Peninsular Malaysia also known as West Malaysia, is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula and surrounding islands. Its area is 130,590 square kilometres (50,420 sq mi). It shares a land border with Thailand in the north. To the south is the island of Singapore.
Across the Strait of Malacca to the west lies the Sumatra Island (Indonesia) and across the South China Sea to the east lies the Natuna Islands (Indonesia). Peninsular Malaysia accounts for the majority (roughly 80%) of Malaysia's population and economy; as of 2015 its population is roughly 25 million.
States and territoriesEdit
The majority of people on Peninsular Malaysia are ethnic Malays, predominantly Muslim. Large Chinese and Indian populations exist. The Orang Asli are the indigenous people of Peninsular Malaysia; they numbered around 140,000 and mostly lived in inland parts of the region.
East Coast and West CoastEdit
The term East Coast is particularly used in Malaysia to describe the following states in Peninsular Malaysia facing the South China Sea:
The term West Coast refers informally to a collection of states in Penimsular situated towards the western coast generally facing the Strait of Malacca, as opposed to the East Coast. Unlike the East Coast, the West Coast is partitioned further into three regions (as seen in #States and territories), including:
- The Northern Region: Perlis, Kedah, Penang and Perak.
- The Central Region: Selangor and the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya.
- The Southern Region: Negeri Sembilan, Melaka and Johor
Even though Johor has a coastline facing the South China Sea, it is not generally regarded as an East Coast state.
West and East MalaysiaEdit
The distinction between West and East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak) is significant beyond the sphere of geography, because as well as they were separate regions before the formation of The Federation of Malaysia, thus having a different court structure, and the eastern states have more autonomy than the original States of Malaya, for example, autonomy in immigration. These rights were granted as part of Sarawak's 18-point agreement and Sabah's 20-point agreement with Federation of Malaya in forming the Federation of Malaysia.
- "Malaysia Regions".
- Mohamed Anwar Omar Din (2012). "Legitimacy of the Malays as the Sons of the Soil". Canadian Center of Science and Education. pp. 80–81. ISSN 1911-2025.
- Reid, Anthony (2010). Imperial alchemy : nationalism and political identity in Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-521-87237-9.
- "Some aspects of Malay-Muslim Ethnicity in Malaya". June 1981. JSTOR 25797648.
- Peninsular Malaysia travel guide from Wikivoyage