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IAAF World Championships in Athletics

The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Originally held every four years, first in 1983, the current two-year cycle began in 1991.

IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Sport Athletics
Founded 1983
Continent International (IAAF)
Most recent
champion(s)
Last winners lists
TV partner(s) SBS Two (Australia)
CBC (Canada)
Eurovision (Europe except United Kingdom)
KBS (South Korea)
CCTV (China)
TBS (Japan)
BBC (United Kingdom)
NBCUniversal (United States)
Sportv (Brazil)
TyC Sports (Latin America except Brazil)

Contents

HistoryEdit

The idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competition's first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics. This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved.

Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, Finland, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (where the 1952 Summer Olympics had been held).

Two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. The 1976 World Championships had just one event – the men's 50 kilometres walk which was dropped from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Summer Olympics and the IAAF responded by setting up their own contest. Four years later, the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved women's events, (400 metres hurdles and 3000 metres), neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics.[1][2]

Over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated.[3] By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries.

There has also been a change in composition over the years, with several new events, all for women, being added. By 2005, the only differences were men's competition in the 50 km walk, and equivalent events in women's 100 m hurdles and heptathlon to men's 110 m hurdles and decathlon.

The following list shows when new events were added for the first time.

ChampionshipsEdit

Edition Year City Country Date Venue Capacity Events Nations Athletes Top of the
medal table
- 1976 Malmö   Sweden 18 Sep Malmö Stadion 30,000 1 20 42   Soviet Union
- 1980 Sittard   Netherlands 14 Aug – 16 Aug De Baandert 22,000 2 21 42   East Germany
1st 1983 Helsinki   Finland 7 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 50,000 41 153 1,333   East Germany
2nd 1987 Rome   Italy 28 Aug – 6 Sep Stadio Olimpico 60,000 43 156 1,419   East Germany
3rd 1991 Tokyo   Japan 23 Aug – 1 Sep Olympic Stadium 48,000 43 162 1,491   United States
4th 1993 Stuttgart   Germany 13 Aug – 22 Aug Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion 70,000 44 187 1,630   United States
5th 1995 Gothenburg   Sweden 5 Aug – 13 Aug Ullevi 42,000 44 190 1,755   United States
6th 1997 Athens   Greece 1 Aug – 10 Aug Olympiako Stadio 75,000 44 197 1,785   United States
7th 1999 Seville   Spain 20 Aug – 29 Aug Estadio Olímpico de la Cartuja 70,000 46 200 1,750   United States
8th 2001 Edmonton   Canada 3 Aug – 12 Aug Commonwealth Stadium 60,000 46 189 1,677   Russia
9th 2003 Saint-Denis   France 23 Aug – 31 Aug Stade de France 78,000 46 198 1,679   United States
10th 2005 Helsinki   Finland 6 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 45,000 47 191 1,688   United States
11th 2007 Osaka   Japan 24 Aug – 2 Sep Nagai Stadium 45,000 47 197 1,800   United States
12th 2009 Berlin   Germany 15 Aug – 23 Aug Olympiastadion 74,000 47 200 1,895   United States
13th 2011 Daegu   South Korea 27 Aug – 4 Sep Daegu Stadium 65,000 47 199 1,742   United States
14th 2013 Moscow   Russia 10 Aug – 18 Aug Luzhniki Stadium 78,000 47 203 1,784   United States
15th 2015 Beijing   China 22 Aug – 30 Aug Beijing National Stadium 80,000 47 205 1,771   Kenya
16th 2017 London   United Kingdom 4 Aug – 13 Aug Olympic Stadium 60,000 48 205 2,036   United States
17th 2019 Doha   Qatar 25 Sep – 6 Oct Khalifa International Stadium 48,000 48
18th 2021 Eugene   United States 6 Aug – 15 Aug
(unofficial)
Hayward Field 30,000 48

All-time medal tableEdit

 
Proportional symbol map of the world showing medal totals by country since 1983 for the IAAF World Championships in Athletics

Updated after 2017 Championships

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States 155 106 91 352
2   Kenya 55 48 37 140
3   Russia 47 56 52 155
4   Germany 36 34 44 114
5   Jamaica 32 44 39 115
6   Great Britain 28 33 37 98
7   Ethiopia 27 25 25 77
8   Soviet Union 23 27 28 78
9   Cuba 21 23 13 57
10   East Germany 21 19 16 56
11   Poland 17 14 22 53
12   China 15 21 17 53
13   Czech Republic 14 6 5 25
14   France 13 17 22 52
15   South Africa 12 6 9 27
16   Italy 11 15 16 42
17   Australia 11 13 11 35
18   Ukraine 11 11 13 35
19   Belarus 10 13 12 35
20   Morocco 10 12 7 29
21   Sweden 8 5 5 18
22   Norway 8 4 4 16
23   Spain 7 16 15 38
24   Bahamas 7 8 8 23
25   Finland 7 8 7 22
26   Canada 6 13 12 31
27   Portugal 6 6 7 19
28   Bahrain 6 2 2 10
29   New Zealand 6 1 0 7
30   Algeria 6 0 3 9
31   Romania 5 8 10 23
32   Greece 5 6 10 21
33   Bulgaria 5 3 8 16
34   Japan 4 7 15 26
35   Czechoslovakia 4 4 3 11
36   Croatia 4 3 1 8
37   Ireland 4 2 0 6
38   Colombia 4 1 1 6
39    Switzerland 4 0 3 7
40   West Germany 3 6 3 12
41   Netherlands 3 5 9 17
42   Trinidad and Tobago 3 5 7 15
43   Mexico 3 4 7 14
44   Qatar 3 2 2 7
45   Lithuania 3 2 1 6
46   Mozambique 3 1 1 5
47   Ecuador 3 1 0 4
48   Denmark 3 0 1 4
49   Estonia 2 4 2 8
50   Uganda 2 2 2 6
51   Dominican Republic 2 1 1 4
52   Tajikistan 2 1 0 3
53   Brazil 1 6 6 13
54   ANA 1 5 0 6
55   Namibia 1 4 0 5
56   Turkey 1 2 1 4
57   Zambia 1 2 0 3
58   Belgium 1 1 4 6
59   Slovenia 1 1 3 5
60   Tunisia 1 1 1 3
61   Botswana 1 1 0 2
  Eritrea 1 1 0 2
  Panama 1 1 0 2
64   Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 0 4 5
65   Slovakia 1 0 3 4
66   Syria 1 0 2 3
67   Grenada 1 0 1 2
  Senegal 1 0 1 2
  Somalia 1 0 1 2
  Venezuela 1 0 1 2
71   Barbados 1 0 0 1
  North Korea 1 0 0 1
73   Hungary 0 7 6 13
74   Nigeria 0 4 4 8
75   Ivory Coast 0 4 0 4
76   Kazakhstan 0 3 5 8
77   Burundi 0 2 1 3
  Djibouti 0 2 1 3
  Israel 0 2 1 3
80   Cameroon 0 2 0 2
  Puerto Rico 0 2 0 2
82   Austria 0 1 1 2
  Cyprus 0 1 1 2
  Ghana 0 1 1 2
  Latvia 0 1 1 2
  Sri Lanka 0 1 1 2
  Suriname 0 1 1 2
  Tanzania 0 1 1 2
89   Bermuda 0 1 0 1
  Egypt 0 1 0 1
  Sudan 0 1 0 1
92   Serbia 0 0 3 3
93   American Samoa 0 0 1 1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 1 1
  Cayman Islands 0 0 1 1
  Dominica 0 0 1 1
  Haiti 0 0 1 1
  India 0 0 1 1
  Iran 0 0 1 1
  Saudi Arabia 0 0 1 1
  South Korea 0 0 1 1
  Zimbabwe 0 0 1 1
Total 730 737 732 2199

All-time placing tableEdit

In the IAAF placing table the total score is obtained from assigning eight points to the first place and so on to one point for the eight placed finalists. Points are shared in situations where a tie occurs.

Updated after 2015 Championships[4]

Rank Country       4 5 6 7 8 Medals Points
1   United States 145 94+1= 80+2= 62+5= 72+3= 62+2= 62+1= 58+4= 322 3320
2   Germany 59 56 60+2= 69+2= 60+1= 59+1= 49+5= 40+1= 177 2156.5
3   Russia 48 51+5= 50+3= 50+2= 45+3= 45+1= 38+1= 41 157 1795.5
4   Kenya 50 46 33 37 33 21 38 16 129 1392
5   Jamaica 31 44 35+1= 25 24 21 24 20 111 1123.5
6   United Kingdom 25 31 36 32+2= 43+1= 24 26+1= 18 92 1120.5
7   Soviet Union 23 25+2= 28 21+1= 17 12 11 17+1= 78 793
8   Ethiopia 25 22 25 18 15 13 16 13 72 738
9   France 10 17 19+1= 21 25+1= 26 23+1= 29+1= 47 679.6
10   Cuba 21 22+1= 12 27 7+2= 15 20 17 56 672.5
11   China 13 17+1= 15 19 25 16+1= 17 15 46 614
12   Poland 15 11+1= 14+3= 21+1= 16 18+1= 21+1= 18+2= 44 595.3
13   Italy 11 14+1= 15 12 17+2= 22 28+3= 25+1= 41 568

Multiple medalistsEdit

Multiple winnersEdit

Boldface denotes active athletes and highest medal count among all athletes (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

MenEdit

All eventsEdit

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Usain Bolt   Jamaica 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay 2007 2017 11 2 1 14
2 LaShawn Merritt   United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 2005 2015 * 8 * 3 - * 11 *
3 Carl Lewis   United States 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay / Long jump 1983 1993 8 1 1 10
4 Michael Johnson   United States 200 m / 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 1991 1999 8 - - 8
5 Mo Farah   Great Britain 5000 m / 10,000 m 2011 2017 6 2 - 8
6 Sergey Bubka   Soviet Union
  Ukraine
Pole vault 1983 1997 6 - - 6
7 Jeremy Wariner   United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 2005 2009 5 1 - 6
8 Kenenisa Bekele   Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 2003 2009 5 - 1 6
Lars Riedel   Germany Discus throw 1991 2001 5 - 1 6
10 Maurice Greene   United States 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay 1997 2001 5 - - 5

* including one medal in the relay event in which he participated in the heats only

Individual eventsEdit

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Usain Bolt   Jamaica 100 m / 200 m 2007 2017 7 1 1 9
2 Mo Farah   Great Britain 5000 m / 10,000 m 2011 2017 6 2 - 8
3 Sergey Bubka   Soviet Union
  Ukraine
Pole vault 1983 1997 6 - - 6
Michael Johnson   United States 200 m / 400 m 1991 1999 6 - - 6
5 Carl Lewis   United States 100 m / 200 m / Long jump 1983 1993 5 1 1 7
6 Kenenisa Bekele   Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 2003 2009 5 - 1 6
Lars Riedel   Germany Discus throw 1991 2001 5 - 1 6
8 Ezekiel Kemboi   Kenya 3000 m steeplechase 2003 2015 4 3 - 7
9 Haile Gebrselassie   Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 1993 2003 4 2 1 7
10 Hicham El Guerrouj   Morocco 1500 m / 5000 m 1995 2003 4 2 - 6

WomenEdit

All eventsEdit

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Allyson Felix   United States 200 m / 400 m / 4 × 100 m relay / 4 × 400 m relay 2005 2017 11 3 2 16
2 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce   Jamaica 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay 2007 2015 7 * 2 * - * 9 *
3 Gail Devers   United States 100 m / 100 m hurdles / 4 × 100 m relay 1991 2001 5 3 - 8
4 Sanya Richards-Ross   United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 2003 2015 5 2 - 7
5 Tirunesh Dibaba   Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 2003 2017 5 1 - 6
Natasha Hastings   United States 4 × 400 m relay 2007 2017 **** 5 **** 1 - **** 6 ****
7 Jearl Miles Clark   United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 1993 2003 4 3 2 9
8 Valerie Adams (Vili)   New Zealand Shot put 2005 2013 4 1 - 5
Vivian Cheruiyot   Kenya 5000 m / 10,000 m 2007 2015 4 1 - 5
10 Jackie Joyner-Kersee   United States Heptathlon / Long jump 1987 1993 4 - - 4
Brittney Reese   United States Long jump 2009 2017 4 - - 4

* including one medal in the relay event in which she participated in the heats only
**** including four medals in the relay events in which she participated in the heats only

Individual eventsEdit

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Tirunesh Dibaba   Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 2003 2017 5 1 - 6
2 Gail Devers   United States 100 m / 100 m hurdles 1991 2001 4 2 - 6
3 Allyson Felix   United States 200 m / 400 m 2005 2017 4 1 2 7
4 Valerie Adams (Vili)   New Zealand Shot put 2005 2013 4 1 - 5
Vivian Cheruiyot   Kenya 5000 m / 10,000 m 2007 2015 4 1 - 5
6 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce   Jamaica 100 m / 200 m 2009 2015 4 - - 4
Jackie Joyner-Kersee   United States Heptathlon / Long jump 1987 1993 4 - - 4
Brittney Reese   United States Long jump 2009 2017 4 - - 4
9 Tatyana Lebedeva   Russia Triple jump / Long jump 2001 2009 3 2 - 5
10 Maria Mutola   Mozambique 800 m 1993 2003 3 1 1 5

Athletes with most appearancesEdit

There are 53 athletes that have competed in at least eight editions.[5]

App. Name Country Years contested Events
12 Jesús Ángel García Bragado   Spain 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15 50 km walk
11 Susana Feitor   Portugal 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 10 km walk / 20 km walk
10 Franka Dietzsch   Germany 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Discus throw
Nicoleta Grasu   Romania 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Discus throw
Virgilijus Alekna   Lithuania 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Discus throw
Kim Collins   Saint Kitts and Nevis 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 15 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
João Vieira   Portugal 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 20 km walk / 50 km walk
9 Laverne Eve   Bahamas 87, 91, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 Javelin throw
Tim Berrett   Canada 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 20 km walk / 50 km walk
Jackie Edwards   Bahamas 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 Long Jump / Triple Jump
Maria Mutola   Mozambique 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 800 m
Elisângela Adriano   Brazil 91, 93, 97, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Shot put / Discus throw
Venelina Veneva   Bulgaria 91, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 09, 11, 15 High Jump
Danny McFarlane   Jamaica 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 400 m / 400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Hatem Ghoula   Tunisia 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 13 20 km walk
Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie   Bahamas 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 09, 11, 13 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Nicola Vizzoni   Italy 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Hammer throw
Chris Brown   Bahamas 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15 400 m / 4x400 m
Zhang Wenxiu   China 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 Hammer throw
8 Merlene Ottey   Jamaica /   Slovenia 83, 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 03, 07 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Jan Železný   Czechoslovakia /   Czech Republic 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03 Javelin throw
Yelena Nikolayeva   Soviet Union /   Russia 87, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 10 km walk / 20 km walk
Fiona May   Great Britain /   Italy 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 Long Jump
Beverly McDonald   Jamaica 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Lars Riedel   Germany 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 Discus throw
Dragutin Topić   SFR Yugoslavia / IWP * /   FR Yugoslavia /
  Serbia and Montenegro /   Serbia
91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 05, 07, 09 High Jump
Iryna Yatchenko   Soviet Union /   Belarus 91, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 09 Discus throw
Eunice Barber   Sierra Leone /   France 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 Heptathlon / Long Jump / 100 m hurdles
Kevin Sullivan   Canada 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 1500 m
Manuel Martínez   Spain 93, 95, 97, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Shot put
Steffi Nerius   Germany 93, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Javelin throw
Amy Acuff   United States 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 High Jump
Chandra Sturrup   Bahamas 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Aleksander Tammert   Estonia 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Discus throw
María Vasco   Spain 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 10 km walk / 20 km walk
Koji Murofushi   Japan 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 11, 13 Hammer throw
Szymon Ziółkowski   Poland 95, 99, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Hammer throw
Marlon Devonish   Great Britain 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Nadine Kleinert   Germany 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Shot put
Sergey Makarov   Russia 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Javelin throw
Ēriks Rags   Latvia 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Javelin throw
Roman Šebrle   Czech Republic 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Decathlon
Omar Zepeda   Mexico 97, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 17 20 km walk / 50 km walk
Mario Pestano   Spain 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Discus throw
Félix Sánchez   Dominican Republic 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Bouabdellah Tahri   France 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 1500 m / 3000 m steeplechase
Inês Henriques   Portugal 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 20 km walk / 50 km walk
Zoltán Kővágó   Hungary 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 15, 17 Discus throw
Ruth Beitia   Spain 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 High Jump
Allyson Felix   United States 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 200 m / 400 m / 4x100 m / 4x400 m
Gerd Kanter   Estonia 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 Discus throw
Ezekiel Kemboi   Kenya 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 3000 m steeplechase
Bat-Ochiryn Ser-Od   Mongolia 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 Marathon

* At the 1993 World Championships in Athletics in Stuttgart, Germany, Dragutin Topić completed as Individual World Championship Participant (IWP) as Athletic Federation of Yugoslavia was suspended by IAAF due to United Nations sanctions stemming from the Yugoslav wars.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

External linksEdit