1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1918 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1918
MCMXVIII
Ab urbe condita2671
Armenian calendar1367
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԷ
Assyrian calendar6668
Baháʼí calendar74–75
Balinese saka calendar1839–1840
Bengali calendar1325
Berber calendar2868
British Regnal yearGeo. 5 – 9 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2462
Burmese calendar1280
Byzantine calendar7426–7427
Chinese calendar丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4615 or 4408
    — to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4616 or 4409
Coptic calendar1634–1635
Discordian calendar3084
Ethiopian calendar1910–1911
Hebrew calendar5678–5679
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1974–1975
 - Shaka Samvat1839–1840
 - Kali Yuga5018–5019
Holocene calendar11918
Igbo calendar918–919
Iranian calendar1296–1297
Islamic calendar1336–1337
Japanese calendarTaishō 7
(大正7年)
Javanese calendar1848–1849
Juche calendar7
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4251
Minguo calendarROC 7
民國7年
Nanakshahi calendar450
Thai solar calendar2460–2461
Tibetan calendar阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
2044 or 1663 or 891
    — to —
阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
2045 or 1664 or 892

The ceasefire that effectively ended the First World War took place on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of this year. Also in this year, the Spanish flu pandemic killed 50–100 million people worldwide.

In Russia, this year runs with only 352 days. As the result of Julian to Gregorian calendar switch, 13 days needed to be skipped. Wednesday, January 31 (Julian Calendar) was immediately followed by Thursday, February 14 (Gregorian Calendar).

Events edit

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

 
February 16: The Act of Independence of Lithuania

January edit

February edit

 
February 23: Estonian Declaration of Independence

March edit

April edit

 
Styles of Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, as presented in a vaudeville circuit pantomime and sketched by Marguerite Martyn of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in April 1918

May edit

June edit

 
June 10: Austro-Hungarian battleship Szent István sunk by Italian torpedo boats
 
Szent István

July edit

 
July 17: Execution of the Romanov family

August edit

 
August 30: Attempted assassination of Lenin, depicted by Vladimir Pchelin

September edit

October edit

November edit

 
November 9: Proclamation of German Republic by Philipp Scheidemann in Berlin on the Reichstag balcony
 
Signatories to the Armistice of 11 November 1918 with Germany, ending WWI, pose outside Marshal Foch's railway carriage
 
November 11: Front page of The New York Times on Armistice Day

December edit

 
Flag of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Births edit

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January edit

 
João Figueiredo
 
Gamal Abdel Nasser
 
Gertrude B. Elion
 
Nicolae Ceaușescu
 
John Forsythe

February edit

 
Joey Bishop
 
Julian Schwinger

March edit

 
João Goulart
 
James Tobin
 
Frederick Reines
 
Pearl Bailey

April edit

 
William Holden
 
Kai Siegbahn
 
Fanny Blankers-Koen

May edit

 
Mike Wallace
 
Richard Feynman
 
Eddy Arnold
 
Birgit Nilsson
 
Yasuhiro Nakasone
 
Martin Lundstrom

June edit

 
Franco Modigliani

July edit

 
Ingmar Bergman
 
Bertram Brockhouse
 
Nelson Mandela
 
Paul D. Boyer

August edit

 
Frederick Sanger
 
Shankar Dayal Sharma
 
Leonard Bernstein
 
Katherine Johnson
 
Alejandro Agustín Lanusse

September edit

October edit

 
Jens Christian Skou
 
Robert Walker
 
Rita Hayworth
 
Thelma Coyne Long

November edit

 
Billy Graham
 
Spiro Agnew

December edit

 
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
 
Jeff Chandler
 
Kurt Waldheim
 
Helmut Schmidt
 
Anwar Sadat

Date unknown edit

Deaths edit

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January edit

 
Georg Cantor
 
María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña

February edit

 
Princess Leonilla Bariatinskaya
 
Gustav Klimt
 
Sultan Abdul Hamid II

March edit

 
Claude Debussy
 
Martin Sheridan

April edit

 
Karl Ferdinand Braun
 
Manfred von Richthofen
 
Gavrilo Princip

May edit

 
Maria Magdalena Merten

June edit

 
Kyrion II of Georgia

July edit

 
Sultan Mehmed V
 
James McCudden
 
Quentin Roosevelt
 
Emperor Nicholas II of Russia
 
Henry Macintosh

August edit

 
Marianne Cope

September edit

 
George Reid
 
Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
 
Prince Erik, Duke of Vastmanland

October edit

November edit

 
Wilfred Owen

December edit

 
Sidónio Pais
 
Sultan Ali bin Hamud of Zanzibar

Date unknown edit

Nobel Prizes edit

 

References edit

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Further reading edit

  • Chandra, Siddharth, Julia Christensen, and Shimon Likhtman. "Connectivity and seasonality: the 1918 influenza and COVID-19 pandemics in global perspective." Journal of Global History 15.3 (2020): 408–420.
  • Phillips, Howard. "’17,’18,’19: religion and science in three pandemics, 1817, 1918, and 2019." Journal of Global History 15.3 (2020): 434–443.
  • Williams, John. The Other Battleground The Home Fronts: Britain, France and Germany 1914-1918 (1972) pp 243–92.

Primary sources and year books edit