Pontarlier (French: [pɔ̃.taʁ.lje] ; Latin: Ariolica) is a commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France near the Swiss border.

Pontarlier
Pontarlier Sicht vom Montagne du Larmont 01 08.jpg
Coat of arms of Pontarlier
Location of Pontarlier
Pontarlier is located in France
Pontarlier
Pontarlier
Pontarlier is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Pontarlier
Pontarlier
Coordinates: 46°54′24″N 6°21′20″E / 46.9067°N 6.3556°E / 46.9067; 6.3556Coordinates: 46°54′24″N 6°21′20″E / 46.9067°N 6.3556°E / 46.9067; 6.3556
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentDoubs
ArrondissementPontarlier
CantonPontarlier
IntercommunalityGrand Pontarlier
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Patrick Genre[1]
Area
1
41.35 km2 (15.97 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
17,542
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
25462 /25300
Elevation811–1,320 m (2,661–4,331 ft)
(avg. 837 m or 2,746 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Pontarlier occupies the ancient Roman station of Ariolica, in Gallia and is placed in the Tables on the road from Urba (modern Orbe, Canton Vaud, Switzerland), to Vesontio (modern Besançon). Although the distances in the Antonine Itinerary do not agree with the real distances, French geographer D'Anville recognized a transposition of the numbers. The Theodosian Tabula names the place "Abrolica", which William Smith states as a possible error of transcription.[3]

After the Burgundian invasion in the 5th century, Pontarlier became an unavoidable way of trade from the kingdom of Burgundy to Switzerland, Germany or Lombardy. Until the 17th century it lay on the easiest way to cross Jura mountains.

Pontarlier is one of the staging posts from northern France, Britain and the Benelux countries for the Via Francigena, now a walking route to Rome with a starting point in Canterbury, England. It is recorded as being the stop on day 57 of Sigeric the Serious, the then Archbishop of Canterbury on his return from Rome in 990 AD, having been given his pallium, or token of rank. Discussion continues as to whether he came over the Jura from the direction of Yverdon-les-Bains to the south-east or through a valley from Jougne to the south.

The city of Pontarlier is briefly mentioned in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables. It was to this city that convict Jean Valjean was to report for his parole after being released from the galleys. Breaking these instructions is a major turning point in the novel, and also creates some major conflict for Valjean later in the story. The city is also the main location of the 1962 French film The Seventh Juror.

Pontarlier was famous for the production of absinthe until its ban in 1915. The distilleries switched over to producing a particular type of pastis, the "Pontarlier". With the ban partially lifted in the 1990s, Pontarlier distilleries are once again producing absinthe.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,348—    
1800 3,771+1.71%
1806 3,526−1.11%
1821 4,254+1.26%
1831 4,707+1.02%
1836 4,922+0.90%
1841 4,965+0.17%
1846 5,136+0.68%
1851 4,953−0.72%
1856 4,909−0.18%
1861 5,007+0.40%
1866 4,945−0.25%
1872 4,975+0.10%
1876 5,714+3.52%
1881 6,118+1.38%
1886 8,098+5.77%
1891 7,187−2.36%
1896 7,577+1.06%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 7,963+1.00%
1906 8,776+1.96%
1911 9,439+1.47%
1921 10,203+0.78%
1926 11,827+3.00%
1931 11,984+0.26%
1936 12,840+1.39%
1946 12,722−0.09%
1954 13,768+0.99%
1962 15,382+1.40%
1968 16,442+1.12%
1975 17,983+1.29%
1982 17,781−0.16%
1990 18,104+0.23%
1999 18,360+0.16%
2007 18,939+0.39%
2012 17,631−1.42%
2017 17,197−0.50%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

TransportationEdit

The commune has a railway station, Pontarlier, on the Frasne–Les Verrières and Neuchâtel–Pontarlier lines between France and Switzerland.

Notable peopleEdit

SightsEdit

 
Triumphal arch of the Porte Saint-Pierre

International relationsEdit

Pontarlier is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^   Smith, William, ed. (1854). "Ariolica". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. Vol. 1. London: John Murray. p. 215.
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Pontarlier, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d'Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-20.

External linksEdit