Savona (Italian: [saˈvoːna] ; Ligurian: Sann-a [ˈsaŋːa])[4] is a seaport and comune in the west part of the northern Italian region of Liguria, capital of the Province of Savona, in the Riviera di Ponente on the Mediterranean Sea. Savona is the main center of the Italian Riviera.

Sann-a (Ligurian)
Comune di Savona
Panorama of Savona
Panorama of Savona
Flag of Savona
Coat of arms of Savona
Location of Savona
Savona is located in Italy
Location of Savona in Italy
Savona is located in Liguria
Savona (Liguria)
Coordinates: 44°18′29″N 08°28′52″E / 44.30806°N 8.48111°E / 44.30806; 8.48111
ProvinceSavona (SV)
FrazioniBosco delle Ninfe, Ciantagalletto, Ciatti, Cimavalle, ConcaVerde, Galleria Ranco, Madonna del Monte, Maschio, Montemoro, Naso di Gatto, San Bartolomeo al Bosco, San Bernardo in Valle, Santuario
 • MayorMarco Russo [it] (PD)
 • Total65.55 km2 (25.31 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
 (1 January 2016)[3]
 • Total61,345
 • Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code019
Patron saintOur Lady of Mercy
Saint day18 March
WebsiteOfficial website
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mercy.

One of the most celebrated former inhabitants of Savona was the navigator Christopher Columbus, who farmed land in the area while chronicling his journeys. 'Columbus's house', a cottage situated in the Savona hills, lay between vegetable crops and fruit trees. It is one of several residences in Liguria associated with Columbus.

History edit

Inhabited in ancient times by Ligures tribes, it came under Roman influence in c. 180 BC, after the Punic wars in which the city had been allied to Carthage. At the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it passed under Lombard rule in 641 AD (being destroyed in the attack) after a short period as an Ostrogoth and then Byzantine possession. Later it recovered as county seat in the Carolingian Empire. In the 10th century its bishops were counts of Savona, but later the countship passed to the marquesses of Montferrat (981) and afterwards to the marquesses Del Vasto (1084).

After a long struggle against the Saracens, Savona acquired independence in the 11th century, becoming a free municipality allied with the Emperor. Savona was the center of religious culture (13th to 16th centuries) due to the work of two important monasteries: Dominican and Franciscan. Subsequently, it fought against Genoa before being definitively conquered in 1528. The Genoese destroyed the upper town and buried the port. It then shared the fortunes of the Republic of Genoa until Napoleonic times. In 1809 the city received Pope Pius VII, prisoner of Napoleon Bonaparte, for a few years. Between April and mid-May 1800, Austrian forces besieged the city while a small British naval force maintained a blockade; the fortress surrendered on 15 May. Subsequently, Savona was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont (1815). Eventually, it became part of unified Italy.

Main sights edit

Churches edit

A map showing the expansion of the Municipality of Savona and Republic of Noli during the 1100s and 1200s. Sources are listed in the image's description.
  • The Cattedrale dell'Assunta (Cathedral of the Assumption), built after Genoese demolition of the old cathedral. It kept the relics of Saint Valentine.
  • The Cappella Sistina (Sistine Chapel), adjacent to the cathedral and built 1480–1483, it containing the Mausoleum erected by the Della Rovere Pope Sixtus IV to honor his parents, Leonardo Della Rovere and Luchina Monleone. The construction was commissioned by Giovanni D'Aria and his brother Michele. The chapel is architecturally similar to the chapel dedicated to the Cardinal Pietro Riario in the Basilica of the Santi Apostoli, Rome. After years of deterioration, in 1765-1767 a reconstruction was ordered by the Genovese Doge Francesco Maria Della Rovere. This updated the chapel in a Rococo style, with ceiling painted by Paolo Gerolamo Brusco. The cathedral has a noteworthy 16th-century carved wooden choir seats.
  • The church of Nostra Signora di Castello (Our Lady of the Castle) has a large altarpiece by Vincenzo Foppa and Ludovico Brea painted in 1490.
  • The Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Misericordia (Our Lady of Mercy).

Towers and fortress edit

  • The Torre Leon Pancaldo (Leon Pancaldo Tower), built in the 14th century and also known as "Torretta", is the symbol of the town.
  • The Torre del Brandale (Brandale Tower), also known as Campanassa (Commune tower, where the freedom declaration of Savona was signed in 1191) and towers Corsi and Riario.
  • The Priamar fortress, built by the Genoese in 1542 after their conquest of Savona, on the area of the old cathedral and old city and later used as a prison and military prison. In 1830-1831 Giuseppe Mazzini was imprisoned in the fortress and he "dreams" the "Giovine Italia". Inside the fortress there is the Museum Centre of Priamar.

Palaces and others edit

  • The Palazzo Della Rovere (Della Rovere Palace), built by Cardinal Giulio della Rovere (future Pope Julius II) and designed by Giuliano da Sangallo as a university.
  • The Palazzo Gavotti (Gavotti Palace), built in the 15th century. Inside the palace there is the Art Museum of Palazzo Gavotti that contains the Pinacoteca of Savona, the artwork of Fondazione Museo di Arte Contemporanea Milena Milani in memoria di Carlo Cardazzo and the Ceramic Museum.
  • The Palazzo Delle Piane (Delle Piane Palace), an important building in Liberty style of Savona.
  • The Villa Zanelli, an important Liberty-style former residence and hospital.
  • In neighbourhood of Savona remains a house documented as property of Domenico Colombo, father of Christopher Columbus, where they lived for many years (Christopher Columbus lived in Savona for much of his youth).
  • The War Memorial, with a marble base and bronze figures, was created by sculptor Luigi Venzano. It was inaugurated on 18 September 1927 and since then every day at 18:00 in Piazza Goffredo Mameli the fallen of all wars are commemorated with 21 tolls of the bell, one for each letter of the Italian alphabet: during the tolling traffic and pedestrians stop as a sign of respect.

Gardens edit

Geography edit

The town is situated 40 kilometres (25 miles) west of Genoa and circa 150 km (93 mi) (east) of Nice, in France, on the western Italian Riviera, between the Ligurian Sea and the Ligurian Alps.

Climate edit

Savona has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa).

The average yearly temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F) during the day and 12 °C (54 °F) at night. In the coldest months: January, February and December, the average temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) during the day and 5 °C (41 °F) at night. In the warmest month – July and August – the average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F) during the day and 20 °C (68 °F) at night. Generally, a typical summer season lasts about 4 to 6 months, from May/June to September/October. The daily temperature range is limited, with an average range of about 7 °C (13 °F) between high and low temperatures. Rain occurs mainly in autumn, the summers being generally dry. Sunshine hours total above 2,097 per year, from an average 4 hours of sunshine duration per day in winter to average 9 hours in summer. Savona usually sees snow once or twice per year.

Climate data for Savona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 10.3
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 74
Source: Enea[6]

Government edit

People edit

Panorama of Savona and Priamar fortress.
Savona, painted by a 19th-century tourist, 1860.

Events edit

  • The Carnival, with a parade in the centre of the town, the typical costume of Savona is Cicciulin.
  • The Patron saint's festival of Nostra Signora della Misericordia, on 18 March.
  • The Holy Friday, with a spectacular procession in streets of the city which takes place every two years.
  • The Santa Lucia fair in the central street of Via Paleocapa on 13 December.
  • The Confuoco (in local dialect U Confeugu), it takes place the last Sunday before Christmas in the square of Sisto IV.

Twin towns and sister cities edit

Savona is twinned with:

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ Elevation above sea level of the casa comunale (town hall), see comune:Savona
  3. ^ Istat
  4. ^ Frisoni, Gaetano [in Italian] (1910). Dizionario Genovese-Italiano e Italiano-Genovese (in Italian and Ligurian). Genoa: Nuova Editrice Genovese.
  5. ^ "Nemo's Garden". Tech Princess. 16 August 2021. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  6. ^ "Savona weather averages". Enea. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  7. ^ I Speak Italian for the First Time EVER, archived from the original on 21 December 2021, retrieved 29 September 2019

Sources edit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Savona". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 248–249.

  • Scovazzi, Italo; Filippo Noberasco. Storia di Savona, vicende di una vita bimillenaria (in Italian). Sabatelli.

External links edit

  Media related to Savona at Wikimedia Commons