Württemberg (/ -/, WURT-əm-burg, VURT-; German: [ˈvʏʁtəmbɛʁk] (listen)) is a historical German territory roughly corresponding to the cultural and linguistic region of Swabia. The main town of the region is Stuttgart.
Originally part of the old Duchy of Swabia, its history can be summarized in the following periods:
- County of Württemberg (1083–1495)
- Duchy of Württemberg (1495–1803)
- Electorate of Württemberg (1803–1806)
- Kingdom of Württemberg (1806–1918)
- Free People's State of Württemberg (1918–1945)
After World War II, it was split into Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern due to the different occupation zones of the United States and France. Finally, in 1952, it was integrated into Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart, the historical capital city of Württemberg, became the capital of the present state.