1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1899th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 899th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1899, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1899 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1899
MDCCCXCIX
Ab urbe condita2652
Armenian calendar1348
ԹՎ ՌՅԽԸ
Assyrian calendar6649
Baháʼí calendar55–56
Balinese saka calendar1820–1821
Bengali calendar1306
Berber calendar2849
British Regnal year62 Vict. 1 – 63 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2443
Burmese calendar1261
Byzantine calendar7407–7408
Chinese calendar戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4595 or 4535
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4596 or 4536
Coptic calendar1615–1616
Discordian calendar3065
Ethiopian calendar1891–1892
Hebrew calendar5659–5660
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1955–1956
 - Shaka Samvat1820–1821
 - Kali Yuga4999–5000
Holocene calendar11899
Igbo calendar899–900
Iranian calendar1277–1278
Islamic calendar1316–1317
Japanese calendarMeiji 32
(明治32年)
Javanese calendar1828–1829
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4232
Minguo calendar13 before ROC
民前13年
Nanakshahi calendar431
Thai solar calendar2441–2442
Tibetan calendar阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
2025 or 1644 or 872
    — to —
阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
2026 or 1645 or 873

EventsEdit

January 1899Edit

  • January 1
  • January 2
  • January 3 – Hungarian Prime Minister Dezső Bánffy fights an inconclusive duel with his bitter enemy in parliament, Horánszky Nándor.
  • January 4
    • U.S. President William McKinley's declaration of December 21, 1898, proclaiming a policy of benevolent assimilation of the Philippines as a United States territory, is announced in Manila by the U.S. commander, General Elwell Otis, and angers independence activists who had fought against Spanish rule.
    • The American Society of Landscape Architects, still in existence 123 years later, is founded.
  • January 5 – A fierce battle is fought between American troops and Filipino defenders at the town of Pililla on the island of Luzon. The Filipinos retreat to the mountains at Tanay.
  • January 6Lord Curzon becomes Viceroy of India.
  • January 7The Lucky Star, and an English comic opera composed by Ivan Caryll and produced by the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company premieres at the Savoy Theatre in London for the first of 143 performances.
  • January 8 – The Association football club SK Rapid Wien is founded in Vienna.
  • January 9
    • After a successful revolt against the Ottoman Empire by the inhabitants of the island of Crete, the area, which joins Greece, gets its first constitution, with provisions for a provincial legislature with 138 Christian deputies and 50 Muslim deputies.
    • George F. Hoar, a U.S. Senator for Massachusetts, speaks out in the Senate against American expansion into the Philippines. The text of Hoar's is sent by cable to Hong Kong at a cost of $4,000, and is later cited by Ambassador John Barrett on January 13, 1900, as an incitement to Filipino attacks on U.S. troops.[1]
  • January 10 – The Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity is founded, at Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Illinois.
  • January 11 – The Steel Plate Transferrers' Association, the first labor union for workers skilled in siderography (the engraving and mass reproduction of steel plates for newspaper printing) is established After changing its name to the International Association of Siderographers, it has 80 members at its peak. It dissolves in 1991, with only eight members left. Stewart, Estelle May (1936). Handbook of American trade-unions: 1936 edition. United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. United States Government Printing Office.
  • January 12 – A massive rescue by the Lynmouth Lifeboat Station, using 100 men and requiring the transport of the lifeboat Louisa over land and then out to sea, succeeds in saving all 18 men aboard.[2] The event is later made famous in the children's book The Overland Launch.
  • January 13 – The Canadian Northern Railway is established, on January 13, 1899 [3]
  • January 14
    • The White Star Line ship RMS Oceanic, at the time the largest British ocean liner up to that time, is launched from the Irish port of Belfast in front of over 50,000 people. It will begin its maiden voyage on September 6.
    • The British four-masted sailing ship Andelana capsizes during a storm in Commencement Bay off the coast of the U.S. Washington, with the loss of all 17 of her crew.[4]
  • January 15 – The name of Puerto Rico is changed by the new U.S. military government to "Porto Rico".[5] It will not be changed back until May 17, 1932.
  • January 16 – Eduardo Calceta is appointed as Chief of the Army (Jefe General) of the rebel Phillipine Republic army by Emilio Aguinaldo.[6]
  • January 17 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean.
  • January 18 – The General Assembly of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania begins the task of filling the U.S. Senate seat of Matthew Quay, who had recently resigned after being indicted on criminal charges. After 79 ballots and three months, no candidate has a majority, and the General Assembly refuses to approve the governor's appointment of a successor, and the seat remains vacant for more than two years. The Pennsylvania experience later leads to the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to provide for U.S. Senators to be directly elected by popular vote, rather than by the state legislatures.
  • January 19
    • The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed (it is disbanded in 1956).
    • Future film producer Samuel Goldwyn, born in Poland and later a resident of Germany and England, arrives in the United States at age 16 as Szmuel Gelbfisz.
  • January 20 – The Schurman Commission is created by U.S. President William McKinley to study the issue of the American approach to he sovereignty of the Philippines, ceded to the U.S. on December 10 by Spain. The five-man group, chaired by Cornell University President Jacob Schurman, later concludes that the Philippines will need to become financially independent before a republic can be created.
  • January 21

February 1899Edit

March 1899Edit

 
March 6: Aspirin.

April 1899Edit

May 1899Edit

June 1899Edit

July 1899Edit

August 1899Edit

September 1899Edit

October 1899Edit

November 1899Edit

December 1899Edit

Date unknownEdit

 
First flight of the Zeppelin LZ 1 airship

BirthsEdit

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

MayEdit

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

SeptemberEdit

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

DeathsEdit

January–FebruaryEdit

March–AprilEdit

May–JuneEdit

July–AugustEdit

September–OctoberEdit

November–DecemberEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Nicholas Leach, Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: (Twelveheads Press, 2009) pp. 49–50.
  3. ^ "Canadian Pacific Railway", by Donald M. Bain, in Encyclopedia of North American Railroads. ed. by William D. Middleton, et al. (Indiana University Press, 2007) p. 197
  4. ^ "Vessel Goes Down at Night During a Squall and Is Not Missed until Morning", San Francisco Call, January 15, 1899
  5. ^ William Dinwiddie, Puerto Rico, its Conditions and Possibilities (Harper & Brothers, 1899) p. 261
  6. ^ "Bohol participation in the Philippine Revolution". Webline Bohol, Philippines. Provincial Government of Bohol. 1999. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
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  8. ^ Anton A. Huurdeman, The Worldwide History of Telecommunications (Wiley, 2003) p. 215
  9. ^ Joseph Kinsey Howard, Montana: High, Wide, and Handsome (University of Nebraska Press, 2003) p. 67
  10. ^ George Gawrych, The Crescent and the Eagle: Ottoman Rule, Islam and the Albanians, 1874-1913 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2006) p. 125
  11. ^ Arthur W. J. G. Ord-Hume, Perpetual Motion (Adventures Unlimited Press, 2015) p.146
  12. ^ Marie-France Barrier, Ranavalona, dernière reine de Madagascar (Balland, 1996) pp. 273-274
  13. ^ Kenneth N. Johnson, Kansas University Basketball Legends (Arcadia Publishing, 2013)
  14. ^ "The White Man's Burden", commentary by Mary Hamer, The Kipling Society
  15. ^ Brian McAllister Linn, The Philippine War, 1899–1902 (University Press of Kansas, 2000) p. 52
  16. ^ Sergei Pushkarev, Self-government and Freedom In Russia (Taylor & Francis, 2019)
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  18. ^ "Accuses Kansas Colonel; Lieut. Hall, by Affidavits of Others, Charges W.S. Metcalf with Shooting an Unarmed Prisoner", New York Times, November 21, 1899
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  25. ^ "Motoring Firsts". National Motor Museum Trust. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
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  30. ^ "Commercial and Corporate Law in Japan", by Harald Baum and Eiji Takahashi, in History of Law in Japan Since 1868 (Brill, 2005) p. 355
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  33. ^ "Encinal County Abolished", The Laws of Texas, 1897-1902, Volume 11 (Gammel Book Company, 1902) pp.10–11.
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  41. ^ a b c d The American Monthly Review of Reviews (June 1900), pp. 664-669
  42. ^ "Nurmijärwen murhamies renki Karl Emil Malmelin wangittu". Digikansalliskirjasto (in Finnish). Uusi Suometar. May 25, 1899. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
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  45. ^ a b c d The American Monthly Review of Reviews (July 1899), pp. 25-29
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  59. ^ "Congratulations to the Glasgow School of Art as they celebrate 100th anniversary of the Mackintosh Building". Museums Galleries Scotland. December 15, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
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