Villingen-Schwenningen

Villingen-Schwenningen (German pronunciation: [ˈfɪlɪŋən ˈʃvɛnɪŋən]; Low Alemannic: Villinge-Schwenninge) is a city in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It has 87.327 inhabitants (as of March 2022).[3]

Villingen-Schwenningen
View of Villingen
View of Villingen
Coat of arms of Villingen-Schwenningen
Location of Villingen-Schwenningen within Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis district
SwitzerlandBreisgau-HochschwarzwaldEmmendingen (district)Konstanz (district)Tuttlingen (district)Waldshut (district)OrtenaukreisRottweil (district)Bad DürrheimBlumbergBräunlingenBräunlingenBrigachtalDauchingenDonaueschingenFurtwangen im SchwarzwaldGütenbachHüfingenHüfingenKönigsfeld im SchwarzwaldMönchweilerNiedereschachSankt Georgen im SchwarzwaldSchönwald im SchwarzwaldSchonach im SchwarzwaldTuningenTriberg im SchwarzwaldUnterkirnachUnterkirnachUnterkirnachVillingen-SchwenningenVillingen-SchwenningenVillingen-SchwenningenVöhrenbachVillingen-Schwenningen in VS.svg
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Villingen-Schwenningen is located in Germany
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen
Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictSchwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
Subdivisions2 Stadtbezirke
Government
 • Mayor (2018–26) Jürgen Roth[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total165.47 km2 (63.89 sq mi)
Elevation
704 m (2,310 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total85,686
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
78001–78056
Dialling codes07721, 07720, 07425, 07705
Vehicle registrationVS
Websitewww.villingen-schwenningen.de

HistoryEdit

 
Villingen

In the Middle Ages, Villingen was a town under Austrian lordship. During the Protestant Reformation it remained Catholic. Villingen came to international attention when it was besieged by Marshal of France Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard on 17 July 1704. Colonel Von Wilstorff put up a stout defence of the outdated fortifications, and after six days the siege failed.

Schwenningen remained a village until the 19th century. In 1858, the first watch factory was established, and watchmaking and precision mechanics have been important industries ever since. The town styled itself "the greatest watch city in the world"[4] at one time, and the Kienzle Uhren watchmaking company was founded there in 1822 and remained until moving to Hamburg in 2002. The Museum of Clockmaking celebrates the town's clock and watchmaking history.

As part of the Baden-Württemberg territorial reform of 1972, Villingen and Schwenningen were merged with a number of surrounding villages to form the city of Villingen-Schwenningen. Nevertheless, the two halves of the city are separated by a plateau and remain distinct. Villingen is a former part of Baden, while Schwenningen is a former part of Württemberg.

Villingen is a major center of German Carneval celebrations. The traditional Narros represent the old citizens of Villingen: Alt Villingere, Morbili, Narro, Suribbel.

 
Schwenningen – Janusz Korczak School
 
Villingen Romäus tower
 
Münster Villingen West side
 
Villingen-Schwenningen Watch factory Bürk Museum of watch industry

GeographyEdit

Villingen-Schwenningen lies on the eastern edge of the Black Forest about 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level. The source of the River Neckar is in Schwenningen (Schwenninger Moos) whereas Villingen is traversed by the river Brigach which is the shorter one of the two headstreams of the Danube.

BoroughsEdit

Mayors and Lord mayorsEdit

VillingenEdit

  • 1912–1930: Guido Lehmann
  • 1931–1933: Adolf Gremmelspacher
  • 1933: Gutmann, temporary
  • 1933–1937: Hermann Schneider
  • 1937–1940: Karl Berckmüller
  • 1940–1945: Hermann Riedel
  • 1945–1946: Walter Bräunlich
  • 1946: Edwin Hartmann
  • 1946–1950: Edwin Nägele
  • 1950–1972: Severin Kern

SchwenningenEdit

  • 1797–1816: Erhard Bürk
  • 1816–1819: (Vogt)
  • 1819–1821: Thomas Wegler
  • 1821–1825: ?
  • 1825–1835: Matthias Rapp
  • 1835–1841: Johann Georg Koch
  • 1841–1852: Andreas Bürk
  • 1852–1857: Christian Strohm
  • 1857–1887: Erhard Müller
  • 1887–1912: David Würth
  • 1912–1925: Emil Braunagel
  • 1925–1930: Ingo Lang von Langen
  • 1930–1948: Otto Gönnenwein
  • 1949–1962: Hans Kohler
  • 1962–1972: Gerhard Gebauer

Villingen-SchwenningenEdit

  • 1972–1994: Gerhard Gebauer (SPD)
  • 1994–2002: Manfred Matusza (CDU)
  • 2002–2019: Rupert Kubon (SPD)
  • since 2019: Jürgen Roth (CDU)

PopulationEdit

Number of inhabitantsEdit

Date Inhabitants
31 December 1972 78,436
31 December 1980 78,904
31 December 1990 78,218
31 December 1995 80,734
31 December 2005 81,778
31 December 2015 84,674
31 December 2017 84,818
31 December 2018 85,181
31 December 2019 85,922
31 December 2020 85,866
31 December 2021 86,619

Source: State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg

Largest communities of foreignersEdit

  Italy
  Turkey
  Croatia
  Romania
  Syria
  Serbia
  Greece
  Poland
  Kosovo
  Bosnia

Main sightsEdit

SportsEdit

Since 1904, Villingen-Schwenningen has also been home to the ice hockey team the Schwenninger Wild Wings, which competes in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

The town's football club is FC 08 Villingen, who in the 2021/22 season are competing in the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg[5] at the fifth tier of the German league system.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Villingen-Schwenningen is twinned with:[6]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Aktuelle Wahlergebnisse, Staatsanzeiger, accessed 14 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2020" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2020] (CSV). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). June 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  3. ^ Villingen-Schwenningen, Stadt. "Zahlen, Daten, Fakten - Villingen-Schwenningen". www.villingen-schwenningen.de (in German). Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  4. ^ "Villingen-Schwenningen - Watch Wiki: The Best Watches and Watch Brands". www.watch-wiki.net. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Oberliga Baden-Württemberg 2021/2022 - 1. Spieltag".
  6. ^ "Partnerschaften". villingen-schwenningen.de (in German). Villingen-Schwenningen. Retrieved 2021-02-22.

External linksEdit