2014 (MMXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2014th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 14th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 5th year of the 2010s decade.
2014 was designated as:
- International Year of Crystallography
- International Year of Family Farming
- International Year of Small Island Developing States
- International Year of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
- January 1 – Latvia officially adopts the euro as its currency and becomes the 18th member of the Eurozone.
- January 5 – A launch of the communication satellite GSAT-14 aboard the GSLV Mk.II D5 marks the first successful flight of an Indian cryogenic rocket engine.
- February – The West African Ebola virus epidemic begins, infecting at least 28,616 people and killing at least 11,310 people, the most severe both in terms of numbers of infections and casualties.
- February 7–23 – The XXII Olympic Winter Games are held in Sochi, Russia. Slopestyle events are introduced for the first time.
- February 13 – Belgium becomes the first country in the world to legalise euthanasia for terminally ill patients of any age.
- February 22 – Revolution of Dignity: The Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) votes to remove President Viktor Yanukovych from office, replacing him with Oleksandr Turchynov, after days of civil unrest leaving around 100 people dead in Kyiv.
- February 28 – The number of people in the U.S. using mobile devices to access the internet overtook those using desktop computers for the first time, a feat which would be followed globally two years later in 2016.
- March 1 – 2014 Kunming attack occurs in China
- March 5 – Nicolás Maduro, the President of Venezuela, severs diplomatic and political ties with Panama, accusing Panama of being involved in a conspiracy against the Venezuelan government.
- March 8 – Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, a Boeing 777 airliner en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur, disappears over the Gulf of Thailand with 239 people on board. The aircraft is presumed to have crashed into the Indian Ocean.
- March 16
- March 21 – Russia formally annexes Crimea after President Vladimir Putin signs a bill formalizing the process.
- March 24 – During an emergency meeting, the United Kingdom, the United States, Italy, Germany, France, Japan, and Canada temporarily suspend Russia from the G8, recognizing Crimea within Ukraine's international borders and rejecting the validity of the 2014 Crimean referendum.
- March 31 – The United Nations International Court of Justice rules that Japan's Antarctic whaling program is not scientific but commercial and forbids grants of further permits.
- April 7 – The self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic statelet unilaterally declares its independence from Ukraine.
- April 10 – In response to the invasion and subsequent annexation of Crimea by Russia, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) passes a resolution to temporarily strip Russia of its voting rights; its rights to be represented in the Bureau of the Assembly, the PACE Presidential Committee, and the PACE Standing Committee; and its right to participate in election-observation missions.
- April 14 – Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping: an estimated 276 girls and women are abducted from a school in Nigeria and held hostage.
- April 16 – The South Korean ferry MV Sewol capsizes and sinks after an unmanageable cargo shift, killing 304 people, mostly high school students.
- April 27 – The Catholic Church simultaneously canonizes Popes John XXIII and John Paul II.
- April 28 – United States President Barack Obama's new economic sanctions against Russia go into effect, targeting companies and individuals close to Russian President Vladimir Putin.
- May 5
- May 6–10 – The Eurovision Song Contest 2014 takes place in Copenhagen, Denmark, and is won by Austrian entrant Conchita Wurst with the song "Rise Like a Phoenix".
- May 12 – The Luhansk People's Republic unilaterally declares its independence from Ukraine.
- May 14 – According to a South Korea Unification Ministry report, a twenty-three story apartment building collapsed in Pyongchon-guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea (DPR of Korea), with more than 490 fatalities estimated.[page needed]
- May 20 – 2014 Jos bombings: Terrorists in Nigeria detonate bombs at Jos, killing 118 people.
- May 22
- 2014 Thai coup d'état: The Royal Thai Army overthrows the caretaker government of Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan after a failure to resolve the political unrest in Thailand.
- A terrorist attack in Ürümqi, China leaves 43 dead and more than 90 injured.
- The Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic declare the formation of Novorossiya, also referred to as the Union of People's Republics.
- May 26 – Narendra Modi succeeds Manmohan Singh as the 14th prime minister of India.
- June 5 – A Sunni militant group now calling itself the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (also known as ISIS, ISIL or Daesh) begins an offensive through northern Iraq, aiming to capture the Iraqi capital city of Baghdad and overthrow the Shiite government led by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.
- June 12 – In the Camp Speicher massacre in Iraq, ISIL kills 1,566 Shia Iraqi Air Force cadets. It is the second deadliest terrorist attack in history and the deadliest attack conducted by ISIL.
- June 13 – International military intervention against ISIL begins.
- June 14 – The Catholic Church removes restrictions on clerical marriage in the Eastern Catholic Churches' diaspora.
- June 15
- June 19 – Felipe VI becomes King of Spain upon the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I.
- June 29 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant declares itself a caliphate.
- July 8 – Brazil, hosts of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, are beaten 7–1 by Germany in the semi-finals.
- July 8–August 26 – Amid growing tensions between Israel and Hamas following the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers in June and the revenge killing of a Palestinian teenager in July, Israel launches Operation Protective Edge against Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip starting with numerous missile strikes, followed by a ground offensive a week later. In seven weeks of fighting, 2,100 Palestinians and 71 Israelis are killed.
- July 17 – Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing 777, crashes in eastern Ukraine after being shot down by a missile. All 298 people on board are killed.
- July 21 – The United Nations Security Council adopts Resolution 2166 in response to the shootdown of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17.
- July 23–August 3 – The 2014 Commonwealth Games takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.
- July 24 – Air Algérie Flight 5017, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83, crashes in Mali, killing all 116 people on board.
- July 28 – 100-year anniversary of World War I's commencement (Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia).
- August 3 – Sinjar massacre, beginning of ISIS attacks resulting in massacre of over 4,000 Yazidis in Iraq's Sinjar District.
- August 7 – Khmer Rouge leaders Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan are found guilty of crimes against humanity and are sentenced to life imprisonment by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal.
- August 8 – American-led intervention in Iraq: The United States military begins an air campaign in northern Iraq to stem the influx of ISIL militants.
- August 9 – The shooting of Michael Brown, an African American, by a police officer occurs in Ferguson, Missouri, triggering riots.
- September 18 – In the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, Scotland votes against independence from the United Kingdom.
- September 21 – The Battle of Sanaa leads to the start of the Yemeni Civil War, as Houthi forces capture the capital city Sanaa, followed by a rapid Houthi takeover of the government.
- September 22 – American-led intervention in Syria: The United States and several Arab partners begin their airstrike campaign in Syria.
- September 24 – The Mars Orbiter Mission, popularly known as Mangalyaan, which was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation, reached Martian orbit, making India the first Asian country to successfully reach Mars.
- September 26 – The 2014 World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates, to be held in Cape Town from 13 to 15 October, is suspended after a boycott of Nobel Laureates to protest the third time refusal of a visa to the 14th Dalai Lama by a South African Government "kowtowing to China".
- September 27 – Mount Ontake, in Japan, erupts, killing several climbers on the slopes of the volcano.
- September 28 – Hong Kong protests: Benny Tai Yiu-ting announces that Occupy Central is launched as Hong Kong's government headquarters is being occupied by thousands of protesters. Hong Kong police resort to tear gas to disperse protesters but thousands remain.
- October 3 – Stefan Löfven replaces Fredrik Reinfeldt as Prime Minister of Sweden.
- October 19 – The Roman Catholic Church beatifies Pope Paul VI.
- October 20 – Joko Widodo is inaugurated as the 7th President of Indonesia.
- October 24 – Alan Eustace, an American computer scientist, sets a world record highest and longest free fall jump from 135,908 feet (41.425 km) over Roswell, New Mexico, United States, breaking the sound barrier without any machine assistance during a record space dive out of a massive helium-filled balloon. His descent to Earth lasts 4 minutes 27 seconds and stretches nearly 26 miles (42 km) with peak speeds exceeding 822 miles per hour (1,323 km/h), setting new world records for the highest free-fall jump and total free-fall distance 123,414 feet (37,617 m).
- October 31 – Longtime Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaoré resigns after widespread protests in response to his attempts to abolish presidential term limits.
- November 1 – Bangladesh faces a nationwide blackout.
- November 2 – The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) releases the final part of its Fifth Assessment Report, warning that the world faces "severe, pervasive and irreversible" damage from global emissions of CO2.
- November 3 – The tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, One World Trade Center in New York City, opens.
- November 12 – The uncrewed Rosetta spacecraft's Philae probe successfully lands on Comet 67P, the first time in history that a spacecraft has landed on such an object.
- December 3 – The Japanese space agency, JAXA, launches uncrewed spaceprobe Hayabusa2 from the Tanegashima Space Center on a six-year round-trip mission to Ryugu to collect rock samples.
- December 15 – Two hostages and terrorist Man Haron Monis are killed in the Lindt Cafe siege in Sydney, Australia.
- December 16 – 2014 Peshawar school massacre: The Pakistani Taliban carry out a mass shooting at an army school in Peshawar, Pakistan, killing at least 145 people, mostly schoolchildren.
- December 17 – U.S. President Barack Obama announces the resumption of normal diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba.
- December 28 – Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 from Surabaya, Indonesia to Singapore crashes into the Java Sea just southwest of Borneo, killing all 162 people on board.
Births and deaths Edit
Nobel Prizes Edit
New English words Edit
See also Edit
- "United Nations Observances: International Years". United Nations. January 6, 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
- "International Year of Solidarity with the Palestinian People 2014". United Nations. Archived from the original on September 29, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
- "Latvia becomes 18th state to join the eurozone". BBC News. January 1, 2014. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
- Smith-Spark, Laura (March 7, 2014). "Ebola virus: Can nations stop deadliest ever outbreak from spreading?". CNN. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Chronology of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Outbreaks". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. June 24, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- Karimi, Faith; Martinez, Michael (February 12, 2014). "All eyes on Russia as opening ceremony marks start of Winter Olympics - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Belgium's parliament votes through child euthanasia". BBC News. February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president". BBC News. February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
- O'Toole, James (February 28, 2014). "Mobile apps overtake monthly Internet usage on PCs for the first time". CNNMoney.
- Etherington, Darrell (November 1, 2016). "Mobile internet use passes desktop for the first time, study finds".
- "Pivotal moments in 2014: when mobile overtook desktop". www.phocuswire.com.
- "Mobile Now Exceeds PC: The Biggest Shift Since the Internet Began". Search Engine Watch. July 8, 2014.
- "Mobile and tablet internet usage exceeds desktop for first time worldwide". StatCounter Global Stats.
- Shoichet, Catherine E. (March 6, 2014). "Venezuela cuts ties with Panama, calling country a 'lackey' for the United States". CNN. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
- Watkins, Tom; Carter, Chelsea J. (March 8, 2014). "Search intensifies for Malaysian airliner and 239 people, rescue ships head to sea". CNN. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "Ukraine crisis: EU ponders Russia sanctions over Crimea vote". BBC News. March 17, 2014.
- "Russia officially annexes Crimea away from Ukraine with signature from Vladimir Putin". AP via CBS News. March 21, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- Acosta, Jim (March 24, 2014). "U.S., other powers kick Russia out of G8". CNN. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
- "Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 27 March 2014". United Nations. April 1, 2014. Archived from the original on April 12, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Japan accepts court ban on Antarctic whaling". BBC News. March 31, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Ukraine: Pro-Russians storm offices in Donetsk, Luhansk, Kharkiv". BBC News. April 6, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
- "PACE Deprives Russia Of Voting Rights". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. April 10, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Nigeria: Police Revise Number of Kidnapped Students". The New York Times. May 5, 2014. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Sang-hun, Cheo (July 17, 2014). "Copter Crashes After Search for Korean Ferry Victims". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
- Smith-Spark, Laura; Gallagher, Delia; Wedeman, Ben (April 27, 2014). "Sainthood for John Paul II and John XXIII, as crowds pack St. Peter's Square". CNN. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
- Klimas, Jacqueline (April 27, 2014). "New round of sanctions aimed at Putin, Russian elite". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Cheng, Maria (May 5, 2014). "UN: Spread of Polio is a World Health Emergency". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
- Faul, Michelle; Meldrum, Andrew (May 7, 2014). "Boko Haram Attack Kills Hundreds In Border Town". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- "Luhansk region declares independence at rally in Luhansk". Kyiv Post. May 12, 2014.
- "Military 'takes control' in Thailand". BBC. May 22, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Babiak, Mat (May 22, 2014). "Welcome to New Russia". Ukrainian Policy. Archived from the original on June 8, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Witness claims ISIS flag flies over key Iraq refinery, Baghdad says soldiers still hold it". Fox News. June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- Nordland, Rod; Rubin, Alissa J. (June 15, 2014). "Massacre Claim Shakes Iraq". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
- Ackerman, Spencer; Lewis, Paul (June 13, 2014). "Obama 'urgently' considering air assault on targets in Syria and Iraq". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- Ieraci, Laura (November 17, 2014). "Vatican lifts ban on married priests for Eastern Catholics in diaspora". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
- "Heat vs. Spurs - game summary". June 15, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2022.
- "Sunni rebels declare new 'Islamic caliphate'". Al Jazeera. June 30, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- Yaakov, Yifa; Ho, Spencer (July 8, 2014). "Israel hits Hamas, Islamic Jihad leaders after rockets land north of Tel Aviv". The Times of Israel. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- Lappin, Yaakov; Keinon, Herb (July 17, 2014). "IDF starts Gaza ground offensive". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- "Malaysia Airlines Flight 17: Plane with 298 on board shot down in Ukraine". CBS News. July 17, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Resolution 2166 (2014)". United Nations. July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Karimi, Faith; Smith-Spark, Laura (July 26, 2014). "'Disintegrated' Air Algerie plane found with no survivors; 'black box' recovered". CNN. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
- "Top Khmer Rouge leaders guilty of crimes against humanity". BBC. August 7, 2014. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- Glenn, Cameron (April 27, 2016). "Timeline: US Policy on ISIS". Wilson Center. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "The New York Times". December 15, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
- "Ferguson riots: Ruling sparks night of violence". BBC News. November 25, 2014.
- Lindsay, James M. "Ten Most Significant World Events in 2014". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
- Cowell, Alan; Castle, Stephen (September 19, 2014). "After Losing Scottish Independence Vote, Alex Salmond Will Resign". N.Y. Times. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
- Saul, Heather (September 23, 2014). "Syria air strike: Twitter user Abdulkader Hariri live tweets US Islamic State attack 'before Pentagon breaks news'". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 1, 2022. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Raddatz, Martha; Martinez, Luis; Ferran, Lee (September 22, 2014). "U.S. airstrikes hit ISIS inside Syria for first time". ABC News. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Choesang, Yeshe (September 29, 2014). "Nobel Peace laureates boycott Nobel summit in South Africa". The Tibet Post. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- Cuddihi, Martin (October 3, 2014). "Peace summit 'suspended' over Dalai Lama visa row". ABC News. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- Povoledo, Elisabetta (October 19, 2014). "Pope Francis Beatifies an Earlier Reformer, Paul VI". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Joko Widodo sworn in as Indonesian president". BBC News. October 20, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- Eustace, Alan. "Transcript of "I leapt from the stratosphere. Here's how I did it"". Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- "Google's Alan Eustace beats Baumgartner's skydiving record". BBC News. October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- "Google VP's 135,908-foot leap breaks world record for highest free-fall parachute jump". The Verge. October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Google exec sets records with leap from near-space". seattlepi.com. Seattle. October 24, 2014. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Army chief takes power in Burkina Faso". Al Jazeera. October 31, 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- "Fossil fuels should be 'phased out by 2100' says IPCC". BBC News. November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
- "Probe makes historic comet landing". BBC News. November 12, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Davidson, Helen; Walker, Peter; Safi, Michael (16 December 2014). "Two hostages and gunman dead as Sydney cafe siege ends". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- Saifi, Sophia Saifi; Botelho, Greg (December 17, 2014). "Taliban school attack: 145 killed in Pakistan siege". CNN. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Obama hails 'new chapter' in US-Cuba ties". BBC News. December 17, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
- "AirAsia flight QZ8501 loses contact with air traffic control". Reuters. December 28, 2014.
- "Time Traveler by Merriam-Webster: Words from 2014". www.merriam-webster.com.