Andrea Levy FRSL (7 March 1956 – 14 February 2019) was an English author best known for the novels Small Island (2004) and The Long Song (2010). She was born in London to Jamaican parents, and her work explores topics related to British Jamaicans and how they negotiate racial, cultural and national identities.
|Born||7 March 1956|
|Died||14 February 2019(aged 62)|
|Notable works||Small Island (2004)|
The Long Song (2010)
|Notable awards||Orange Prize for Fiction|
Whitbread Book of the Year
Commonwealth Writers Prize
Levy was of primarily Afro-Jamaican descent. She had a Jewish paternal grandfather and a Scots maternal great-grandfather. She said in a 2004 article: "Jews went to Jamaica in the 1600s. My paternal grandfather was born Orthodox Jewish, from a very strict family, but after fighting in the First World War he became a Christian and came back and married my grandmother. His family disowned him, so I don’t know much about them." Her father came to Britain on the HMT Empire Windrush in 1948, with her mother following later that year on a banana boat.
Levy was born in Archway, London, "the fourth, and baby, of the family, by a long way". She grew up on a council estate in Highbury, north London, and had a typical working-class upbringing. She attended Highbury Hill Grammar School and studied textile design and weaving at Middlesex Polytechnic.
Levy began her career as a costume assistant, working part-time in the costume departments of the BBC and the Royal Opera House while starting a graphic design company with her husband Bill Mayblin. During this time, she experienced a form of awakening to her identity concerning both her gender and her race. At a racial-awareness session with colleagues at an Islington sex education project, she found herself having to choose between a "white" and "black" side, which she found a "rude awakening". Having not read a book until the age of 23, she subsequently became aware of the power of books and began to read "excessively". It was easy enough to find literature by black writers from the United States, but she could find very little literature from black writers in the United Kingdom.
Levy began writing in her mid-30s after her father died. It was not a therapeutic attempt to deal with her loss, but rather a need to understand where she came from. She then enrolled in Alison Fell's Creative Writing class at the City Lit in 1989, continuing with the course for seven years. She struggled initially to get her work published, her first novel being rejected by several companies that were unsure of how to market her writing. Levy spoke in a 1999 interview of the "herd mentality" of publishers worried about the possibly limited market appeal of her work: "the main problem was that they perceived it as being just about race, and thought it would only appeal to black readers." However, as Margaret Busby noted, Levy "proved that to write about... migration from the specific yet complex perspective of being a black English female is not a limitation to finding a wide and appreciative readership, but in fact the exact opposite."
In 1994 Levy's first novel, the semi-autobiographical Every Light in the House Burnin', was published and attracted favourable reviews. The Independent on Sunday stated: "This story of a young girl in the 60s in north London, child of Jamaican migrants, stands comparison with some of the best stories about growing up poor – humorous and moving, unflinching and without sentiment". Her second novel, Never Far from Nowhere (1996), is a coming-of-age story about two sisters of Jamaican parentage, Vivian and Olive, growing up in Finsbury Park, London in the 1970s. It was long-listed for the Orange Prize.
After Never Far from Nowhere, Levy visited Jamaica for the first time and what she learned of her family's past provided material for her next book, Fruit of the Lemon (1999). The novel is set in England and Jamaica during the Thatcher era, highlighting the differences between Jamaican natives and their British descendants. The New York Times noted the novel "illuminates the general situation facing all children of postcolonial immigrants".
Levy's fourth novel, Small Island (2004), which looks at the immediate outcomes of World War II and migration on what became known as the Windrush generation, was a critical success. The Guardian's Mike Phillips praised the writing and the subject matter, calling it Levy's "big book". Levy herself said in 2004: "When I started Small Island I didn’t intend to write about the war. I wanted to start in 1948 with two women, one white, one black, in a house in Earls Court, but when I asked myself, 'Who are these people and how did they get here?' I realised that 1948 was so very close to the war that nothing made sense without it. If every writer in Britain were to write about the war years there would still be stories to be told, and none of us would have come close to what really happened. It was such an amazing schism in the middle of a century. And Caribbean people got left out of the telling of that story, so I am attempting to put them back into it. But I am not telling it from only a Jamaican point of view. I want to tell stories from the black and white experience. It is a shared history." Small Island won three awards, namely the Whitbread Book of the Year, the Orange Prize and the Commonwealth Writers' Prize. The novel was subsequently made into a two-part television drama of the same title that was broadcast by the BBC in December 2009. A stage adaptation by Helen Edmundson has been scheduled for performance at the National Theatre from April 2019.
Levy's fifth and final novel, The Long Song, won the 2011 Walter Scott Prize and was shortlisted for the 2010 Man Booker Prize. The Daily Telegraph called it a "sensational novel". Kate Kellaway in The Observer commented: "The Long Song reads with the sort of ebullient effortlessness that can only be won by hard work". The novel was adapted as a three-part BBC One television series that was broadcast in December 2018.
Bonnie Greer paid tribute to Andrea Levy: "For every great writer, their own story is in their work, and is all that you really need to know.... What she described was a people integral to what the UK is. Now and forever. And their bard, Andrea Levy, is immortal."
Personal life and deathEdit
Awards and honoursEdit
- 2004: Orange Prize for Fiction, winner, Small Island
- 2004: Whitbread Book of the Year, winner, Small Island
- 2005: Commonwealth Writers Prize, winner, Small Island
- 2005: Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
- 2010: Man Booker Prize, shortlist, The Long Song
- 2011: Walter Scott Prize, winner, The Long Song
- Every Light in the House Burnin′ (1994). Headline Publishing, ISBN 9780747211778.
- Never Far from Nowhere (1996). Headline, ISBN 9780747252139.
- Fruit of the Lemon (1999). Review Publishing, ISBN 9780747273479.
- Small Island (2004). Review Publishing, ISBN 9780755307500.
- The Long Song (2010). Headline Publishing, ISBN 9780755383320.
- Six Stories and an Essay (2014). Tinder Press, ISBN 9781472222671.
- Blake, Robin. Review of Every Light in the House Burnin', by Andrea Levy. The Independent. 19 February 1995. 37.
- Crampton, Robert. "England’s White, Unpleasant Land". Review of Never Far from Nowhere, by Andrea Levy. The Times. 10 February 1996. WE/13.
- Foster, Aisling. "On Being British". Review of Every Light in the House Burnin’, by Andrea Levy. The Independent. 27 November 1994: 38.
- Gui, Weihsin. "Post-Heritage Narratives: Migrancy and Traveling Theory in V. S. Naipaul's The Enigma of Arrival and Andrea Levy's Fruit of the Lemon". Journal of Commonwealth Literature 47.1 (2012): 73–89.
- Machado Sáez, Elena (2015). "Kinship Routes: Contextualizing Diaspora via the Market in Andrea Levy and David Chariandy". Market Aesthetics: The Purchase of the Past in Caribbean Diasporic Fiction. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. ISBN 978-0-8139-3705-2.
- Medovarski, Andrea. "'I Knew This Was England': Myths of Return in Andrea Levy's Fruit of the Lemon". MaComère 8 (2006): 35–66.
- Perfect, Michael. "'Fold the Paper and Pass It On': Historical Silences and the Contrapuntal in Andrea Levy's Fiction". Journal of Postcolonial Writing 46.1 (2010): 31–41.
- Toplu, Şebnem. "Home(land) or 'Motherland': Transnational Identities in Andrea Levy's Fruit of the Lemon". Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal 3.1 (2005).
- "Obituary: Andrea Levy". BBC News. 15 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Lea, Richard (15 February 2019). "Andrea Levy, chronicler of the Windrush generation, dies aged 62". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Innes, Lyn (15 February 2019). "Andrea Levy obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- Levy, Andrea (19 February 2000). "This is my England". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Younge, Gary (30 January 2010). "'I started to realise what fiction could be. And I thought, wow! You can take on the world' – Andrea Levy interview". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Salandy-Brown, Marina (November/December 2004), "ANDREA LEVY: 'THIS WAS NOT A SMALL STORY'", Caribbean Beat, Issue 70.
- "Novel on J' can immigrants wins second literary prize". The Gleaner. Kingston, Jamaica. Associated Press. 27 January 2005. p. 16. Retrieved 15 February 2019 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- "The Eloquent Voice of a Windrush Child". Evening Standard. 19 December 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019 – via EBSCOhost.
- "Tribute to Andrea Levy, 1956 - 2019".
- Allardice, Lisa (21 January 2005). "Profile: Andrea Levy". The Guardian.
- Scurr, Ruth (4 December 2014). "Andrea Levy's islands". The Times Literary Supplement. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015.
- Prasad, Raekha (4 March 1999). "Two sides to every story". The Guardian.
- Batson-Savage, Tanya (29 May 2005). "Late start, good results for Andrea Levy". The Gleaner. Kingston, Jamaica. p. 58. Retrieved 15 February 2019 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- "Interview with Andrea Levy". City Lit. 30 July 2010. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014.
- Hickman, Christie (6 February 2004), "Andrea Levy: Under the skin of history", The Independent.
- "Lazy days of summer reading". Independent on Sunday. 2 July 1995.
- Stade, George; Karbiener, Karen (12 May 2010). Encyclopedia of British Writers, 1800 to the Present. Infobase Publishing. p. 297. ISBN 9781438116891.
- Iweala, Uzodinma (11 February 2007). "Colonial Castoff". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Phillips, Mike (14 February 2004). "Roots manoeuvre". The Guardian.
- Ezard, John (4 October 2005). "Small Island novel wins biggest Orange prize". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- "Author Levy wins best of the best". BBC News. 3 October 2005. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Dennis, Tony (11 December 2009). "Small Island is a missed opportunity". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- "Small Island", Olivier Theatre, National Theatre.
- Flood, Alison (20 June 2011). "Andrea Levy wins Walter Scott prize". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- "The Long Song". The Man Booker Prizes. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Kyte, Holly (27 January 2010). "The Long Song by Andrea Levy: review". The Telegraph.
- Kellaway, Kate (7 February 2010). "The Long Song by Andrea Levy". The Observer.
- Carr, Flora (20 December 2018). "When is The Long Song on TV? Who's in the cast and what's it about?". Radio Times.
- Mangan, Lucy (18 December 2018). "The Long Song review – a sharp, painful look at the last days of slavery". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Dolan, Chris (15 November 2014). "Andrea Levy: Six Stories And An Essay (Tinder Press)". Herald Scotland.
- Guest, Katy (22 November 2014). "Six Stories & an Essay by Andrea Levy: This is a slight collection, but full of important insights". The Independent. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Greer, Bonnie (21 February 2019), "Andrea Levy – An immortal British bard", The New European.
- "Imagine...Andrea Levy: Her Island Story". BBC One. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- Innes, Lyn (15 February 2019). "Andrea Levy obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Lawless, Jill (9 July 2005). "'Marginal' to mainstream". The Gazette. Montreal, Canada. Associated Press. p. 114. Retrieved 15 February 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Andrea Levy", The Royal Society of Literature.
- Official website
- Andrea Levy at British Council: Literature
- Interview with Andrea Levy. City Lit. 30 July 2010.
- Younge, Gary (30 January 2010). "I started to realise what fiction could be. And I thought, wow! You can take on the world". The Guardian.
- Greer, Bonnie (31 January 2004). "Empire's child". The Guardian.
- Barranger, Nicola. "Andrea Levy – Addressing the Question of Slavery". NewBooks.