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The Crown Colony of Sarawak was a British Crown colony on the island of Borneo established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of the British Military Administration. It was succeeded as the state of Sarawak through the formation of the Federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963.

Crown Colony of Sarawak
British colony
1946–1963
Anthem
God Save the King (1946–1952)
God Save the Queen (1952–1963)
Fair Land Sarawak
Capital Kuching
Languages English, Iban, Melanau, Bidayuh, Sarawak Malay, Chinese etc.
Government Crown colony
Monarch George IV
Elizabeth II
Governor
 •  1946–1949 Charles Clarke
 •  1960–1963 Alexander Waddell
Historical era New Imperialism
 •  Sarawak ceded to the Crown Colony 1 July 1946[1][2]
 •  Self-government 22 July 1963
 •  Malaysia Agreement 16 September 1963
Currency Sarawak dollar, later Malaya and British Borneo dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Military Administration (Borneo)
Kingdom of Sarawak
Sarawak
Today part of  Malaysia

Contents

GovernorEdit

The Governor of British Crown Colony of Sarawak (Malay: Tuan Yang Terutama Gabenor Koloni Mahkota British Sarawak) was the position created by the British Government upon the cession of Sarawak from the Brooke Administration in 1946. The appointment was made by King George VI, and later Queen Elizabeth II until the self-government of Sarawak on 22 July 1963[3][4][5] and the forming of the Federation of Malaysia on 1963.[6] After the formation of Malaysia, the title was changed to 'Tuan Yang Terutama Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sarawak', which also means 'His Excellency The Governor of Sarawak', or 'His Excellency The Head of State of Sarawak' and the appointment was later made by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia.

The official residence of the Governor of Sarawak at that time was The Astana, located at the North bank of the Sarawak River.

List of Governors of the Crown Colony of SarawakEdit

Governor of British Crown Colony of Sarawak
 
Style His Excellency
Residence The Astana
Appointer King George VI
succeeded in 1952 by Queen Elizabeth II
Inaugural holder Charles Arden-Clarke
Formation 1946–1963
Final holder Alexander Waddell
Abolished 16 September 1963 (Formed the Federation of Malaysia)[6]
No. Name Took Office Left Office Note
1. Charles Arden-Clarke 1 July 1946 26 July 1949 First Governor of the Crown Colony of Sarawak
2. Duncan Stewart 14 November 1949 10 December 1949 Assassinated by Rosli Dhobi while visiting Sibu on 3 December 1949
3. Anthony Abell 4 April 1950 15 November 1959 Originally appointed for the term of 3 years only, but his term was extended to 1959. He would later become one of the members of the Cobbold Commission.
4. Alexander Waddell 23 February 1960 22 July 1963[3][4][5] Last Governor of Sarawak.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sarawak as a British Crown Colony (1946 â€" 1963)". Sarawak State Government. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Walter Yust (1947). Ten eventful years: a record of events of the years preceding, including and following World War II, 1937 through 1946. Encyclopaedia Britannica. p. 382. 
  3. ^ a b "The National Archives DO 169/254 (Constitutional issues in respect of North Borneo and Sarawak on joining the federation)". The National Archives. 1961–1963. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Vernon L. Porritt (1997). British Colonial Rule in Sarawak, 1946-1963. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-983-56-0009-8. 
  5. ^ a b Philip Mathews (28 February 2014). Chronicle of Malaysia: Fifty Years of Headline News, 1963-2013. Editions Didier Millet. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-967-10617-4-9. 
  6. ^ a b Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Sarawak: Volume 2. Booksmango. pp. 134–. ISBN 978-616-245-089-1. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 

External linksEdit