Tengku Ampuan Afzan

Tengku Ampuan Hajah Afzan Rahimahallah binti Almarhum Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku Muhammad (Jawi: تڠكو امڤوان حاجه افضان رحمة ﷲ بنت المرحوم تڠكو ڤڠليما ڤرڠ تڠکو محمد) 4 December 1932 – 29 June 1988 was the Tengku Ampuan of Pahang. She served as Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia between 26 April 1979 and 25 April 1984.

Raja Permaisuri Agong
Reign26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984
Installation10 July 1980
PredecessorTengku Zainab
SuccessorTengku Zanariah
Tengku Ampuan of Pahang
Reign8 May 1974 – 29 June 1988
Coronation6 May 1975
PredecessorTengku Ampuan Fatimah
SuccessorSultanah Kalsom (as Sultanah)
Born(1932-12-04)4 December 1932
Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, British Malaya
(now Malaysia)
Died29 June 1988(1988-06-29) (aged 55)
Istana Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
(m. 1954)
  • Tengku Meriam
  • Tengku Muhaini
  • Tengku Aishah Marcella
  • Tengku Abdullah
  • Tengku Abdul Rahman
  • Tengku Nong Fatimah
  • Tengku Shahariah
Tengku Afzan binti Tengku Muhammad
Regnal name
Tengku Ampuan Hajah Afzan Rahimahallah binti Almarhum Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku Muhammad
HouseHouse of Pahang
FatherTengku Panglima Perang Tengku Muhammad ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad al-Mu’azzam Shah
MotherTengku Hajah Aishah Mandak binti Tengku Mustafa
ReligionSunni Islam

Early lifeEdit

Born on 4 December 1932 in Kuala Terengganu, she was the fourth child of Tengku Muhammad ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Al-Mu’adzam Shah and Tengku Hajah Mandak binti Tengku Mustafa, and the granddaughter of Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Shah, the first Sultan of Pahang.

Her father, the son of Sultan Ahmad of Pahang, served as Chief Minister of Terengganu before returning to Pahang to hold the same post.

Tengku Hajah Afzan received her early education at the Malay Girls’ School in Pekan. She also received private tuition in English.

Marriage and becoming queenEdit

On 22 April 1954, at the age of 22, she married Ahmad Shah, Crown Prince of Pahang, at Kuala Lipis and became the Tengku Puan of Pahang. She gave birth to seven children, two boys and five girls, including the sixth and current Sultan of Pahang and the sixteenth Yang Di Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah, Tengku Meriam, Tengku Muhaini, Tengku Aishah, Tengku Abdul Rahman, Tengku Nong Fatimah and Tengku Shahariah.

In 1974, when Ahmad Shah ascended to the throne of Pahang, she became his queen consort (Tengku Ampuan). She was Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia (queen consort of the elected leader) between 1979 and 1984.


Tengku Afzan died of cancer on 29 June 1988. She was laid to rest at the Pahang Royal Mausoleum near Abu Bakar Royal Mosque in Pekan, Pahang.

Awards and recognitionsEdit

She has been awarded :[citation needed]

Honours of PahangEdit

National and Sultanal honourEdit

Foreign honourEdit

Places named after herEdit

Several places named after her, including:

  • Tengku Ampuan Afzan Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang
  • Tengku Ampuan Afzan Hospital in Kuantan, Pahang
  • Institut Tengku Ampuan Afzan, a child development centre in Kuala Lumpur
  • Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Tengku Ampuan Afzan in Kuala Lipis, Pahang
  • SM Tengku Ampuan Afzan, a secondary school in Chenor, Pahang
  • SMK Tengku Afzan, a secondary school in Kuantan, Pahang
  • SMKA Tengku Ampuan Hajjah Afzan, a secondary school in Jerantut, Pahang
  • Maahad Tahfiz Al Quran Wal Qiraat Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Pekan, Pahang
  • Taman Tengku Ampuan Afzan, a residential area in Lanchang, Pahang

See alsoEdit


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tengku Zainab
(Raja Perempuan of Kelantan)
Raja Permaisuri Agong
(Queen of Malaysia)
Succeeded by
Tengku Zanariah
(Sultanah of Johor)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultanah Fatimah
Sultanah of Pahang Succeeded by