1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1899th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 899th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1899, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
|Ab urbe condita||2652|
|Balinese saka calendar||1820–1821|
|British Regnal year||62 Vict. 1 – 63 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar||戊戌年 (Earth Dog)|
4595 or 4535
— to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4596 or 4536
|- Vikram Samvat||1955–1956|
|- Shaka Samvat||1820–1821|
|- Kali Yuga||4999–5000|
|Japanese calendar||Meiji 32|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||13 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2441–2442|
2025 or 1644 or 872
— to —
2026 or 1645 or 873
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1899.|
- January 1
- January 2 –
- Bolivia sets up a customs office in Puerto Alonso, leading to the Brazilian settlers there to declare the Republic of Acre in a revolt against Bolivian authorities.
- The first part of the Jakarta Kota–Anyer Kidul railway on the island of Java is opened between Batavia Zuid (Jakarta Kota) and Tangerang.
- January 3 – Hungarian Prime Minister Dezső Bánffy fights an inconclusive duel with his bitter enemy in parliament, Horánszky Nándor.
- January 4 –
- U.S. President William McKinley's declaration of December 21, 1898, proclaiming a policy of benevolent assimilation of the Philippines as a United States territory, is announced in Manila by the U.S. commander, General Elwell Otis, and angers independence activists who had fought against Spanish rule.
- The American Society of Landscape Architects, still in existence 123 years later, is founded.
- January 5 – A fierce battle is fought between American troops and Filipino defenders at the town of Pililla on the island of Luzon. The Filipinos retreat to the mountains at Tanay.
- January 6 – Lord Curzon becomes Viceroy of India.
- January 7 – The Lucky Star, and an English comic opera composed by Ivan Caryll and produced by the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company premieres at the Savoy Theatre in London for the first of 143 performances.
- January 8 – The Association football club SK Rapid Wien is founded in Vienna.
- January 9 –
- After a successful revolt against the Ottoman Empire by the inhabitants of the island of Crete, the area, which joins Greece, gets its first constitution, with provisions for a provincial legislature with 138 Christian deputies and 50 Muslim deputies.
- George F. Hoar, a U.S. Senator for Massachusetts, speaks out in the Senate against American expansion into the Philippines. The text of Hoar's is sent by cable to Hong Kong at a cost of $4,000, and is later cited by Ambassador John Barrett on January 13, 1900, as an incitement to Filipino attacks on U.S. troops.
- January 10 – The Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity is founded, at Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Illinois.
- January 11 – The Steel Plate Transferrers' Association, the first labor union for workers skilled in siderography (the engraving and mass reproduction of steel plates for newspaper printing) is established After changing its name to the International Association of Siderographers, it has 80 members at its peak. It dissolves in 1991, with only eight members left. Stewart, Estelle May (1936). Handbook of American trade-unions: 1936 edition. United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. United States Government Printing Office.
- January 12 – A massive rescue by the Lynmouth Lifeboat Station, using 100 men and requiring the transport of the lifeboat Louisa over land and then out to sea, succeeds in saving all 18 men aboard. The event is later made famous in the children's book The Overland Launch.
- January 13 – The Canadian Northern Railway is established, on January 13, 1899 
- January 14 –
- The White Star Line ship RMS Oceanic, at the time the largest British ocean liner up to that time, is launched from the Irish port of Belfast in front of over 50,000 people. It will begin its maiden voyage on September 6.
- The British four-masted sailing ship Andelana capsizes during a storm in Commencement Bay off the coast of the U.S. Washington, with the loss of all 17 of her crew.
- January 15 – The name of Puerto Rico is changed by the new U.S. military government to "Porto Rico". It will not be changed back until May 17, 1932.
- January 16 – Eduardo Calceta is appointed as Chief of the Army (Jefe General) of the rebel Phillipine Republic army by Emilio Aguinaldo.
- January 17 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean.
- January 18 – The General Assembly of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania begins the task of filling the U.S. Senate seat of Matthew Quay, who had recently resigned after being indicted on criminal charges. After 79 ballots and three months, no candidate has a majority, and the General Assembly refuses to approve the governor's appointment of a successor, and the seat remains vacant for more than two years. The Pennsylvania experience later leads to the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to provide for U.S. Senators to be directly elected by popular vote, rather than by the state legislatures.
- January 19 –
- January 20 – The Schurman Commission is created by U.S. President William McKinley to study the issue of the American approach to he sovereignty of the Philippines, ceded to the U.S. on December 10 by Spain. The five-man group, chaired by Cornell University President Jacob Schurman, later concludes that the Philippines will need to become financially independent before a republic can be created.
- January 21
- January 22 – The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne, to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole.
- January 23
- Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in, as President of the First Philippine Republic.
- Mubarak Al-Sabah, the emir of Kuwait, signs the Anglo-Kuwaiti Agreement of 1899 a secret treaty with the British Empire to accept protectorate status for the Middle Eastern sheikdom in return for British protection of Kuwaiti territory.
- The British Southern Cross Expedition crosses the Antarctic Circle.
- January 24 – The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, one of the oldest medical schools in the United States, is founded.
- January 25 – The city of Ponce, Puerto Rico is saved from disaster by seven firemen and one volunteer civilian who disobey orders and stop "El Polverin", a fire near the U.S. Army's store of explosive artillery. A "Monument to the Heroes of El Poverin is later erected in their honor.
- January 26 –
- U.S. Representative George Henry White of North Carolina, the only African-American in Congress at the time, delivers his first major speech, speaking out against disenfranchisement of black voters and proposing that the number of representatives from a U.S. state should be based on the number of persons of voting age who actually cast ballots, rather than population. "
- German inventor Karl Ferdinand Braun, who will later share the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Guglielmo Marconi, receives British Patent No. 1899-1862 for his wireless radio invention "Telegraphy without directly connected wire".
- January 27 – Camille Jenatzy of France becomes the first man to drive an automobile more than 80 kilometers per hour, almost breaking the 50 mph barrier when he reaches an unprecedented speed of 80.35 kilometres per hour (49.93 mph) in his CGA Dogcart racecar. Jenatzy's speed is more than 20% faster than the January 17 mark of 66.65 kilometres per hour (41.41 mph) set by Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat.
- January 28
- At a time when U.S. Senators are elected by the state legislature rather than directly, wealthy businessman William A. Clark is elected U.S. Senator after offering bribes to most of the members. The U.S. Senate refuses to seat him after evidence of the bribery is revealed.
- The League of Peja, organized by Haxhi Zeka to lobby for a Kosovar Albanian state within the Ottoman Empire, attracts 450 delegates to its first convention, held at the city of Peja, now in the Republic of Kosovo.
- January 29 – A lawyer for the estate of John W. Keely, and inventor who had persuaded investors in his Keely Motor Company that an automobile could be created that would operate from Keely's "induction resonance motion motor" that had achieved perpetual motion, reveals that the late Mr. Keely's motor had been a fraud, and that the widow knew nothing of it.
- January 30 – Dimitar Grekov is appointed as Prime Minister of Bulgaria by King Ferdinand I, but removed from office less than 10 months later on October 13.
- January 31 – Cherokee Nation voters in the Indian Territory (later the U.S. state of Oklahoma) approve a proposition to allot Cherokee lands and to dissolve the Cherokee government, but the U.S. Congress never ratifies the results.
- February 1 –
- Ranavalona III, who had been the Queen of Madagascar until being deposed on February 28, 1897, is sent into exile by French colonial authorities, along with the rest of the royal family. She departs on the ship Yang-Tse on a 28-day trip to Marseilles.
- The Suntory whiskey distiller in Japan is opened by Shinjiro Torii in Osaka as a store selling imported wines.
- February 2 – The participants in the Australian Premiers' Conference, held in Melbourne, agree that Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne.
- February 3 – Kansas University's new college basketball team, coached by the game's inventor, Dr. James Naismith, plays its first game, and is defeated by the YMCA team of Kansas City, Kansas, 16 to 5.
- February 4 –
- The Philippine–American War begins as hostilities break out in Manila.
- Rudyard Kipling's poem "The White Man's Burden" is first published, appearing in The Times of London. A response to the United States occupation of the Philippine Islands, and exhorting members of the White race to be responsible for benevolent civilizing of the world's "non-white" people, the poem is reprinted in The New York Sun the next day.
- February 5 – The first major battle of the Philippine–American War concludes with the capture by the U.S. of the San Juan River Bridge that connects Manila and San Juan. U.S. Army General Arthur MacArthur Jr. directs troops of the U.S. Army Eighth Corps to victory over Filipino troops commanded by General Antonio Luna. In the two-day battle, 55 U.S. soldiers and 238 Filipino soldiers are killed.
- February 6 – A peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the United States Senate by a vote of 57 to 27 to end the Spanish–American War.
- February 7 – Elections are held in Greece for the 235 seats of the Hellenic Parliament. Supporters of the late Charilaos Trikoupis win 110 seats, 8 short of a majority, and Trikoupis's successor, Georgios Theotokis forms a government as Prime Minister.
- February 8 – Protesting against the government of Russia breaks out at Saint Petersburg University and mounted police violently respond to the group, causing a riot.
- February 9 – The Dodge Commission exonerates the U.S. Department of War from responsibility in the United States Army beef scandal, where meatpacking companies supplied low-grade, putrefied beef to American soldiers during the Spanish American War and caused an unquantified number of cases of food poisoning. While War Secretary Russell Alger is not accused of criminal negligence, the Commission implies that he was incompetent and he is later forced to resign.
- February 10 –
- U.S. Army troops, supported by bombardment from the warships Charleston and Monandock, defeat Filipino forces in the Battle of Caloocan and get control of the Manila to Dagupan railway. Colonel W. S. Metcalfe is later accused by some of his men of having ordered the shooting of Filipino soldiers taken prisoner.
- Future U.S. President Herbert Hoover and his fiancee Lou Henry, both 224, are married at her parents' home in Monterey, California, and depart the next day for a 14-month stay in China, where Hoover works as a mining engineer.
- February 11 – The coldest temperature recorded up to that time in the continental United States is set as Fort Logan, Montana records a low of −61 °F (−52 °C).
- February 12 – The Great Blizzard of 1899 strikes the east coast of the United States, causing subzero temperatures as far south as southern Florida for two days and destroying the citrus fruit crop that year.
- February 13 – In New York, the White Star ocean liner SS Germanic, already laden with ice and snow during its voyage from Liverpool, becomes even more weighed down after disembarking its passengers when the New York City blizzard strikes. With 3,600,000 pounds (1,600,000 kg) of added weight, the ship begins to list sideways and additional weight enters cargo doors that had been opened for refueling. Germanic remains on the bottom New York Harbor for more than a week while salvaging goes on, then requires refurbishing for three months, but becomes operational again.
- February 14 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress, for use in federal elections.
- February 15 – The February Manifesto is issued by the Emperor of Russia, decreeing that a veto by the Diet of Finland may be overruled in legislative matters concerning the interest of all Russia, including autonomous Finland. The manifesto is viewed as unconstitutional and a coup d'état by many Finns, who have come to consider their country a separate constitutional state in its own right, in union with the Russian Empire. Furthermore, the manifesto also fails to elaborate the criteria that a law has to meet in order to be considered to concern Russian imperial interests, and not an internal affair of Finland (affairs over which the Diet's authority is supposed have remained unaltered), leaving it to be decided by the autocratic Emperor. This results in Finnish fears that the Diet of Finland may be overruled arbitrarily.
- February 16 –
- February 17 – The research vessel SS Southern Cross, on an Antarctic expedition led by Carsten Borchgrevink, arrives at Cape Adare and begins unloading 90 sledge dogs— the first ever on the continent and two Norwegian Sámi crewmen, Per Savio and Ole Must, who become the first humans to spend the night in Antarctica. Over the next 12 days, the rest of the 31-man crew brings in supplies builds a temporary settlement.
- February 18 – The National Assembly of France elects a new President to fill out the remainder of the late President Faure's term. Senate President Émile Loubet wins the vote, 483 to 278, against Prime Minister Jules Méline.
- February 19 – In Venezuela, the former Minister of War, Major General Ramón Guerra, angry with the reforms of President Ignacio Andrade, proclaims the state of Guárico as an independent territory. President Andrade orders General Augusto Lutowsky to crush the rebellion and Guerra flees to Colombia, but later comes back as Minister of War.
- February 20 – Discussions among members of a joint Anglo-American commission, set up by U.S. President William McKinley and Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier to resolve the Alaska boundary dispute, end abruptly after it is clear that the U.S. will not make any concessions. In response, Laurier makes clear that there will be no further concessions with the U.S. in trade.
- February 21 –
- Gdadebo II, the Alake of Egba in what is now southeast Nigeria, signs an agreement with the British Governor of Lagos Colony to lease lands for construction of a new railway from Aro to Abeokuta.
- The British freighter SS Jumna, with the capacity to carry more than 500 people, but hauling a load of coal with minimal crew, is last seen passing Rathlin Island at Northern Ireland. Bound from Scotland to deliver a shipment of coal to Uruguay, it never arrives and is never seen again.
- The Vicksburg National Military Park is established in Mississippi to preserve the battlefield of the Battle of Vicksburg that was fought in 1863 during the American Civil War.
- February 22 – Convention Hall, which later hosts two national political conventions, opens in Kansas City, Missouri with a concert by the band of John Philip Sousa. The building burns down less than 14 months later.
- February 23 – In France, Paul Déroulède and Jules Guérin of the right-wing Ligue des Patriotes attempt to persuade General Georges-Gabriel de Pellieux to lead a coup d'etat during the funeral of the late president Félix Faure in order to overthrow President Loubet. General Pellieux refuses to participate. Later in the year, Déroulède and Guérin are indicted for conspiracy against the government and banished from France.
- February 24 – The works of Catholic priest and theologian Herman Schell, including the recently published Der Katholicismus als Princip des Fortschritts and Die neue Zeit und der alte Glaubeare placed by the Roman Catholic Church on its Index Librorum Prohibitorum, the list of banned books.
- February 25 – In an accident at Grove Hill, Harrow, London, England, Edwin Sewell becomes the world's first driver of a petrol-driven vehicle to be killed; his passenger, Maj. James Richer, dies of injuries three days later.
- February 26 – Dezső Bánffy resigns as Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary, at the time a partner in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and is succeeded by Kálmán Széll.
- February 27 – Japanese immigration to South America, primarily the nation of Peru, begins as the ship Sakura Maru departs from Yokohama with 790 men employed by the Morioka-shokai Sugar Company. The group arrives in Callao on April 3.
- February 28 – U.S. President William McKinley approves a law increasing the pension to American Civil War veterans, both Union and Confederate, to $25.00 per month.
- March 1 – In Afghanistan, Capt. George Roos-Keppel makes a sudden attack on a predatory band of Chamkannis that have been raiding in the Kurram Valley, and captures 100 prisoners with 3,000 head of cattle.
- March 2 – Mount Rainier National Park is established, in the U.S. state of Washington.
- March 3 –
- March 4 – Cyclone Mahina strikes Bathurst Bay, Queensland. A 12 meter high wave reaches up to 5 km inland, leaving over 400 dead (the deadliest natural disaster in Australia's history).
- March 5 – George B. Selden sells the rights to his patent for an internal combustion engine to the Electric Vehicle Company, and he and the company then claim a royalty on all automobiles using such an engine. 
- March 6 – German chemist Felix Hoffmann patents aspirin, and Bayer registers its name as a trademark.
- March 7 – The Provisional Law on the Judiciary is issued in the Philippines to provide for the selection of a Chief Justice.
- March 8 – The Frankfurter Fußball-Club Victoria von 1899 (predecessor of Eintracht Frankfurt Association football club) is founded.
- March 9 – Japan promulgates its commercial code, the Shōhō, to take effect on June 16. The Shōhō, as amended applies to Japanese business today. 
- March 10 –
- March 11 –
- A wireless distress signal is sent for the first time by a patrol boat to aid the endangered British cruiser Elbe. The Morse code distress signal is heard by the lighthouse near Ramsgate Lifeboat Station, which sends a lifeboat to the rescue. 
- Waldemar Jungner files the patent application for the first alkaline battery and receives Swedish patent number 11132. 
- March 12 – Encinal County, Texas, created on February 1, 1856, near the U.S. city of Laredo on the condition that it would create a county seat, is discontinued and annexed into neighboring Webb County.  The largest town in the area, Bruni, has less than 400 people.
- March 13 – Chelan County, Washington is created from Okanogan and Kittitas counties for the area around Wenatchee.
- March 14 –
- After a civil war breaks out in Samoa between Malietoa Tanumafili I (recognized by Germany, the UK and the U.S.) and rebels who recognize Mata'afa Iosefo as the island's king, the USS Philadelphia takes control of the capital at Apia.
- Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II takes direct command of the Imperial Navy.
- March 15 – Santa Cruz County is established in the southeast corner of Pima County around the city of Nogales (built across from the border of the larger Mexican city of Nogales, Sonora) in the U.S. territory of Arizona.
- March 16 – Memorial ceremonies are held for the burial of the late German hero Otto von Bismarck and his wife, Johanna von Puttkamer with their re-interment at the Bismarck Mausoleum, now a tourist attraction at Friedrichsruh in Aumühle. Bismarck, who had died on July 30, had been buried along with his wife at the estate of his home in Varzin, now the city of Warcino in Poland.
- March 17 – A fire kills 86 people at the Windsor Hotel in New York City.  
- March 18 – Phoebe, the ninth-known moon of the planet Saturn is discovered by U.S. astronomer William Pickering from analysis of photographic plates made by a Peruvian observatory seven months earlier, the first discovery of a satellite photographically.
- March 19 –
- March 20 – At Sing Sing prison in Ossining, New York, Martha M. Place becomes the first woman to be executed in an electric chair.
- March 21 – The Eden Theatre in La Ciotat, a small city in France near Marseilles, lays a claim to being the first cinema by as brothers Auguste Lumière and Louis Lumière present their short film, L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat ("The Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat") to 250 spectators surprised. The action film shows a steam train pulling into La Ciotat station, passengers coming out of the cars, and departing passengers climbing on. 
- March 22 – The coronation of Malietoa Tanumafili I as King of Samoa takes place. He had become the Malieota of the South Pacific island when his father died on August 22. 
- March 23 – The U.S. cruiser USS Philadelphia and the Royal Navy cruisers HMS Porpoise and HMS Royalist bombard rebel-held villages in Samoa after an attack on Apia. 
- March 24 –
- March 25 – The rowing team of Cambridge University wins the annual boat race against Oxford University for the first time in a decade, finishing ahead of Oxford by 3 1⁄4 lengths on the Thames. Oxford had won the race nine times in a row from 1890 to 1898.
- March 26 – In the first major action in the Malolos Campaign in the Philippine–American War, 90 Filipino soldiers are killed in the Battle of the Meycauayan bridge
- March 27
- March 28 – Alfred Martineau becomes the new French colonial governor of French Somaliland in northeast Africa, now the Republic of Djibouti
- March 29 – The First Philippine Republic relocates its capital from Malolos to San Isidro, Nueva Ecija as the government flees an invasion of U.S. forces.
- March 30 – The British steamer Stella sinks in the English Channel with the loss of 80 people after wrecking against Les Casquets, a group of rocks near the Channel Islands. 
- March 31 –
- April 1 – The Second Battle of Vailele takes place in Samoa as rebels loyal to King Mata'afa Iosefo force the retreat of American and British troops who assisting Samoans loyal to Prince Tanumafili.
- April 2 – The Hamburg America Line cruise ship SS Graf Waldersee begins its maiden voyage.
- April 3 – The ship Sakura Maru brings 790 Japanese immigrants to the Peruvian port of Callao as the first persons from Japan to be accepted to live in South America.
- April 4 –
- April 5 – A team of five European geologists and 30 African laborers sets out from Northern Rhodesia to explore the minerals of central Africa for the British company Tanganyika Concessions, Ltd. (TCL). Discovering that the most valuable copper deposits are in the Congo Free State, TCL makes an unsuccessful attempt to purchase full rights from King Leopold of Belgium.
- April 6 – In an elaborate military ceremony, 336 of the 385 American soldiers killed in the Spanish–American War are interred at the Arlington National Cemetery. 
- April 7 – The Shootout at Wilson Ranch, the last major gunfight of the Wild West era in the U.S., takes place in Tombstone, Arizona. Brothers William Halderman and Thomas Halderman, kill two lawmen. They will later be hanged on November 16, 1900.
- April 8 – The Victors, the famous fight song for University of Michigan sports, is premiered at Ann Arbor, Michigan by John Philip Sousa and his band. A student orchestra had played the music three days earlier for a smaller student audience.
- April 9 –
- In Uganda, King Chwa II Kabalega of the Bunyoro kingdom, a leader of the fight against British colonial occupation, is taken prisoner after being shot in a battle near Hoima. Kabalega is exiled to the Seychelles in the South Pacific ocean and remains there until 1923.
- The Greek ship Maria sinks after a collision with the British steamer Kingswell in the Mediterranean and 45 people drown. 
- The Battle of Santa Cruz begins in the Philippines between U.S. Army troops and nationalists of the First Philippine Republic. After a two day battle, 93 Filipino fighters and one American soldier are dead.
- April 10 – Seven people are shot and killed in a gun battle at the Springside Mine at Pana, Illinois, between striking white union coal miners, and African-Americans hired as strikebreakers by the company.  Five of the dead are black, including the wife of one of the non-union miners, along with one white miner and a white sheriff's deputy.
- April 11 – U.S. President William McKinley declares the Spanish-American War to be at an end as the Treaty of Paris between the U.S. and Spain goes into effect. Ratifications are exchanged between McKinley and French Ambassador Jules Cambon on behalf of Spain. Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam are ceded to the U.S. and Cuba becomes an American protectorate. 
- April 12 – Bolivia's President Severo Fernández is overthrown in a military coup d'etat led by General José Manuel Pando.
- April 13 – The British freighter City of York departs from the U.S. port of San Francisco with a crew of 27 and a cargo of Oregon timber bound for Fremantle in Australia, but never reaches its destination, wrecking on the reefs at Rottnest Island on July 12.
- April 14 – British Army troops in Hong Kong attack the Walled City of Kowloon on orders of colonial Governor Henry Blake, based on intelligence that Chinese Imperial Army troops have been stationed behind the walls to subvert Britian's 1898 lease. By April 19, the British commander discovers that the Chinese troops had already departed and that only 150 civilians remain.
- April 15 – Students at the University of California, Berkeley steal the Stanford Axe from Stanford University, yelling at leaders following a baseball game, thus establishing the Axe as a symbol of the rivalry between the schools.
- April 16 –
- Voting is held in Spain for the 402 seats of the Congreso de los Diputados, and the Conservative Union wins a majority with 233 members.  Voting for the Senate of Spain takes place on April 30.
- Britain formally claims possession of the "New Territories" as an extension of its lease of Hong Kong to cover the area south of the Sham Chun River and 230 island in Kowloon Bay.
- April 17 – The first elections for the 10-member Legislative Council of the British colony of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), limited to European candidates and voters.
- April 18 – The Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898 goes into effect, creating 32 counties of Ireland (six which would become Northern Ireland) and abolishes the counties corporate of Carrickfergus and Drogheda.
- April 19 – France adds Kingdom of Laos, a protectorate since 1893, to the existing colony of French Indochina.
- April 20 – The controversial ballet Le Cygne, choreographed by Madame Mariquita and written by Catulle Mendès, premieres at the Opéra-Comique in Paris, but is considered by critics to be too sexually explicit.
- April 21 – The nova V606 Aquilae is first observed from Earth as seen within the constellation Aquila. It fades within six months.
- April 22 – In aid of the Royal Niger Company, the British Army begins an invasion of Esanland, in southwestern Nigeria, to halt the resistance of the Esan chiefs still resistant to European rule. After Benin King Ologbosere is overcome, the British attack the kingdom at Ekpoma.
- April 23 – The steamship General Whitney sinks off the coast of St. Augustine, Florida. While everyone on board escapes in lifeboats, one of the boats capsizes, drowning the captain and 16 other crew.
- April 24 – The Scottish ship Loch Sloy is wrecked off the coast of Australia's Kangaroo Island, drowning 32 of the 35 people on board.
- April 25 – Voting is held for the 169-seat National Assembly in Bulgaria, and the Radoslava Party wins a majority.
- April 26 – Jean Sibelius's First Symphony premieres in Finland at Helsinki.
- April 27 – In Australia, the Apostolic Church of Queensland receives formal recognition as a religious denomination.
- April 28 – The United Kingdom and the Russian Empire sign the Anglo-Russian Agreement formalizing their spheres of influence in China, essentially agreeing that Britain will not seek railway concessions north of the Great Wall of China, and Russia will avoid doing the same in the Yangtze River valley in southern China. 
- April 29 – Camille Jenatzy of Belgium becomes the first person to drive faster than 100 kilometers per hour, powering his electric CITA Number 25 racecar, La Jamais Contente at 105.88 kilometres per hour (65.79 mph) at a track at Achères, near Paris.
- April 30 – In the Philippines, the U.S. establishes a protectorate over the Republic of Negros, a semi-independent government for Negros Island, separate from the rest of the Philippine Islands. The Republic exists until its annexation to the rest of the U.S. territory on April 20, 1901.
- May 1 – U.S. Navy Admiral George Dewey reported that 10 officers and crew of the ship USS Yorktown had been taken prisoner by the Phillipine republic. 
- May 2 – The Kingdom of Siam (now Thailand) ceded its province of Luang Prabang (now Laos) to France.  
- May 3 –
- May 4 –
- The thoroughbred horse Manuel, ridden by Fred Taral, wins the 25th running of the Kentucky Derby.
- Inventor John Matthias Stroh applies for the patent for his new invention, the "Stroh violin", a stringed musical instrument with an amplifying horn attached. British Patent No. GB9418 is granted on March 24, 1900.
- May 5 – The village of Stirling, Alberta is founded in Canada as a Mormon colony of 30 American settlers from Richfield, Utah, led by Theodore Brandley
- May 6 – The first democratic elections in Philippine history are held in for a municipal government for Baliuag in the province of Bulacan.
- May 7 – The capital of the First Philippine Republic is moved by President Emilio Aguinaldo from Manolos to Angeles City
- May 8 – In the French West African colony of Niger, French Army Captain Paul Voulet carries out the massacre of the Hausa inhabitants of the village of Birni-N'Konni in retaliation for the continued resistance of Queen Sarraounia.
- May 9 – The first KNVB Cup of the Royal Dutch Football Association is won by RAP Amsterdam in extra time, 1 to 0, over HVV Den Haag.
- May 10 – Finnish farmworker Karl Emil Malmelin kills seven people with an axe at the Simola croft in the village of Klaukkala.
- May 11 – Alberto Santos-Dumont attempts the first test flight of his Airship No. 2, but rain cools the hydrogen during the ship's inflation and a gust of wind blows it into nearby trees, where it is destroyed. 
- May 12 – The first trade union for railway employees in Sweden, the Svenska Järnvägsmannaförbundet (Sweden Railworkers' League) is founded. It lasts until 1970, when it merges into a labor union of Swedish government employees.
- May 13 –
- May 14 – The three time world champion Club Nacional de Football is founded in Montevideo, Uruguay.
- May 15 – A clue to the fate of the British freighter Pelican, which disappeared in October 1897 along with 40 crew, is found in a message in a bottle that washes ashore at Portage Bay, Alaska.
- May 16 –
- May 17 – In the Philippines, U.S. Army troops capture the city of San Isidro, Nueva Ecija, where Philippine Republic president Aguinaldo had moved his capital, but find that the insurgents had already left.
- May 18 – The First Hague Peace Conference is opened in The Hague by Willem de Beaufort, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.
- May 19 – The U.S. Army captures Tawi-Tawi, the southernmost island in the Philippines. 
- May 20 –
- Jacob German, a New York City cab driver, becomes the first motor vehicle operator in the U.S. to be arrested for speeding when he is caught driving his electric taxi 12 miles per hour (19 km/h), more than twice the speed limit on Lexington Avenue. 
- The American Physical Society is founded at a meeting at Columbia University in New York by 36 physicists, with a mission ""to advance and diffuse the knowledge of physics."
- May 21 –
- May 22 – The unrecognized República Selvática— the "Jungle Republic" is proclaimed by Peruvian Army Colonel Emilio Vizcarra in three provinces in Northern Peru located within the Amazon rainforest, Loreto, San Martín and Ucayali.  The "republic" is reincorporated into Peru after Vizcarra's death on February 27, 1900.
- May 23 – Major General Henry W. Lawton and his troops arrive in Manolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, after a 120-mile march in 20 days that had captured 28 towns with a loss of only six men. 
- May 24 – Jules Massenet's Cendrillon, the first opera based on the fairy tale of Cinderella, premieres in Paris at the theater of the Opéra-Comique.
- May 25 – A fire in the Candian city of Saint John, New Brunswick, destroys 150 buildings and renders over 1,000 people homeless. 
- May 26 –
- May 27 –
- May 28 – General Vicente Álvarez forms the short-lived Republic of Zamboanga in the Philippines on a peninusla on the island of Mindanao. The nation exists until 1903 when it is consolidated by the U.S. to the rest of the Philippine territory.
- May 29 – The Spanish system of courts in the Philippines, closed since the American occupation began, is revived under U.S. sovereignty and regulation. 
- May 30 – Female outlaw Pearl Hart robs a stage coach 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Globe, Arizona.
- May 31 – The Harriman Alaska Expedition is launched.
- June 1 – The Bloemfontein Conference commences between Paul Kruger and Sir Alfred Milner in the Orange Free State
- June 5 – Filpino army general Antonio Luna is assassinated.
- June 9 – American boxer James J. Jeffries knocks out Cornish-born Bob Fitzsimmons in the 11th round and wins the world heavyweight championship in a bout at Coney Island, New York.
- June 12 – The New Richmond tornado completely destroys the town of New Richmond, Wisconsin, killing 117 and injuring more than 200.
- June 17 – David Hilbert creates the modern concept of geometry, with the publication of his book Grundlagen der Geometrie, released on this date at Göttingen.
- June 19 – Edward Elgar's Enigma Variations premieres in London.
- June 20 – Right-wing nationalist movement Action Française formed in France
- June 22–27 – The highest ever recorded individual cricket score, 628 not out, is made by A. E. J. Collins. This record stood until 2016.
- June 25 – Three Denver newspapers publish a story (later proved to be a fabrication) that the Chinese government under the Guangxu Emperor is going to demolish the Great Wall of China.
- June 27 – The paperclip is patented by Johan Vaaler, a Norwegian inventor.
- June 30 – Mile-a-Minute Murphy earns his nickname after he becomes the first man to ride a bicycle for one-mile (1.6 km) in under a minute, on Long Island.
- July 1 – The International Council of Nurses is founded in London, at a meeting of the Matron's Council of Great Britain and Ireland.
- July 11 – Giovanni Agnelli founds the car company Fiat.
- July 14 – The first Republic of Acre is declared in South America.
- July 17
- America's first juvenile court is established in Chicago.
- NEC Corporation is organized as the first Japanese joint venture with foreign capital.
- Battle of Togbao: The French Bretonnet–Braun mission is destroyed in Chad, by the warlord Rabih az-Zubayr.
- The Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation takes effect, ending extraterritoriality and the unequal status of Japan in foreign commerce.
- July 21 – The Newsboys' strike takes place, when the Newsies of New York go on strike (until August 2).
- July 27 – Gold is discovered in Nome, Alaska, leading to the Nome Gold Rush.
- July 29 – The first international Peace Conference ends, with the signing of the First Hague Convention.
- July 30 – The Harriman Alaska Expedition ends successfully.
- July 31 – Duke of York Island, outside Antarctica, is discovered by explorer Carsten Borchgrevink and the British Southern Cross Expedition.
- August 3 – The John Marshall Law School is founded in Chicago.
- August 10 – Marshall "Major" Taylor wins the world 1-mile (1.6 km) professional cycling championship in Montreal, securing his place as the first African American world champion in any sport.
- August 17 – The San Ciriaco hurricane makes landfall in North Carolina's Outer Banks, completely destroying the town of Diamond City.
- August 28 – At least 512 are killed when a debris hill from the Sumitomo Besshi copper mine at Niihama, Shikoku, Japan, collapses after heavy rain; 122 houses, a smelting factory, hospital and many other facilities are destroyed.
- August 31 – The Olympique de Marseille association football club is founded in France.
- September 6 – The White Star Line's transatlantic ocean liner RMS Oceanic sails on her maiden voyage. At 17,272 gross register tons and 704 ft (215 m), she is the largest ship afloat, following scrapping of the SS Great Eastern a decade earlier.
- September 13 – Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199 m or 17,057 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
- September 13 – Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.
- September 18 – Scott Joplin's Maple Leaf Rag is registered for copyright, as ragtime music enjoys mainstream popularity in the United States.
- September 19 – Alfred Dreyfus is pardoned in France.
- October 9–14 – The Hanover Congress of the Social Democratic Party of Germany is held in Hanover.
- October 11 – The Second Boer War: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
- October 13 – Second Boer War: The siege of Mafeking begins.
- October 14 – Second Boer War: Kimberley comes under siege by the Boers.
- October 20 – Second Boer War – Battle of Talana Hill: In the first major clash of the conflict, near Dundee, Natal, the British Army drives the Boers from a hilltop position, but with heavy casualties, including their commanding general Sir Penn Symons.
- October 30 – Second Boer War: The Siege of Ladysmith begins.
- October 30 – The Augusta High School Building is completed in Augusta, Kentucky; Augusta Methodist College shuts down.
- November 4 – The Alpha Sigma Tau sorority is founded in Ypsilanti, Michigan.
- November 8 – The New York Zoological Society opens the Bronx Zoological Park to the public, in New York City.
- November 15 – The American Line's SS St. Paul becomes the first ocean liner to report her imminent arrival by wireless telegraphy, when Marconi's station at The Needles contacts her 66 nautical miles (122 km) off the coast of England.
- November 24 – Mahdist War – Battle of Umm Diwaykarat: A decisive British and Egyptian victory ends the war in the Sudan.
- November 29 – The FC Barcelona association football club is founded.
- December 2
- Philippine–American War – Battle of Tirad Pass ("The Filipino Thermopylae"): General Gregorio del Pilar and his troops are able to guard the retreat of Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo, before being wiped out.
- During the new moon, a near-grand conjunction of the classical planets and several binocular Solar System bodies occur. The Sun, Moon, Mercury, Mars and Saturn are all within 15° of each other, with Venus 5° ahead of this conjunction and Jupiter 15° behind. Accompanying the classical planets in this grand conjunction are Uranus (technically visible unaided in pollution-free skies), Ceres and Pallas.
- December 10
- December 11 – Second Boer War – Battle of Magersfontein: Boers defeat British forces trying to relieve the Siege of Kimberley.
- December 15 – Glasgow School of Art opens its new building, the most notable work of Scottish architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
- December 16
- December 26 – Pinnacle Rock, a Balancing rock in Cumberland Gap, falls down.
- December 31
- The last day of the 1890s.
- Ferdinand Zeppelin builds the first successful airship.
- The significance of Chinese oracle bones is discovered.
- The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the town of Manteo, which was originally laid out as the Dare County seat in 1870.
- Riro, last of the Kings of Easter Island, on a visit to Valparaíso, Chile, dies either from alcohol poisoning, or an assassination plot by the Chilean government.
- Oxo beef stock cubes are introduced, by Liebig's Extract of Meat Company.
- Alfred R. Tucker becomes Bishop of Uganda.
- The German company Miele is founded.
- Torii Shoten, as predecessor of Suntory, as alcoholic drink and soft drink brand on worldwide, was founded in Osaka, Japan.[page needed]
- Giros-Loucheur Group, as predecessor of Vinci, a construction and infrastructure industry on worldwide, founded in France.
- Timken Roller Bearing Company, as predecessor of parts brand on worldwide, Timken was founded in Missouri, United States.
- The 1899–1923 cholera pandemic occur in the Europe, Asia and Africa (Old World), right behind the 1846–1860 cholera pandemic in Russia
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1 – Jack Beresford, British Olympic rower (d. 1977)
- January 3 – Karl Diebitsch, German fashion designer (1985)
- January 6
- January 7 – Francis Poulenc, French composer (d. 1963)
- January 8 – S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (d. 1959)
- January 11 – Eva Le Gallienne, English actress (d. 1991)
- January 12 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1965)
- January 14
- January 15 – Goodman Ace, American actor, comedian and writer (d. 1982)
- January 17
- January 20 – Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese television development pioneer (d. 1990)
- January 21
- January 23 – Alfred Denning, Baron Denning, English lawyer, judge and Master of the Rolls (d. 1999)
- January 25 – Paul-Henri Spaak, 31st Prime Minister of Belgium and international statesman (d. 1972)
- January 27 – Béla Guttmann, Hungarian-born Association football coach (d. 1981)
- January 29 – Antal Páger, Hungarian actor (d. 1986)
- January 30 – Max Theiler, South African virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
- February 2 – Herbie Faye, American actor (d. 1980)
- February 3
- February 4 – Virginia M. Alexander, African-American physician (d. 1949)
- February 6 – Ramon Novarro, Mexican-born American actor (d. 1968)
- February 7 – Earl Whitehill, American baseball player (d. 1954)
- February 10 – Cevdet Sunay, 5th President of Turkey (d. 1982)
- February 15
- February 17
- February 18 – Sir Arthur Bryant, British historian (d. 1985)
- February 19 – Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, German scientist (d. 1961)
- February 22
- February 23 – Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
- February 24 – Mikhail Gromov, Soviet aviator (d. 1985)
- February 26
- February 27 – Charles Best, Canadian medical scientist (d. 1978)
- March 4 – Harry R. Wellman, University of California president (d. 1997)
- March 8
- March 11 – King Frederick IX of Denmark (d. 1972)
- March 13 – John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1980)
- March 18 – Jean Goldkette, French-born musician (d. 1962)
- March 21 – Panagiotis Pipinelis, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1970)
- March 24 – Dorothy C. Stratton, American director of the SPARS during World War II (d. 2006)
- March 25 - Burt Munro, New Zealand motorcycle racer (d. 1978)
- March 27 – Gloria Swanson, American actress (d. 1983)
- March 28
- March 29
- April 1 – Gustavs Celmiņš, Latvian fascist leader (d. 1968)
- April 3 – Maria Redaelli-Granoli, Italian supercentenarian, oldest person in Europe (d. 2013)
- April 4 – Hillel Oppenheimer, German-born Israeli botanist (d. 1971)
- April 5
- April 7 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (d. 1972)
- April 9 – Hans Jeschonnek, German general (d. 1943)
- April 16 – Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)
- April 19 – George O'Brien, American actor (d. 1985)
- April 20 – Alan Arnett McLeod, Canadian soldier (d. 1918)
- April 21 – Percy Lavon Julian, American scientist (d. 1975)
- April 22 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born American writer (d. 1977)
- April 23 – Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
- April 24 – Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (d. 1986)
- April 26 – John Fearns Nicoll, British colonial governor (d. 1981)
- April 27 – Walter Lantz, American animator, creator of Woody Woodpecker (d. 1994)
- April 29
- May 3 – Aline MacMahon, American actress (d. 1991)
- May 6 – Billy Cotton, British entertainer, bandleader (d. 1969)
- May 8
- May 10
- May 12 – Indra Devi, Baltic-born yogi, and actress (d. 2002)
- May 15 – Jean-Étienne Valluy, French general (d. 1970)
- May 17 – Carmen de Icaza, Spanish writer (d. 1979)
- May 18 – Ronald Armstrong-Jones, Welsh barrister (d. 1966)
- May 20 – John Marshall Harlan II, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1971)
- May 23 – Jeralean Talley, American supercentenarian (d. 2015)
- May 24
- May 26 – Ruth Bird, English historian and schoolteacher. (d. 1987)
- May 30 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (d. 1936)
- June 1 – Edward Charles Titchmarsh, British mathematician (d. 1963)
- June 2 – Lotte Reiniger, German-born silhouette animator (d. 1981)
- June 3 – Georg von Békésy, Hungarian biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
- June 4 – Arthur Barker, American criminal, son of Ma Barker (d. 1939)
- June 9 – Signe Amundsen, Norwegian operatic soprano (d. 1987)
- June 11 – Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese writer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (d. 1972)
- June 12 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1986)
- June 13 – Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer (d. 1978)
- June 16 – Helen Traubel, American soprano (d. 1972)
- June 18 – John Warburton, British actor (d. 1981)
- June 24 – Bruce Marshall, Scottish writer (d. 1987)
- June 25 – Arthur Tracy, American singer (d. 1997)
- June 26
- June 27 – Juan Trippe, American airline pioneer, entrepreneur (d. 1981)
- June 29 – Edward Twining, British diplomat, Governor of North Borneo and of Tanganyika (d. 1967)
- June 30
- July 1
- July 4 – Austin Warren, American literary critic, author, and professor of English (d. 1986)
- July 5 – Marcel Achard, French playwright, scriptwriter (d. 1974)
- July 6 – Susannah Mushatt Jones, American supercentenarian, Last remaining American born in the 19th century (d. 2016)
- July 7
- July 10 – John Gilbert, American actor (d. 1936)
- July 11
- July 12 – E. D. Nixon, African-American civil rights leader and union organizer (d. 1987)
- July 15 – Seán Lemass, Taoiseach of Ireland (d. 1971)
- July 16 – Božidar Jakac, Slovene Expressionist, Realist and Symbolist painter, printmaker, art teacher, photographer and filmmaker (d. 1989)
- July 17 – James Cagney, American actor and dancer (d. 1986)
- July 18 – Floyd Stahl, American collegiate athletic coach (d. 1996)
- July 20 – Paul Christoph Mangelsdorf, American botanist and agronomist (d. 1989)
- July 21
- July 22 – King Sobhuza II of Swaziland (d. 1982)
- July 23 – Gustav Heinemann, President of Germany (d. 1976)
- July 24 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor, writer and tribal chief of the Tsleil-Waututh First Nation (d. 1981)
- July 29
- August 1 – Kamala Nehru, Spouse of Prime Minister of India (d. 1936)
- August 4 – Ezra Taft Benson, 13th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1994)
- August 9
- August 13 – Alfred Hitchcock, British-born American film director (d. 1980)
- August 14 – Alma Reville, English screenwriter and film editor, wife of director Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1982)
- August 16 – Glenn Strange, American actor (d. 1973)
- August 17 – Janet Lewis, American novelist and poet (d. 1998)
- August 19 – Colleen Moore, American actress (d. 1988)
- August 24
- August 26 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter (d. 1991)
- August 27
- August 28
- Béla Guttmann, Hungarian footballer and coach (d. 1981)
- Vernon Huber, American rear admiral; 36th Governor of American Samoa (d. 1967)
- August 29 – Lyman Lemnitzer, American general (d. 1988)
- August 30 – Ray Arcel, American boxing trainer (d. 1994)
- August 31 – Boots Adams, American business magnate, president of Phillips Petroleum Company (d. 1975)
- September 1
- September 3 – Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1985)
- September 9
- September 11 – Jimmie Davis, American politician and musician, Governor of Louisiana (d. 2000)
- September 13 – Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian fascist politician, leader of the Iron Guard (d. 1938)
- September 17 – Harold Bennett, British actor (d. 1981)
- September 18 – Ida Kamińska, Polish-Jewish actress, playwright, and translator (d. 1980)
- September 21 – Frederick Coutts, 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1986)
- September 23 – Tom C. Clark, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1977)
- October 1 – Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
- October 3 – Gertrude Berg, American actress (d. 1966)
- October 4
- October 5 – George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1963)
- October 9 – Bruce Catton, American Civil War historian, Pulitzer Prize winner (1954) (d. 1978)
- October 19 – Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
- October 20 – Evelyn Brent, American actress (d. 1975)
- October 22 – Nikolay Bogolyubov, Soviet and Russian actor (d. 1980)
- October 24
- October 29 – Akim Tamiroff, Armenian actor (d. 1972)
- October 30 – Katarina Marinič, Slovenian supercentenarian (d. 2010)
- November 5 – Forrest Lewis, American actor (d. 1977)
- November 6 – Feng Zhanhai, Chinese military leader, government official (d. 1963)
- November 7
- November 11 – Pat O'Brien, American actor (d. 1983)
- November 13
- November 15 – Avdy Andresson, Estonian Minister of War in Exile (d. 1990)
- November 17 – Douglas Shearer, American film sound engineer (d. 1971)
- November 18 – Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-American conductor (d. 1985)
- November 19 – Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Shia Ayatollah (d. 1992)
- November 21 – Jobyna Ralston, American actress (d. 1967)
- November 22
- November 23 – Manuel dos Reis Machado, Brazilian martial arts master (d. 1974)
- November 24 – Soraya Tarzi, Afghan feminist, queen (d. 1968)
- November 26
- November 29 – Emma Morano, Italian supercentenarian, oldest Italian ever, last surviving person born in the 1800s (d. 2017)
- December 1 – Gaetano Lucchese, American gangster, boss of the Lucchese crime family (d. 1967)
- December 2
- December 3 – Hayato Ikeda, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1965)
- December 4 – Sam Newfield, American film director (d. 1964)
- December 8 – John Qualen, Canadian-American actor (d. 1987)
- December 9 – Jean de Brunhoff, French writer (d. 1937)
- December 11 – Joan Stevenson Abbott , Australian World War II army hospital matron (d. 1975)
- December 14 – DeFord Bailey, American country musician (d. 1982)
- December 15 – Harold Abrahams, British athlete (d. 1978)
- December 16
- December 18 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian author and philosopher (d. 1990)
- December 19 – Martin Luther King Sr., American Baptist pastor, missionary, and early figure in the civil rights movement (d. 1984)
- December 20
- December 25
- December 28 – Eugeniusz Bodo, Polish actor (d. 1943)
- December 29 – Nie Rongzhen, Chinese Communist military leader (d. 1992)
- December 31 – Friedrich Panse, German psychiatrist (d. 1973)
- January 23 – Romualdo Pacheco, 12th Governor of California (b. 1831)
- January 29 – Alfred Sisley, French Impressionist landscape painter (b. 1839)
- January 30 –Harry Bates, English sculptor (b. 1850)
- January 31 – Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma, princess consort of Bulgaria (b. 1870)
- February 6
- Leo von Caprivi, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1831)
- Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1874)
- February 11 – Teuku Umar, Leader of Acehnese Rebellion (b. 1854)
- February 16 – Félix Faure, President of France (b. 1841)
- February 18 – Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician; see Lie group.(b. 1842)
- February 23 – Gaëtan de Rochebouët, Prime Minister of France (b. 1813)
- February 25 – Paul Reuter, German-born news agency founder (b. 1816)
- March 3 – William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
- March 6 – Princess Kaʻiulani, last monarch of Hawaii (b. 1875)
- March 12 – Sir Julius Vogel, Premier of New Zealand (b. 1835)
- March 18 – Othniel Charles Marsh, American palaeontologist (b. 1831)
- March 20 – Martha M. Place, American murderer, first woman executed in the electric chair (b. 1849)
- March 24 – Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin, Swiss national, international women's rights activist, pacifist (b. 1826)
- April 1 – Charles C. Carpenter, American admiral (b. 1834)
- April 5 – T. E. Ellis, Welsh politician (b. 1859)
- April 6 – Garret Parry, Irish piper (b. 1847)
- April 7 – Pieter Rijke, Dutch physicist (b. 1812)
- April 11 – Lascăr Catargiu, 4-time Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1823)
- April 16 – Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet, revolutionary (b. 1875)
- April 22 – Johann Köler, Estonian painter (b. 1826)
- May 24 – William Brett, 1st Viscount Esher, British law lord (b. 1817)
- May 25 – Emilio Castelar y Ripoll, President of the First Spanish Republic (b. 1832)
- June 3 – Johann Strauss, Jr., Austrian composer (b. 1825)
- June 4 – Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician (b. 1835)
- June 5 – Antonio Luna, Filipino general (assassinated) (b. 1866)
- June 7 – Augustin Daly, American theatrical impresario, playwright (b. 1838)
- June 10 – Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
- July 1 – Sir William Flower, British museum curator and surgeon (b. 1831)
- July 16 – Margaretta Riley, British botanist (b. 1804)
- July 18 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American writer (b. 1832)
- July 21 – Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician (b. 1833)
- July 27 – Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa, German chess-master (b. 1818)
- August – Frances Laughton Mace, American poet (b. 1836)
- August 4 – Karl, Freiherr von Prel, German philosopher (b. 1839)
- August 9
- August 16 – Robert Bunsen, German chemist (b. 1811)
- September 2 – Ernest Renshaw, British tennis player (b. 1861)
- September 12 – Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American railway magnate (b. 1843)
- September 13 – Sarah Warren Keeler, American educator of the deaf-mute (b. 1844)
- September 17 – Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (b. 1842)
- September 28 – Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter (b. 1858)
- October 2
- October 7 – Deodato Arellano, Filipino Propagandist (b. 1844)
- October 14
- October 22 – Ella Hoag Brockway Avann, American educator (b. 1853)
- October 23 – Sir Penn Symons, British general (died of wounds) (b. 1843)
- October 25 – Grant Allen, Canadian science writer and novelist (b. 1848)
- October 30
- October 31 – Anton Berindei, Wallachian-born Romanian general and politician (b. 1838)
- November 16
- November 21 – Garret Hobart, 24th Vice President of the United States (b. 1844)
- November 23 – Thomas Henry Ismay, British owner of the White Star Line (b. 1837)
- November 24 – Abdallahi ibn Muhammad, Sudanese political, religious leader (killed in battle) (b. 1846)
- November 28 – Virginia Oldoini, Countess of Castiglione (b. 1837)
- December 2 – Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (killed in battle) (b. 1875)
- December 10 – King Ngwane V of Swaziland (b. 1876)
- December 19 – Henry Ware Lawton, American general (killed in action) (b. 1843)
- December 22
- December 31
- "Mr. Hoar's Part in the Filipino War". The New York Times. January 15, 1900. p. 1.
- Nicholas Leach, Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: (Twelveheads Press, 2009) pp. 49–50.
- "Canadian Pacific Railway", by Donald M. Bain, in Encyclopedia of North American Railroads. ed. by William D. Middleton, et al. (Indiana University Press, 2007) p. 197
- "Vessel Goes Down at Night During a Squall and Is Not Missed until Morning", San Francisco Call, January 15, 1899
- William Dinwiddie, Puerto Rico, its Conditions and Possibilities (Harper & Brothers, 1899) p. 261
- "Bohol participation in the Philippine Revolution". Webline Bohol, Philippines. Provincial Government of Bohol. 1999. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- George Henry White", in Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007, ed. by Robert A. Brady (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008) p. 260
- Anton A. Huurdeman, The Worldwide History of Telecommunications (Wiley, 2003) p. 215
- Joseph Kinsey Howard, Montana: High, Wide, and Handsome (University of Nebraska Press, 2003) p. 67
- George Gawrych, The Crescent and the Eagle: Ottoman Rule, Islam and the Albanians, 1874-1913 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2006) p. 125
- Arthur W. J. G. Ord-Hume, Perpetual Motion (Adventures Unlimited Press, 2015) p.146
- Marie-France Barrier, Ranavalona, dernière reine de Madagascar (Balland, 1996) pp. 273-274
- Kenneth N. Johnson, Kansas University Basketball Legends (Arcadia Publishing, 2013)
- "The White Man's Burden", commentary by Mary Hamer, The Kipling Society
- Brian McAllister Linn, The Philippine War, 1899–1902 (University Press of Kansas, 2000) p. 52
- Sergei Pushkarev, Self-government and Freedom In Russia (Taylor & Francis, 2019)
- "War Department Investigating Commission", by Joseph Smith, in The War of 1898, and U.S. Interventions, 1898–1934: An Encyclopedia, ed. by Benjamin R. Beede (Taylor & Francis, 1994) pp. 582-584
- "Accuses Kansas Colonel; Lieut. Hall, by Affidavits of Others, Charges W.S. Metcalf with Shooting an Unarmed Prisoner", New York Times, November 21, 1899
- "Climate History: The Great Arctic Outbreak of February 1899", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
- Ian Collard, The British Cruise Ship An Illustrated History 1844-1939 (Amberley Publishing, 2013)
- "Loubet, Émile François", Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th edition, Volume 17 (1911), p. 26
- Brian S. McBeth, Gunboats, Corruption, and Claims: Foreign Intervention in Venezuela, 1899-1908 (Greenwood Press, 2001) pp. 13-14
- "Laurier, Sir Wilfrid", by Réal Bélanger, in Dictionary of Canadian Biography
- "Motoring Firsts". National Motor Museum Trust. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
- "Marketing History as Social Responsibility", by Christopher Gerteis, in Japan Since 1945: From Postwar to Post-Bubble (Bloomsbury, 2013) p. 235
- Anthony B. Cochran, Out of the Storm: A Legacy (Outskirts Press, 2018) p. 252
- Andia, Gianfranco; Duroc, Yvan; Tedjini, Smail (January 19, 2018). Non-Linearities in Passive RFID Systems: Third Harmonic Concept and Applications. ISBN 9781119490739.
- Harry Barnard, Independent Man: The Life of Senator James Couzens (Wayne State University Press, 2002) p. 53
- "Commercial and Corporate Law in Japan", by Harald Baum and Eiji Takahashi, in History of Law in Japan Since 1868 (Brill, 2005) p. 355
- Anne Petrie, The Story of Kent (History Press, 2017)
- "Jungner, Ernst Waldemar", in Innovators in Battery Technology: Profiles of 95 Influential Electrochemists, by Kevin Desmond (McFarland Publishing 2016) p. 116
- "Encinal County Abolished", The Laws of Texas, 1897-1902, Volume 11 (Gammel Book Company, 1902) pp.10–11.
- "Gotham Tragedy, Gotham Memory", by Christopher Gray, City-Journal (New York City), Winter 2003
- "Windsor Hotel Lies in Ashes", The New York Times, March 18, 1899, p. 1
- "World's oldest cinema to reopen in France's La Ciotat", France 24, September 10, 2013
- The American Monthly Review of Reviews (June 1899), pp. 539-542
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Bruce A. Elleman, International Competition in China, 1899-1991 (Taylor & Francis, 2015) p. 10
- The American Monthly Review of Reviews (June 1899), pp. 664-669
- The American Monthly Review of Reviews (June 1900), pp. 664-669
- "Nurmijärwen murhamies renki Karl Emil Malmelin wangittu". Digikansalliskirjasto (in Finnish). Uusi Suometar. May 25, 1899. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- Keskisarja, Teemu (2015). Kirves: Toivo Harald Koljosen rikos ja rangaistus (in Finnish). Siltala. ISBN 978-952-234-324-6.
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