Raja Permaisuri Tuanku Bainun
Raja Permaisuri Tuanku Bainun (Jawi: راج ڤرماءيسوري باينون; née Bainun binti Mohd Ali; born 7 November 1932) is the former Raja Permaisuri of Perak the (Queen) Malaysian state of Perak. She was also the ninth Raja Permaisuri Agong (Queen) of Malaysia, the first commoner to be installed as Queen. She is the widow of Sultan Azlan Shah and the mother of the incumbent Sultan Nazrin Shah. She is now styled as Yang Maha Mulia Raja Permaisuri Tuanku Bainun.
|Raja Permaisuri Agong|
|Tenure||26 April 1989 – 25 April 1994|
|Installation||18 September 1989|
|Raja Permaisuri of Perak|
|Tenure||3 February 1984 – 28 May 2014|
|Installation||9 December 1985|
|Predecessor||Raja Perempuan Muzwin Raja Ariff Shah|
|Successor||Tuanku Zara Salim|
|Born||7 November 1932|
Penang, British Malaya, Straits Settlements
(m. 1955; died 2014)
|Issue||Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah |
Almarhum Raja Ashman Shah
Raja Yong Sofia
|Father||Mohd Ali bin Man|
|Mother||Che Putih binti Abdullah|
Tuanku Bainun was born on 7 November 1932 in Penang, the Straits Settlements and received her early education at the St. George's Girls School, Penang. She was selected to further her studies at the prestigious Teacher's Training College, Kirkby, England from 1952 to 1954.
A year after returning from England, she married Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah of Perak on 9 December 1955. The Sultan was then a Magistrate in Kuala Lumpur, while Tuanku Bainun was teaching at her former school. She has taught in various schools in Kuala Lumpur, Seremban, Raub, Taiping and Kuantan.
Upon her husband's accession to the Perak throne on 3 February 1984, she became Raja Permaisuri of Perak with the title of Tuanku. In Perak, Queens of royal blood are known as Raja Perempuan, while the title of Raja Permaisuri was reserved for commoner consorts. Her Royal Highness was officially proclaimed the Raja Permaisuri Perak Darul Ridzuan on 9 December 1985 in a historic ceremony at Istana Iskandariah in Kuala Kangsar.
Sultan Azlan Shah was selected as the ninth Yang di-Pertuan Agong and during the Oath Taking and Signing Ceremony on 26 April 1989, Tuanku Bainun was proclaimed Raja Permaisuri Agong. Tuanku Bainun is the first commoner ever to become Queen of Malaysia. She was crowned Raja Permaisuri Agong on 19 February 1988 a new throne made of silver that replaced the ancient wooden throne used by Malaysia's eight previous Queens of royal blood, adding another first to her crown. They held these titles until the end of Azlan Shah's term on 25 April 1994.
The royal couple had five children, two princes and three princesses. The eldest is Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah, the current Sultan of Perak. The others are Raja Dato’ Seri Azureen Binti Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah, Raja Dato’ Seri Ashman Shah Ibni Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah, Raja Dato' Seri Eleena Binti Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah and Raja Dato' Seri Yong Sofia Binti Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah.
Awards and recognitionsEdit
She was awarded:
Honours of PerakEdit
- Perak :
Honours of MalaysiaEdit
- Malaysia :
- Selangor :
- First Class of the Royal Family Order of Selangor (DK I, 11 December 2005)
- Japan : Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown (30 September 1991)
- Thailand : Grand Cross of the Order of Chula Chom Klao (September 1990)
- Fellow of Liverpool John Moores University
Places named after herEdit
Several places were named after her, including:
- Raja Pemaisuri Bainun Bridge in Lumut, Perak
- Raja Permaisuri Bainun Hospital in Ipoh, Perak
- Raja Permaisuri Bainun Mosque in Kuala Kangsar, Perak
- Jalan Raja Permaisuri Bainun in Ipoh, Perak
- Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Tuanku Bainun in Bukit Mertajam, Penang
- SMK Raja Permaisuri Bainun, a secondary school in Ipoh, Perak
- Tuanku Bainun Library in Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak