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Ingrid Kristiansen (née Christensen on 21 March 1956) is a Norwegian former athlete. She was one of the best female long distance runners during the 1980s. She is a former world record holder in the 5000 metres, 10,000 metres and the marathon (at one point in time, she held those records simultaneously, the only person ever) and was a World Champion on the track, roads and cross-country. Kristiansen was the first athlete to win World titles on all three surfaces.[1] At the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, she finished fourth in the first women's Olympic marathon. At the 1988 Seoul Olympics, she dropped out of the 10,000 metres final while leading.[2][3] Early in her career, she was also an elite cross country skier, winning several Norwegian titles and a European junior championship.

Ingrid Kristiansen
Ingrid Kristiansen with family 1987.jpg
Ingrid Kristiansen with family in 1987
Personal information
Born21 March 1956 (1956-03-21) (age 63)
Trondheim, Norway
Height1.69 m (5 ft 7 in)
Weight50 kg (110 lb)
Sport
SportLong-distance runner
ClubIL i BUL

Her world record in the 10000 m set in 1986 wasn't broken for 16 years. The time in her 1985 London Marathon 2:21.06 was the fastest marathon time for 13 years.[4]

Contents

CareerEdit

Kristiansen started her career quite unremarkably, running 2:30 – 2:40 for her first few marathons. She won the bronze medal in the 3000 metres at the 1980 World Championships in Athletics. It was not until she gave birth to her first son, Gaute, that she began to improve. After winning the Houston Marathon and the London Marathon in 1984, she placed fourth in the first Olympic women's marathon in Los Angeles.[2] She also set two track world records in the 5,000 m (14:58.9) on 28 June 1984 and the 10,000 m (30:59.14) on 27 July 1985, at the Bislett Games in Oslo.[3]

In 1985 she won the London Marathon again in a new world record of 2:21:06, the previous record was 2:22:43, set in the 1983 Boston Marathon by Joan Benoit. Later in 1985 she lost to Benoit in the Chicago Marathon, running 2:23:05 for second place.

1986 was Kristiansen's best year in track. After she won the Boston Marathon in hot conditions, she set a new world record in the 10,000 m (30:13.3), smashing her own world record from 1984 by 46 seconds.[3] Then she broke the 5,000 m world record, running 14:37.89. On 5 April 1987, she won a half marathon in Sandnes, running 1:06:40, but the course was not measured properly and the world record still remained with Joan Benoit.[5] She won the Chicago Marathon, once again in hot and humid conditions, running 2:27:08. She ended the year winning the 10,000 m event at European Championships,[3] running the 2nd fastest time ever (30:23.3) and nearly 40 seconds ahead of the second-place finisher.

In 1987 Kristiansen attempted to break her marathon world record in London, but she slowed in the second half and won in 2:22:48. She won the first World Championships Women's 10,000 m in Rome, despite a leg injury.[3] In 1988 she won the London Marathon for the fourth time, finishing in a time of 2:25:41. Despite a 1:09 first half, she slowed dramatically in the second half, however she was still five minutes ahead of any other woman. At the Olympic Games in Seoul, she participated in the 10,000 m, and even though she was the heavy favourite, she dropped out after seven laps with a fractured bone in her foot.[3]

She returned to racing in 1989, winning the Boston Marathon in 2:24:33 despite the heat in the latter stages. She decided not to run any track races that year, but she still won a few road races in Europe. Her final marathon was the 1989 New York City Marathon, which she won in a time of 2:25:30, running away with it from the start. Gradually she raced less and less, despite winning the 1990 City-Pier-City Loop in The Hague. She retired in 1993 and lives with her husband and two children in Oslo, Norway.

She won 14 out of 26 marathons.[6]

AchievementsEdit

Year Competition Venue Position Event Notes
Representing   Norway[1]
1980 Stockholm Marathon Stockholm, Sweden 1st Marathon 2:38:45
1981 Stockholm Marathon Stockholm, Sweden 1st Marathon 2:41:34
New York City Marathon New York, United States 2nd Marathon 2:30:08[7]
1982 Stockholm Marathon Stockholm, Sweden 1st Marathon 2:34:26
European Championships Athens, Greece 3rd Marathon 2:36:38
New York City Marathon New York, United States 5th Marathon 2:33:36
1983 Houston Marathon Houston, United States 1st Marathon 2:33:27
1984 Houston Marathon Houston, United States 1st Marathon 2:27:51
World Cross Country Championships New York, United States 4th
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:24:26
Olympic Games Los Angeles, United States 4th Marathon 2:27:14
1985 World Cross Country Championships Lisbon, Portugal 3rd
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:21:06
Chicago Marathon Chicago, United States 2nd Marathon 2:23:05
1986 Boston Marathon Boston, United States 1st Marathon 2:24:55
European Championships Stuttgart, West Germany 1st 10,000 m 30:23.25
Chicago Marathon Chicago, United States 1st Marathon 2:27:08
1987 World Cross Country Championships Warsaw, Poland 3rd
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:22:48
World Championships Rome, Italy 1st 10,000 m 31:05.85
World Road Race Championships Monte Carlo, Monaco 1st 15 km 47:17
1988 World Road Race Championships Adelaide, Australia 1st 15 km 48:24
World Cross Country Championships Auckland, New Zealand 1st
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:25:41
Olympic Games Seoul, South Korea 10,000 m DNF
1989 Boston Marathon Boston, United States 1st Marathon 2:24:33
New York City Marathon New York, United States 1st Marathon 2:25:30
1991 World Championships Tokyo, Japan 7th 10,000 m 32:10.75

Note: The 1987 World Road Race Championship was held in November while the 1988 edition was held in March.

World RecordsEdit

  • Broke 5000 m world record with 14:58.89 in Oslo, 28 June 1984 – first woman to run under 15 minutes.
  • Broke 5000 m world record with 14:37.33 in Stockholm, 5 August 1986
  • Broke 10,000 m world record with 30:59.42 in Oslo, 27 July 1985 – first woman to run under 31 minutes.
  • Broke 10,000 m world record with 30:13.74 in Oslo, 5 July 1986
  • Broke Marathon world record with 2:21:06 in London, 21 April 1985 – record stood for 13 years.

OtherEdit

Personal bestsEdit

Distance Mark Date Location
3000 m 8:34.10 13 August 1986 Zurich[1][8]
5000 m 14:37.33 5 August 1986 Stockholm
10000 m 30:13.74 5 July 1986 Oslo
10 km (road) 30:59 9 April 1989 Boston
15 km (road) 47:17 21 November 1987 Monaco
Half Marathon* 1:06:40 19 March 1987 Sandnes
Marathon 2:21:06 21 April 1985 London

* Because of a measurement error this run doesn't qualify for record purposes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Marrakech 98 – History – Rules". www2.iaaf.org. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b Ingrid Kristiansen Archived 19 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. sports-reference.com
  3. ^ a b c d e f Athletics at the 1988 Seoul Summer Games: Women's 10,000 metres Archived 5 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. sports-reference.com
  4. ^ "Sie war ihrer Zeit voraus - Ingrid Kristiansen". RUNNER'S WORLD (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Ewige Weltbestenliste im Halbmarathonlauf zusammengestellt von Herbert Steffny Weltrekord, Laufen Marathon, Statistik, Analyse, Running,". www.herbertsteffny.de. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  6. ^ "ARRS - Runner: Ingrid Kristiansen Christensen". arrs.auguszt.in. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  7. ^ World Marathon Rankings for 1981. arrs.run
  8. ^ Ingrid Kristiansen at IAAF

External linksEdit

Records
Preceded by
Jan Merrill
Mary Decker
Zola Budd
Women's 5,000 m World Record Holder
11 July 1981 – 6 September 1981
28 June 1984 – 26 August 1985
5 August 1986 – 22 July 1995
Succeeded by
Yelena Sipatova
Zola Budd
Fernanda Ribeiro
Preceded by
Joan Benoit
Women's Marathon World Record Holder
21 April 1985 – 19 April 1998
Succeeded by
Tegla Loroupe
Preceded by
Olga Bondarenko
Women's 10,000 m World Record Holder
27 July 1985 – 8 September 1993
Succeeded by
Wang Junxia
Awards
Preceded by
Birger Ruud
Egebergs Ærespris
1992
Succeeded by
Anita Andreassen
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Marja Wokke
Egmond Women's Half Marathon Winner
1982
Succeeded by
Annie van Stiphout
Preceded by
Zola Budd
Zola Budd
Women's 5,000 m Best Year Performance
1984
1986
Succeeded by
Zola Budd
Liz McColgan
Preceded by
Carla Beurskens
Zevenheuvelenloop Women's Winner (15 km)
1991
Succeeded by
Tegla Loroupe