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The Oberliga Baden-Württemberg is the highest association football league in the state of Baden-Württemberg and the Baden-Württemberg football league system. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football, the fifth tier of the German football league system. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
Founded1978
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Confederation
Number of teams18
Level on pyramidLevel 5
Promotion toRegionalliga Südwest
Relegation to
Domestic cup(s)
Current championsTSG Balingen
(2017–18)
2018–19

Contents

OverviewEdit

The league was formed in 1978 as the highest level of play in the state. Previous to that, the four Amateurligas Nordwürttemberg, Schwarzwald-Bodensee, Südbaden and Nordbaden formed the tier right below the 2nd Bundesliga. The Amateurligas changed their name since into Verbandsliga. The Amateurligas Nordwürttemberg and Schwarzwald-Bodensee merged to form the Verbandsliga Württemberg. The three Verbandsliga's now feed the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg.

Until 1994, the winners of the Oberligas had to play-off for the four promotion spots to the 2nd Bundesliga with the other Oberliga winners.

In 1994, the Regionalliga Süd was introduced, and the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg is automatically promoted to this league. In the inaugural season, five clubs from Baden-Württemberg were qualified for the new league, based on their performance over the last three seasons, these clubs being:

Originally, a sixth place for the Oberliga was available but because the Stuttgarter Kickers, a club from Württemberg, was relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga that year, the club took up this spot.

After the reduction of the number of Regionalligas from four to two in 2000, the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg still remained below the Regionalliga Süd, but this reduction meant that the Oberliga champions in that year were not promoted.

With the changes in the league system in 2008, there was four clubs from the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg promoted to Regionalliga Süd after the 2007-08 season, nominally the top four teams, however, there was also financial requirements to receive a Regionalliga license. The four clubs were:

The winners of the three Verbandsligas gain automatic promotion to the Oberliga. The runners-up of North Baden then plays the runners-up of South Baden in a home-and-away series. The winner of this games faces the runners-up of Württemberg for the final Oberliga spot.

Feeder Leagues to the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

In the past two clubs which played in the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg weren't actually based in the state. Amicitia Viernheim (Hesse) and SpVgg Au/Iller (Bavaria) both were in the Oberliga for a number of years.

The separation of Nordbaden and Südbaden is not traditional. It results from the end of World War II when North Baden was in the American occupation zone and South Baden in the French. Inter zone travel was difficult then and two separate leagues developed. Until 1950 the clubs from the South Baden and the Schwarzwald-Bodensee regions actually played in the southwest league system, the old (1945–1963) Oberliga Südwest, only after that were they integrated into the southern league system, where they geographically belonged.

For the 2012-13 season, the Regionalliga Süd was disbanded, and the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg became a feeder league to the new Regionalliga Südwest, together with the Hessenliga and the Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar.[1]

League championsEdit

The league champions since 1979:

Season Club
1978–79 SSV Ulm 1846
1979–80 VfB Stuttgart II
1980–81 SV Sandhausen
1981–82 SSV Ulm 1846
1982–83 SSV Ulm 1846
1983–84 Freiburger FC
1984–85 SV Sandhausen
1985–86 SSV Ulm 1846
1986–87 SV Sandhausen
1987–88 FV 09 Weinheim
1988–89 SSV Reutlingen
1989–90 Karlsruher SC II
1990–91 1. FC Pforzheim
1991–92 SSV Reutlingen
1992–93 SSV Ulm 1846
1993–94 SSV Ulm 1846
1994–95 SV Sandhausen
1995–96 Karlsruher SC II
1996–97 VfL Kirchheim/Teck
1997–98 VfB Stuttgart II
Season Club
1998–99 VfR Aalen
1999–2000 SV Sandhausen
2000–01 TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
2001–02 SC Pfullendorf
2002–03 VfB Stuttgart II
2003–04 FC Nöttingen
2004–05 Karlsruher SC II
2005–06 SSV Reutlingen
2006–07 SV Sandhausen
2007–08 SC Freiburg II
2008–09 SG Sonnenhof Großaspach
2009–10 1899 Hoffenheim II
2010–11 Waldhof Mannheim
2011–12 SSV Ulm 1846
2012–13 SpVgg Neckarelz
2013–14 FC Astoria Walldorf
2014–15 SV Spielberg
2015–16 SSV Ulm 1846
2016–17 SC Freiburg II
2017–18 TSG Balingen

Source:"Oberliga B/W". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 7 March 2008.

  • In 2014 third placed FC Nöttingen was also promoted after a play-off.
  • In 2016 runners-up Bahlinger SC was also promoted after a play-off.
  • In 2016 runners-up FC Nöttingen was also promoted after a play-off.

Founding members of the leagueEdit

The Oberliga started in 1978 with 20 clubs from four regions.

League placingsEdit

The complete list of clubs and placings in the league while operating as the tier five Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and feeding the Regionalliga Südwest (2012–Present):

Club 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
FC Astoria Walldorf 2 1 R R R R R
SSV Ulm 1846 R R 5 1 R R R
SC Freiburg II R R R R 1 R R
TSG Balingen 10 13 4 8 4 1 R
Stuttgarter Kickers 3L 3L 3L 3L R R x
FC 08 Villingen 11 6 16 16 2 x
SGV Freiberg 5 4 3 15 3 x
FSV 08 Bissingen 17 3 2 4 x
FC Nöttingen 4 3 R 2 R 5 x
FV Ravensburg 9 7 9 6 6 x
SSV Reutlingen 7 7 9 11 9 7 x
SV Göppingen 7 8 x
Bahlinger SC 6 14 2 R 5 9 x
Neckarsulmer SU 3 10 x
SV Oberachern 18 7 13 11 x
TSG Backnang 1919 12 x
1. CfR Pforzheim 5 8 13 x
SV Spielberg 15 16 1 R 10 14 x
FC Germania Friedrichstal 12 17 x
1. FC Normannia Gmünd x
TSV Ilshofen x
SV Linx x
Karlsruher SC II 12 5 6 4 12 15
SV Sandhausen II 10 11 16
FC Astoria Walldorf II 15 17
TSG Weinheim 18
Stuttgarter Kickers II 14 10 14 12 14
FSV Hollenbach 9 8 8 6 16
Offenburger FV 16 17
SpVgg Neckarelz 1 R R R 18
Freiburger FC 15 13
Kehler FV 8 11 10 14
SC Pfullendorf R R 11 18
VfR Aalen II 13
VfR Mannheim 3 15 17
SV Kickers Pforzheim 18
TSV Grunbach 13 2
1. FC Heidenheim II 12
1. FC Bruchsal 17
FC Singen 04 18

KeyEdit

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
3L 3. Liga
R Regionalliga Süd (1994–2012)
Regionalliga Südwest (2012–present)
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen ‹See Tfd›(in German) DFB website, published: 22 October 2010, accessed: 16 July 2011

SourcesEdit

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, ‹See Tfd›(in German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, ‹See Tfd›(in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 ‹See Tfd›(in German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 ‹See Tfd›(in German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External linksEdit