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Sarawak State Legislative Assembly

The Sarawak State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak) is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is a unicameral institution consisting of 82 members elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart.

Sarawak State Legislative Assembly

Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak
ديوان اوندڠن نڬري سراوق
18th Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Insignia of Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded8 September 1867
Leadership
Abdul Taib Mahmud
since 1 March 2014
Mohamad Asfia Awang Nasar, GPS-PBB
since 15 November 2000
Deputy Speaker
Gerawat Gala, GPS-PBB
since 19 May 2016
Chong Chieng Jen, PHDAP
since 10 June 2013
Secretary
Semawi Mohamad
Structure
Seats82
Sarawak State Legislative Assembly seating, 2018.svg
Political groups
(As of 12 June 2018)

Government (67)
     Gabungan Parti Sarawak (67)
         PBB (46)
         PRS (11)
         SUPP (7)
         PDP (3)

Confidence and supply (5)
     PSB (4)
     Independent (1)
Opposition (10)
     Pakatan Harapan (10)
         DAP (7)

         PKR (3)
Committees
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
7 May 2016
Next election
By 7 September 2021
Meeting place
Kuching Sarawak Dewan-Undangan-Negeri-Sarawak-01.jpg
New Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building, Petra Jaya, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Website
dun.sarawak.gov.my

The State Legislative Assembly convenes at the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building in the state capital, Kuching. At 82 seats, it is the largest state legislature in Malaysia.

Current compositionEdit

72 10
GPS+PSB PH

Following the state election that was held on 7 May 2016, Barisan Nasional was able to form the next state government with a majority of 72 seats out of 82.[2] There were several candidates from breakaway parties such as TERAS and UPP that had their members contest seats under the Barisan banner as direct election candidates under a deal by Adenan Satem after their parties were prevented from joining Barisan after opposition from parties such as PDP and SUPP.[3] On 12 June 2018, all Sarawak-based BN parties including Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB), Parti Rakyat Sarawak (PRS), Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) and Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP) officially left Barisan Nasional forming a new coalition Sarawak Parties Alliance due to Barisan Nasional's defeat in general elections on 9 May 2018.[4]

CompositionEdit

No. State constituency Member Coalition (Party) Post
GPS 67 | PH 10 | PSB 4 | IND 1
N01 Opar Ranum Anak Mina[N 1][5] PSB N/A
N02 Tasik Biru Henry Jinep GPS (PDP)
N03 Tanjong Datu Jamilah Anu[N 2][6] GPS (PBB)
N04 Pantai Damai Abdul Rahman Junaidi GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N05 Demak Laut Hazland Abang Hipni GPS (PBB) N/A
N06 Tupong Fazzrudin Abdul Rahman GPS (PBB)
N07 Samariang Sharifah Hasidah Sayeed Aman Ghazali GPS (PBB)
N08 Satok Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg GPS (PBB) Chief Minister
N09 Padungan Wong King Wei PH (DAP) N/A
N10 Pending Violet Yong Wui Wui PH (DAP)
N11 Batu Lintang See Chee How PH (PKR)
N12 Kota Sentosa Chong Chieng Jen PH (DAP) Leader Of Opposition
N13 Batu Kitang Lo Khere Chiang GPS (SUPP) N/A
N14 Batu Kawah Sim Kui Hian GPS (SUPP) Minister
N15 Asajaya Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah GPS (PBB) Minister
N16 Muara Tuang Idris Buang GPS (PBB) N/A
N17 Stakan Mohamad Ali Mahmud GPS (PBB)
N18 Serembu Miro Simuh[N 3][7] GPS (PBB)
N19 Mambong Jerip Susil[N 4][5] IND Assistant Minister
N20 Tarat Roland Sagah Wee Inn GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N21 Tebedu Michael Manyin Jawong GPS (PBB) Minister
N22 Kedup Maclaine Ben @ Martin Ben GPS (PBB) N/A
N23 Bukit Semuja John Ilus[N 5][7] GPS (PBB)
N24 Sadong Jaya Aidel Lariwoo GPS (PBB)
N25 Simunjan Awla Idris GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N26 Gedong Mohd Naroden Majais GPS (PBB) N/A
N27 Sebuyau Julaihi Narawi GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N28 Lingga Simoi Peri GPS (PBB) N/A
N29 Beting Maro Razaili Gapor GPS (PBB)
N30 Balai Ringin Snowdan Lawan GPS (PRS) Assistant Minister
N31 Bukit Begunan Mong Dagang GPS (PRS) N/A
N32 Simanggang Francis Harden Hollis GPS (SUPP) Assistant Minister
N33 Engkilili Johnical Rayong Ngipa[N 6][5] PSB N/A
N34 Batang Ai Malcom Mussen Lamoh GPS (PRS) Assistant Minister
N35 Saribas Ricky @ Mohamad Razi Bin Sitam GPS (PBB) N/A
N36 Layar Gerald Rentap Jabu GPS (PBB)
N37 Bukit Saban Douglas Uggah Embas GPS (PBB) Deputy Chief Minister
N38 Kalaka Abdul Wahab Aziz GPS (PBB) N/A
N39 Krian Ali Biju PH (PKR)
N40 Kabong Mohd Chee Kadirh GPS (PBB)
N41 Kuala Rajang Len Talif Salleh GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N42 Semop Abdullah Saidol GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N43 Daro Safiee Ahmad GPS (PBB) N/A
N44 Jemoreng Juanda Jaya GPS (PBB)
N45 Repok Huang Tiong Sii GPS (SUPP)
N46 Meradong Ding Kuong Hiing GPS (SUPP)
N47 Pakan William Mawan Ikom GPS (PBB)
N48 Meluan Rolland Duat Jubin GPS (PDP)
N49 Ngemah Alexander Vincent GPS (PRS)
N50 Machan Allan Siden Gramong GPS (PBB)
N51 Bukit Assek Irene Mary Chang Oi Ling PH (DAP)
N52 Dudong Tiong Thai King[N 7][8] PSB
N53 Bawang Assan Wong Soon Koh[N 8][8] PSB
N54 Pelawan David Wong Kee Woan PH (DAP) N/A
N55 Nangka Annuar Rapaee GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N56 Dalat Fatimah Abdullah GPS (PBB) Minister
N57 Tellian Yussibnosh Balo GPS (PBB) N/A
N58 Balingian Abdul Yakub Arbi GPS (PBB)
N59 Tamin Christopher Gira Sambang GPS (PRS)
N60 Kakus John Sikie Tayai GPS (PRS) Assistant Minister
N61 Pelagus Wilsong Nyabong Ijang GPS (PRS) N/A
N62 Katibas Ambrose Blikau Enturan GPS (PBB)
N63 Bukit Goram Jefferson Jamit Unyat GPS (PBB)
N64 Baleh James Jemut Masing GPS (PRS) Deputy Chief Minister
N65 Belaga Liwan Lagang GPS (PRS) Assistant Minister
N66 Murum Chukpai Ugon GPS (PRS) N/A
N67 Jepak Talib Zulpilip GPS (PBB) Minister
N68 Tanjong Batu Chiew Chiu Sing PH (DAP) N/A
N69 Kemena Stephen Rundi Utom GPS (PBB) Minister
N70 Samalaju Majang Renggi GPS (PRS) N/A
N71 Bekenu Rosey Yunus[N 9][7] GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N72 Lambir Ripin Lamat GPS (PBB) N/A
N73 Piasau Sebastian Ting Chiew Yew GPS (SUPP) Assistant Minister
N74 Pujut Ting Tiong Choon PH (DAP) N/A
N75 Senadin Lee Kim Shin GPS (SUPP) Minister
N76 Marudi Penguang Manggil GPS (PDP) Assistant Minister
N77 Telang Usan Dennis Ngau GPS (PBB) N/A
N78 Mulu Gerawat Jala[N 10][7] GPS (PBB) Deputy Speaker
N79 Bukit Kota Abdul Rahman Ismail GPS (PBB) Assistant Minister
N80 Batu Danau Paulus Gumbang[N 11][7] GPS (PBB) N/A
N81 Ba'kelalan Baru Bian PH (PKR)
N82 Bukit Sari Awang Tengah Ali Hassan GPS (PBB) Deputy Chief Minister


Seating arrangementEdit

HistoryEdit

The first legislative assembly in Sarawak was formed during the rule of the White Rajahs. The General Council (Majlis Umum) of the Kingdom of Sarawak was convened on 8 September 1867 by Charles Brooke, the Rajah Muda under the orders of James Brooke, then the Rajah of Sarawak. Its members were chosen from local tribe leaders who were thought to be capable of assisting Brooke in administering the kingdom. The General Council later evolved into the Council Negri in 1903. The Council Negri first met in Bintulu.[9]

It continued to function even after Sarawak was ceded to the British Empire in 1946. Since 1963, when Sarawak joined with Malaya, Singapore and North Borneo (now known as Sabah) to form the Federation of Malaysia, in line with the federal and state constitutions, members of the Assembly have been elected representatives.[10]

The Assembly originally had 48 seats. That expanded to 56 in 1985, to 62 in 1985 and to 71 in 2005. In 2014 the Assembly passed a Bill to take the number of constituencies to 82. It has a greater number of seats than any other state assembly in Malaysia.[11]

RoleEdit

The State Assembly enacts laws that apply in the state of Sarawak in matters specified in the Joint and State Lists in the federal Constitution. Legislation successfully passed in the Assembly are known as ordinances.[12] The Assembly must sit at least once a year to approve taxation to and supply from the state's consolidated fund. This is done during the tabling of the budget by the executive Cabinet.[13] Aside from administrative matters, members of the Assembly are free to speak on any issues, as stipulated in the Privileges, Immunities and Powers Ordinance 1963. Members of the Assembly are responsible for checking and criticising the executive government's actions.[14]

The Speaker presides over proceedings in the Assembly. He is appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Speaker can only vote to break a tie.[15]

Speakers Roll of HonourEdit

The following is the Speaker of the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1963:

No. Speaker Term start Term end
1 Sockalingam 1963 1968
2 William Tan Ho Choon 1968 1973
3 Shahbuddin Y.K. Cheng 1973 1976
4 Abang Abu Bakar Abang Mustapha 1976 1981
5 Celestine Ujang Jilan 1981 1987
6 Robert Jacob Ridu 1987 1994
7 Wong Soon Koh 1994 1996
8 Song Swee Guan 1996 2000
9 Mohamad Asfia Awang Nasar 2000 Incumbent

State Opposition LeaderEdit

The following is the Opposition Leader of the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly, since 1963:[16]

No. Opposition Leader No. - State Constituency Coalition (Party) Term start Term end
1 Ong Kee Hui N03 - Kuching Barat SUPP 1963 1966
2 Stephen Yong Kuet Tze N03 - Kuching Barat SUPP 1966 1969
3 Stephen Kalong Ningkan N20 - Layar SNAP 1969 1974
4 Dunstan Endawie Enchana N22 - Krian SNAP 1974 1976
Vacant* 1976 1981
5 James Wong Kim Min N47 - Limbang SNAP 1981 1986
Vacant* 1986 1987
6 Edmund Langgu Saga N22 - Krian PBDS 1987 1991
7 Daniel Tajem Miri N20 - Bukit Begunan PBDS 1991 1996
8 Wong Ho Leng N39 - Bukit Assek DAP 1996 2001
BA (DAP)
9 Chiew Chiu Sing N53 - Kidurong DAP 2001 2006
8 (2) Wong Ho Leng N45 - Bukit Assek DAP 2006 2013
PR (DAP)
10 Chong Chieng Jen N12 - Kota Sentosa PR (DAP) 2013 Incumbent
PH (DAP)

CommitteesEdit

The State Assembly also consists of committees that handle administrative matters. The committees include:[17]

  • Selection and Standing Order Committee
  • Public Accounts Committee
  • House Committee
  • Public Petitions Committee
  • Privileges Committee
  • Events Committee

Sarawak state election, 2016Edit

Election pendulumEdit

The 11th Sarawak State Election that helds on May 7, 2016 witnessed 72 governmental seats and 10 non-governmental seats filled the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 49 safe seats and 6 fairly safe seats, while the non-government side has 4 safe seats and 4 fairly safe seats. In addition, 2 seats was win uncontested in governmental seats.

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Meluan Rolland Duat Jubin PDP 37.40
Ngemah Alexander Vincent PRS 46.13
Dudong Tiong Thai King UPP 46.36
Opar Ranum Mina UPP 50.06
Serembu Miro Simuh PBB 50.43
Simanggang Francis Harden Hollis SUPP 50.70
Pakan William Mawan Ikom PBB 50.90
Telang Usan Dennis Ngau PBB 51.33
Repok Huang Tiong Sii SUPP 51.96
Mambong Jerip Susil UPP 52.96
Batu Kitang Ir. Lo Khere Chiang SUPP 53.48
Murum Chukpai Ugon PRS 54.00
Batu Kawah Prof. Dr. Sim Kui Hian SUPP 54.12
Tamin Christopher Gira Sambang PRS 54.99
Tasik Biru Harry @ Henry Jinep PDP 55.13
Fairly safe
Meradong Ding Kuong Hiing SUPP 56.21
Marudi Penguang Manggil PDP 56.89
Piasau Sebastian Ting Chiew Yew SUPP 57.83
Balai Ringin Snowdan Lawan PRS 58.10
Senadin Lee Kim Shin SUPP 58.84
Bukit Semuja John Ilus PBB 59.64
Safe
Beting Maro Razaili Gapor PBB 60.14
Machan Allan Siden Gramong PBB 60.43
Mulu Gerawat Gala PBB 61.08
Layar Gerald Rentap Jabu PBB 61.10
Samalaju Majang Renggi PRS 61.34
Bawang Assan Wong Soon Koh UPP 61.62
Lingga Simoi Peri PBB 66.84
Lambir Ripin Lamat PBB 68.66
Jepak Talib Zulpilip PBB 68.82
Bukit Goram Jefferson Jamit Unyat PBB 69.57
Sebuyau Julaihi Narawi PBB 69.88
Engkilili Johnical Rayong Ngipa UPP 70.75
Simunjan Awla Idris PBB 71.14
Bekenu Rosey Yunus PBB 71.68
Kedup Martin Ben PBB 73.23
Tarat Roland Sagah Wee Inn PBB 73.61
Katibas Ambrose Blikau Enturan PBB 74.20
Batang Ai Malcom Mussen Lamoh PRS 74.20
Asajaya Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah PBB 74.72
Kakus John Sikie Tayai PRS 75.21
Batu Danau Paulus Gumbang PBB 75.37
Kemena Stephen Rundi Utom PBB 75.58
Balingian Abdul Yakub Arbi PBB 77.18
Kabong Mohamad Chee Kadir PBB 77.35
Jemoreng Dr. Juanda Jaya PBB 77.43
Kalaka Abdul Wahab Aziz PBB 77.57
Nangka Dr. Annuar Rapaee PBB 77.62
Gedong Mohd. Naroden Majais PBB 78.77
Satok Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg PBB 79.12
Tupong Fazzrudin Abdul Rahman PBB 79.12
Saribas Mohammad Razi Sitam PBB 79.57
Samariang Sharifah Hasidah Sayeed Aman Ghazali PBB 80.16
Muara Tuang Idris Buang PBB 81.61
Sadong Jaya Aidel Lariwoo PBB 82.22
Pelagus Wilsong Nyabong Ijang PRS 82.26
Stakan Mohamad Ali Mahmud PBB 83.22
Bukit Saban Douglas Uggah Embas PBB 85.66
Semop Abdullah Saidol PBB 85.77
Tebedu Michael Manyin Jawong PBB 86.34
Bukit Begunan Mong Dagang PRS 86.65
Pantai Damai Dr. Abdul Rahman Junaidi PBB 86.62
Demak Laut Dr. Hazland Abang Hipni PBB 88.07
Tellian Yussibnosh Balo PBB 88.42
Kuala Rajang Len Talif Salleh PBB 88.60
Daro Safiee Ahmad PBB 89.78
Belaga Liwan Lagang PRS 89.96
Dalat Fatimah Abdullah @ Ting Sai Ming PBB 90.14
Baleh Dr. James Jemut Masing PRS 91.67
Tanjong Datu Adenan Satem PBB 93.15
*Win uncontested
Bukit Kota Dr. Abdul Rahman Ismail PBB n/a
Bukit Sari Awang Tengah Ali Hassan PBB n/a
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Pujut Dr. Ting Tiong Choon DAP 52.57
Ba'kelalan Baru Bian PKR 55.20
Fairly safe
Kota Sentosa Chong Chieng Jen DAP 58.16
Pelawan David Wong Kee Woan DAP 58.30
Krian Ali Biju PKR 58.98
Tanjong Batu Chiew Chiu Sing DAP 59.10
Safe
Bukit Assek Irene Mary Chang Oi Ling DAP 61.05
Batu Lintang See Chee How PKR 61.61
Pending Violet Yong Wui Wui DAP 62.60
Padungan Wong King Wei DAP 64.31

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ranum Anak Mina contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party PSB on 11 August 2016.
  2. ^ Jamilah Anu was elected as a Barisan Nasional assemblyman on 18 February 2017 in a byelection following the death of assemblymen and Chief Minister Adenan Satem.
  3. ^ Miro Simuh contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  4. ^ Jerip Susil contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP on 13 August 2016.
  5. ^ John Ilus contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ Johnical Rayong Ngipa contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party PSB on 12 August 2016.
  7. ^ Tiong Thai King contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party PSB after the election.
  8. ^ Wong Soon Koh contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP after the election.
  9. ^ Rosey Yunus contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  10. ^ Gerawat Jala contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  11. ^ Paulus Gumbang contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Abang Johari Ketua Menteri baharu Sarawak". BH Online. Berita Harian. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Blue wave sweeps across Sarawak". MalaysiaKini. 7 May 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  3. ^ Yu Ji (29 April 2016). "Proxy fights in limelight". Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Sarawak parties exit Malaysia's BN, leaving former ruling coalition in tatters". The Straits Times. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "'UPP ready to soar to greater heights'". Borneo Post. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Landslide win for BN in Tanjung Datu by-election". Free Malaysia Today. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e "PBB now controls 45 of 82 Sarawak state seats". Free Malaysia Today. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Mawan in a Catch-22 situation". Borneo Post. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  9. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 1 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  10. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 2 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  11. ^ "Sarawak state assembly increase number of reps to 82". The Malaysian Insider. 11 November 2004. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  12. ^ Kuasa Perundangan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  13. ^ Pengenalan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  14. ^ Fungsi (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  15. ^ Speaker (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  16. ^ https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=490687271467160&id=275778336291389
  17. ^ Jawatankuasa Peraturan-peraturan Mesyuarat dan Pemilihan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010

External linksEdit