Tunku Puan Zanariah
Tunku Puan Hajah Zanariah binti Almarhum Tengku Ahmad, formerly known as Sultanah Zanariah (Jawi: تونكو ڤوان زانريه; July 5, 1940 – March 17, 2019), was the second wife of Sultan Iskandar of Johor from their marriage in 1961 until his death in 2010. She served as Raja Permaisuri Agong between 1984 and 1989.
|Raja Permaisuri Agong VIII|
Sultanah of Johor
Tunku Puan of Johor
|Raja Permaisuri Agong|
|Tenure||26 April 1984 – 25 April 1989|
|Installation||15 November 1984|
|Sultanah of Johor|
|Tenure||11 May 1981 – 22 January 2010|
|Predecessor||Tunku Puan Nora|
|Successor||Raja Zarith Sofiah (as Permaisuri of Johor)|
|Tunku Puan of Johor|
|Tenure||22 January 2010 – 17 March 2019|
|Predecessor||Tunku Puan Nora|
|Born||5 July 1940|
Istana Dusun Green, Pasir Mas, Kelantan
|Died||17 March 2019 (aged 78)|
Johor Bahru, Johor
|Burial||18 March 2019|
(m. 1961; died 2010)
|Issue||Tunku Mariam Zaharah |
Tunku Norani Fatimah
Tunku Maimunah Ismailiah
Tunku Abdul Majid
Tunku Muna Najiah
Tunku Aminah Kalsum Masera Marian Zahira Iskandariah
|Father||Tengku Long Ahmad bin Tengku Abdul Jaafar (Tengku Panglima Raja of Kelantan)|
|Mother||Che Puan Hajjah Fatima binti Dato Abdul Hamid|
Born on 5 July 1940, in Dusun Green Palace, Pasir Mas, Kelantan, Tengku Zanariah was the seventh child of HH Tengku Panglima Raja Kelantan from among nine siblings. She came from the Kelantan royal family. Her father, the late Tengku Panglima Raja Tengku Ahmad was a son of HH Al-Marhum Tengku Temenggong Kelantan Tengku Abdul Ja'far Ibni HRH Long Senik Mulut Merah (Sultan Muhammad II).
Tengku Zanariah was enrolled into Sultanah Zainab School, Kelantan an elementary school where she studied from 1946 to 1949. Between 1950 and 1952 she studied at the Convent Bukit Nanas in Kuala Lumpur before returning to Kelantan where she continued her studies at Sultan Ibrahim School, Pasir Mas. With the encouragement of her father and her own desire to equip herself for the future, she left for England in 1954 to further her studies at the Upper Chime School, Isle of Wight.
While studying in England, Tengku Zanariah met Tunku Iskandar (later Sultan Iskandar) who was also studying there. They later married in 1961, and became the mother of Tunku Iskandar's six children.
Sultanah of JohorEdit
In 1982, Tengku Zanariah sponsored and established the Majlis Wanita Negeri Johor or MAWAR (the Women's Council of Johor), which organises various religious activities such as the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday at its headquarters at Sungai Cat Road in Johor Bahru. MAWAR also collected donations for distribution among flood victims in Johor as well as the less fortunate and the needy.
Her husband died in 2010 and was succeeded by her stepson Tunku Ibrahim Ismail. In 2011, a government circular issued removed the honorific 'Sultanah' from her name, and instructed that she be referred to instead as 'Tunku Puan Zanariah' or simply 'Tunku Zanariah'. The current royal court also does not recognise her as a former holder of the title Sultanah of Johor.
Tunku Zanariah had a passion for the arts. She also loved cooking and took great care in her daily chores. She payed special attention to the selection and arrangement of decorations in the palace particularly in preparation for official dinners. Tunku Zanariah also loved reading especially about culture, history and affairs of neighbouring countries.
She was also the winner of the first edition of Miss Malaya-International 1960 where she had rights to represent Malaya in the 1st edition of Miss International 1960 pageant in California, United States. Unfortunately, she did not placed in the pageant during that time.
During her free time, Tunku Zanariah loved to exercise, ride horses and play golf or tennis. She was also good in water skiing. During her younger days, she climbed Gunung Ledang, the highest mountain in Johor. She is currently the only consort to have done so.
Titles and StylesEdit
- 5 July 1940 - 20 August 1961: Her Highness (Yang Mulia) Tengku Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Ahmad
- 20 August 1961 – 11 May 1981: Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Ahmad, The consort of the Tunku Mahkota
- 11 May 1981 - 26 April 1984: Her Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultanah Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Ahmad, The Sultanah of Johor
- 26 April 1984 – 25 April 1989: Her Majesty (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda) Sultanah Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Ahmad, The Raja Permaisuri Agong VIII
- 25 April 1989 - 22 January 2010: Her Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultanah Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Ahmad, The Sultanah of Johor
- 25 January 2010 - 16 February 2011: Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) Sultanah Zanariah binti Almarhum Tengku Panglima Ahmad, The Dowager Sultanah of Johor
- 16 February 2011 - 17 March 2019: Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Ahmad, The Tunku Puan of Johor
- Chancellor of the University of Technology, Malaysia (UTM) from 1986 to 2010.
- Patron of the Iskandar Puteri Foundation.
- Patron of the Women’s Council of Johor (MAWAR) from 1982 to 2019.
Awards and recognitionsEdit
Honours of JohorEdit
- Johor :
Honours of MalaysiaEdit
- Malaysia : Recipient of the Order of the Crown of the Realm (DMN, 1987).
- Kelantan : Royal Family Order of Kelantan (DK).
- Kedah : Royal Family Order of Kedah (DK)
- Brunei : Family Order of Brunei (Darjah Kerabat Laila Utama, DK)
Places named after herEdit
Several places were named after her, including:
- Sultanah Zanariah Library, a library in Johor Bahru, Johor
- JOHOR (Sultanate)
- Rahman, Solomon, pg 21
- "No 'sultanah' title or special perks for 2 Johor consorts". New Straits Times. 17 February 2011. Archived from the original on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- Information Malaysia (1985), pg 58
- Tan Chee Khoon, pg 25
- "Tengku" is spelled as "Tunku" in Johor; Malaysian Protocol and Correct Forms of Address (1986), pg 20
- Negara Brunei Darussalam: A Biographical Dictionary (1860-1996) (1996), pg 290
- "Sultanah: We need more graduates". New Straits Times. 16 April 2000. National p. 9.
- Maklumat lisan Johor, pg 146
- "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1987" (PDF).
- Negara Brunei Darussalam: A Biographical Dictionary (1860-1996), A. V. M. Horton, 1996, ISBN 0-9524831-8-1
- Challenging Times, Abdul Rahman, J. S. Solomon, published by Pelanduk Publications, 1985, ISBN 967-978-094-5
- Information Malaysia, published by Berita Publications Sdn. Bhd., 1985
- Maklumat Lisan Johor: Projek Pelajar-Pelajar Lewartawanan, Kajian Sebaran Am, Institut Teknologi MARA, Biroteks, published by Institut Teknologi MARA, 1987
- Malaysian Protocol and Correct Forms of Address, Abdullah Ali, published by Times Books International, 1986, ISBN 9971-65-370-2
- Sistem beraja di Malaysia, Tan Chee Khoon, published by Pelanduk Publications, 1985
(Tengku Ampuan of Pahang)
| Raja Permaisuri Agong
(Queen of Malaysia)
(Raja Permaisuri of Perak)