Nazrin Shah of Perak

Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfur-Lah[1][2] (Jawi: سلطان نظرين معز الدين شاه ابن المرحوم سلطان عزلن محب الدين شاه المغفور له؛ born 27 November 1956) has served as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong since October 2016 and 35th Sultan of Perak since May 2014. He served as the acting Yang di-Pertuan Agong from November 2018 to December 2018 and again in January 2019.

Nazrin Shah
نظرين شاه
Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Sultan of Perak
Nazrin Shah of Perak in 2019.jpg
Sultan of Perak
Reign29 May 2014 – present
Installation6 May 2015
PredecessorAzlan Shah
Crown PrinceRaja Jaafar
Born (1956-11-27) 27 November 1956 (age 64) [fn 1]
George Town, Penang, Malaya
Spouse
(m. 2007)
IssueRaja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah
Raja Nazira Safya
Names
Raja Nazrin Shah ibni Raja Azlan Shah
Regnal name
Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfur-Lah
HouseHouse of Siak-Perak
FatherSultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah
MotherRaja Permaisuri Siti Bainun binti Mohd Ali
ReligionSunni Islam

He is also a half-third cousin of Tunku Ismail Sultan Ibrahim (crown prince and future Sultan of Johor), since both share a common ancestor (Idris Shah I of Perak).

Early lifeEdit

Sultan Nazrin Shah was born on 27 November 1956 at George Town, Penang, Malaya. during the reign of his grandfather, Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah. He is the eldest son of the late Sultan of Perak, Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah and the former Raja Permaisuri of Perak Tuanku Bainun Binti Mohd Ali.

Academic and Intellectual BackgroundEdit

He studied at Sekolah Rendah Jalan Kuantan, Kuala Lumpur from 1962 to 1967 then followed by lower secondary stage at St. John Institution, Kuala Lumpur from 1968 to 1970, and furthered his upper secondary and sixth form at The Leys School, Cambridge (UK) until 1975.

ChildhoodEdit

Sultan Nazrin Shah was born at Penang, Malaya, 27 November 1956 as the first child of late Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah, later Sultan Azlan Shah of Perak, and his wife Tuanku Bainun Binti Mohd Ali (herself a member of the Royal House of Perak and much first grandson of her husband's father Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah of Perak)

His siblings are :

Academic lifeEdit

Sultan Nazrin was educated at St. John's Institution, Kuala Lumpur and holds a BA degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from Worcester College, Oxford. He also holds an MPA degree from John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and a PhD degree in Political Economy and Government from Harvard University.

Sultan Nazrin's research interests are in the area of economic and political development in South-East and North-East Asia, historical national income accounting and economic growth in developing countries.

The sultan has also written articles and spoken on a wide range of issues including the role of the constitutional monarchy in Malaysia, education, Islam, ethnic relations and economic development.

He has assumed the role of Financial Ambassador of the Malaysian International Islamic Financial Centre (MIFC), has been Chancellor of Universiti Malaya since 2014 and is the chairman of the Board of Governors of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar.

He is also an Eminent Fellow of the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia.

Raja Muda of PerakEdit

He was proclaimed the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Perak on 15 April 1987, taking over from his father, Sultan Azlan Shah, who had become the Sultan of Perak two weeks earlier.

Raja Dr. Nazrin's full name and official title is In Malay: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah Ibni Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah, Raja Muda Perak Darul Ridzuan, D.K, D.K II (Selangor), D.K.A,D.K.S.A, S.P.M.P (Perlis), S.P.C.M, S.P.T.S, Ph.D. (Harvard)

in English: His Royal Highness Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah Ibni Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah, The Raja Muda of Perak Abode of Grace and its dependencies, D.K, D.K II (Selangor), D.K.A, D.K.S.A, S.P.M.P (Perlis), S.P.C.M, S.P.T.S, Ph.D (Harvard)

Sultan of PerakEdit

On 29 May 2014 he became the 35th Sultan of Perak on the death of his father, Sultan Azlan.[1]

Sultan Nazrin's full name and official title is in Malay: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfurlah, Sultan, Yang di-Pertuan dan Raja Pemerintah Negeri Perak Darul Ridzuan dan Jajahan Takluknya, D.K., D.K.S.A., D.K.A.,D.M.N., D.K. (Selangor), D.K. (Kelantan), S.P.C.M, S.P.T.S, S.P.M.P. (Perlis), Ph.D (Harvard), MPA (Harvard).

in English: His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfurlah, The Sultan, Sovereign Ruler and Head of the Government of Perak Abode of Grace and its dependencies, D.K., D.K.S.A., D.K.A.,D.M.N., D.K. (Selangor), D.K. (Kelantan), S.P.C.M, S.P.T.S, S.P.M.P. (Perlis), Ph.D (Harvard), MPA (Harvard).[3]

He was also appointed as the Regent of Perak twice. The first time was when his father was elected as the ninth Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, where he became Regent for five years, starting from 26 April 1989 until 25 April 1994. When his father's health deteriorated in 2008, Sultan Nazrin served again as the Regent from 27 January 2008 until he ascended the throne and became the Sultan of Perak in 2014.

As the Sultan of Perak he is also the Colonel-in-Chief of the Malaysian Army's Royal Army Engineers Regiment.

Election as Deputy Yang Di-Pertuan AgongEdit

Sultan Nazrin was elected as the Deputy Yang Di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia on 14 October 2016. The appointment took effect on 13 December 2016.

RegencyEdit

On 2 November 2018, Sultan Nazrin was proclaimed as the Acting Yang Di-Pertuan Agong after Sultan Muhammad V was on medical leave. He ended his duties on 31 December 2018. However, due to the sudden abdication of Sultan Muhammad V as the 15th Yang Di-Pertuan Agong on 6 January 2019, he became again acting King the very next day whilst the Conference of Rulers elects the 16th Yang Di-Pertuan Agong on 24 January 2019 and the subsequent swearing-in ceremony on 31 January 2019.

In the 251st Meeting of the Conference of Rulers, while Sultan Abdullah of Pahang was elected as the 16th Yang Di Pertuan Agong, Sultan Nazrin was re-elected as the Deputy King for a new 5-year term effective on 31 January 2019. His regency as Acting King ended effective at the stroke of midnight on 31 January 2019.

On 17 September 2021, Sultan Nazrin was proclaimed as the Acting Yang Di-Pertuan Agong after Sultan Abdullah was on a special visit to the United Kingdom. He will end his duties on 23 October 2021.

MarriageEdit

Sultan Nazrin of Perak married Zara Salim Davidson at Istana Iskandariah, Bukit Chandan, on 17 May 2007. Sultan Nazrin and Tuanku Zara had known each other for eight years before the wedding.

The day after the wedding there was a ceremony to bestow Tuanku Zara with the official title of Raja Puan Besar (Crown Princess) of Perak. Nazrin's father had proclaimed Zara Salim Davidson as the Crown Princess of Perak and conferred the Darjah Kerabat on her.

The first child of the couple, Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah, was born on 14 March 2008, followed by Raja Nazira Safya Shah, was born on 2 August 2011.

Children and their date of birthEdit

Name Born Place of birth Age
His Highness (Yang Teramat Mulia)
Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah Ibni Sultan Dr. Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah
Raja Kechil Besar of Perak
(2008-03-14)14 March 2008 Damansara Specialist Hospital, Damansara Kim, Selangor 13 years, 6 months and 7 days
Her Highness (Yang Teramat Mulia)
Raja Nazira Safya Binti Sultan Dr. Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah
(2011-08-02)2 August 2011 Damansara Specialist Hospital, Damansara Kim, Selangor 10 years, 1 month and 19 days

IssueEdit

Name Birth Marriage Issue
Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah, Raja Kechil Besar of Perak 14 March 2008
Raja Nazira Safya 2 August 2011

HonoursEdit

He has been awarded:[citation needed]

Honours of PerakEdit

  •   Recipient of the Royal Family Order of Perak (DK)
  •   Superior Class of the Perak Dynastic Order of Sultan Azlan Shah (DKSA, 18 April 2005) [4]
  •   Member First Class of the Azlanii Royal Family Order (DKA I) [5]
  •   Grand Knight of the Order of Cura Si Manja Kini (the Perak Sword of State, SPCM, 19 April 1986) with title Dato' Seri [6]—current ribbon :  
  •   Knight Grand Commander of the Order of Taming Sari (the Perak State Kris, SPTS, 19 April 1989) with title Dato' Seri Panglima
  •   Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Perak State Crown (SPMP) with title Dato' Seri

Honours of MalaysiaEdit

Foreign honoursEdit

Places named after himEdit

Several places were named after him, including:

  • Raja Muda Nazrin Bridge in Lenggong, Perak
  • Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah Mosque in Ipoh, Perak
  • Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah Residential College, a residential college at University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
  • Sekolah Menengah Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah, a secondary school in Perak Tengah, Perak
  • Jalan Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah in Ipoh, Perak
  • Kolej Perikanan Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah in Lumut, Perak
  • The Sultan Nazrin Shah Centre[8] at Worcester College, Oxford, UK
  • Masjid Sultan Nazrin Muizzudin Shah in Tapah Perak.

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ His birthday is on 27 November but his official birthday is on the first Friday of November
  1. ^ a b Anbalagan, V. (29 May 2014) Raja Nazrin proclaimed as the 75th Sultan of Perak, The Malaysian Insider.
  2. ^ Raja Nazrin proclaimed new Sultan of Perak, The Malay Mail. 30 May 2014
  3. ^ Pelantikan Sultan Perak ke-35. therakyatpost.com. 29 May 2014
  4. ^ The Admire Hunkz, Photo of Crown Prince wearing DKSA
  5. ^ Radin Blog, Royal Family of Perak, Photo of Crown Prince and Family wearing DKA I
  6. ^ Blog, Photo of Prince Nazrin (third from the left) wearing former SPCM ribbon
  7. ^ "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang, dan Pingat Persekutuan".
  8. ^ RIBA Architecture, [1]

External linksEdit

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah
Sultan of Perak
2014–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent