showcase his sophisticated charm and witty sense of humor, and he received his first Academy Award nomination for The Thin Man. Myrna Loy played his wife, Nora, in each of the Thin Man films. Their on-screen partnership, beginning alongside Clark Gable in 1934 with Manhattan Melodrama, was one of Hollywood's most prolific, and they appeared in 14 films together.
Loy and Powell starred in the Best Picture of 1936, The Great Ziegfeld, with Powell in the title role and Loy as Ziegfeld's wife Billie Burke. That same year, he also received his second Academy Award nomination, for the comedy My Man Godfrey.
In 1935, he starred with Jean Harlow in Reckless. A serious romance developed between them, and in 1936, they were reunited on screen and with Loy and Spencer Tracy in the screwball comedy Libeled Lady. Harlow became ill soon after, and died from uremia at the age of 26 in June 1937 before they could marry. His distress over her death, as well as a cancer diagnosis of his own, caused him to accept fewer acting roles. Powell's career slowed considerably in the 1940s, although he received his third Academy Award nomination in 1947 for his role as the formidable Clarence Day, Sr., in Life with Father. His last film was 1955's Mister Roberts, playing "Doc" alongside Henry Fonda in the title role, James Cagney as the ship's perfectionist captain, and Jack Lemmon in his Oscar-winning performance as Ensign Pulver.
In 1915, he married Eileen Wilson (1894–1942), who was born Julia Tierney, by whom he had his only child, William David Powell, before an amicable divorce in 1930. Powell's son became a television writer and producer before a period of ill health led to his suicide in 1968.
On June 26, 1931, Powell married actress Carole Lombard. The marriage lasted just over two years. They were divorced in 1933, though they, too, remained on good terms, even starring together in the screwball comedy My Man Godfrey three years later. Powell was devastated by her death in an airplane crash in 1942. He was engaged to marry Jean Harlow, his co-star in Reckless (1935), until her sudden death in 1937. On January 6, 1940, three weeks after they met, Powell married his third wife, actress Diana Lewis, to whom he remained married until his death in 1984.
In March 1938, Powell was diagnosed with rectal cancer. He underwent surgery and experimental radium treatment, which put the disease in full remission within two years. Given his own health and sorrow over Jean Harlow's death, Powell did not undertake any film roles for over a year during this period.
Powell died in Palm Springs, California, on March 5, 1984, at the age of 91 from heart failure, nearly 30 years after his retirement. He is buried at the Desert Memorial Park in Cathedral City, California, near his third wife Diana Lewis, and his only child, son William David Powell.
Academy Awards nominationsEdit
William Powell has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1636 Vine Street.
|1936||Lux Radio Theatre||The Thin Man|
|1938||Lux Radio Theatre||My Man Godfrey|
|1939||Lux Radio Theatre||One Way Passage|
|1939||Lux Radio Theatre||The Ex-Mrs. Bradford|
|1940||Lux Radio Theatre||Love Affair|
|1940||Lux Radio Theatre||After the Thin Man|
|1940||Lux Radio Theatre||Manhattan Melodrama|
|1941||Lux Radio Theatre||Hired Wife|
|1942||Lux Radio Theatre||Love Crazy|
|1943||Lux Radio Theatre||The Lady Has Plans|
|1944||Lux Radio Theatre||Shadow of a Doubt|
|1944||Lux Radio Theatre||Suspicion|
|1946||Reader's Digest Radio Edition||He Fell in Love with a Picture: 33|
|1948||Lux Radio Theatre||I Love You Again|
|1948||Lux Radio Theatre||Mr. Peabody and the Mermaid|
|1949||Screen Directors Playhouse||Love Crazy|
|1922||Sherlock Holmes||Foreman Wells||(film debut)|
|1922||When Knighthood Was in Flower||Francis I|
|1923||The Bright Shawl||Gaspar De Vaca|
|1923||Under the Red Robe||Duke of Orleans|
|1924||Dangerous Money||Prince Arnoldo da Pescia||lost film|
|1925||Too Many Kisses||Julio|
|1925||Faint Perfume||Barnaby Powers|
|1925||My Lady's Lips||Scott Seldon|
|1925||The Beautiful City||Nick Di Silva|
|1926||White Mice||Roddy Forrester|
|1926||Sea Horses||Lorenzo Salvia||lost film|
|1926||Desert Gold||Snake Landree|
|1926||The Runaway||Jack Harrison||lost film|
|1926||Aloma of the South Seas||Van Templeton||lost film|
|1926||The Great Gatsby||George Wilson||lost film|
|1926||Tin Gods||Tony Santelli||lost film|
|1927||New York||Trent Regan||lost film|
|1927||Love's Greatest Mistake||Don Kendall||lost film|
|1927||Special Delivery||Harold Jones|
|1927||Time to Love||Prince Alado|
|1927||Paid to Love||Prince Eric|
|1927||She's a Sheik||Kada||lost film|
|1928||The Last Command||Lev Andreyev|
|1928||Beau Sabreur||Becque||lost film|
|1928||Feel My Pulse||Her Nemesis|
|1928||Partners in Crime||Smith|
|1928||The Drag Net||Dapper Frank Trent||lost film|
|1928||The Vanishing Pioneer||John Murdock||lost film|
|1928||Interference||Philip Voaze||Powell's sound debut|
|1929||The Canary Murder Case||Philo Vance|
|1929||The Four Feathers||Capt. William Trench|
|1929||The Greene Murder Case||Philo Vance|
|1929||Charming Sinners||Karl Kraley|
|1929||Pointed Heels||Robert Courtland|
|1930||Behind the Make-Up||Gardoni|
|1930||Street of Chance||John D. Marsden / 'Natural' Davis|
|1930||The Benson Murder Case||Philo Vance|
|1930||Paramount on Parade||Philo Vance|
|1930||Shadow of the Law||John Nelson|
|1930||For the Defense||William Foster|
|1931||Man of the World||Michael Trevor|
|1931||Ladies' Man||Jamie Darricott|
|1931||The Road to Singapore||Hugh Dawltry|
|1932||High Pressure||Gar Evans|
|1932||Jewel Robbery||The Robber|
|1932||One Way Passage||Dan Hardesty|
|1932||Lawyer Man||Anton Adam|
|1933||Private Detective 62||Free|
|1933||Double Harness||John Fletcher|
|1933||The Kennel Murder Case||Philo Vance|
|1934||Fashions of 1934||Sherwood Nash|
|1934||Manhattan Melodrama||Jim Wade|
|1934||The Thin Man||Nick Charles|
|1934||The Key||Capt. Bill Tennant|
|1934||Evelyn Prentice||John Prentice|
|1935||Star of Midnight||Clay 'Dal' Dalzell|
|1935||Rendezvous||Lieutenant Bill Gordon|
|1935||The Casino Murder Case||"A new man"||uncredited cameo|
|1936||The Great Ziegfeld||Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr.|
|1936||The Ex-Mrs. Bradford||Dr. Lawrence Bradford|
|1936||My Man Godfrey||Godfrey|
|1936||Libeled Lady||Bill Chandler|
|1936||After the Thin Man||Nick Charles|
|1937||The Last of Mrs. Cheney||Charles|
|1937||The Emperor's Candlesticks||Baron Stephan Wolensky|
|1937||Double Wedding||Charles Lodge|
|1938||The Baroness and the Butler||Johann Porok|
|1939||Another Thin Man||Nick Charles|
|1940||I Love You Again||Larry Wilson a.k.a. George Carey|
|1941||Love Crazy||Steve Ireland|
|1941||Shadow of the Thin Man||Nick Charles|
|1942||Crossroads||David Talbot, a.k.a. Jean Pelletier|
|1943||The Youngest Profession||Himself|
|1944||The Heavenly Body||William S. Whitley|
|1945||The Thin Man Goes Home||Nick Charles|
|1945||Ziegfeld Follies||Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.|
|1946||The Hoodlum Saint||Terence Ellerton 'Terry' O'Neill|
|1946||The Great Morgan||Himself||Voice, Uncredited|
|1947||Life with Father||Clarence Day|
|1947||Song of the Thin Man||Nick Charles|
|1947||The Senator Was Indiscreet||Senator Melvin G. Ashton|
|1948||Mr. Peabody and the Mermaid||Mr. Arthur Peabody|
|1949||Take One False Step||Professor Andrew Gentling|
|1949||Dancing in the Dark||Emery Slade|
|1951||It's a Big Country||Professor|
|1952||The Treasure of Lost Canyon||Homer 'Doc' Brown|
|1953||The Girl Who Had Everything||Steve Latimer|
|1953||How to Marry a Millionaire||J.D. Hanley|
|1955||Mister Roberts||Doc||(final film)|
- Screen Snapshots (1932)
- Hollywood on Parade No. A-12 (1933)
- Screen Snapshots: The Skolsky Party (1946)
Box Office RankingEdit
- 1935 - 15th
- 1936 - 13th
- 1937 - 5th, 6th (UK)
- 1938 - 25th, 10th (UK)
- 1940 - 25th
- 1941 - 25th
- Interments of Interest (PDF), Palm Springs Cemetery District, retrieved March 20, 2017
- "Pennsylvania Births and Christenings, 1709-1950", Horatio Powell, July 29, 1892, son of H. W. Powell and Nettie B. Powell; Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Record accessed via FamilySearch archives, Salt Lake City, Utah, January 31, 2022.
- "Obituaries: William Powell, star of 'Thin Man' films", Chicago Tribune, March 6, 1984, p. N6. Retrieved via ProQuest Historical Newspapers through subscription access at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, January 31, 2022.
- Flint, Peter B. (1984-03-06). "William Powell, Film Star, Dies at 91". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
- "William Powell Biography". Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- Life, Volume 80, p. 208
- Ankerich, Michael G. (1998). The Sound of Silence: Conversations with 16 Film and Stage Personalities. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, Inc., p. 106.[ISBN missing]
- Christensen et al., p. 375.
- Parish, James Robert; Stanke, Don E. (1975). The Debonairs. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House. p. 459. ISBN 978-0870002939.
- Bryant, p. 142.
- Di Mambro, Dina. "Portrait of Harlow: The Original Blonde Bombshell". ClassicHollywoodBios.com. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
- "75 Years Ago, Saying Good-bye to Jean Harlow". DearMrGable.com. June 9, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
- "Obituary: Diana Lewis". The Independent. 31 January 1997.
- Critchlow, Donald T. (2013-10-21). When Hollywood Was Right: How Movie Stars, Studio Moguls, and Big Business Remade American Politics. ISBN 9781107650282.
- "Surgery: How Not to Die Of Cancer". Time. 1963-05-10. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
- Bryant, pp. 127–36.
- Brooks, Patricia; Brooks, Jonathan (2006). "Chapter 8: East L.A. and the Desert". Laid to Rest in California: a guide to the cemeteries and grave sites of the rich and famous. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. pp. 240–42. ISBN 978-0762741014. OCLC 70284362.
- "Awards – New York Film Critics Circle – NYFCC". www.nyfcc.com. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
- "Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. Vol. 37, no. 1. Winter 2011. p. 32.
- "Radio Guide". Altoona Tribune. Pennsylvania, Altoona. August 16, 1949. p. 19. Retrieved November 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Bryant, Roger. William Powell: The Life and Films. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2006. ISBN 0-7864-2602-0.
- Christensen, Lawrence O., et al. Dictionary of Missouri Biography. Columbia, Maryland: University of Missouri Press, 1999. ISBN 0-8262-1222-0.
- Francisco, Charles. Gentleman: The William Powell Story . New York: St Martins Press, 1985. ISBN 0-312-32103-1.