Raja Permaisuri Agong
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Raja Permaisuri Agong (Jawi: راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ; full title: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong; سري ڤدوک بݢيندا راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ (literally The Supreme Lady Queen) is the title given to the consort of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the elected, constitutional head of state of Malaysia.
|Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia|
|راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ|
|Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah|
since 31 January 2019
|Residence||Istana Negara, Jalan Duta|
as official residence
|Website||Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal Office|
The full style and title in Malay is Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong.
Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia literally means Under the dust of the Almighty referring to how the Raja Permaisuri Agong's power and prestige is dust compared to God's power and the ruler's consort is always subservient to God.
Seri Paduka Baginda refers to Seri as in a person. Paduka means victorious and the term Baginda is in Malay for a royal in the third person.
Raja Permaisuri Agong in literal English is "The Supreme Lady Queen". It is an archaic equivalent to Raja where the female is a Raja Permaisuri and "Agong" (or Agung in standard Malay) means "supreme". The term Agong is not translated, as in the Constitution of Malaysia.
Common English terms used in the media and by the general public include "Queen", "Supreme Queen" and "Paramount Consort".
Terminology and precedenceEdit
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As the title "Yang di-Pertuan Agong" is commonly glossed as "King" in English, the title "Raja Permaisuri Agong" is commonly translated to "Queen", and in English the bearer is thus referred to as "Her Majesty" and addressed as "Your Majesty". The Malay word permaisuri is derived from Sanskrit परमेश्वरी (parameśvarī), 'supreme lady'.
The Raja Permaisuri Agong immediately follows her husband, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in the Malaysian order of precedence.
Status, functions, and privilegesEdit
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected (de facto rotated) every five years among the nine hereditary rulers of the states of Malaysia. When a ruler is elected as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, his consort automatically becomes the Raja Permaisuri Agong. In effect, the holder of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong changes every five years, though it could happen earlier due to the death or resignation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
Like many spouses of heads of state, the Raja Permaisuri Agong has no stipulated role in the Constitution of Malaysia. She accompanies the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to official functions and state visits, as well as hosting visiting heads of state and their spouses. Article 34 of the Malaysian Constitution forbids the Raja Permaisuri Agong from holding any appointment, carrying any remuneration, or actively engaging in any commercial enterprise. The Raja Permaisuri Agong is, however, legally entitled to an annual payment which is included in the Civil List of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
Previous holders of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong whose husbands are deceased receive a pension from the Federal Government's Civil List. They also take precedence immediately after the reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the current Raja Permaisuri Agong, the reigning monarchs of royal states, and the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of non-royal states.
List of Raja Permaisuri AgongEdit
The following consorts have served as Raja Permaisuri Agong:
Living former Raja Permaisuri AgongEdit
|Name||State||Reign||Birth||Yang di-Pertuan Agong||Remarks|
|Tuanku Bainun||Perak||1989 – 1994||7 November 1932||Azlan Shah of Perak||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Dowager Raja Permaisuri of Perak|
|Tuanku Najihah||Negeri Sembilan||1994 – 1999||11 September 1924||Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Tunku Ampuan of Negeri Sembilan|
|Tuanku Siti Aishah||Selangor||1999 – 2001||18 November 1971||Salahuddin of Selangor||Her current title is Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Permaisuri Siti Aishah, The Former Tengku Permaisuri of Selangor|
|Tuanku Fauziah||Perlis||2001 – 2006||6 June 1946||Sirajuddin of Perlis||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Queen (Raja Perempuan) Perlis|
|Sultanah Nur Zahirah||Terengganu||2006 – 2011||7 December 1973||Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Sultanah of Terengganu|
|Tuanku Haminah||Kedah||2011 – 2016||15 July 1953||Abdul Halim of Kedah||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Che Puan Besar of Kedah|
The most-recent deceased former Raja Permaisuri Agong is Tunku Zanariah of Johor 17 March 2019 (aged 78), the 8th Raja Permaisuri Agong (1984–1989), her husband is Sultan Iskandar (8 April 1932 – 22 January 2010), the 8th Yang di Pertuan Agong (1984–1989) and Sultan of Johor (11 May 1981 – 22 January 2010).
- Bernama (14 October 2011). "Kedah Sultan To Be Next King, For The Second Time". Retrieved 14 October 2011.