Ronald William "Ron" Clarke, AO, MBE (21 February 1937 – 17 June 2015) was an Australian athlete, writer, and Mayor of the Gold Coast from 2004 to 2012. He was one of the best-known middle- and long-distance runners in the 1960s, notable for setting seventeen world records.
|Mayor of the Gold Coast|
25 March 2004 – 27 February 2012
|Preceded by||Gary Baildon|
Ronald William Clarke
21 February 1937
|Died||17 June 2015 (aged 78)|
|Height||183 cm (6 ft 0 in)|
|Weight||72 kg (159 lb)|
|Event(s)||5000, 10,000 m, marathon|
|Club||Glenhuntly Athletics Club|
|Sports achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||5000 m – 13:16.6 (1966)|
10,000 m – 27:39.89 (1965)
Marathon – 2:20:26 (1964)
Early life and familyEdit
Clarke was born 21 February 1937 in Melbourne, Victoria. He attended Essendon High School and Melbourne High School. His brother Jack Clarke and father Tom played Australian rules football in the Victorian Football League with Essendon. He was a qualified accountant.
In 1956, when Clarke was still a promising 19-year-old, he was chosen to light the Olympic Flame in the Melbourne Cricket Ground during the opening ceremonies of the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne.
During the 1960s Clarke won 9 Australian championships and 12 Victorian track championships ranging from 1500 m to 6 miles (9.7 km).
He won the bronze medal in the 10,000 metre (m) race at the 1964 Summer Olympics when he was upset by Billy Mills, and never won an Olympic gold medal. Although he received from Emil Zatopek one of his Gold medals as what he refers to as one of his most cherished presents. At the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, Clarke collapsed and nearly died from altitude sickness /> sustained during the gruelling 10,000 m race final. Despite training in the Alps to get acclimatised to high altitudes at Mexico City, this could not put him on par with many opponents from Africa, who had always run at high altitude (with the notable exception of 5,000 m gold medalist and 10,000 m bronze medalist Mohammed Gammoudi of Tunisia, who was born and lived not far above sea level). Clarke finished in sixth place, but remembered nothing of the last lap. He sufficiently recovered to compete in the 5,000 metre heats a few days later.
During a 44-day European tour in 1965, he competed 18 times and broke 12 world records, including the 20,000 m (12.4 miles). On 10 July, at London's White City Stadium, he became the first man to run 3 miles in under 13 minutes, lowering the world record to 12:52.4. Four days later, in Oslo, he lowered his own 10,000 m world record by 36.2 seconds to 27:39.4, becoming the first man to break the 28 minute barrier.
|5000 m||13:34.8||Hobart, Australia||1965-01-16|
|5000 m||13:33.6||Auckland, New Zealand||1965-02-01|
|5000 m||13:25.8||Los Angeles, United States||1965-06-04|
|5000 m||13:16.6||Stockholm, Sweden||1966-07-05|
|10,000 m||28:15.6||Melbourne, Australia||1963-12-18|
|10,000 m||27:39.4||Oslo, Norway||1965-07-14|
|20,000 m||59:22.8||Geelong, Australia||1965-10-27||As part of 1 hour world record.|
|1 hour||20,232 m||Geelong, Australia||1965-10-27|
|2 miles||8:19.8||Västerås, Sweden||1967-07-27|
|2 miles||8:19.6||London, England||1968-08-24|
|3 miles||13:07.6||Melbourne, Australia||1964-12-03|
|3 miles||13:00.4||Los Angeles, United States||1965-06-04||As part of 5000 m world record.|
|3 miles||12:52.4||London, England||1965-07-10|
|3 miles||12:50.4||Stockholm, Sweden||1966-07-05||As part of 5000 m world record.|
|6 miles||27:17.8||Melbourne, Australia||1963-12-18|
|6 miles||26:47.0||Oslo, Norway||1965-07-14||As part of 10,000 m world record|
|10 miles||47:12.8||Melbourne, Australia||1965-03-04|
He was elected Mayor of the Gold Coast, Queensland in 2004, defeating the incumbent Gary Baildon. Clarke and his wife, Helen, first came to the Gold Coast for a holiday in 1957. The couple returned almost every year thereafter, and in 1995, after 14 years abroad mainly in Europe, came back for good.
Clarke resigned as Mayor of the Gold Coast on 27 February 2012, when he announced his nomination to run as an independent candidate for the seat of Broadwater in the 2012 Queensland state election. Clarke failed in this campaign, coming fourth and recording only a 4.6% primary vote.
In the 2013 Queens Birthday Honours List, he was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) "For distinguished service to the community through a range of leadership roles with local government and philanthropic organisations, and to the promotion of athletics."
Awards and recognitionEdit
- 1965 – awarded the Prix Du President by the French Sports Academy
- 1965 – Helms Award for Australasia
- 1965 – ABC's Sportsman of the Year
- 1965 – Track & Field News Male Athlete of the Year
- 1965 – BBC Sportsman of the Year – Overseas Personality
- 1965 – World Sportsman of the Year by the International Association of Sports Writers
- 1982 – awarded Victorian Father of the Year.
- 1985 – inaugural inductee into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame
- 2000 – inaugural inductee into the Athletics Australia Hall of Fame in 2000.
In 2005 Geelong Athletics honoured Clarke with an athletics meet to commemorate the 40th anniversary of his breaking the world record for the 20,000 m and one hour run at Landy Field in October 1965. This meet is held annually as part of the Athletics Australia National Meet Series.
On 15 March 2006, Ron Clarke was one of the final four runners who carried the Queen's Baton around the MCG stadium during the 2006 Commonwealth Games Opening Ceremony in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Emil Zátopek had great respect for Ron Clarke. In 1966 (often erroneously noted as 1968) he invited the Australian to Czechoslovakia, and as a parting gift he gave him his 1952 Olympic 10,000 m gold medal with the following words: "Not out of friendship but because you deserve it."
Clarke died of kidney failure on 17 June 2015 at Allamanda Hospital in Southport, Queensland. Clarke is survived by his wife Helen and sons Marcus and Nicolas. His daughter Monique died of breast cancer in 2009.
Prime Minister Tony Abbott and Opposition Leader Bill Shorten paid tribute to Clarke in Parliament on the day of his death by stating that a great Australian had been lost with his death. Herb Elliott, Australian 1500 m Olympic gold medallist, said "Ron was a great man. His contribution to athletics was enormous. He was also a wonderful contributor to public health through lifestyle programs and gymnasiums and the communities in which he lived. Ron will be greatly missed".
John Landy, who famously helped Clarke when he fell during a mile race at the 1956 Australian Championships, said "'Ron Clarke, by his running feats inspired Australian distance runners and in a world sense, demonstrated the potential athletics achievements possible." Frank Shorter, the 1972 Olympic marathon gold medallist said "Ron Clarke was my idol. I grew up seeing Ron Clarke in the dark blue singlet with the V on it – to me that was the symbol of running."
- The Measure of Success : a personal perspective. South Melbourne, Vic. : Lothian Books, 2004.
- Run Easy. Melbourne : Information Australia, 2001.
- Never Say Never : Couran Cove Resort from dream to reality. Avalon, N.S.W. : Banyan Tree Creative Services, 1999.
- Fixing the Olympics. Melbourne : Information Australia, 1999.
- Enjoying Life : a champion's guide to the good life. Melbourne : Information Australia, 1999.
- Total Living : for everyone who wants to be fitter, trimmer and smarter. London : Pavilion, 1995.
- Ron Clarke's Running Book. Collingwood, Vic. : Outback Press, 1979.
- Successful Athletics : from beginner to expert in forty lessons, with Raelene Boyle. Melbourne : Thomas Nelson, 1976.
- Ron Clarke Talks Track edited by Jon Hendershott. Los Altos, California : Tafnews, 1972.
- Athletics the Australian Way. Melbourne : Lansdowne, 1971.
- The Lonely Breed, with Norman Harris. London : Pelham, 1967.
- The Unforgiving Minute, as told to Alan Trengrove. London : Pelham, 1966.
- "Ron Clarke". Sports Reference – Olympic Sports. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Ron Clarke. trackfield.brinkster.net
- Johnson, Len (16 June 2015). "The man who changed the world". The Runner's Tribe. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Organizing Committee of the XVI Olympiad, Melbourne, 1956. "THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE ORGANIZING COMMITTEE FOR THE GAMES OF THE XVI OLYMPIAD MELBOURNE 1956" (PDF). p. 227. Archived from the original (pdf-34.4 MB) on 12 September 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2015 – via www.la84foundation.org.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ('Snippet' via Google books)
- "Ron Clarke". athhistory.imgstg.com. Australia Athletics Historical Results. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Nichols, Peter (19 June 2015). "Ron Clarke obituary". The Guardian.
- "Ronald 'Ron' Clarke MBE". Australian Commonwealth Games Association website. Archived from the original on 18 July 2015.
- "Athletics Australia Hall of Fame". Athletics Australia website. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "Australian IAAF World Record Holders * World Best Performances as of January 2008". Athletics Australia website. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke's new record". Canberra Times. 18 January 1965. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
- "Clarke betters own world time". Canberra Times. 2 February 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke has four world records ratified". Canberra Times. 16 January 1966. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke ill but still breaks record". Canberra Times. 7 July 1966. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke sets two world times". Canberra Times. 19 December 1963. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke shatters record". Canberra Times. 16 July 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke smashes records". Canberra Times. 28 October 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Another record to Clarke". Canberra Times. 29 June 1967. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke races alone to record". Canberra Times. 26 August 1968. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Clarke smashes world record". Canberra Times. 4 December 1964. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Another record to Clarke". Canberra Times. 4 March 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Vale Ron Clarke – a fitting tribute by Paul Jenes and Brian Roe". Athletics Australia website. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Gold Coast City Council. "Mayor Cr Ron Clarke MBE". Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Kelly, James (27 February 2012). "Clarke says Gold Coast needs independent MP". ABC News. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "2012 State General Election – Broadwater – Booth Details". Electoral Commission of Queensland. 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- Smart, Nick (17 June 2015). "Suns, says former AFL boss Andrew Demetriou". Herald Sun. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Kimmorley, Sarah (17 June 2015). "Legendary Australian athlete and former Gold Coast Mayor, Ron Clarke has died aged 78". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "CLARKE, Ronald William". itsanhonour.gov.au. 11 June 1966. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "CLARKE, Ronald William". It's an Honour. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "Queen's Birthday Honours List 2013". Herald Sun. News Corp. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "France honours Ron Clarke". Canberra Times. 7 January 1967. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Helms award to Ron Clarke". Canberra Times. 14 January 1966. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "Past Winners". BBC Sports Personality of the Year. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
- "Ron Clarke MBE". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Past winners". Fathers Day Council of Victoria. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "Queen's Baton Relay". Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games website.
- Bunrton, Simon (22 June 2012). "50 stunning Olympic moments No 41: Emil Zátopek the triple-gold winner". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Richard Askwith, Today We Die a Little: Emil Zátopek, Olympic Hero to Cold War Legend, Vintage Digital, 2016
- Weston, Paul (17 June 2015). "Former Gold Coast mayor and Olympic medallist Ron Clarke dies, aged 78". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Anderson, Jon (17 June 2015). "Australian athletics legend Ron Clarke dies aged 78". Geelong Advertiser. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "Abbott, Shorten pay tribute to a great". 9News.com.au. 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "Vale Ron Clarke". Australian Olympic Committee News, 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Johnson, Len. "Former world record-holder Ron Clarke dies". IAAF News, 17 June 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ron Clarke.|
- Ron Clarke on IMDb
- Athletics Australia Hall of Fame
- Sport Australia Hall of Fame Profile
- Athletics Australia Results
- Australian Olympic Committee Profile – includes video footage
| Men's 10,000 m World Record Holder
18 December 1963 – 3 September 1972
|Awards and achievements|
| Track & Field Athlete of the Year
| Men's 5000 m Best Year Performance
| Final Olympic torchbearer
with Hans Wikne
Paavo Nurmi and Hannes Kolehmainen
| Final Summer Olympic torchbearer
with Hans Wikne
| Mayor of the Gold Coast