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The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern most practised format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly effective techniques to arrive at the current form.

Athletics
High jump
Yelena Slesarenko failing 2007.jpg
Men's records
World Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 0​14 in) (1993)
Olympic Charles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
Women's records
World Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 10​14 in) (1987)
Olympic Yelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)

The discipline is, alongside the pole vault, one of two vertical clearance events to feature on the Olympic athletics programme. It is contested at the World Championships in Athletics and IAAF World Indoor Championships, and is a common occurrence at track and field meetings. The high jump was among the first events deemed acceptable for women, having been held at the 1928 Olympic Games.

Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 0​14 in) set in 1993 – the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 10​14 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.

Javier Sotomayor, the only human ever to have cleared 8 feet in high jump

Contents

RulesEdit

 
Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop

The rules for the high jump are set internationally by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Jumpers must take off on one foot. A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance. The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar.

Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Most competitions state that three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.

The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. Tie-breakers are used for any place in which scoring occurs. If two or more jumpers tie for one of these places, the tie-breakers are: 1) the fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) the fewest misses throughout the competition.

If the event remains tied for first place (or a limited advancement position to a subsequent meet), the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In latter years, soon then after, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to change, beginning with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors and extending his spine and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) in 1895.

Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in).

American and Soviet jumpers were the most successful for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their (belly-down) torso around the bar, obtaining the most efficient and highest clearance (of the bar) up to that time. Straddle-jumper, Charles Dumas, was the first to clear 7 feet (2.13 m), in 1956, and American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 3​34 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in), and won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career.

 
Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (5 ft 2​12 in).
 
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century. Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits. After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions. The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m (7 ft 7​12 in) in 1977 and then 2.35 m (7 ft 8​12 in) indoors in 1978.

Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in) tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 7​14 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equalled 27 years later by Sweden's Stefan Holm); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and former world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; and female jumpers Iolanda Balaş of Romania, Ulrike Meyfarth of Germany and Italy's Sara Simeoni.

Technical aspectsEdit

The approach runEdit

 
Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle

The approach run of the high jump may actually be more important than the take-off. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.

Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach. A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward.[2]

The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and good take-off position. This allows for horizontal momentum to turn into vertical momentum, propelling the jumper off the ground and over the bar. The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean on the curve, from the ankles and not the hips. This allows the correct angle to force their hips to rotate during take-off, which allows their center of gravity to pass under the bar.[3]

The take-offEdit

Unlike the classic straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised. Their approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall out in mid-air.

An effective approach shape can be derived from physics. For example, the rate of backward spin required as the jumper crosses the bar to facilitate shoulder clearance on the way up and foot clearance on the way down can be determined by computer simulation. This rotation rate can be back-calculated to determine the required angle of lean away from the bar at plant, based on how long the jumper is on the take-off foot. This information, together with the jumper's speed in the curve, can be used to calculate the radius of the curved part of the approach. This is a lot of work and requires measurements of running speed and time of take-off foot on the ground. However, one can work in the opposite direction by assuming an approach radius and watching the resulting backward rotation. This only works if some basic rules are followed in how one executes the approach and take-off.

Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line (the linear part of the approach) and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row.[4] It is important to train to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.

Winner declarationEdit

In competition the winner is the person who cleared the highest height. In case of a tie, fewer failed attempts at that height are better: i.e., the jumper who makes a height on his or her first attempt is placed ahead of someone who clears the same height on the second or third attempt. If there still is a tie, all the failed attempts at lower heights are added up, and the one with the fewest total misses is declared the winner. If still tied, a playoff is held.[5] Starting height is the next higher height after the overjumped one. If all the competitors clear the height, the bar is raised 2 cm (0.79 in), and if they fail, the bar is lowered 2 cm. That continues until only one competitor succeeds in overjumping that height, and he or she is declared the winner.

  • In the table below, dashes indicate that a height was not attempted, crosses indicate failed attempts, and circles indicate a cleared height. Jumpers A and D cleared 1.99 m but failed at 2.01 m. A wins this competition having cleared the winning height with two attempts, while jumper D required three attempts. Similarly, B is ranked ahead of C, having cleared the decisive height (i.e., 1.97m) in the first attempt.
Athlete 1.91 m 1.93 m 1.95 m 1.97 m 1.99 m 2.01 m Height Rank
A - - XO XO XO XXX 1.99 1st
B O - O O XXX 1.97 3rd
C O - XO XO X-- XX 1.97 4th
D - XO O XXO XXO XXX 1.99 2nd
E - O - XXX 1.93 5th

TrainingEdit

In high jump, it helps if the athlete is tall, has long legs, and limited weight on their body. They must have a strong lower body and flexibility helps a lot as well. High jumpers tend to go through very vigorous training methods to achieve this ideal body frame.

SprintingEdit

High jumpers must have a fast approach so it is crucial to work on speed and also speed endurance. Lots of high jump competitions may take hours and athletes must make sure they have the endurance to last the entire competition. Common sprint endurance workouts for high jumpers include 200-, 400-, and 800-meter training. Other speed endurance training methods such as hill training or a ladder workout may also be used.

Weight LiftingEdit

It is crucial for high jumpers to have strong lower bodies and cores, as the bar progressively gets higher, the strength of an athlete's legs (along with speed and technique) will help propel them over the bar. Squats, deadlifts, and core exercises will help a high jumper achieve these goals. It is important, however, for a high jumper to keep a slim figure as any unnecessary weight makes it difficult to jump higher.

PlyometricsEdit

Arguably the most important training for a high jumper is plyometric training. Because high jump is such a technical event, any mistake in the technique could either lead to failure, injury, or both. To prevent these from happening, high jumpers tend to focus heavily on plyometrics. This includes hurdle jumps, flexibility training, skips, or scissor kick training. Plyometric workouts tend to be performed at the beginning of the workout.[6][7]

All-time top 25 athletesEdit

Men (absolute)Edit

Rank Mark Athlete Date Place Ref
1 2.45 m (8 ft 0​14 in)   Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 27 July 1993 Salamanca
2 2.43 m (7 ft 11​12 in)   Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) 5 September 2014 Brussels [12]
3 2.42 m (7 ft 11​14 in)   Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 30 June 1987 Stockholm
  Carlo Thränhardt (FRG) 26 February 1988 Berlin (indoor)
  Ivan Ukhov (RUS) 25 February 2014 Prague (indoor) [13]
  Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR) 14 June 2014 New York City [14]
7 2.41 m (7 ft 10​34 in)   Igor Paklin (URS) 4 September 1985 Kobe
8 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in)   Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS) 11 August 1985 Donetsk
  Sorin Matei (ROM) 20 June 1990 Bratislava
  Hollis Conway (USA) 10 March 1991 Seville (indoor)
  Charles Austin (USA) 7 August 1991 Zürich
  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) 5 August 2000 London
  Stefan Holm (SWE) 6 March 2005 Madrid (indoor)
  Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS) 8 February 2014 Arnstadt (indoor)
  Derek Drouin (CAN) [15] 25 April 2014 Des Moines
  Andriy Protsenko (UKR) 3 July 2014 Lausanne [16]
  Danil Lysenko (ANA) 20 July 2018 Monaco [17]
18 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)   Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 10 June 1984 Eberstadt
  Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 24 February 1985 Cologne (indoor)
  Ralf Sonn (GER) 1 March 1991 Berlin (indoor)
  Gianmarco Tamberi (ITA) 15 July 2016 Fontvieille [18]
22 2.38 m (7 ft 9​12 in)   Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS) 6 September 1987 Rome
  Sergey Malchenko (URS) 4 September 1988 Banska Bystrica
  Dragutin Topić (SCG) 1 August 1993 Beograd
  Steve Smith (GBR) 4 February 1994 Wuppertal (indoor)
  Wolf-Hendrik Beyer (GER) 10 March 1994 Weinheim (indoor)
  Troy Kemp (BAH) 12 July 1995 Nice
  Artur Partyka (POL) 18 August 1996 Eberstadt
  Matt Hemingway (USA) 4 March 2000 Atlanta (indoor)
  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 15 February 2005 Stockholm (indoor)
  Jacques Freitag (RSA) 5 March 2005 Oudtshoorn
  Andriy Sokolovskyy (UKR) 8 July 2005 Rome
  Andrey Silnov (RUS) 25 July 2005 London
  Linus Thornblad (SWE) 25 February 2007 Gothenburg (indoor)
  Zhang Guowei (CHN) 30 May 2015 Eugene

NotesEdit

Below is a list of jumps equal or superior to 2.40m:

Women (absolute)Edit

Rank Mark Athlete Date Venue Ref
1 2.09 m (6 ft 10​14 in)   Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) 30 August 1987 Rome
2 2.08 m (6 ft 9​34 in)   Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) 6 February 2006 Arnstadt (indoor)
  Blanka Vlasic (CRO) 31 August 2009 Zagreb
4 2.07 m (6 ft 9​14 in)   Lyudmila Andonova (BUL) 20 July 1984 Berlin
  Heike Henkel (GER) 8 February 1992 Karlsruhe (indoor)
  Anna Chicherova (RUS) 22 July 2011 Cheboksary
7 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)   Hestrie Cloete (RSA) 31 August 2003 Paris
  Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) 28 August 2004 Athens
  Ariane Friedrich (GER) 14 June 2009 Berlin
  Mariya Lasitskene (RUS) 6 July 2017 Lausanne [19]
11 2.05 m (6 ft 8​12 in)   Tamara Bykova (URS) 22 June 1984 Kiev
  Inha Babakova (UKR) 15 September 1995 Tokyo
  Tia Hellebaut (BEL) 23 August 2008 Beijing
  Chaunté Lowe (USA) 26 June 2010 Des Moines
15 2.04 m (6 ft 8​14 in)   Silvia Costa (CUB) 9 September 1989 Barcelona
  Alina Astafei (GER) 3 March 1995 Berlin (indoor)
  Venelina Veneva-Mateeva (BUL) 2 June 2002 Kalamata
  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) 9 February 2011 Banská Bystrica (indoor)
  Irina Gordeeva (RUS) 19 August 2012 Eberstadt
  Brigetta Barrett (USA) 22 June 2013 Des Moines
21 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in)   Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) 21 August 1983 London
  Louise Ritter (USA) 8 July 1988 Austin
  Tatyana Motkova (RUS) 30 May 1995 Bratislava
  Niki Bakoyianni (GRE) 3 August 1996 Atlanta
  Monica Iagar (ROU) 23 January 1999 Bucharest (indoor)
  Marina Kuptsova (RUS) 2 March 2002 Vienna (indoor)
  Svetlana Shkolina (RUS) 11 August 2012 London

NotesEdit

Below is a list of jumps equal or superior to 2.05 m:

Olympic medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
Ellery Clark
  United States
James Connolly
  United States
none awarded
Robert Garrett
  United States
1900 Paris
details
Irving Baxter
  United States
Patrick Leahy
  Great Britain
Lajos Gönczy
  Hungary
1904 St. Louis
details
Samuel Jones
  United States
Garrett Serviss
  United States
Paul Weinstein
  Germany
1908 London
details
Harry Porter
  United States
Géo André
  France
none awarded
Con Leahy
  Great Britain
István Somodi
  Hungary
1912 Stockholm
details
Alma Richards
  United States
Hans Liesche
  Germany
George Horine
  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Richmond Landon
  United States
Harold Muller
  United States
Bo Ekelund
  Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Harold Osborn
  United States
Leroy Brown
  United States
Pierre Lewden
  France
1928 Amsterdam
details
Bob King
  United States
Benjamin Hedges
  United States
Claude Ménard
  France
1932 Los Angeles
details
Duncan McNaughton
  Canada
Bob Van Osdel
  United States
Simeon Toribio
  Philippines
1936 Berlin
details
Cornelius Johnson
  United States
Dave Albritton
  United States
Delos Thurber
  United States
1948 London
details
John Winter
  Australia
Bjørn Paulson
  Norway
George Stanich
  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Walt Davis
  United States
Ken Wiesner
  United States
José da Conceição
  Brazil
1956 Melbourne
details
Charles Dumas
  United States
Chilla Porter
  Australia
Igor Kashkarov
  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Robert Shavlakadze
  Soviet Union
Valeriy Brumel
  Soviet Union
John Thomas
  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Valeriy Brumel
  Soviet Union
John Thomas
  United States
John Rambo
  United States
1968 Mexico City
details
Dick Fosbury
  United States
Ed Caruthers
  United States
Valentin Gavrilov
  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Jüri Tarmak
  Soviet Union
Stefan Junge
  East Germany
Dwight Stones
  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Jacek Wszoła
  Poland
Greg Joy
  Canada
Dwight Stones
  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Gerd Wessig
  East Germany
Jacek Wszoła
  Poland
Jörg Freimuth
  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Dietmar Mögenburg
  West Germany
Patrik Sjöberg
  Sweden
Zhu Jianhua
  China
1988 Seoul
details
Hennadiy Avdyeyenko
  Soviet Union
Hollis Conway
  United States
Rudolf Povarnitsyn
  Soviet Union
Patrik Sjöberg
  Sweden
1992 Barcelona
details
Javier Sotomayor
  Cuba
Patrik Sjöberg
  Sweden
Hollis Conway
  United States
Tim Forsyth
  Australia
Artur Partyka
  Poland
1996 Atlanta
details
Charles Austin
  United States
Artur Partyka
  Poland
Steve Smith
  Great Britain
2000 Sydney
details
Sergey Klyugin
  Russia
Javier Sotomayor
  Cuba
Abderahmane Hammad
  Algeria
2004 Athens
details
Stefan Holm
  Sweden
Matt Hemingway
  United States
Jaroslav Bába
  Czech Republic
2008 Beijing
details
Andrey Silnov
  Russia
Germaine Mason
  Great Britain
Yaroslav Rybakov
  Russia
2012 London
details
Ivan Ukhov
  Russia
Erik Kynard
  United States
Mutaz Essa Barshim
  Qatar
Derek Drouin
  Canada
Robert Grabarz
  Great Britain
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Derek Drouin
  Canada
Mutaz Essa Barshim
  Qatar
Bohdan Bondarenko
  Ukraine

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Ethel Catherwood
  Canada
Lien Gisolf
  Netherlands
Mildred Wiley
  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Jean Shiley
  United States
Babe Didrikson
  United States
Eva Dawes
  Canada
1936 Berlin
details
Ibolya Csák
  Hungary
Dorothy Odam
  Great Britain
Elfriede Kaun
  Germany
1948 London
details
Alice Coachman
  United States
Dorothy Tyler
  Great Britain
Micheline Ostermeyer
  France
1952 Helsinki
details
Esther Brand
  South Africa
Sheile Lerwill
  Great Britain
Aleksandra Chudina
  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Mildred McDaniel
  United States
Thelma Hopkins
  Great Britain
none awarded
Mariya Pisareva
  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Iolanda Balaş
  Romania
Jarosława Jóźwiakowska
  Poland
none awarded
Dorothy Shirley
  Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
details
Iolanda Balaş
  Romania
Michele Brown
  Australia
Taisia Chenchik
  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Miloslava Rezková
  Czechoslovakia
Antonina Okorokova
  Soviet Union
Valentina Kozyr
  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Ulrike Meyfarth
  West Germany
Yordanka Blagoeva
  Bulgaria
Ilona Gusenbauer
  Austria
1976 Montreal
details
Rosemarie Ackermann
  East Germany
Sara Simeoni
  Italy
Yordanka Blagoeva
  Bulgaria
1980 Moscow
details
Sara Simeoni
  Italy
Urszula Kielan
  Poland
Jutta Kirst
  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Ulrike Meyfarth
  West Germany
Sara Simeoni
  Italy
Joni Huntley
  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Louise Ritter
  United States
Stefka Kostadinova
  Bulgaria
Tamara Bykova
  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Heike Henkel
  Germany
Alina Astafei
  Romania
Ioamnet Quintero
  Cuba
1996 Atlanta
details
Stefka Kostadinova
  Bulgaria
Niki Bakoyianni
  Greece
Inha Babakova
  Ukraine
2000 Sydney
details
Yelena Yelesina
  Russia
Hestrie Cloete
  South Africa
Kajsa Bergqvist
  Sweden
Oana Pantelimon
  Romania
2004 Athens
details
Yelena Slesarenko
  Russia
Hestrie Cloete
  South Africa
Vita Styopina
  Ukraine
2008 Beijing
details
Tia Hellebaut
  Belgium
Blanka Vlašić
  Croatia
Chaunté Howard
  United States
2012 London
details
Anna Chicherova
  Russia
Brigetta Barrett
  United States
Svetlana Shkolina
  Russia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ruth Beitia
  Spain
Mirela Demireva
  Bulgaria
Blanka Vlašić
  Croatia

World Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)   Tyke Peacock (USA)   Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1987 Rome
details
  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)   Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)
  Igor Paklin (URS)
none awarded
1991 Tokyo
details
  Charles Austin (USA)   Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Hollis Conway (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Artur Partyka (POL)   Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Troy Kemp (BAH)   Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Artur Partyka (POL)
1997 Athens
details
  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Artur Partyka (POL)   Tim Forsyth (AUS)
1999 Seville
details
  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)   Mark Boswell (CAN)   Martin Buß (GER)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Martin Buß (GER)   Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)
none awarded
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Jacques Freitag (RSA)   Stefan Holm (SWE)   Mark Boswell (CAN)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Yuriy Krymarenko (UKR)   Víctor Moya (CUB)
  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
none awarded
2007 Osaka
details
  Donald Thomas (BAH)   Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)   Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
2009 Berlin
details
  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)   Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)   Sylwester Bednarek (POL)
  Raúl Spank (GER)
2011 Daegu
details
  Jesse Williams (USA)   Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS)   Trevor Barry (BAH)
2013 Moscow
details
  Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)   Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)   Derek Drouin (CAN)
2015 Beijing
details
  Derek Drouin (CAN)   Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)
  Zhang Guowei (CHN)
none awarded
2017 London
details
  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)   Danil Lysenko (ANA)   Majededdin Ghazal (SYR)

WomenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Tamara Bykova (URS)   Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)   Louise Ritter (USA)
1987 Rome
details
  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)   Tamara Bykova (URS)   Susanne Beyer (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Heike Henkel (GER)   Yelena Yelesina (URS)   Inha Babakova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)   Silvia Costa (CUB)   Sigrid Kirchmann (AUT)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)   Alina Astafei (GER)   Inha Babakova (UKR)
1997 Athens
details
  Hanne Haugland (NOR)   Inha Babakova (UKR)
  Olga Kaliturina (RUS)
none awarded
1999 Seville
details
  Inha Babakova (UKR)   Yelena Yelesina (RUS)   Svetlana Lapina (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)   Inha Babakova (UKR)   Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)   Marina Kuptsova (RUS)   Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)   Chaunté Howard (USA)   Emma Green (SWE)
2007 Osaka
details
  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)   Anna Chicherova (RUS)
  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
none awarded
2009 Berlin
details
  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)   Anna Chicherova (RUS)   Ariane Friedrich (GER)
2011 Daegu
details
  Anna Chicherova (RUS)   Blanka Vlašić (CRO)   Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
2013 Moscow
details
  Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)   Brigetta Barrett (USA)   Anna Chicherova (RUS)
  Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2015 Beijing
details
  Mariya Kuchina (RUS)   Blanka Vlašić (CRO)   Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2017 London
details
  Mariya Lasitskene (ANA)   Yuliya Levchenko (UKR)   Kamila Lićwinko (POL)

World Indoor Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]   Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)   Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Othmane Belfaa (ALG)
1987 Indianapolis
details
  Igor Paklin (URS)   Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)   Ján Zvara (TCH)
1989 Budapest
details
  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)   Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)
1991 Seville
details
  Hollis Conway (USA)   Artur Partyka (POL)   Javier Sotomayor (CUB)
  Aleksey Yemelin (URS)
1993 Toronto
details
  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)   Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Barcelona
details
  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Labros Papakostas (GRE)   Tony Barton (USA)
1997 Paris
details
  Charles Austin (USA)   Labros Papakostas (GRE)   Dragutin Topić (FRY)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)   Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)   Charles Austin (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
  Stefan Holm (SWE)   Andriy Sokolovskyy (UKR)   Staffan Strand (SWE)
2003 Birmingham
details
  Stefan Holm (SWE)   Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)   Henadz Maroz (BLR)
2004 Budapest
details
  Stefan Holm (SWE)   Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)   Ștefan Vasilache (ROU)
  Germaine Mason (JAM)
  Jaroslav Bába (CZE)
2006 Moscow
details
  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)   Andrey Tereshin (RUS)   Linus Thörnblad (SWE)
2008 Valencia
details
  Stefan Holm (SWE)   Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)   Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
|  Andra Manson (USA)
2010 Doha
details
  Ivan Ukhov (RUS)   Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)   Dusty Jonas (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Dimitrios Chondrokoukis (GRE)   Andrey Silnov (RUS)   Ivan Ukhov (RUS)
2014 Sopot
details
  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)   Ivan Ukhov (RUS)   Andriy Protsenko (UKR)
2016 Portland
details
  Gianmarco Tamberi (ITA)   Robert Grabarz (GBR)   Erik Kynard (USA)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Danil Lysenko (ANA)   Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)   Mateusz Przybylko (GER)

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]   Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)   Susanne Lorentzon (SWE)   Debbie Brill (CAN)
  Danuta Bułkowska (POL)
  Silvia Costa (CUB)
1987 Indianapolis
details
  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)   Susanne Beyer (GDR)   Emilia Dragieva (BUL)
1989 Budapest
details
  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)   Tamara Bykova (URS)   Heike Redetzky (FRG)
1991 Seville
details
  Heike Henkel (GER)   Tamara Bykova (URS)   Heike Balck (GER)
1993 Toronto
details
  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)   Heike Henkel (GER)   Inha Babakova (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
details
  Alina Astafei (GER)   Britta Bilač (SLO)   Heike Henkel (GER)
1997 Paris
details
  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)   Inha Babakova (UKR)   Hanne Haugland (NOR)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Khristina Kalcheva (BUL)   Zuzana Hlavoňová (CZE)   Tisha Waller (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)   Inha Babakova (UKR)   Venelina Veneva (BUL)
2003 Birmingham
details
  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)   Yelena Yelesina (RUS)   Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2004 Budapest
details
  Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)   Anna Chicherova (RUS)   Blanka Vlašić (CRO)
2006 Moscow
details
  Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)   Blanka Vlašić (CRO)   Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2008 Valencia
details
  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)   Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)   Vita Palamar (UKR)
2010 Doha
details
  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)   Ruth Beitia (ESP)   Chaunté Lowe (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Chaunté Lowe (USA)   Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
  Ebba Jungmark (SWE)
none awarded
2014 Sopot
details
  Mariya Kuchina (RUS)
  Kamila Lićwinko (POL)
none awarded   Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2016 Portland
details
  Vashti Cunningham (USA)   Ruth Beitia (ESP)   Kamila Lićwinko (POL)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Mariya Lasitskene (ANA)   Vashti Cunningham (USA)   Alessia Trost (ITA)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

Athletes with most medalsEdit

Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:

Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.

MenEdit

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Asian
Total
                                               
  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 1 1 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 2 0 1 - - - 1 0 0 3 0 0 13 4 1
  Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 5 2 1 0 0 0 - - - 7 3 1
  Stefan Holm (SWE) 1 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 7 2 1
  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 6 3 2
  Lee Jin-Taek (KOR) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 - - - 1 0 1 2 0 0 6 1 1
  Igor Paklin (URS) 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
  Valeriy Brumel (URS) 1 1 0 - - - - - - 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
  Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 2
  Charles Austin (USA) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1
  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 0 0 1 1 3 0 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 3 8 2
  Dragutin Topić (SRB) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 4
  Vladimir Yashchenko (URS) 0 0 0 - - - - - - 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 3 0 0
  Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 2 2 1
  Hollis Conway (USA) 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 3

WomenEdit

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Commonwealth
Total
                                               
  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) 1 1 0 2 0 0 5 0 0 1 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 13 2 0
  Sara Simeoni (ITA) 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 4 0 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 10 2 4
  Ruth Beitia (ESP) 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 2 3 0 0 1 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 6 5 4
  Blanka Vlašić (CRO) 0 1 1 2 2 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 4 2
  Hestrie Cloete (RSA) 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 2 0
  Mariya Lasitskene (RUS) - - - 2 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 - - - 6 2 0
  Heike Henkel (FRG) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 6 1 3
  Iolanda Balaş (ROM) 2 0 0 - - - - - - 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 6 1 0
  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 - - - 5 2 0
  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) 0 0 1 1 0 2 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 4
  Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) 1 0 0 - - - - - - 1 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 0
  Anna Chicherova (RUS) 1 0 * 1 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 - - - 4 4 3
  Tamara Bykova (URS) 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 - - - 4 2 2
Alina Astafei
(Romania & Germany)
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 4 3 2
  Tia Hellebaut (BEL) 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 4 0 0
  Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 - - - 3 1 1
  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 3 1

Season's bestsEdit

  • "i" indicates indoor performance.

Height differentialsEdit

All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jumps above their own height.[20][21]

MenEdit

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.59 m (1 ft 11 in) Stefan Holm 1.81 m (5 ft 11​14 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in)
Franklin Jacobs 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 7​14 in)
3 0.58 m (1 ft 10​34 in) Linus Thörnblad 1.80 m (5 ft 10​34 in) 2.38 m (7 ft 9​12 in)
Anton Riepl 1.75 m (5 ft 8​34 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 7​12 in)
Rick Noji 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in)
6 0.57 m (1 ft 10​14 in) Hollis Conway 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in)
7 0.56 m (1 ft 10 in) Takahiro Kimino 1.76 m (5 ft 9​14 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 7​14 in)
Charles Austin 1.84 m (6 ft 0​14 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in)
Sorin Matei 1.84 m (6 ft 0​14 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in)
10 0.55 m (1 ft 9​12 in) Robert Wolski 1.84 m (6 ft 0​14 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in)
Hari Shankar Roy 1.70 m (5 ft 6​34 in) 2.25 m (7 ft 4​12 in)
Marcello Benvenuti 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 7​12 in)
Milton Ottey 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 7​12 in)

WomenEdit

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.35 m (1 ft 1​34 in) Antonietta Di Martino 1.69 m (5 ft 6​12 in) 2.04 m (6 ft 8​14 in)
2 0.33 m (1 ft 0​34 in) Kajsa Bergqvist 1.75 m (5 ft 8​34 in) 2.08 m (6 ft 9​34 in)
Niki Bakoyianni 1.70 m (5 ft 6​34 in) 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in)
4 0.32 m (1 ft 0​12 in) Yolanda Henry 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in)
Emilia Dragieva 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in)
6 0.31 m (1 ft 0 in) Marie Collonvillé 1.63 m (5 ft 4 in) 1.94 m (6 ft 4​14 in)
Inika McPherson 1.65 m (5 ft 4​34 in) 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)
8 0.30 m (0 ft 11​34 in) Jessica Ennis 1.65 m (5 ft 4​34 in) 1.95 m (6 ft 4​34 in)
Viktoriya Seryogina 1.70 m (5 ft 6​34 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in)
Antonella Bevilacqua 1.69 m (5 ft 6​12 in) 1.99 m (6 ft 6​14 in)
Lyudmila Andonova 1.77 m (5 ft 9​12 in) 2.07 m (6 ft 9​14 in)
Cindy Holmes 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in) 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)

Female two metres clubEdit

As of August 2017, 67 different female athletes had ever been able to jump 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in).[9][11]

# Nations Athletes
16   Russia Anna Chicherova 2.07, Elena Slesarenko 2.06, Mariya Lasitskene 2.06, Tamara Bykova 2.05, Irina Gordeeva 2.04, Marina Kuptsova 2.03,
Svetlana Shkolina 2.03, Tatyana Babashkina 2.03, Yelena Yelesina 2.02, Yelena Gulyayeva 2.01, Svetlana Lapina 2.00
Ekaterina Savchenko 2.00, Larisa Kositsyna 2.00, Viktoriya Klyugina 2.00, Viktoriya Seryogina 2.00, Yuliya Lyakhova 2.00
9   Germany Heike Henkel 2.07, Ariane Friedrich 2.06, Alina Astafei 2.04, Ulrike Meyfarth 2.03, Gabriele Günz 2.01, Heike Balck 2.01,
Daniela Rath 2.00, Meike Kröger 2.00, Marie-Laurence Jungfleisch 2.00
8   United States Chaunté Lowe 2.05, Brigetta Barrett 2.04, Louise Ritter 2.03, Amy Acuff 2.01, Tisha Waller 2.01,
Coleen Sommer 2.00, Jan Wohlschlag 2.00, Yolanda Henry 2.00
6   Ukraine Inha Babakova 2.05, Vita Styopina 2.02, Iryna Mykhalchenko 2.01, Vita Palamar 2.01, Yuliya Levchenko 2.01, Lyudmila Avdeyenko 2.00
  Bulgaria Stefka Kostadinova 2.09, Lyudmila Andonova 2.07, Venelina Veneva-Mateeva 2.04, Emilia Dragieva 2.00, Svetlana Isaeva-Leseva 2.00, Mirela Demireva 2.00
4   Italy Antonietta Di Martino 2.04, Elena Vallortigara 2.02, Sara Simeoni 2.01, Alessia Trost 2.00
3   South Africa Hestrie Cloete 2.06, Desiré du Plessis 2.01, Charmaine Gale-Weavers 2.00
2   Sweden Kajsa Bergqvist 2.08, Emma Green Tregaro 2.01
  Cuba Silvia Costa 2.04, Ioamnet Quintero 2.01
  East Germany Susanne Beyer 2.02, Rosemarie Ackermann 2.00
  Belgium Tia Hellebaut 2.05, Nafissatou Thiam 2.01
1   Croatia Blanka Vlašić 2.08
  Greece Niki Bakogianni 2.03
  Romania Monica Iagar 2.03
  Spain Ruth Beitia 2.02
  Poland Kamila Lićwinko 2.02
  Kazakhstan Olga Turchak 2.01
  Norway Hanne Haugland 2.01
  Lithuania Airinė Palšytė 2.01
  Yugoslavia Biljana Petrović 2.00
  Belarus Tatyana Shevchik 2.00
  Czech Republic Zuzana Hlavoňová 2.00
  Slovenia Britta Bilač 2.00
  Hungary Dóra Győrffy 2.00

National recordsEdit

MenEdit

Nation Height Athlete Date Place Ref
  Cuba 2.45 m (8 ft 0​14 in) Javier Sotomayor 27 July 1993 Salamanca
  Qatar 2.43 m (7 ft 11​12 in) Mutaz Essa Barshim 5 September 2014 Brussels [22]
  Sweden 2.42 m (7 ft 11​14 in) Patrik Sjöberg 30 June 1987 Stockholm
  Russia 2.42 m (7 ft 11​14 in) i Ivan Ukhov 25 February 2014 Prague [23]
  Germany 2.42 m (7 ft 11​14 in) i Carlo Thränhardt 26 February 1988 Berlin
  Ukraine 2.42 m (7 ft 11​14 in) Bohdan Bondarenko 14 June 2014 New York City [14]
  Kyrgyzstan 2.41 m (7 ft 10​34 in) Igor Paklin 4 September 1985 Kobe
  Romania 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in) Sorin Matei 20 June 1990 Bratislava
  United States 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in) Charles Austin 7 August 1991 Zürich
  Canada 2.40 m (7 ft 10​14 in) Derek Drouin 25 April 2014 Des Moines [24]
  China 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Zhu Jianhua 11 June 1983 Beijing
  Italy 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Gianmarco Tamberi 15 July 2016 Fontvieille [18]
  Serbia 2.38 m (7 ft 9​12 in) Dragutin Topic 1 August 1993 Belgrad
  Bahamas 2.38 m (7 ft 9​12 in) Troy Kemp 12 July 1995 Nice
  Poland 2.38 m (7 ft 9​12 in) Artur Partyka 18 August 1996 Eberstadt
  South Africa 2.38 m (7 ft 9​12 in) Jacques Freitag 5 March 2005 Oudtshoorn
  Azerbaijan 2.37 m (7 ft 9​14 in) Valeriy Sereda 2 September 1984 Rieti
  United Kingdom 2.37 m (7 ft 9​14 in) Steve Smith 20 September 1992 Seoul
22 August 1993 Stuttgart
Robbie Grabarz 23 August 2012 Lausanne [25]
  Belgium 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Eddy Annys 26 May 1985 Ghent
  Kazakhstan 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Sergey Zasimovich 5 May 1984 Tashkent
  Slovakia 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Jan Zvara 23 August 1987 Prague
  Czech Republic 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Jaroslav Baba 8 July 2005 Rome
  Bermuda 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Clarence Saunders 1 February 1990 Auckland
  Bulgaria 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Georgi Dakov 10 August 1990 Brussels
  Greece 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Lambros Papakostas 21 July 1992 Athens
  Australia 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Tim Forsyth 2 March 1997 Melbourne
  Norway 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Steinar Hoen 1 July 1997 Oslo
  Israel 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Konstantin Matusevich 5 February 2000 Perth
  Syria 2.36 m (7 ft 8​34 in) Majededdin Ghazal 18 May 2016 Beijing [26]
  France 2.35 m (7 ft 8​12 in) Jean-Charles Gicquel 13 March 1994 Paris
  Cyprus 2.35 m (7 ft 8​12 in) Kyriakos Ioannou 29 August 2007 Osaka
  Lithuania 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Rolandas Verkys 16 June 1991 Warsaw
  Spain 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Arturo Ortiz 22 June 1991 Barcelona
  Belarus 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Andrey Sankovich 15 May 1993 Gomel
  South Korea 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Lee Jin-Taek 20 June 1997 Seoul
  Algeria 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Abderrahmane Hammad 14 July 2000 Algiers
  Jamaica 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Germaine Mason 9 August 2003 Santo Domingo
  Botswana 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Kabelo Kgosiemang 4 May 2008 Addis Ababa
  Colombia 2.33 m (7 ft 7​12 in) Gilmar Mayo 17 October 1994 Pereira
  Japan 2.33 m (7 ft 7​12 in) Naoyuki Daigo 2 July 2006 Kobe
  Uzbekistan 2.32 m (7 ft 7​14 in) Gennadiy Belkov 29 May 1982 Tashkent
  Slovenia 2.32 m (7 ft 7​14 in) Rožle Prezelj 17 June 2012 Maribor
  Brazil 2.32 m (7 ft 7​14 in) Jessé de Lima 2 September 2008 Lausanne
   Switzerland 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in) Roland Dalhäuser 7 June 1981 Eberstadt
  Tajikistan 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in) Oleg Palaschevskiy 12 August 1990 Bryansk
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in) Elvir Krehmic 7 July 1998 Zagreb
  Saint Lucia 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in) Darvin Edwards 30 August 2011 Daegu
  Finland 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in) Mika Polku 22 July 2000 Hämeenkyrö
Toni Huikuri 11 June 2002 Bratislava
  Peru 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in) A Arturo Chávez 11 June 2016 Mexico City [27]
  Venezuela 2.31 m (7 ft 6​34 in) Eure Yáñez 23 June 2017 Luque [28]
  Netherlands 2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) Wilbert Pennings 7 August 1999 Eberstadt [29]
  Estonia 2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) Marko Turban 5 June 1996 Rakvere
  Latvia 2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) Normunds Sietiņš 20 July 1992 Nurmijärvi
  Ireland 2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) Adrian O'Dwyer 24 June 2004 Algiers
  Mexico 2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) Gerardo Martinez 15 April 2007 Walnut
2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) i Edgar Rivera 9 February 2016 Brno [30]
4 February 2017 Hustopeče [31]
  Malaysia 2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) Nauraj Singh Randhawa 27 April 2017 Singapore [32]
  Turkey 2.30 m (7 ft 6​12 in) Alperen Acet 3 June 2018 Cluj-Napoca [33]
  Chinese Taipei 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in) Hsiang Chun-hsien 21 October 2015 Kaohsiung
  Puerto Rico 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in) David Smith 23 April 2016 Auburn [34]
Luis Castro Rivera 28 May 2016 Sinn [35]
  Iceland 2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in) Einar Karl Hjartarson 20 February 2001 Reykjavík
  Cameroon 2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in) Fernand Djoumessi 19 June 2014 Bühl [36]
  Hungary 2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in) László Boros 6 July 2005 Debrecen
  Austria 2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in) Markus Einberger 18 May 1986 Schwechat
  Sudan 2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in) i Mohamed Younes Idris 23 February 2014 Bordeaux [37]
2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in) 27 May 2015 Namur [38]
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 2.28 m (7 ft 5​34 in) Jermaine Francis 1 August 2018 Barranquilla [39]
  Antigua and Barbuda 2.27 m (7 ft 5​14 in) James Grayman 7 July 2007 Pergine Valsugana
  Denmark 2.27 m (7 ft 5​14 in) Janick Klausen 4 March 2011 Paris [40]
  Sri Lanka 2.27 m (7 ft 5​14 in) Manjula Kumara Wijesekara 23 July 2004 Colombo
4 September 2005 Incheon
  Lebanon 2.27 m (7 ft 5​14 in) Jean-Claude Rabbath 23 April 2004 Beirut
12 June 2004 Bucharest
  San Marino 2.27 m (7 ft 5​14 in) Eugenio Rossi 28 June 2015 Caprino Veronese [41]
  Iran 2.26 m (7 ft 4​34 in) Keivan Ghanbarzadeh 20 April 2012 Shiraz [42]
22 June 2015 Bangkok [43]
2.26 m (7 ft 4​34 in) i 20 September 2017 Ashgabat [44]
  India 2.26 m (7 ft 4​34 in) Tejaswin Shankar 10 November 2016 Coimbatore [45]
  Argentina 2.25 m (7 ft 4​12 in) Fernando Pastoriza 23 July 1988 Ciudad de México
Erasmo Jara 11 May 2002 Rosário
  Barbados 2.25 m (7 ft 4​12 in) Henderson Dottin 12 April 2008 El Paso
  Egypt 2.25 m (7 ft 4​12 in) Karim Samir Lotfy 27 June 2008 Eberstadt
  Kenya 2.25 m (7 ft 4​12 in) A Mathieu Kiplagat Sawe 31 July 2015 Nairobi [46]
  Mali 2.25 m (7 ft 4​12 in) Abdoulaye Diarra 24 May 2015 Tourcoing [47]
  Moldova 2.25 m (7 ft 4​12 in) Radu Tucan 30 May 2008 Chişinău
Andrei Mîţîcov 28 May 2016 Tiraspol
  Ghana 2.24 m (7 ft 4 in) Awuku Boateng 8 August 1996 Kitchener
  Portugal 2.24 m (7 ft 4 in) i Paulo Conceição 6 March 2016 Pombal [48]
  Burkina Faso 2.22 m (7 ft 3​14 in) Boubacar Séré 13 August 2006 Bambous
27 June 2007 Celle Ligure
  Chile 2.22 m (7 ft 3​14 in) Felipe Apablaza 3 June 2001 Cochabamba
  Jordan 2.22 m (7 ft 3​14 in) Fakhredin Fouad 4 July 1991 Amman
  Grenada 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Paul Caraballo 26 April 1997 Des Moines
  Saudi Arabia 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Nawaf Ahmad Al-Yami 15 June 2013 Salzburg
  Panama 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Alexander Bowen Jr. 9 May 2015 Albany [49]
  Bahrain 2.19 m (7 ft 2 in) Salem Nasser Bakheet 10 October 2002 Busan
9 December 2006 Doha
  Cayman Islands 2.19 m (7 ft 2 in) Omar Wright 13 May 2006 El Paso
  Iraq 2.19 m (7 ft 2 in) Hussein Al-Ibraheemi 19 May 2017 Baku [50]
  Chad 2.17 m (7 ft 1​14 in) Mahamat Idriss 10 April 1966 N'Djamena
Paul Ngadjadoum 29 March 1993 N'Djamena
Mathias Ngadjadoum 7 April 1996 N'Djamena
  Guyana 2.17 m (7 ft 1​14 in) Robert Bynoe 17 April 1995 George Town
  Trinidad and Tobago 2.17 m (7 ft 1​14 in) Kareem Roberts 25 June 2017 Port of Spain [51]
  Armenia 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) A Karen Ardarian 14 July 1984 Yerevan
Gerasim Hayrapetian 15 June 1985
Edik Mesropian 15 October 1985
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) Dieudonné Opata 18 July 1998 Pamplona
  United Arab Emirates 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) Sayed Abbas Al-Alaoui 10 April 2013 Doha
  Costa Rica 2.15 m (7 ft 0​12 in) Henry Linton 9 May 2009 San José
  Indonesia 2.15 m (7 ft 0​12 in) Andre Dermawan 13 September 2012 Pekanbaru
Rizky Ghusyafa Pratama 26 August 2017 Bukit Jalil [52]
  Zambia 2.15 m (7 ft 0​12 in) Shaddye Melu 9 April 2016 Spokane [53]
  Andorra 2.14 m (7 ft 0​14 in) Estéve Martín 26 June 1996 Barcelona
  Republic of the Congo 2.14 m (7 ft 0​14 in) Henri Elendé 6 September 1964 Châtellerault
Jean-Claude Silao 1 June 1997 Dakar
  Liberia 2.14 m (7 ft 0​14 in) Jah Bennett 28 April 2007 Fresno
  Benin 2.12 m (6 ft 11​14 in) Romain Akpo 10 September 2010 Abuja
  Albania 2.11 m (6 ft 11 in) Muhamet Abazi 6 July 1988 Tirana
  Bangladesh 2.11 m (6 ft 11 in) Sajib Hossain 5 May 2010 Dhaka [54]
  Angola 2.10 m (6 ft 10​12 in) Orlando Bonifácio 9 May 1982 Luanda
  Aruba 2.10 m (6 ft 10​12 in) Pierre de Windt 24 September 2006 Breda
  Bolivia 2.10 m (6 ft 10​12 in) Claudio Pinto 12 November 1989 La Paz
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.09 m (6 ft 10​14 in) Zimbert Bramble 11 April 2015 Pittsburg [55]
  Fiji 2.09 m (6 ft 10​14 in) Antonio Rahiman 5 April 2003 Suva
Malakai Kaiwalu 8 July 2016 Suva [56]
  Ivory Coast 2.08 m (6 ft 9​34 in) Moustapha N’Dir 28 May 1970 Dakar
Kouami N’Dri 5 May 1979 Abidjan
  Macau 2.08 m (6 ft 9​34 in) Wong Chi Wai 19 May 2016 Taoyuan [57]
  Central African Republic 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Fidèle Bakamba 3 April 1977 Ilé-Ifẹ̀
  Burundi 2.05 m (6 ft 8​12 in) Jérôme Rutayisiré 17 August 1986 Gauvain
  Cape Verde 2.05 m (6 ft 8​12 in) Stephane Varela 11 January 2014 Lisbon
  Brunei 2.04 m (6 ft 8​14 in) Demingo Kapal 7 June 1992 B. S. Begawan
  Belize 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in) Joel Wade 17 August 1997 Belize City
  Cambodia 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in) Sin Sitha 5 August 1972 Aachen
  Libya 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in) Fethi Abdulmounem Aboud 27 August 2008 Amman
  Suriname 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in) Miguel van Assen 31 March 2013 Nassau
  Myanmar 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in) Htin Linn 28 April 2016 Kallang [58]
  Anguilla 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in) Theron Niles 6 July 2014 Basseterre
    Nepal 1.98 m (6 ft 5​34 in) Surya Khatri 12 July 2015 Kathmandu [59]
  Kosovo 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Erydit Rysha 29 May 2016 Bar
  Kiribati 1.95 m (6 ft 4​34 in) David Birati 10 May 2015 Cairns [60]
  Nicaragua 1.95 m (6 ft 4​34 in) Francisco Garth 21 January 2017 Managua [61]
  Rwanda 1.93 m (6 ft 3​34 in) Ian Kagame 30 April 2016 Amherst
  Afghanistan 1.90 m (6 ft 2​34 in) Abdoul Skour 1973 Kabul
  Guam 1.90 m (6 ft 2​34 in) Raffy Cartaciano 7 May 2002 Tumon
  American Samoa 1.89 m (6 ft 2​14 in) Aaron Victorian 12 February 2010 San Jose
  Cook Islands 1.89 m (6 ft 2​14 in) Turuariki George Baxter 25 September 2009 Nikao
  Malta 1.87 m (6 ft 1​12 in) Edward Calleja 17 June 1998 Marsa
  Comoros 1.85 m (6 ft 0​34 in) Mouhoussoine Soudjay 23 May 2015 Gagny
  Bhutan 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) Mipham Yoezer Gurung 7 July 2016 Thimphu [62]
Kinley Wangdy [62]
  South Sudan 1.55 m (5 ft 1 in) Dood Deng Akoi 13/14 June 2015 Khartoum

WomenEdit

Nation Height Athlete Date Venue Ref
  Bulgaria 2.09 m (6 ft 10​14 in) Stefka Kostadinova 30 August 1987 Rome
  Sweden 2.08 m (6 ft 9​34 in) i Kajsa Bergqvist 4 February 2006 Arnstadt
  Croatia 2.08 m (6 ft 9​34 in) Blanka Vlašić 31 August 2009 Zagreb
  Germany 2.07 m (6 ft 9​14 in) i Heike Henkel 8 February 1992 Karlsruhe
  Russia 2.07 m (6 ft 9​14 in) Anna Chicherova 22 July 2011 Cheboksary
  South Africa 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Hestrie Cloete 31 August 2003 Paris
  Ukraine 2.05 m (6 ft 8​12 in) Inga Babakova 15 September 1995 Tokyo
  Belgium 2.05 m (6 ft 8​12 in) Tia Hellebaut 3 March 2007 Birmingham
  United States 2.05 m (6 ft 8​12 in) Chaunte Lowe 26 June 2010 Des Moines
  Cuba 2.04 m (6 ft 8​14 in) Silvia Costa 9 September 1989 Barcelona
  Italy 2.04 m (6 ft 8​14 in) i Antonietta Di Martino 9 February 2011 Banská Bystrica
  Greece 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in) Niki Bakogianni 3 August 1996 Atlanta
  Romania 2.03 m (6 ft 7​34 in) Monica Iagar 23 January 1999 Bucharest
  Spain 2.02 m (6 ft 7​12 in) Ruth Beitia 4 August 2007 San Sebastián
  Poland 2.02 m (6 ft 7​12 in) i Kamila Lićwinko 21 February 2015 Toruń [63]
  Kazakhstan 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Olga Turchak 7 July 1986 Moscow
  Norway 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Hanne Haugland 13 August 1997 Zürich
  Lithuania 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) i Airinė Palšytė 4 March 2017 Belgrade [64]
  Yugoslavia 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in) Biljana Petrović 22 June 1990 Saint-Denis
  Belarus 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in) Tatyana Shevchik 14 May 1993 Gomel
  Czech Republic 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in) Zuzana Hlavoňová 5 June 2000 Prague
  Slovenia 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in) Britta Bilač 14 August 1994 Helsinki
  Hungary 2.00 m (6 ft 6​12 in) Dóra Győrffy 26 July 2001 Nyíregyháza
  Uzbekistan 1.98 m (6 ft 5​34 in) Lyudmila Butuzova 10 June 1984 Sochi
Svetlana Radzivil 22 May 2008 Cottbus
Nadiya Dusanova 17 July 2008 Cottbus
  Canada 1.98 m (6 ft 5​34 in) Debbie Brill 2 September 1984 Rieti
  Australia 1.98 m (6 ft 5​34 in) Alison Inverarity 12 February 1989 Ingolstadt
  Saint Lucia 1.98 m (6 ft 5​34 in) Levern Spencer 8 May 2010 Athens
  United Kingdom 1.98 m (6 ft 5​34 in) Katarina Johnson-Thompson 12 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [65]
  China 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Jin Ling 7 May 1989 Hamamatsu
  Latvia 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Valentīna Gotovska 30 March 1992 Vilnius
  Austria 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Sigrid Kirchmann 21 August 1993 Stuttgart
  Moldova 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Olga Bolşova 5 September 1993 Rieti
  Argentina 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Solange Witteveen 19 May 2001 Manaus
  Dominican Republic 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Juana Rosario Arrendel 2 December 2002 San Salvador
  France 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) i Mélanie Melfort 5 February 2003 Dortmund
18 February 2007 Aubière
  Kyrgyzstan 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Tatyana Efimenko 11 July 2003 Rome
  Mexico 1.97 m (6 ft 5​12 in) Romary Rifka 4 April 2004 Xalapa
  Estonia 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Anna Iljuštšenko 9 August 2011 Viljandi
  Japan 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Miki Imai 15 September 2001 Yokohama
  Ivory Coast 1.95 m (6 ft 4​34 in) Lucienne N'Da 28 June 1992 Belle Vue Maurel
  Ireland 1.95 m (6 ft 4​34 in) Deirdre Ryan 1 September 2011 Daegu
  Nigeria 1.95 m (6 ft 4​34 in) Doreen Amata 3 July 2008 Abuja
16 July 2011 Eberstadt [66]
1 September 2011 Daegu [67]
  Montenegro 1.95 m (6 ft 4​34 in) Marija Vuković 24 July 2016 Berane [68]
  Israel 1.94 m (6 ft 4​14 in) i Danielle Frenkel 5 March 2011 Paris
  Vietnam 1.94 m (6 ft 4​14 in) Bui Thi Nhung 4 May 2005 Bangkok
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.94 m (6 ft 4​14 in) Amra Temim 15 August 1987 Varaždin
  Serbia 1.94 m (6 ft 4​14 in) Amra Temim 16 September 1988 Thessaloniki
  Denmark 1.94 m (6 ft 4​14 in) Pia Zinck 8 August 1997 Athens [69]
  Netherlands 1.94 m (6 ft 4​14 in) Nadine Broersen 14 August 2014 Zürich [70]
  Colombia 1.93 m (6 ft 3​34 in) Caterine Ibargüen 22 July 2005 Cali
  Turkey 1.93 m (6 ft 3​34 in)[71] Candeğer Oğuz 16 May 2004 Istanbul
  Cyprus 1.93 m (6 ft 3​34 in) i Leontia Kallenou 13 March 2015 Fayetteville [72]
1.93 m (6 ft 3​34 in) 15 May 2015 Starkville [73]
  Barbados 1.93 m (6 ft 3​34 in) i Akela Jones 27 February 2016 Ames [74]
  Finland 1.93 m (6 ft 3​34 in) Linda Sandblom 25 June 2016 Kuortane [75]
  Brazil 1.92 m (6 ft 3​12 in) Orlane dos Santos 11 August 1989 Bogotá
  Georgia 1.92 m (6 ft 3​12 in) Valentyna Liashenko 27 June 2015 Berdychiv
  Seychelles 1.92 m (6 ft 3​12 in) A Lissa Labiche 9 May 2015 Potchefstroom [76]
  Antigua and Barbuda 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) Priscilla Frederick 22 July 2015 Toronto [77]
  Hong Kong 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) Yeung Man Wai 30 April 2017 Taipei City [78]
  Bahamas 1.87 m (6 ft 1​12 in) i Saniel Atkinson Grier 24 January 2014 Nashville [79]
8 February 2014 Blacksburg [80]
  Dominica 1.85 m (6 ft 0​34 in) i Thea LaFond 27 February 2014 Clemson [81]
1.85 m (6 ft 0​34 in) 3 April 2015 Gainesville [82]
  Luxembourg 1.85 m (6 ft 0​34 in) Elodie Tshilumba 9 June 2017 Pierre-Benite [83]
  Singapore 1.84 m (6 ft 0​14 in) Michelle Sng 19 March 2015 Laguna [84]
  Puerto Rico 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) Laura Agront 2 June 1984 San Juan
1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) A Alysbeth Félix 25 June 2016 Cali [85]
  Iran 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) Sepideh Tavakkoli 28 September 2014 Incheon [86]
  Egypt 1.82 m (5 ft 11​12 in) Besnet Moussad Mohamed 13 April 2016 Cairo
  Uruguay 1.82 m (5 ft 11​12 in) Lorena Aires 25 June 2017 Luque [87]
  Morocco 1.81 m (5 ft 11​14 in) i Ghizlane Siba 13 December 2014 Manhattan [88]
  Malaysia 1.81 m (5 ft 11​14 in) Yap Sean Yee 19 March 2017 Kuala Lumpur [89]
  Ethiopia 1.80 m (5 ft 10​34 in) Ariyat Dibow Ubang 14 September 2015 Brazzaville [90]
  Haiti 1.80 m (5 ft 10​34 in) Vanessa Jules 22 May 2015 Chula Vista
  Swaziland 1.80 m (5 ft 10​34 in) A Erika Seyama 11 March 2017 Pretoria
  Bermuda 1.80 m (5 ft 10​34 in) Zindzi Swan 14 May 2005 Atlanta
10 July 2005 Nassau
Sakari Famous 30 April 2016 Hamilton
  Indonesia 1.79 m (5 ft 10​14 in) Nadia Anggraini 28 April 2016 Singapore [91]
  Benin 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) Odile Ahouanwanou 14 July 2017 Marseille [92]
1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) i 22 January 2017 Eaubonne [93]
  Anguilla 1.77 m (5 ft 9​12 in) i Shinelle Proctor 31 May 2014 Fayetteville [94]
  United States Virgin Islands 1.75 m (5 ft 8​34 in) Wanetta Kirby 6 June 2015 West Long Branch
11 July 2015 New York City
  Iraq 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) Mariyam Abdul Hameed 16–18 March 2017 Baghdad
21 May 2017 Bangkok
  Lebanon 1.72 m (5 ft 7​12 in) Carine Bitchakjin 11 August 2000 Jamhour
  Belize 1.71 m (5 ft 7​14 in) i Katy Sealy 20 December 2015 London
  Curaçao 1.70 m (5 ft 6​34 in) Sharyaane Gijsbertha 1 April 2013 Nassau [95]
  Bahrain 1.70 m (5 ft 6​34 in) Mariam Mohamed Al-Ansari 17 December 2011 Doha [96]
9 March 2013 Manama
15 March 2015 Muscat
  Republic of the Congo 1.70 m (5 ft 6​34 in) Addo Ndala 16 June 1990 Quimper
Tania Matshoko 8 May 2016 Antony
  Suriname 1.66 m (5 ft 5​14 in) Deborah Gallon 5 May 2015 Paramaribo
  Guinea 1.65 m (5 ft 4​34 in) i Fatoumata Balley 7 January 2015 Nogent-sur-Oise [97]
  British Virgin Islands 1.65 m (5 ft 4​34 in) Takola Creque 21 May 1994 Road Town
Chantel Malone 29 June 2008 Road Town
Z’Niah Hutchinson 7 March 2016 Tortola [98]
  Turks and Caicos Islands 1.65 m (5 ft 4​34 in) Sanadia Forbes 15 April 2017 Willemstad [99]
  Malta 1.61 m (5 ft 3​14 in) Chloe Gambin 19 February 2011 Marsa
  Liberia 1.60 m (5 ft 2​34 in) Otricia Borkuah 27/31 December 2013 Monrovia
Maya Neal 24 February 2017 Nashville
  United Arab Emirates 1.59 m (5 ft 2​12 in) Alia Youssef Al-Hammadi 15 March 2015 Muscat
  Equatorial Guinea 1.56 m (5 ft 1​14 in) Bibiana Olama 25/27 October 2012 Malabo
  Kuwait 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in) Sarah Nasser Al-Sabea 15 March 2015 Muscat
  Mauritania 1.52 m (4 ft 11​34 in) i Badia Kamara 23 January 2012 Doha
  Oman 1.50 m (4 ft 11 in) Buthayna Ayed Al-Yacoobi 11 July 2013 Debrecen
  Qatar 1.45 m (4 ft 9 in) i Fayza Abdulnaser Omar 26 February 2010 Doha
  Kosovo 1.40 m (4 ft 7 in) Mimoza Sefedini 8 September 2013 Mitrovica
Merlinda Kryetziu 23 April 2017 Skopje
  Bhutan 1.36 m (4 ft 5​12 in) Dawa Palden 8 July 2016 Thimphu [62]
  American Samoa 1.35 m (4 ft 5 in) Jordan Mageo 20 February 2016 Claremont [100]
  Afghanistan 1.11 m (3 ft 7​12 in) Asma Mohammadi 22 September 2016 Rjukan

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2011.  iaaf rules
  2. ^ CoachR. "The HIGH JUMP". www.coachr.org. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved February 11, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved February 11, 2009. 
  5. ^ "How it works". iaaf.org. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  6. ^ http://www.everythingtrackandfield.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/PBOnePieceView?storeId=10152&catalogId=10753&pagename=307
  7. ^ KangarooTrackClub.org. "High Jump Drills". www.kangarootrackclub.org. 
  8. ^ High Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  10. ^ High Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  11. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  12. ^ "Justin Gatlin rolls back the years as tyro Barshim basks". zeenews.india.com. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  13. ^ [1]. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-02-25.
  14. ^ a b "High Jump Results". IAAF. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  15. ^ Note: Drouin jumped imperial 7'10 ½"
  16. ^