1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

Clockwise, from top left: Elvis Presley becomes the leading figure of the newly popular music genre of rock and roll; Illustration of the 1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision; A reel of 2-inch quadruplex videotape compared with a later miniDV videocassette.; Smoke rises from oil tanks on Port Said following the invasion of Egypt by Israel, United Kingdom and France as part of the Suez Crisis; Ron Clarke carrying the Olympic Torch during 1956 Summer Olympics opening ceremony; Seawall being repaired after Typhoon Wanda; people protesting in the 1956 Poznań protests; Hungarian Revolution of 1956
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1956 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1956
MCMLVI
Ab urbe condita2709
Armenian calendar1405
ԹՎ ՌՆԵ
Assyrian calendar6706
Baháʼí calendar112–113
Balinese saka calendar1877–1878
Bengali calendar1363
Berber calendar2906
British Regnal yearEliz. 2 – 5 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2500
Burmese calendar1318
Byzantine calendar7464–7465
Chinese calendar乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4653 or 4446
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4654 or 4447
Coptic calendar1672–1673
Discordian calendar3122
Ethiopian calendar1948–1949
Hebrew calendar5716–5717
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2012–2013
 - Shaka Samvat1877–1878
 - Kali Yuga5056–5057
Holocene calendar11956
Igbo calendar956–957
Iranian calendar1334–1335
Islamic calendar1375–1376
Japanese calendarShōwa 31
(昭和31年)
Javanese calendar1887–1888
Juche calendar45
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4289
Minguo calendarROC 45
民國45年
Nanakshahi calendar488
Thai solar calendar2499
Tibetan calendar阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
2082 or 1701 or 929
    — to —
阳火猴年
(male Fire-Monkey)
2083 or 1702 or 930

Events edit

January edit

February edit

March edit

April edit

 
A reel of 2-inch quadruplex videotape compared with a later miniDV videocassette.

May edit

June edit

July edit

August edit

September edit

October edit

November edit

December edit

Date unknown edit

Births edit

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December · Date unknown

January edit

 
Mel Gibson
 
David Caruso
 
Bill Maher
 
Robby Benson
 
Geena Davis
 
Mimi Rogers
 
John Lydon

February edit

 
Nathan Lane
 
Enele Sopoaga
 
Jay Nixon

March edit

 
Tim Daly
 
Bryan Cranston
 
John Kapelos
 
Rob Paulsen
 
Ingemar Stenmark
 
Catherine Ashton
 
José Manuel Barroso

April edit

 
Miguel Bosé
 
Andy García
 
Melody Thomas Scott
 
Eric Roberts
 
Lars von Trier

May edit

 
Jan Peter Balkenende
 
Sugar Ray Leonard
 
Giuseppe Tornatore
 
La Toya Jackson
 
David Sassoli

June edit

 
Keith David
 
Kenny G
 
Björn Borg
 
Joe Montana
 
Tim Russ
 
Randy Jackson
 
Anthony Bourdain
 
Bob West
 
Catherine Samba-Panza
 
Chris Isaak

July edit

 
Mullah Krekar
 
Min Aung Hlaing
 
Alan Ruck
 
Tom Hanks
 
Sela Ward
 
Michael Spinks
 
Dorothy Hamill

August edit

 
Robert Khuzami
 
Maureen McCormick
 
Bruce Greenwood
 
Kim Cattrall
 
Andreas Floer
 
Kevin Dunn

September edit

 
Michael Feinstein
 
David Copperfield
 
Almazbek Atambayev
 
Gary Cole
 
Linda Hamilton

October edit

 
Theresa May
 
Charlie Adler
 
Christoph Waltz
 
Mae Jemison
 
Craig Bartlett
 
Carrie Fisher
 
Rita Wilson
 
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

November edit

 
Richard Curtis
 
Sinbad
 
Bo Derek
 
William Fichtner

December edit

 
Markos Kounalakis
 
Randy Rhoads
 
Iveta Radičová
 
Larry Bird
 
Rod Blagojevich

Date unknown edit

Deaths edit

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December · Date unknown

January edit

 
Joseph Wirth
 
Konstantin Päts

February edit

 
Elpidio Quirino

March edit

 
Irène Joliot-Curie
 
Wilhelm Miklas

April edit

 
Alben W. Barkley

May edit

 
Louis Calhern

June edit

 
Michio Miyagi
 
Artur Văitoianu

July edit

August edit

 
Bertolt Brecht

September edit

 
Anastasio Somoza García

October edit

 
Risto Ryti

November edit

 
Pietro Badoglio
 
Juan Negrín

December edit

 
Juho Kusti Paasikivi

Date unknown edit

Nobel Prizes edit

 

References edit

  1. ^ The Bulletin, volumes 4-5. Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung. 1956. p. 8.
  2. ^ "How Did Marilyn Monroe Get Her Name? This Photo Reveals the Story". Time. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  3. ^ "Morocco profile – Timeline". BBC News. April 24, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  4. ^ Bessis, Sophie; Belhassen, Souhayr (2012). Bourguiba (in French). Tunis: Elyzad. ISBN 978-9973-58-044-3.
  5. ^ "Browder v. Gayle, 142 F. Supp. 707 (M.D. Ala. 1956)". Justia US law. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  6. ^ "7H241 The Snooz-Alarm". www.telechron.net.
  7. ^ "US Army Flag". World Flags 101. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  8. ^ "Stadiums". Russian Football News. July 13, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  9. ^ "La Explosión de Cali: Agosto 7 de 1956". Revista Credencial (in Spanish). September 16, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  10. ^ Ramesa, Rafael. "How the inter-faith 'spirit of Toumliline' lives on 50 years after Moroccan monastery closed". Capacity4dev. European Union. Retrieved December 18, 2023.
  11. ^ "Domestic Grosses, Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  12. ^ "1956: Queen switches on nuclear power". On This Day. BBC. October 17, 1956. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  13. ^ "Preface". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved April 2, 2023.
  14. ^ Lendvai, Paul (2008). One Day That Shook the Communist World: The 1956 Hungarian Uprising and Its Legacy. Princeton University Press.
  15. ^ Stevens, William K. (November 14, 1976). "Superhighway System, in 20 Years, Has Tied a Vast Nation Together". The New York Times. p. 1.
  16. ^ "1956: Motorists panic as petrol rations loom". On This Day. BBC. November 29, 1956. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  17. ^ "Imelda Staunton". BFI. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2022.
  18. ^ "Dalia Grybauskaite". Britannica Presents 100 Women Trailblazers. February 25, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2021.
  19. ^ Innes, Lyn (February 15, 2019). "Andrea Levy obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  20. ^ Mainville, Michael (December 16, 2009). "Yegor Gaidar obituary". the Guardian. Retrieved July 29, 2021.
  21. ^ Siegman, Joseph (August 1, 2020). Jewish Sports Legends: The International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame. U of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-1-4962-0188-1.
  22. ^ The Luxembourg Grand Ducal Family (Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Ministry of State, Press and Information Service, 1986), p. 26
  23. ^ "Christopher Darden 1957–". Biography. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved December 13, 2023.
  24. ^ Чхартишвили, Григорий. Collection of materials by Lenta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved November 26, 2009.
  25. ^ Hayward, Tim (June 9, 2018). "Anthony Bourdain obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  26. ^ Ghosh, Amitav Archived 5 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Encyclopædia Britannica
  27. ^ "Dianne Fromholtz (balestrat)". Women's Tennis Association.
  28. ^ Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011.
  29. ^ "Lord Sebastian Coe". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on May 31, 2021. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  30. ^ Ryan Gilbey (December 27, 2016). "Carrie Fisher obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved February 25, 2024.
  31. ^ Probst, Ernst (2010). Angelika Machinek – Eine Segelfliegerin der Weltklasse [Angelika Machinek – A World Class Glider Pilot] (in German). Munich: Grin-Verl. p. 11. ISBN 978-3-640-73630-0.
  32. ^ "Frigyes Riesz | Hungarian mathematician | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  33. ^ "Life story: George Murray Levick | Lives of the First World War".
  34. ^ https://www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-4966529
  35. ^ Murray, Christopher John (2013). Encyclopedia of Modern French Thought. Routledge. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-135-45564-4.
  36. ^ "Thomas J. Watson". IBM. January 23, 2003.
  37. ^ "Boeing, William Edward (1881–1956)". www.historylink.org. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  38. ^ "Charles E. Merrill | American businessman | Britannica". www.britannica.com. October 15, 2023.
  39. ^ "André Marty". Spartacus Educational.
  40. ^ "These Nobel Prize Winners Weren't Always Noble". National Geographic News. October 6, 2015. Archived from the original on August 8, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2021.

Bibliography edit

Further reading edit

  • London Institute of World Affairs, The Year Book of World Affairs 1957 (London 1957) full text online, comprehensive reference book covering 1956 in diplomacy, international affairs and politics for major nations and regions

External links edit