Open main menu

The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin. The "hammer" used in this sport is not like any of the tools also called by that name. It consists of a metal ball attached by a steel wire to a grip. The size of the ball varies between men's and women's competitions (see Competition section below for details).

Athletics
Hammer throw
John Flanagan.jpg
Irish-born American John Flanagan in the hammer throw competition at the Summer Olympics 1908 in London
Men's records
WorldSoviet Union Yuriy Sedykh 86.74 m (1986)
OlympicSoviet Union Sergey Litvinov 84.80 m (1988)
Women's records
WorldPoland Anita Włodarczyk 82.98 m (2016)
OlympicPoland Anita Włodarczyk 82.29 m (2016)
Scottish hammer throw illustration from Frank R.Stockton's book "Round-about Rambles in Lands of Fact and Fancy"
The traditional Highland games version of event
The contemporary version of the hammer throw
World Athletics Championships 2007 in Osaka - Victory Ceremony for Hammer Throw with winner Ivan Tsikhan (middle)
Men's Hammer Throw Final - 28th Summer Universiade 2015
Safety net for hammer throw

Contents

HistoryEdit

With roots dating back to the 15th century, the contemporary version of the hammer throw is one of the oldest of Olympic Games competitions, first included at the 1900 games in Paris, France (the second Olympiad of the modern era). Its history since the late 1960s and legacy prior to inclusion in the Olympics have been dominated by European and Eastern European influence, which has affected interest in the event in other parts of the world.

The hammer evolved from its early informal origins to become part of the Scottish Highland games in the late 18th century, where the original version of the event is still contested today.

While the men's hammer throw has been part of the Olympics since 1900, the International Association of Athletics Federations did not start ratifying women's marks until 1995. Women's hammer throw was first included in the Olympics at the 2000 summer games in Sydney, Australia, after having been included in the World Championships a year earlier.

CompetitionEdit

The men's hammer weighs 16 pounds (7.26 kg) and measures 3 feet 11 34 inches (121.3 cm) in length, and the women's hammer weighs 8.82 lb (4 kg) and 3 ft 11 in (119.4 cm) in length.[1] Like the other throwing events, the competition is decided by who can throw the implement the farthest.

Although commonly thought of as a strength event, technical advancements in the last 30 years have evolved hammer throw competition to a point where more focus is on speed in order to gain maximum distance.

The throwing motion involves about two swings from stationary position, then three, four or very rarely five rotations of the body in circular motion using a complicated heel-toe movement of the foot. The ball moves in a circular path, gradually increasing in velocity with each turn with the high point of the hammer ball toward the target sector and the low point at the back of the circle. The thrower releases the ball from the front of the circle.

As of 2015 the men's hammer world record is held by Yuriy Sedykh, who threw 86.74 m (284 ft 6 34 in) at the 1986 European Athletics Championships in Stuttgart, West Germany on 30 August.

The world record for the women's hammer is held by Anita Włodarczyk, who threw 82.98 m (272 ft 2 34 in) during the Kamila Skolimowska Memorial on 28 August 2016.

All-time top 25 hammer throwersEdit

MenEdit

  • Updated August 2015
Rank Mark Athlete Location Date Ref
1 86.74 m (284 ft 6 34 in)   Yuriy Sedykh (SUN) Stuttgart 30 August 1986
2 86.04 m (282 ft 3 14 in)   Sergey Litvinov (SUN) Dresden 3 July 1986
3 84.90 m (278 ft 6 12 in)   Vadim Devyatovskiy (BLR) Minsk 21 July 2005
4 84.86 m (278 ft 4 34 in)   Koji Murofushi (JPN) Prague 29 June 2003
5 84.62 m (277 ft 7 14 in)   Igor Astapkovich (BLR) Seville 6 June 1992
6 84.51 m (277 ft 3 in)   Ivan Tsikhan (BLR) Grodno 9 July 2008
7 84.48 m (277 ft 1 34 in)   Igor Nikulin (SUN) Lausanne 12 July 1990
8 84.40 m (276 ft 10 34 in)   Jüri Tamm (SUN) Banská Bystrica 9 September 1984
9 84.19 m (276 ft 2 12 in)   Adrián Annus (HUN) Szombathely 10 August 2003
10 83.93 m (275 ft 4 14 in)   Paweł Fajdek (POL) Szczecin 9 August 2015 [2]
11 83.68 m (274 ft 6 14 in)   Tibor Gécsek (HUN) Zalaegerszeg 19 September 1998
12 83.46 m (273 ft 9 34 in)   Andrey Abduvaliyev (SUN) Sochi 26 May 1990
13 83.43 m (273 ft 8 12 in)   Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS) Adler 10 February 2002
14 83.40 m (273 ft 7 14 in)   Ralf Haber (DDR) Athens 16 May 1988
15 83.38 m (273 ft 6 12 in)   Szymon Ziółkowski (POL) Edmonton 5 August 2001
16 83.30 m (273 ft 3 12 in)   Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN) Lahti 14 July 2004
17 83.04 m (272 ft 5 14 in)   Heinz Weis (DEU) Frankfurt 29 June 1997
18 83.00 m (272 ft 3 12 in)   Balázs Kiss (HUN) Saint-Denis 4 June 1998
19 82.78 m (271 ft 7 in)   Karsten Kobs (DEU) Dortmund 26 June 1999
20 82.69 m (271 ft 3 12 in)   Krisztián Pars (HUN) Zürich 16 August 2014
21 82.64 m (271 ft 1 12 in)   Günther Rodehau (DDR) Dresden 3 August 1985
22 82.62 m (271 ft 34 in)   Sergey Kirmasov (RUS) Zalaegerszeg 30 May 1998
82.62 m (271 ft 34 in)   Andriy Skvaruk (UKR) Kiev 27 April 2002
24 82.58 m (270 ft 11 in)   Primož Kozmus (SVN) Celje 2 September 2009
25 82.54 m (270 ft 9 12 in)   Vasiliy Sidorenko (RUS) Krasnodar 13 May 1992

NotesEdit

Below is a list of all other throws superior to 86.50 metres:

  • Yuriy Sedykh 86.66 m (1986). Sedykh also threw 86.68 m and 86.62 m ancillary marks during world record competition.

Non-legal marksEdit

  • Ivan Tsikhan of Belarus also threw 86.73 on 3 July 2005 in Brest, but this performance was annulled due to drugs disqualification.

WomenEdit

  • Correct as of June 2018.[3]
Rank Mark Athlete Date Location Ref
1 82.98 m (272 ft 2 34 in)   Anita Włodarczyk (POL) 28 August 2016 Warsaw [4]
2 79.42 m (260 ft 6 34 in)   Betty Heidler (DEU) 21 May 2011 Halle
3 78.80 m (258 ft 6 14 in)   Tatyana Lysenko (RUS) 16 August 2013 Moscow
4 78.12 m (256 ft 3 12 in)   DeAnna Price (USA) 23 June 2018 Des Moines [5]
5 77.78 m (255 ft 2 in)   Gwen Berry (USA) 8 June 2018 Chorzów [6]
6 77.68 m (254 ft 10 14 in)   Wang Zheng (CHN) 29 March 2014 Chengdu
7 77.33 m (253 ft 8 14 in)   Zhang Wenxiu (CHN) 28 September 2014 Incheon
8 77.32 m (253 ft 8 in)   Aksana Miankova (BLR) 29 June 2008 Minsk
9 77.26 m (253 ft 5 12 in)   Gulfiya Agafonova (RUS) 12 June 2006 Tula
10 77.13 m (253 ft 12 in)   Oksana Kondratyeva (RUS) 30 June 2013 Zhukovskiy
11 76.90 m (252 ft 3 12 in)   Martina Hrašnová (SVK) 16 May 2009 Trnava
12 76.85 m (252 ft 1 12 in)   Malwina Kopron (POL) 26 August 2017 Taipei [7]
13 76.83 m (252 ft 34 in)   Kamila Skolimowska (POL) 11 May 2007 Doha
14 76.75 m (251 ft 9 12 in)   Brooke Andersen (USA) 1 June 2019 Rathdrum
15 76.72 m (251 ft 8 14 in)   Mariya Bespalova (RUS) 23 June 2012 Zhukovsky
16 76.66 m (251 ft 6 in)   Volha Tsander (BLR) 23 June 2006 Minsk
17 76.63 m (251 ft 4 34 in)   Yekaterina Khoroshikh (RUS) 23 June 2006 Zhukovsky
18 76.62 m (251 ft 4 12 in)   Yipsi Moreno (CUB) 9 September 2008 Zagreb
19 76.56 m (251 ft 2 in)   Alena Matoshka (BLR) 12 June 2012 Minsk
20 76.33 m (250 ft 5 in)   Darya Pchelnik (BLR) 29 June 2008 Minsk
21 76.26 m (250 ft 2 14 in)   Hanna Malyshik (BLR) 27 April 2018 Brest
22 76.21 m (250 ft 14 in)   Yelena Konevtseva (RUS) 26 May 2007 Sochi
23 76.17 m (249 ft 10 34 in)   Anna Bulgakova (RUS) 24 July 2013 Moscow
24 76.07 m (249 ft 6 34 in)   Mihaela Melinte (ROU) 29 August 1999 Rüdlingen
25 76.05 m (249 ft 6 in)   Kathrin Klaas (DEU) 10 August 2012 London

NotesEdit

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 78.00 m:

  • Anita Włodarczyk also threw 82.87 m (2017), 82.29 m (2016), 81.77 m (2016), 81.74 (2016), 81.63 m (2017), 81.27 m (2016), 81.08 m (2015), 80.85 m (2015), 80.79 m (2017), 80.73 m (2017), 80.69 m (2017), 80.42 m (2017), 80.40 m (2016), 80.31 m (2016), 80.26 m (2016), 79.80 m (2017), 79.73 m (2017), 79.72 m (2017), 79.68 m (2016, 2017), 79.67 m (2016), 79.63 m (2017), 79.62 m (2016), 79.61 m (2016), 79.59 m (2018), 79.58 m (2016), 79.48 m (2016), 79.45 m (2016), 79.39 m (2016), 79.27 m (2017), 79.23 m (2017), 79.07 m (2017), 79.06 m (2017), 78.94 m (2018), 78.76 m (2014), 78.74 m (2018), 78.69 m (2016), 78.59 m (2017), 78.55 m (2018), 78.54 m (2016), 78.52 m (2017), 78.46 m (2013), 78.35 m (2017), 78.30 m (2010), 78.28 m (2015), 78.24 m (2015), 78.22 m (2013), 78.17 m (2014), 78.16 m (2015), 78.14 m (2016), 78.10 (2016), 78.00 m (2017).
  • Tatyana Lysenko also threw 78.51 m (2012) and 78.15 m (2013)
  • Betty Heidler also threw 78.07 m (2012) and 78.00 m (2014).

Non-legal marksEdit

The following athletes had their performances (over 77.00 m) annulled due to doping offences:

Olympic medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
John Flanagan
  United States
Truxtun Hare
  United States
Josiah McCracken
  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
John Flanagan
  United States
John DeWitt
  United States
Ralph Rose
  United States
1908 London
details
John Flanagan
  United States
Matt McGrath
  United States
Con Walsh
  Canada
1912 Stockholm
details
Matt McGrath
  United States
Duncan Gillis
  Canada
Clarence Childs
  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Patrick Ryan
  United States
Carl Johan Lind
  Sweden
Basil Bennett
  United States
1924 Paris
details
Fred Tootell
  United States
Matt McGrath
  United States
Malcolm Nokes
  Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
details
Pat O'Callaghan
  Ireland
Ossian Skiöld
  Sweden
Edmund Black
  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Pat O'Callaghan
  Ireland
Ville Pörhölä
  Finland
Peter Zaremba
  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Karl Hein
  Germany
Erwin Blask
  Germany
Fred Warngård
  Sweden
1948 London
details
Imre Németh
  Hungary
Ivan Gubijan
  Yugoslavia
Robert Bennett
  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
József Csermák
  Hungary
Karl Storch
  Germany
Imre Németh
  Hungary
1956 Melbourne
details
Hal Connolly
  United States
Mikhail Krivonosov
  Soviet Union
Anatoliy Samotsvetov
  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Vasily Rudenkov
  Soviet Union
Gyula Zsivótzky
  Hungary
Tadeusz Rut
  Poland
1964 Tokyo
details
Romuald Klim
  Soviet Union
Gyula Zsivótzky
  Hungary
Uwe Beyer
  United Team of Germany
1968 Mexico City
details
Gyula Zsivótzky
  Hungary
Romuald Klim
  Soviet Union
Lázár Lovász
  Hungary
1972 Munich
details
Anatoliy Bondarchuk
  Soviet Union
Jochen Sachse
  East Germany
Vasiliy Khmelevskiy
  Soviet Union
1976 Montreal
details
Yuriy Sedykh
  Soviet Union
Aleksey Spiridonov
  Soviet Union
Anatoliy Bondarchuk
  Soviet Union
1980 Moscow
details
Yuriy Sedykh
  Soviet Union
Sergey Litvinov
  Soviet Union
Jüri Tamm
  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Juha Tiainen
  Finland
Karl-Hans Riehm
  West Germany
Klaus Ploghaus
  West Germany
1988 Seoul
details
Sergey Litvinov
  Soviet Union
Yuriy Sedykh
  Soviet Union
Jüri Tamm
  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Andrey Abduvaliyev
  Unified Team
Igor Astapkovich
  Unified Team
Igor Nikulin
  Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Balázs Kiss
  Hungary
Lance Deal
  United States
Oleksandr Krykun
  Ukraine
2000 Sydney
details
Szymon Ziółkowski
  Poland
Nicola Vizzoni
  Italy
Igor Astapkovich
  Belarus
2004 Athens
details
Koji Murofushi
  Japan
Not awarded[8] Eşref Apak
  Turkey
2008 Beijing
details
Primož Kozmus
  Slovenia
Vadim Devyatovskiy
  Belarus[9]
Ivan Tsikhan
  Belarus[9]
2012 London
details
Krisztián Pars
  Hungary
Primož Kozmus
  Slovenia
Koji Murofushi
  Japan
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Dilshod Nazarov
  Tajikistan
Ivan Tsikhan
  Belarus
Wojciech Nowicki
  Poland

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
2000 Sydney
details
Kamila Skolimowska
  Poland
Olga Kuzenkova
  Russia
Kirsten Münchow
  Germany
2004 Athens
details
Olga Kuzenkova
  Russia
Yipsi Moreno
  Cuba
Yunaika Crawford
  Cuba
2008 Beijing
details
Yipsi Moreno
  Cuba
Zhang Wenxiu
  China
Manuela Montebrun
  France
2012 London
details
Anita Włodarczyk
  Poland
Betty Heidler
  Germany
Zhang Wenxiu
  China
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Anita Włodarczyk
  Poland
Zhang Wenxiu
  China
Sophie Hitchon
  Great Britain

World Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Sergey Litvinov (URS)   Yuriy Sedykh (URS)   Zdzisław Kwaśny (POL)
1987 Rome
details
  Sergey Litvinov (URS)   Jüri Tamm (URS)   Ralf Haber (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Yuriy Sedykh (URS)   Igor Astapkovich (URS)   Heinz Weis (GER)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)   Igor Astapkovich (BLR)   Tibor Gécsek (HUN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)   Igor Astapkovich (BLR)   Tibor Gécsek (HUN)
1997 Athens
details
  Heinz Weis (GER)   Andriy Skvaruk (UKR)   Vasiliy Sidorenko (RUS)
1999 Seville
details
  Karsten Kobs (GER)   Zsolt Németh (HUN)   Vladyslav Piskunov (UKR)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Szymon Ziółkowski (POL)   Koji Murofushi (JPN)   Ilya Konovalov (RUS)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)   Adrián Annus (HUN)   Koji Murofushi (JPN)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Szymon Ziółkowski (POL)   Markus Esser (GER)   Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN)
2007 Osaka
details
  Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)   Primož Kozmus (SLO)   Libor Charfreitag (SVK)
2009 Berlin
details
  Primož Kozmus (SLO)   Szymon Ziółkowski (POL)   Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS)
2011 Daegu
details
  Koji Murofushi (JPN)   Krisztián Pars (HUN)   Primož Kozmus (SLO)
2013 Moscow
details
  Paweł Fajdek (POL)   Krisztián Pars (HUN)   Lukáš Melich (CZE)
2015 Beijing
details
  Paweł Fajdek (POL)   Dilshod Nazarov (TJK)   Wojciech Nowicki (POL)
2017 London
details
  Paweł Fajdek (POL)   Valeriy Pronkin (ANA)   Wojciech Nowicki (POL)

WomenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1999 Seville
details
  Mihaela Melinte (ROU)   Olga Kuzenkova (RUS)   Lisa Misipeka (ASA)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Yipsi Moreno (CUB)   Olga Kuzenkova (RUS)   Bronwyn Eagles (AUS)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Yipsi Moreno (CUB)   Olga Kuzenkova (RUS)   Manuela Montebrun (FRA)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Yipsi Moreno (CUB)   Tatyana Lysenko (RUS)   Manuela Montebrun (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
  Betty Heidler (GER)   Yipsi Moreno (CUB)   Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)
2009 Berlin
details
  Anita Włodarczyk (POL)   Betty Heidler (GER)   Martina Hrašnová (SVK)
2011 Daegu
details
  Tatyana Lysenko (RUS)   Betty Heidler (GER)   Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)
2013 Moscow
details
  Anita Włodarczyk (POL)   Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)   [[]] ()
2015 Beijing
details
  Anita Włodarczyk (POL)   Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)   Alexandra Tavernier (FRA)
2017 London
details
  Anita Włodarczyk (POL)   Wang Zheng (CHN)   Malwina Kopron (POL)

Season's bestsEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hammer Throw - Introduction". IAAF. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  2. ^ Phil Minshull (9 August 2015). "Fajdek throws 83.93m in Szczecin". IAAF. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  3. ^ "All-time women's best hammer throw". IAAF. 7 May 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Wlodarczyk extends hammer world record in Warsaw". IAAF. 28 August 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  5. ^ Roy Jordan (24 June 2018). "Price breaks North American hammer record on third day of US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  6. ^ Jon Mulkeen (8 June 2018). "Berry and Nowicki topple hammer favourites in Chorzow". IAAF. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Women's Hammer Final Results" (PDF). 2017.taipei. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  8. ^ 2004 Olympic Hammer Throw Medalists. Olympic.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  9. ^ a b Engeler, Elaine (10 June 2010). "CAS Reinstates Medals for Hammer Throwers". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved 15 June 2010.

External linksEdit