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His Excellency Tan Sri Dato' (Dr.) Haji Muhyiddin bin Haji Mohd. Yassin (Jawi: محي الدين بن محمد يسٓ), IPA: m̩ʊhʎ̩i̯d̪d̪i̯n ɓi̯n̩ m̩ʊhɑ̯m̩ɱad y̯ɑ̯ssi̯n̩; born (1947-05-15) 15 May 1947 (age 70) is a Malaysian politician and Member of Parliament for Pagoh. He was Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia from 2009 till 2015 and Deputy President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the main component party of the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition from 2009 till 2016.

YB Tan Sri Dato' (Dr.) Haji
Muhyiddin bin Haji Mohd. Yassin
PSM; SPMJ; SHMS; SPSA; SPMP, SUNS; SPDK, DP; PNBS; SMJ; BSI; PIS; MP
MuhyiddinUS.jpg
Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin shakes hands with United States Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton at US State Department on 14 January 2010
President of Malaysian United Indigenous Party
Assumed office
7 September 2016
Monarch Sultan Muhammad V
Sultan Abdul Halim
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Deputy Mukhriz Mahathir
Preceded by Position Established
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Pagoh
Assumed office
7 June 1995
Monarch Sultan Muhammad V
Sultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Sultan Salahuddin
Tuanku Ja'afar
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded by Ahmad Omar
Constituency Pagoh
Majority 12,842 (2013)
12,581 (2008)
18,747 (2004)
12,850 (1999)
17,599 (1995)
In office
31 July 1978 – 19 July 1986
Monarch Sultan Iskandar
Sultan Ahmad Shah
Sultan Yahya Petra
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
Hussein Onn
Preceded by Syed Nasir Syed Ismail
Succeeded by Ahmad Omar
Constituency Pagoh
Majority 16,383 (1982)
15,610 (1978)
10th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
10 April 2009 – 28 July 2015
Monarch Sultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Najib Razak
Succeeded by Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Minister of Education
In office
12 August 2013 – 28 July 2015
Monarch Sultan Abdul Halim
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Minister Idris Jusoh (2nd Minister)
Deputy Mary Yap Kain Ching
Kamalanathan Panchanathan
Succeeded by Mahdzir Khalid
In office
10 April 2009 – 11 August 2013
Monarch Sultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Deputy Wee Ka Siong
Mohd Puad Zarkashi
Preceded by Hishammuddin Hussein
Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional
In office
26 March 2009 – 26 February 2016
Monarch Sultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Najib Razak
Succeeded by Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Deputy President of the United Malays National Organisation
In office
26 March 2009 – 26 February 2016
Monarch Sultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
President Najib Razak
Preceded by Najib Razak
Succeeded by Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (Acting)
Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
18 March 2008 – 9 April 2009
Monarch Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Deputy Liew Vui Keong
Jacob Dungau Sagan
Preceded by Rafidah Aziz
Succeeded by Mustapa Mohamed
Ong Ka Chuan
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry
In office
31 March 2004 – 17 March 2008
Monarch Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Deputy Mohd Shariff Omar
Mah Siew Keong
Kerk Choo Ting
Preceded by Mohd Effendi Norwawi
Succeeded by Mustapa Mohamed
Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumerism
In office
6 December 1999 – 31 October 2003
Monarch Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Sultan Salahuddin
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
Deputy Subramaniam Sinniah
Preceded by Megat Junid Megat Ayob
Succeeded by Mohd Shafie Apdal
Minister of Youth and Sports
In office
4 May 1995 – 10 November 1999
Monarch Sultan Salahuddin
Tuanku Ja'afar
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
Deputy Loke Yuen Yow
Preceded by Abdul Ghani Othman
Succeeded by Hishamuddin Hussein
13th Menteri Besar of Johor
In office
12 August 1986 – 13 May 1995
Monarch Tuanku Ja'afar
Sultan Azlan Shah
Sultan Iskandar
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded by Abdul Ajib Ahmad
Succeeded by Abdul Ghani Othman
Member of the Johor State Legislative Assembly
for Bukit Serampang
In office
22 April 1986 – 3 August 1995
Monarch Tuanku Ja'afar
Sultan Azlan Shah
Sultan Iskandar
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded by Zakaria Salleh
Succeeded by Ahmad Omar
Majority 7,020 (1990)
Unopposed (1986)
Personal details
Born Muhyiddin bin Mohd. Yassin
(1947-05-15)15 May 1947
(70 years, 191 days)
Muar, Johor, Malayan Union (now Malaysia)
Citizenship Malaysian
Political party Malaysian United Indigenous Party (since 2016)
United Malays National Organisation (1978-2016)
Other political
affiliations
Pakatan Harapan (since 2016)
Barisan Nasional (1978-2016)
Spouse(s) Noorainee Abdul Rahman (m. 1972)[1]
Children Fakhri Yassin (age 42)
Nabilah (age 39)
Najwa (age 31)
Farhan Yassin (age 24)
Residence Damansara Heights
Kuala Lumpur
Alma mater University of Malaya
Occupation Politician
Member of Parliament
Signature
Website TSMY Official Facebook Page

Muhyiddin grew up in the state of Johor and joined the state public service after graduating from university. He assumed management positions at various state-owned companies.

In the 1978, he was elected as Member of Parliament for Pagoh. During his term as Member of Parliament, he was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Minister of Federal Territories and later Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry. As Johor UMNO chief, he was Menteri Besar of Johor from 1986 to 1995.

He returned to federal politics in 1995 and was appointed to the Cabinet as Minister of Youth and Sports. He was appointed Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs after the 1999 general election and became a Vice-President of UMNO in 2000. Under the premiership of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Muhyiddin served as Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry (2004–2008) and then Minister of International Trade and Industry (2008–2009).

In 2008, he contested and won the UMNO deputy presidency and was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education by Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak in 2009. As Minister of Education, Muhyiddin ended the use of English as the medium of instruction for science and mathematics in public schools. He also attracted controversy after describing himself as "Malay first" when challenged by the opposition to pronounce himself as "Malaysian first." During Najib's mid-term Cabinet reshuffle in July 2015, he was dropped from his position, marking the first incumbent to be left out;[2] in June 2016 he was sacked from UMNO.[3]

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Muhyiddin was born in Muar, Johor, Malaysia. His father, Haji Muhammad Yassin bin Muhammad, was of Buginese descent. Muhammad Yassin was an Islamic theologian and cleric based in Bandar Maharani, Muar, Johor, while his mother, Hajjah Khadijah binti Kassim, was Javanese.[4]

Muhyiddin received his primary education at Sekolah Kebangsaan Maharani, Muar, Johor and Sekolah Kebangsaan Ismail, Muar, Johor. He received his secondary education at the Muar High School, Johor. Subsequently, he attended Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur and received an Honours bachelor's degree in Economics and Malay Studies in 1971.

Early careerEdit

After the completion of his studies, Muhyiddin joined the Johor state public service as the Assistant Secretary of Training and Scholarship. In 1974, he was appointed the Assistant District Officer (ADO) of Muar. He left the civil service to join the corporate sector in the Johor State Economic Development Corporation (PKENJ), managing its subsidiary companies like Sergam Berhad as Managing Director (1974–1977), Equity Mal (Johore) Sdn Bhd as Director (1974–1978), Sri Saujana Berhad as Managing Director (1974–1978) and SGS Ates (M) Sdn Bhd as Human Resources Manager (1974).

Political careerEdit

Muhyiddin's involvement in politics began when he joined UMNO as ordinary member at the Pagoh division in 1971. He was elected as UMNO Youth Chief of the Pagoh division and the Secretary in 1976. Later he became Youth Chief of Johor state UMNO Youth until 1987.

Muhyiddin occupied the seats of Exco in the national Malaysia UMNO Youth. In 1984, Muhyiddin was elected the UMNO Division Chief of Pagoh replacing Tan Sri Othman Saat. Muhyiddin rose up the ranks and file of Johor UMNO quickly. From being a state executive council member, he rose to become Johor UMNO's head and later became Menteri Besar of Johor.

Muhyiddin contested and was elected Member of Parliament for the Pagoh constituency in the 1978 general election and kept the seat until 1982. Muhyiddin was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs; subsequently he was promoted to Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Federal Territories and later the Ministry of Trade and Industry. In the 1986 general election, Muhyiddin contested and won the Johor State Legislative constituency seat of Bukit Serampang, opening the path for him to become the Menteri Besar of Johor on 13 August 1986.

His tenure as Menteri Besar lasted until 6 May 1995.

Muhyiddin returned to contest the Pagoh parliamentary seat in the 1995 General Election.

He served several different federal government cabinet posts as Minister of Youth and Sports (1995–1999), Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs (1999–2004), Minister of Agriculture (2004–2008) and Minister of International Trade and Industry (2008–2009). He was appointed Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of Education, by Prime Minister Najib Razak in 2009.

In 1984, Muhyiddin contested a UMNO Supreme Council seat but lost. Muhyiddin was later appointed as the UMNO Johor State Liaison Chairman and next appointed as Supreme Council member. In November 1990 he was a candidate for the UMNO vice-presidency, but lost again. Muhyiddin attempted again in the November 1993 UMNO party election, successfully this time. But he lost the 1996 election when defending the vice-president post. Eventually, in the election in 2000, he again won the post of vice-president of UMNO, remaining in that post until the October 2008 party election, when Muhyiddin successfully sought the higher post of deputy president, which was left vacant as the incumbent, Najib Razak (who was acting party president after the retirement of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi), became UMNO president.

2009 UMNO General Assembly and party electionEdit

Muhyiddin attacked Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's original transition plan as "too long", and some people say that at one point Muhyiddin was about to ask and force Abdullah to quit, though he never did so directly. During the 2008 general election, Muhyiddin managed to keep his seat and remained as an UMNO leader. Shocked by the election results, he called for reforms.

During the 2009 UMNO General Assembly and party election, Muhyiddin was a candidate for the deputy president post which was vacated by the incoming Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak. He was challenged by Mohd Ali Rustam, Malacca Chief Minister, and Muhammad Muhammad Taib, Rural and Regional Development Minister. Muhyiddin, seen as a supporter of Mahathir Mohamad, was seen to be the front-runner for the race, garnering many nominations by the UMNO divisions. But the competition was tough, as Taib and Rustam gained more ground especially from the Badawi camp. The race was tipped by political analysts to be very tight. However, the UMNO supreme council decided to disqualify Ali Rustam's candidacy after his assistants were caught involved with corruption after an investigation. The election resulted in Muhyiddin's election to the post with 1,575 votes to Muhammad Taib's 916.

Deputy Prime MinisterEdit

Muhyiddin was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister on 9 April 2009, when Najib took over from Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and unveiled his first Cabinet.

Continuing as Minister for Education, he announced the decision to return to the teaching of mathematics and science in Malay in all government primary and secondary schools.[5]

Muhyiddin waded into controversy in March 2010 by stating he was "Malay" first rather than "Malaysian first".[6] He also said that there is nothing wrong with other races doing the same; for example, the Chinese could claim themselves to be "Chinese first, Malaysian second" and same for the Indians. On 13 July 2010 he said that anyone was free to form an association, including Chinese or Indian versions of the Malay rights group Perkasa.[7] Prime Minister Najib came to Muyyiddin's defence, denying that his statement was inconsistent with the "1Malaysia" concept promoted by the government.[8]

During Najib's mid-term Cabinet reshuffle on 28 July 2015, he was dropped from his position as Deputy Prime Minister. The dismissal came after Muhyiddin had made public and critical remarks about Najib's handling of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal. Najib stated that Muhyiddin's dismissal, and the contemporaneous dismissals of other Ministers who had been critical of his leadership, was to create a more "unified team".[9] Muhyiddin remained UMNO vice president, but after keeping up criticism of UMNO, he was eventually sacked by the party's supreme council in June 2016.[3] Muhyiddin remained unrepentant, maintaining that he had never betrayed the party, and pledging to continue speaking out.[3]

Parti Pribumi Bersatu MalaysiaEdit

In August 2016, Muhyiddin registered a new political party, called Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (or Bersatu for short) together with former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammad. Muhyiddin became the party's president while Mahathir and his son Mukhriz became the chairman and vice-president respectively. The new party is focused on bumiputeras – Malays and Orang Asli – in the sense that full membership is only open to bumiputeras. Other races can join the party, but cannot vote or contest in party elections.[10] Mahathir later tipped Muhyiddin to become Prime Minister if the opposition wins the next Malaysian general election.[11]

OrdersEdit

Election resultEdit

Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1978 Pagoh Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 17,679 89.52% Abd Wahab Abd Rahman (PAS) 2,069 10.48% 19,748 15,610 75.08%
1982 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 19,035 83.05% Sumadi Ahmad (PAS) 2,652 11.57% 22,921 16,383 74.86%
1995 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 21,856 83.70% Rosdan Taha Abd Rahman (S46) 4,257 16.30% 27,492 17,599 70.68%
1999 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 20,132 73.35% Alias Shamsir (PKR) 7,282 26.53% 28,327 12,850 71.19%
2004 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 23,679 82.64% Mohamed Awang (PAS) 4,932 17.21% 29,534 18,747 65.43%
2008 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 21,028 71.22% Mohamad Rozali Jamil (PAS) 8,447 28.61% 30,313 12,581 75.70%
2013 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 26,274 66.01% Mohamad Rozali Jamil (PAS) 13,432 33.75% 40,612 12,842 86.79%
Johor State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1986 Bukit Serampang Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) None None Unopposed None None None None None
1990 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 9,260 80.52% Omar Lambak (S46) 2,240 19.48% 11,911 7,020 76.31%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "407 terima anugerah kebesaran Johor". malaysiakini.com. 
  2. ^ He has been dropped out as the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, by the Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Tun Razak with claims that it was an extremely tough decision.
  3. ^ a b c "UMNO sacks former Malaysian DPM Muhyiddin Yassin and Mukhriz Mahathir". Channel NewsAsia. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Archives". thestar.com.my. 
  5. ^ "Muhyiddin defends PPSMI decision", The Malaysian Insider, 21 July 2009.
  6. ^ Muhyiddin: I'm Malay first on YouTube 31 March 2010
  7. ^ "Muhyiddin: All can form own 'Perkasa'". themalaysianinsider.com. 
  8. ^ "PM defends Muhyiddin’s ‘Malay first’ statement", The Star, 2 April 2010.
  9. ^ "1MDB scandal: Malaysia PM Najib Razak sacks deputy, attorney-general as corruption allegations mount". ABC News (Australia). 29 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Muhyiddin registers Mahathir's new party". Strait Times. 10 August 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "Dr M tips Muhyiddin to be PM if opposition wins". Malay Mail. 27 September 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 

External linksEdit