110 metres hurdles

(Redirected from 110 m hurdles)

The 110 metres hurdles, or 110-metre hurdles, is a hurdling track and field event for men. It is included in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympic Games. The female counterpart is the 100 metres hurdles. As part of a racing event, ten hurdles of 42 inches (106.7 cm) in height are evenly spaced along a straight course of 110 metres. They are positioned so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner. Fallen hurdles do not carry a fixed time penalty for the runners, but they have a significant pull-over weight which slows down the run. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 110 metres hurdles begins in the starting blocks.

Athletics
110 metres hurdles
A 110m hurdles heat of the Decathlon at Osaka 2007
World records
MenUnited States Aries Merritt 12.80 (2012)
Olympic records
MenChina Liu Xiang 12.91 (2004)
World Championship records
MenUnited Kingdom Colin Jackson 12.91 (1993)

For the 110 m hurdles, the first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13.72 metres (45 ft) from the starting line. The next nine hurdles are set at a distance of 9.14 metres (30 ft) from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 14.02 metres (46 ft) long.

The Olympic Games have included the 110 metre hurdles in their program since 1896. The equivalent hurdles race for women was run over a course of 80 metres from 1932 to 1968. Starting with the 1972 Summer Olympics, the women's race was set at 100 metres. In the early 20th century, the race was often contested as 120 yard hurdles, thus the imperial units distances between hurdles.

The fastest 110 metre hurdlers run the distance in around 13 seconds. Aries Merritt of the United States holds the current world record of 12.80 seconds, set at the Memorial Van Damme meet on 7 September 2012 in Belgium.

History

edit

For the first hurdles races in England around 1830, wooden barriers were placed along a stretch of 100 yards (91.44 m).

The first standards were attempted in 1864 in Oxford and Cambridge: The length of the course was set to 120 yards (109.7 m) and over its course, runners were required to clear ten 42 inches (106.7 cm) high hurdles; the height and spacing of the hurdles have been related to Imperial units ever since. After the length of the course was rounded up to 110 metres in France in 1888, the standardisation was essentially complete, except that in Germany, 1 metre high hurdles were used until 1907.

The massively constructed hurdles of the early days were first replaced in 1895 with somewhat lighter T-shaped hurdles that runners were able to knock over.

However, until 1935, runners were disqualified if they knocked down more than three hurdles, and records were only recognized if the runner had left all hurdles standing.

In 1935, the T-shaped hurdles were replaced by L-shaped ones that easily fall forward if bumped into and therefore reduce the risk of injury. However, these hurdles are weighted, so it is disadvantageous to hit them.

The current running style where the first hurdle is taken on the run with the upper body lowered instead of being jumped over and with three steps each between the hurdles was first used by the 1900 Olympic champion, Alvin Kraenzlein. The 110 metre hurdles have been an Olympic discipline since 1896.

Women's history

edit

Women ran the event occasionally in the 1920s, but it never became generally accepted.

From 1926 to 1968, women competed in the 80 metre hurdles, which was increased to 100 metres starting in 1961 on a trial basis, and was officially implemented in competition in 1969.

Currently, women run the 110 metre distance at the World Athletics Relays shuttle hurdle relay, which features two men and two women participating together. The event debuted at the 2019 event.

Other events

edit

In 1900 and 1904, the Olympics also included a 200-metre hurdles event, and the IAAF recognized world records for the 200 metre hurdles until 1960. Don Styron held the world record in the event for over 50 years, until Andy Turner broke the record in a specially arranged race at the Manchester City Games in 2010: Styron still holds the world record in the 220 yard low hurdles as of 2021.

Technique

edit

The sprint hurdles are a very rhythmic race because both men and women take 3 steps (meaning 4 foot strikes) between each hurdle, no matter whether running 110/100 metres outdoors, or the shorter distances indoors (55 or 60 metres). In addition, the distance from the starting line to the first hurdle – while shorter for women – is constant for both sexes whether indoors or outdoors, so sprint hurdlers do not need to change their stride pattern between indoor and outdoor seasons. One difference between indoor and outdoors is the shorter finishing distance from the last (5th) hurdle indoors, compared to longer distance from the last (10th) hurdle outdoors to the finish line.

Top male hurdlers traditionally took 8 strides from the starting blocks to the first hurdle (indoors and outdoors). The 8-step start persisted from (at least) the 1950s to the end of the 20th century and included such World- and Olympic champions as Harrison Dillard, Rod Milburn, Greg Foster, Renaldo Nehemiah, Roger Kingdom, Allen Johnson, Mark Crear, Mark McCoy, and Colin Jackson. However, beginning in the 2000s, some hurdle coaches embraced a transition to a faster 7-step start, teaching the men to lengthen their first few strides out of the starting blocks. Cuban hurdler Dayron Robles set his 2008 world record of 12.87 using a 7-step start. Chinese star Liu Xiang won the 2004 Olympics and broke the world record in 2006 utilizing an 8-step approach, but he switched to 7-steps by the 2011 outdoor season. After the 2010 outdoor season, American Jason Richardson trained to switch to a 7-step start and went on to win the 2011 World Championship. American Aries Merritt trained in Fall 2011 to switch from 8 to 7, and then had his greatest outdoor season in 2012 – running 8 races in under 13 seconds – capped by winning the London 2012 Olympics and then setting a world record of 12.80.[1]

Of the 10 men with the fastest 110m hurdle times in 2012, seven used 7-steps, including the top 4: Aries Merritt, Liu Xiang, Jason Richardson, and David Oliver. Hurdle technique experts believe the off-season training required to produce the power and speed necessary to reach the first hurdle in 7 steps, yields greater endurance over the last half of the race. That added endurance allows hurdlers to maintain their top speed to the finish, resulting in a faster time.

Junior level competition

edit
 
A 110m hurdles race at the 2021 Creekside Friday knight invite

In American high school track and field and at many international Under-20 athletics competitions, the 110 metres hurdles are mostly the same as their professional counterparts. The main difference between the high school hurdles and college-level/ professional hurdles is the height. High school hurdles are 39 inches (99.1 cm) inches high while college height hurdles are 42 inches (106.7 cm) tall. This change in height drastically changes the requirements placed on the hurdler to clear the barrier with the same amount of speed. High school hurdling technique is the same as professional except on the higher hurdles everything is exaggerated. As a high schooler makes the transition from the 39's to the 42's there are many things they must adjust to, the most prevailing issue is getting down after clearing the hurdle. 39-inch hurdlers are used to the normal sprinting motion right after they get off the hurdle but for a newly transitioned 42-inch hurdler that extra half a second can feel very foreign. The second major difference in technique between 39's and 42's is the take-off distance. When a high school hurdler approaches his first hurdle they are putting as much power into each step as possible and attempting to gain all the speed they can so by their eighth step they'll be about six inches away from the hurdle. When attempting to clear a 42-inch hurdle the athlete can no longer run headfirst into the hurdle with disregard for the height of the hurdle. The newly made college hurdler needs to learn how to shorten their strides so they can take off the ground from farther away to clear a 42-inch barrier.

Both before and after this change of technique world class hurdler, Aries Merritt was an elite level hurdler, at the peak of his high school career Aries Merritt achieved a still standing Wheeler High school record of 13.91 seconds. Almost all top level American hurdlers started their careers in high school including Roger Kingdom at Vienna high school and many more.[2]

The world record in the 110m hurdles at the 39-inch height is 12.72 by Sasha Zhoya, achieved at the 2021 World Athletics U20 Championships – Men's 110 metres hurdles in Nairobi, Kenya on 21 August 2021.

Milestones

edit

All-time top 25

edit
  • Correct as of July 2023.[3]
Ath.# Perf.# Time (s) Wind (m/s) Reaction (s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref.
1 1 12.80 +0.3 0.145 Aries Merritt   United States 7 September 2012 Brussels [4][5]
2 2 12.81 +1.8 0.169 Grant Holloway   United States 26 June 2021 Eugene [6][7]
3 3 12.84 +1.6 0.128 Devon Allen   United States 12 June 2022 New York City [8][9]
4 4 12.87 +0.9 Dayron Robles   Cuba 12 June 2008 Ostrava
5 5 12.88 +1.1 Liu Xiang   China 11 July 2006 Lausanne
5 12.88 +0.5 Robles #2 18 July 2008 Saint-Denis
6 7 12.89 +0.5 0.161 David Oliver   United States 16 July 2010 Saint-Denis [10]
7 8 12.90 +1.1 Dominique Arnold   United States 11 July 2006 Lausanne
8 12.90 +1.6 0.150 Oliver #2 3 July 2010 Eugene [11]
8 8 12.90 +0.7 Omar McLeod   Jamaica 24 June 2017 Kingston [12]
9 11 12.91 +0.5 0.122 Colin Jackson   Great Britain 20 August 1993 Stuttgart [13]
11 12.91 +0.3 0.139 Liu #2 27 August 2004 Athens [14]
+0.2 Robles #3 22 July 2008 Stockholm
10 14 12.92 −0.1 Roger Kingdom   United States 16 August 1989 Zürich
+0.9 Allen Johnson   United States 23 June 1996 Atlanta
14 12.92 +0.2 Johnson #2 23 August 1996 Brussels
+1.5 Liu #3 2 June 2007 New York City
±0.0 Robles #4 23 September 2007 Stuttgart
−0.3 0.143 Merritt #2 8 August 2012 London [14]
10 14 12.92 +0.6 0.169 Sergey Shubenkov   Russia 2 July 2018 Székesfehérvár [15][16]
13 21 12.93 −0.1 Renaldo Nehemiah   United States 19 August 1981 Zürich
21 12.93 ±0.0 0.128 Johnson #3 7 August 1997 Athens [13]
−0.6 Liu #4 9 September 2006 Stuttgart
+0.1 0.183 Robles #5 21 August 2008 Beijing [14]
+1.7 Oliver #3 27 June 2010 Des Moines
−0.3 0.163 Oliver #4 19 August 2010 Zürich [17]
+1.2 0.151 Merritt #3 30 June 2012 Eugene [18]
+0.6 0.137 Merritt #4 13 July 2012 London [19]
±0.0 0.112 Merritt #5 20 July 2012 Monaco [20]
13 21 12.93 +0.9 0.168 Hansle Parchment   Jamaica 17 September 2023 Eugene [21]
15 12.94 +1.6 Jack Pierce   United States 22 June 1996 Atlanta
+0.5 Orlando Ortega   Cuba 4 July 2015 Saint-Denis [22]
+0.7 Rasheed Broadbell   Jamaica 9 July 2023 Kingston [23]
18 12.95 +1.5 Terrence Trammell   United States 2 June 2007 New York City
+0.3 Pascal Martinot-Lagarde   France 18 July 2014 Monaco [24]
20 12.96 +1.3 Cordell Tinch   United States 23 June 2023 Fayetteville [25][26]
21 12.97 +1.0 Ladji Doucouré   France 15 July 2005 Angers
22 12.98 +0.6 Mark Crear   United States 5 July 1999 Zagreb
+1.5 Jason Richardson   United States 30 June 2012 Eugene
24 12.99 +1.2 Ronnie Ash   United States 29 June 2014 Sacramento [27]
25 13.00 +0.5 Tony Jarrett   Great Britain 20 August 1993 Stuttgart
+0.6 Anier García   Cuba 25 September 2000 Sydney
+0.8 Daniel Roberts   United States 7 June 2019 Austin [28]
±0.0 Trey Cunningham   United States 10 June 2022 Eugene [29]
+0.3 Freddie Crittenden   United States 20 August 2022 Freeport [30]

Assisted marks

edit

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second does not count for record purposes. Below is a list of all wind-assisted times equal or superior to 12.94:

  • Roger Kingdom (USA) ran 12.87 (+2.6) in Barcelona on 10 September 1989.
  • Liu Xiang (CHN) ran 12.87 (+2.4) in Eugene, Oregon on 2 June 2012.
  • Cordell Tinch (USA) ran 12.87 A (+6.0) in Pueblo, Colorado on 27 May 2023.
  • David Oliver (USA) ran 12.89 (+3.2) in Eugene, Oregon on 6 July 2008.
  • Renaldo Nehemiah (USA) ran 12.91 (+3.5) in Champaign, Illinois on 1 June 1979.
  • Colin Jackson (GBR) ran 12.94 A (+2.8) in Sestriere on 31 July 1994.

Most successful athletes

edit

Athletes with two or more victories at the Olympic Games & World Championships:

5 wins:

  • Allen Johnson has won the most 110 m hurdles titles at Olympic and World level, one Olympic (1996) & four World (1995, 1997, 2001, 2003)

3 wins:

  • Greg Foster, three World Championship titles, 1983, 1987 & 1991 (also won Olympic silver in 1984)
  • Grant Holloway has won three World Championship titles, 2019, 2022, & 2023 (also won Olympic silver in 2020 Tokyo Olympics)

2 wins:

  • Lee Calhoun (USA), two Olympic victories, 1956, 1960
  • Roger Kingdom (USA), two Olympic victories, 1984 and 1988
  • Colin Jackson (GBR), two World Championship victories, 1993 and 1999 (also won Olympic Silver in 1988)
  • Liu Xiang (CHN), Olympic, 2004, World, 2007
  • Omar McLeod (JAM), Olympic, 2016, World, 2017

Olympic Games medalists

edit
Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
Thomas Curtis
  United States
Grantley Goulding
  Great Britain
none awarded
1900 Paris
details
Alvin Kraenzlein
  United States
John McLean
  United States
Fred Moloney
  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Frederick Schule
  United States
Thaddeus Shideler
  United States
Lesley Ashburner
  United States
1908 London
details
Forrest Smithson
  United States
John Garrels
  United States
Arthur Shaw
  United States
1912 Stockholm
details
Fred Kelly
  United States
James Wendell
  United States
Martin Hawkins
  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Earl Thomson
  Canada
Harold Barron
  United States
Feg Murray
  United States
1924 Paris
details
Daniel Kinsey
  United States
Sid Atkinson
  South Africa
Sten Pettersson
  Sweden
1928 Amsterdam
details
Sid Atkinson
  South Africa
Steve Anderson
  United States
John Collier
  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
George Saling
  United States
Percy Beard
  United States
Don Finlay
  Great Britain
1936 Berlin
details
Forrest Towns
  United States
Don Finlay
  Great Britain
Fritz Pollard
  United States
1948 London
details
William Porter
  United States
Clyde Scott
  United States
Craig Dixon
  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Harrison Dillard
  United States
Jack Davis
  United States
Arthur Barnard
  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Lee Calhoun
  United States
Jack Davis
  United States
Joel Shankle
  United States
1960 Rome
details
Lee Calhoun
  United States
Willie May
  United States
Hayes Jones
  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Hayes Jones
  United States
Blaine Lindgren
  United States
Anatoly Mikhailov
  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Willie Davenport
  United States
Ervin Hall
  United States
Eddy Ottoz
  Italy
1972 Munich
details
Rod Milburn
  United States
Guy Drut
  France
Thomas Hill
  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Guy Drut
  France
Alejandro Casañas
  Cuba
Willie Davenport
  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Thomas Munkelt
  East Germany
Alejandro Casañas
  Cuba
Aleksandr Puchkov
  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Roger Kingdom
  United States
Greg Foster
  United States
Arto Bryggare
  Finland
1988 Seoul
details
Roger Kingdom
  United States
Colin Jackson
  Great Britain
Tonie Campbell
  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Mark McKoy
  Canada
Tony Dees
  United States
Jack Pierce
  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Allen Johnson
  United States
Mark Crear
  United States
Florian Schwarthoff
  Germany
2000 Sydney
details
Anier García
  Cuba
Terrence Trammell
  United States
Mark Crear
  United States
2004 Athens
details
Liu Xiang
  China
Terrence Trammell
  United States
Anier García
  Cuba
2008 Beijing
details
Dayron Robles
  Cuba
David Payne
  United States
David Oliver
  United States
2012 London
details
Aries Merritt
  United States
Jason Richardson
  United States
Hansle Parchment
  Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Omar McLeod
  Jamaica
Orlando Ortega
  Spain
Dimitri Bascou
  France
2020 Tokyo
details
Hansle Parchment
  Jamaica
Grant Holloway
  United States
Ronald Levy
  Jamaica
2024 Paris
details

World Championships medalists

edit
Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Greg Foster (USA)   Arto Bryggare (FIN)   Willie Gault (USA)
1987 Rome
details
  Greg Foster (USA)   Jon Ridgeon (GBR)   Colin Jackson (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Greg Foster (USA)   Jack Pierce (USA)   Tony Jarrett (GBR)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Colin Jackson (GBR)   Tony Jarrett (GBR)   Jack Pierce (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Allen Johnson (USA)   Tony Jarrett (GBR)   Roger Kingdom (USA)
1997 Athens
details
  Allen Johnson (USA)   Colin Jackson (GBR)   Igor Kováč (SVK)
1999 Seville
details
  Colin Jackson (GBR)   Anier García (CUB)   Duane Ross (USA)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Allen Johnson (USA)   Anier García (CUB)   Dudley Dorival (HAI)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Allen Johnson (USA)   Terrence Trammell (USA)   Liu Xiang (CHN)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Ladji Doucouré (FRA)   Liu Xiang (CHN)   Allen Johnson (USA)
2007 Osaka
details
  Liu Xiang (CHN)   Terrence Trammell (USA)   David Payne (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
  Ryan Brathwaite (BAR)   Terrence Trammell (USA)   David Payne (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
  Jason Richardson (USA)   Liu Xiang (CHN)   Andy Turner (GBR)
2013 Moscow
details
  David Oliver (USA)   Ryan Wilson (USA)   Sergey Shubenkov (RUS)
2015 Beijing
details
  Sergey Shubenkov (RUS)   Hansle Parchment (JAM)   Aries Merritt (USA)
2017 London
details
  Omar McLeod (JAM)   Sergey Shubenkov (ANA)   Balázs Baji (HUN)
2019 Doha
details
  Grant Holloway (USA)   Sergey Shubenkov (ANA)   Pascal Martinot-Lagarde (FRA)
  Orlando Ortega (ESP)
2022 Eugene
details
  Grant Holloway (USA)   Trey Cunningham (USA)   Asier Martínez (ESP)
2023 Budapest
details
  Grant Holloway (USA)   Hansle Parchment (JAM)   Daniel Roberts (USA)

Medal table

edit
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)126927
2  Great Britain (GBR)2439
3  China (CHN)1214
4  Jamaica (JAM)1203
5  France (FRA)1012
  Russia (RUS)1012
7  Barbados (BRB)1001
8  Cuba (CUB)0202
  Authorised Neutral Athletes (ANA)0202
9  Finland (FIN)0101
10  Spain (ESP)0022
11  Haiti (HAI)0011
  Hungary (HUN)0011
  Slovakia (SVK)0011
Totals (13 entries)19192058

Season's bests

edit
Year Time Athlete Place
1966 13.47   Willie Davenport (USA) New York City
1967 13.43   Earl McCullouch (USA) Minneapolis
1968 13.33 A   Willie Davenport (USA) Mexico City
1969 13.45   Willie Davenport (USA) Miami
  Leon Coleman (USA) Miami
1970 13.42   Thomas Hill (USA) Bakersfield
1971 13.46 A   Rod Milburn (USA) Cali
1972 13.24   Rod Milburn (USA) Munich
1973 13.41   Rod Milburn (USA) Zürich
1974 13.40   Guy Drut (FRA) Rome
1975 13.28   Guy Drut (FRA) Saint-Étienne
1976 13.30   Guy Drut (FRA) Montreal
1977 13.21   Alejandro Casañas (CUB) Sofia
1978 13.22   Greg Foster (USA) Eugene
1979 13.00   Renaldo Nehemiah (USA) Westwood
1980 13.21   Renaldo Nehemiah (USA) Zürich
1981 12.93   Renaldo Nehemiah (USA) Zürich
1982 13.22   Greg Foster (USA) Koblenz
1983 13.11   Greg Foster (USA) Westwood
1984 13.15   Greg Foster (USA) Zürich
1985 13.14   Roger Kingdom (USA) Modesto
1986 13.20   Stéphane Caristan (FRA) Stuttgart
1987 13.17   Greg Foster (USA) Lausanne
1988 12.97 A   Roger Kingdom (USA) Sestriere
1989 12.92   Roger Kingdom (USA) Zürich
1990 13.08   Colin Jackson (GBR) Auckland
1991 13.05   Tony Dees (USA) Vigo
1992 13.04   Colin Jackson (GBR) Cologne
1993 12.91   Colin Jackson (GBR) Stuttgart
1994 12.98   Colin Jackson (GBR) Tokyo
1995 12.98   Allen Johnson (USA) Cologne
1996 12.92   Allen Johnson (USA) Atlanta
1997 12.93   Allen Johnson (USA) Athens
1998 12.98   Allen Johnson (USA) Zürich
1999 12.98   Mark Crear (USA) Zagreb
2000 12.97   Allen Johnson (USA) Sacramento
2001 13.04   Allen Johnson (USA) Edmonton
2002 13.03   Anier García (CUB) Lausanne
2003 12.97   Allen Johnson (USA) Saint-Denis
2004 12.91   Liu Xiang (CHN) Athens
2005 12.97   Ladji Doucouré (FRA) Angers
2006 12.88   Liu Xiang (CHN) Lausanne
2007 12.92   Liu Xiang (CHN) New York City
  Dayron Robles (CUB) Stuttgart
2008 12.87   Dayron Robles (CUB) Ostrava
2009 13.04   Dayron Robles (CUB) Ostrava
2010 12.89   David Oliver (USA) Saint-Denis
2011 12.94   David Oliver (USA) Eugene
2012 12.80   Aries Merritt (USA) Brussels
2013 13.00   David Oliver (USA) Moscow
2014 12.94   Hansle Parchment (JAM) Saint-Denis
2015 12.94   Orlando Ortega (CUB) Saint-Denis
2016 12.98   Omar McLeod (JAM) Shanghai
2017 12.90   Omar McLeod (JAM) Kingston
2018 12.92   Sergey Shubenkov (RUS) Székesfehérvár
2019 12.98   Grant Holloway (USA) Austin
2020 13.11   Orlando Ortega (ESP) Monaco
2021 12.81   Grant Holloway (USA) Eugene
2022 12.84   Devon Allen (USA) New York City
2023 12.93   Hansle Parchment (JAM) Eugene

Notes and references

edit
  1. ^ Source for switch from 8-step start to 7-step start amongst men is Track & Field News magazine, March 2013 (Vol. 66, no. 3), "Is the 8-Step Hurdle Approach Gone?", by Jon Hendershott; pp. 7-8; interviews with Aires Merritt's coach Andreas Behm and Renaldo Nehemiah.
  2. ^ "From High School to College". Hurdles First. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  3. ^ "All-time men's best 110m hurdles". alltime-athletics.com. 7 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  4. ^ Bob Ramsak (7 September 2012). "12.80!! Merritt stuns with World record in 110m Hurdles in Brussels – Samsung Diamond League – FINAL, Part 2". IAAF. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  5. ^ "SAMSUNG DIAMOND LEAGUE 2012 Brussels (BEL) 7 September 2012 110m Hurdles Men Results" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  6. ^ Jonathan Gault (26 June 2021). "Grant Holloway Runs 12.81, 2nd Fastest Ever in 110m Hurdles". Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  7. ^ "2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials - Track & Field Results". results.usatf.org. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  8. ^ Karen Rosen (13 June 2022). "Allen pips Holloway and advances to No. 3 all time in New York". World Athletics. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  9. ^ "New York Grand Prix Icahn Stadium - New York (USA) 12th June 2022 Result Lists" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  10. ^ "SAMSUNG DIAMOND LEAGUE 2010 Paris (FRA) 16 July 2010 110m Hurdles Men / 110m Haies Hommes Results / Liste de résultat" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  11. ^ "SAMSUNG DIAMOND LEAGUE 2010 Eugene (USA) 3. July 2010 110m Hurdles Men Results" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  12. ^ Kayon Raynor (24 June 2017). "Athletics: Olympic champion McLeod sets sizzling 110m hurdles pace". Reuters. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b "IAAF World Athletics Championships Doha 2019 Statistics Handbook" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  14. ^ a b c "Tokyo Olympic Games Statistics Handbook". Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  15. ^ Bob Ramsak (3 July 2018). "Shubenkov scorches to 12.92 world lead at Gyulai Memorial". IAAF. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  16. ^ "2018 – Gyulai István Memorial Results". Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  17. ^ "SAMSUNG DIAMOND LEAGUE 2010 Zürich (SUI) 19 August 2010 110m Hurdles Men Results" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  18. ^ "SAMSUNG DIAMOND LEAGUE 2012 Eugene (USA) 1 - 2 June 2012 110m Hurdles Men Results" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  19. ^ "SAMSUNG DIAMOND LEAGUE 2012 London (GBR) 13/14 July 2012 110m Hurdles Men - Final 13 JUL 2012 Results" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  20. ^ "SAMSUNG DIAMOND LEAGUE 2012 Monaco (MON) 20 July 2012 110m Hurdles Men Results" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  21. ^ "Tsegay smashes world 5000m record and Duplantis breaks world pole vault record in Eugene | REPORT | World Athletics". worldathletics.org. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  22. ^ "110m Hurdles Results" (PDF). static.sportresult.com. 4 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  23. ^ "National championships round-up: Jackson clocks 10.65, Warholm blazes to 46.76". World Athletics. 9 July 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  24. ^ Mike Rowbottom (18 July 2014). "Kiplagat shows his class with 3:27.64 in Monaco – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  25. ^ "Men 110 M Hurdles". results.flashresults.com. Retrieved 23 June 2023.
  26. ^ "World leads for Tsegay in Nerja and Tinch in Fayetteville | REPORT | World Athletics". worldathletics.org. Retrieved 24 June 2023.
  27. ^ "USA Track & Field – Complete Results".
  28. ^ "110m Hurdles Results" (PDF). cloudfront.net. 7 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  29. ^ "Fahnbulleh takes sprint double at NCAA Championships". World Athletics. 11 June 2022. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  30. ^ "Miller-Uibo delights home crowd as nine more records fall at NACAC Championships | REPORT | World Athletics". worldathletics.org. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
edit