Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
The Sarawak State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak) is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is a unicameral institution consisting of 82 members elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart.
Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak
ديوان اوندڠن نڬري سراوق
Insignia of Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
|Founded||8 September 1867|
Abdul Taib Mahmud
since 1 March 2014
|(As of 12 June 2018[update])|
|7 May 2016|
|By 7 September 2021|
|New Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building, Petra Jaya, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia|
Following the state election that was held on 7 May 2016, Barisan Nasional was able to form the next state government with a majority of 72 seats out of 82. There were several candidates from breakaway parties such as TERAS and UPP that had their members contest seats under the Barisan banner as direct election candidates under a deal by Adenan Satem after their parties were prevented from joining Barisan after opposition from parties such as PDP and SUPP. On 12 June 2018, all Sarawak-based BN parties including Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB), Parti Rakyat Sarawak (PRS), Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) and Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP) officially left Barisan Nasional forming a new coalition Sarawak Parties Alliance due to Barisan Nasional's defeat in general elections on 9 May 2018.
|No.||State constituency||Member||Coalition (Party)||Post|
|GPS 67 | PH 10 | PSB 4 | IND 1|
|N01||Opar||Ranum Anak Mina[N 1]||PSB||N/A|
|N02||Tasik Biru||Henry Jinep||GPS (PDP)|
|N03||Tanjong Datu||Jamilah Anu[N 2]||GPS (PBB)|
|N04||Pantai Damai||Abdul Rahman Junaidi||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N05||Demak Laut||Hazland Abang Hipni||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N06||Tupong||Fazzrudin Abdul Rahman||GPS (PBB)|
|N07||Samariang||Sharifah Hasidah Sayeed Aman Ghazali||GPS (PBB)|
|N08||Satok||Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg||GPS (PBB)||Chief Minister|
|N09||Padungan||Wong King Wei||PH (DAP)||N/A|
|N10||Pending||Violet Yong Wui Wui||PH (DAP)|
|N11||Batu Lintang||See Chee How||PH (PKR)|
|N12||Kota Sentosa||Chong Chieng Jen||PH (DAP)||Leader Of Opposition|
|N13||Batu Kitang||Lo Khere Chiang||GPS (SUPP)||N/A|
|N14||Batu Kawah||Sim Kui Hian||GPS (SUPP)||Minister|
|N15||Asajaya||Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah||GPS (PBB)||Minister|
|N16||Muara Tuang||Idris Buang||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N17||Stakan||Mohamad Ali Mahmud||GPS (PBB)|
|N18||Serembu||Miro Simuh[N 3]||GPS (PBB)|
|N19||Mambong||Jerip Susil[N 4]||IND||Assistant Minister|
|N20||Tarat||Roland Sagah Wee Inn||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N21||Tebedu||Michael Manyin Jawong||GPS (PBB)||Minister|
|N22||Kedup||Maclaine Ben @ Martin Ben||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N23||Bukit Semuja||John Ilus[N 5]||GPS (PBB)|
|N24||Sadong Jaya||Aidel Lariwoo||GPS (PBB)|
|N25||Simunjan||Awla Idris||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N26||Gedong||Mohd Naroden Majais||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N27||Sebuyau||Julaihi Narawi||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N28||Lingga||Simoi Peri||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N29||Beting Maro||Razaili Gapor||GPS (PBB)|
|N30||Balai Ringin||Snowdan Lawan||GPS (PRS)||Assistant Minister|
|N31||Bukit Begunan||Mong Dagang||GPS (PRS)||N/A|
|N32||Simanggang||Francis Harden Hollis||GPS (SUPP)||Assistant Minister|
|N33||Engkilili||Johnical Rayong Ngipa[N 6]||PSB||N/A|
|N34||Batang Ai||Malcom Mussen Lamoh||GPS (PRS)||Assistant Minister|
|N35||Saribas||Ricky @ Mohamad Razi Bin Sitam||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N36||Layar||Gerald Rentap Jabu||GPS (PBB)|
|N37||Bukit Saban||Douglas Uggah Embas||GPS (PBB)||Deputy Chief Minister|
|N38||Kalaka||Abdul Wahab Aziz||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N39||Krian||Ali Biju||PH (PKR)|
|N40||Kabong||Mohd Chee Kadirh||GPS (PBB)|
|N41||Kuala Rajang||Len Talif Salleh||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N42||Semop||Abdullah Saidol||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N43||Daro||Safiee Ahmad||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N44||Jemoreng||Juanda Jaya||GPS (PBB)|
|N45||Repok||Huang Tiong Sii||GPS (SUPP)|
|N46||Meradong||Ding Kuong Hiing||GPS (SUPP)|
|N47||Pakan||William Mawan Ikom||GPS (PBB)|
|N48||Meluan||Rolland Duat Jubin||GPS (PDP)|
|N49||Ngemah||Alexander Vincent||GPS (PRS)|
|N50||Machan||Allan Siden Gramong||GPS (PBB)|
|N51||Bukit Assek||Irene Mary Chang Oi Ling||PH (DAP)|
|N52||Dudong||Tiong Thai King[N 7]||PSB|
|N53||Bawang Assan||Wong Soon Koh[N 8]||PSB|
|N54||Pelawan||David Wong Kee Woan||PH (DAP)||N/A|
|N55||Nangka||Annuar Rapaee||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N56||Dalat||Fatimah Abdullah||GPS (PBB)||Minister|
|N57||Tellian||Yussibnosh Balo||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N58||Balingian||Abdul Yakub Arbi||GPS (PBB)|
|N59||Tamin||Christopher Gira Sambang||GPS (PRS)|
|N60||Kakus||John Sikie Tayai||GPS (PRS)||Assistant Minister|
|N61||Pelagus||Wilsong Nyabong Ijang||GPS (PRS)||N/A|
|N62||Katibas||Ambrose Blikau Enturan||GPS (PBB)|
|N63||Bukit Goram||Jefferson Jamit Unyat||GPS (PBB)|
|N64||Baleh||James Jemut Masing||GPS (PRS)||Deputy Chief Minister|
|N65||Belaga||Liwan Lagang||GPS (PRS)||Assistant Minister|
|N66||Murum||Chukpai Ugon||GPS (PRS)||N/A|
|N67||Jepak||Talib Zulpilip||GPS (PBB)||Minister|
|N68||Tanjong Batu||Chiew Chiu Sing||PH (DAP)||N/A|
|N69||Kemena||Stephen Rundi Utom||GPS (PBB)||Minister|
|N70||Samalaju||Majang Renggi||GPS (PRS)||N/A|
|N71||Bekenu||Rosey Yunus[N 9]||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N72||Lambir||Ripin Lamat||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N73||Piasau||Sebastian Ting Chiew Yew||GPS (SUPP)||Assistant Minister|
|N74||Pujut||Ting Tiong Choon||PH (DAP)||N/A|
|N75||Senadin||Lee Kim Shin||GPS (SUPP)||Minister|
|N76||Marudi||Penguang Manggil||GPS (PDP)||Assistant Minister|
|N77||Telang Usan||Dennis Ngau||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N78||Mulu||Gerawat Jala[N 10]||GPS (PBB)||Deputy Speaker|
|N79||Bukit Kota||Abdul Rahman Ismail||GPS (PBB)||Assistant Minister|
|N80||Batu Danau||Paulus Gumbang[N 11]||GPS (PBB)||N/A|
|N81||Ba'kelalan||Baru Bian||PH (PKR)|
|N82||Bukit Sari||Awang Tengah Ali Hassan||GPS (PBB)||Deputy Chief Minister|
The first legislative assembly in Sarawak was formed during the rule of the White Rajahs. The General Council (Majlis Umum) of the Kingdom of Sarawak was convened on 8 September 1867 by Charles Brooke, the Rajah Muda under the orders of James Brooke, then the Rajah of Sarawak. Its members were chosen from local tribe leaders who were thought to be capable of assisting Brooke in administering the kingdom. The General Council later evolved into the Council Negri in 1903. The Council Negri first met in Bintulu.
It continued to function even after Sarawak was ceded to the British Empire in 1946. Since 1963, when Sarawak joined with Malaya, Singapore and North Borneo (now known as Sabah) to form the Federation of Malaysia, in line with the federal and state constitutions, members of the Assembly have been elected representatives.
The Assembly originally had 48 seats. That expanded to 56 in 1985, to 62 in 1985 and to 71 in 2005. In 2014 the Assembly passed a Bill to take the number of constituencies to 82. It has a greater number of seats than any other state assembly in Malaysia.
The State Assembly enacts laws that apply in the state of Sarawak in matters specified in the Joint and State Lists in the federal Constitution. Legislation successfully passed in the Assembly are known as ordinances. The Assembly must sit at least once a year to approve taxation to and supply from the state's consolidated fund. This is done during the tabling of the budget by the executive Cabinet. Aside from administrative matters, members of the Assembly are free to speak on any issues, as stipulated in the Privileges, Immunities and Powers Ordinance 1963. Members of the Assembly are responsible for checking and criticising the executive government's actions.
Speakers Roll of HonourEdit
The following is the Speaker of the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1963:
|No.||Speaker||Term start||Term end|
|2||William Tan Ho Choon||1968||1973|
|3||Shahbuddin Y.K. Cheng||1973||1976|
|4||Abang Abu Bakar Abang Mustapha||1976||1981|
|5||Celestine Ujang Jilan||1981||1987|
|6||Robert Jacob Ridu||1987||1994|
|7||Wong Soon Koh||1994||1996|
|8||Song Swee Guan||1996||2000|
|9||Mohamad Asfia Awang Nasar||2000||Incumbent|
State Opposition LeaderEdit
The following is the Opposition Leader of the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly, since 1963:
|No.||Opposition Leader||No. - State Constituency||Coalition (Party)||Term start||Term end|
|1||Ong Kee Hui||N03 - Kuching Barat||SUPP||1963||1966|
|2||Stephen Yong Kuet Tze||N03 - Kuching Barat||SUPP||1966||1969|
|3||Stephen Kalong Ningkan||N20 - Layar||SNAP||1969||1974|
|4||Dunstan Endawie Enchana||N22 - Krian||SNAP||1974||1976|
|5||James Wong Kim Min||N47 - Limbang||SNAP||1981||1986|
|6||Edmund Langgu Saga||N22 - Krian||PBDS||1987||1991|
|7||Daniel Tajem Miri||N20 - Bukit Begunan||PBDS||1991||1996|
|8||Wong Ho Leng||N39 - Bukit Assek||DAP||1996||2001|
|9||Chiew Chiu Sing||N53 - Kidurong||DAP||2001||2006|
|8 (2)||Wong Ho Leng||N45 - Bukit Assek||DAP||2006||2013|
|10||Chong Chieng Jen||N12 - Kota Sentosa||PR (DAP)||2013||Incumbent|
The State Assembly also consists of committees that handle administrative matters. The committees include:
- Selection and Standing Order Committee
- Public Accounts Committee
- House Committee
- Public Petitions Committee
- Privileges Committee
- Events Committee
Sarawak state election, 2016Edit
The 11th Sarawak State Election that helds on May 7, 2016 witnessed 72 governmental seats and 10 non-governmental seats filled the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 49 safe seats and 6 fairly safe seats, while the non-government side has 4 safe seats and 4 fairly safe seats. In addition, 2 seats was win uncontested in governmental seats.
- Ranum Anak Mina contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party PSB on 11 August 2016.
- Jamilah Anu was elected as a Barisan Nasional assemblyman on 18 February 2017 in a byelection following the death of assemblymen and Chief Minister Adenan Satem.
- Miro Simuh contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
- Jerip Susil contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP on 13 August 2016.
- John Ilus contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
- Johnical Rayong Ngipa contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party PSB on 12 August 2016.
- Tiong Thai King contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party PSB after the election.
- Wong Soon Koh contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP after the election.
- Rosey Yunus contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
- Gerawat Jala contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
- Paulus Gumbang contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
- "Abang Johari Ketua Menteri baharu Sarawak". BH Online. Berita Harian. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Blue wave sweeps across Sarawak". MalaysiaKini. 7 May 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
- Yu Ji (29 April 2016). "Proxy fights in limelight". Retrieved 8 May 2016.
- "Sarawak parties exit Malaysia's BN, leaving former ruling coalition in tatters". The Straits Times. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "'UPP ready to soar to greater heights'". Borneo Post. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- "Landslide win for BN in Tanjung Datu by-election". Free Malaysia Today. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "PBB now controls 45 of 82 Sarawak state seats". Free Malaysia Today. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- "Mawan in a Catch-22 situation". Borneo Post. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 1 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 2 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- "Sarawak state assembly increase number of reps to 82". The Malaysian Insider. 11 November 2004. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Kuasa Perundangan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Pengenalan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Fungsi (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Speaker (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Jawatankuasa Peraturan-peraturan Mesyuarat dan Pemilihan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010