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The shot put (pronounced /ˈʃɒt pʊt/) is a track and field event involving "putting" (pushing rather than throwing) a heavy spherical object—the shot—as far as possible. The shot put competition for men has been a part of the modern Olympics since their revival in 1896, and women's competition began in 1948.

Athletics
Shot put
Tomasz Majewski - 2. Memoriał Kamili Skolimowskiej - Warszawa, 2011-09-20.jpg
Polish double Olympic champion Tomasz Majewski
Men's records
World United States Randy Barnes 23.12 m (1990)
Olympic United States Ryan Crouser 22.52 m (2016)
Women's records
World Soviet Union Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m (1987)
Olympic East Germany Ilona Slupianek 22.41 m (1980)

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Czechoslovak shot putter Plihan at the 1957 East German Indoor Athletics Championships
 
Shot putter at the University of Nebraska, 1942, showing the circle and stopboard

Homer mentions competitions of rock throwing by soldiers during the Siege of Troy but there is no record of any dead weights being thrown in Greek competitions. The first evidence for stone- or weight-throwing events were in the Scottish Highlands, and date back to approximately the first century.[1] In the 16th century King Henry VIII was noted for his prowess in court competitions of weight and hammer throwing.[2]

The first events resembling the modern shot put likely occurred in the Middle Ages when soldiers held competitions in which they hurled cannonballs. Shot put competitions were first recorded in early 19th century Scotland, and were a part of the British Amateur Championships beginning in 1866.[3]

Competitors take their throw from inside a marked circle 2.135m (7.004593176 ft) in diameter, with a stopboard about 10 centimetres (3.9 in) high at the front of the circle. The distance thrown is measured from the inside of the circumference of the circle to the nearest mark made in the ground by the falling shot, with distances rounded down to the nearest centimetre under IAAF and WMA rules.

Legal throwsEdit

 
Czechoslovak shot putter Jiří Skobla showing the correct technique for keeping the shot near the neck

The following rules (indoor and outdoor) are adhered to for a legal throw:

  • Upon calling the athlete's name, the athlete may choose from any part of the throwing circle to enter inside. They have thirty seconds to commence the throwing motion otherwise they are banned from the game.[clarification needed]
  • The athlete may not wear gloves; IAAF rules permit the taping of individual fingers.
  • The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck, and keep it tight to the neck throughout the motion.
  • The shot must be released above the height of the shoulder, using only one hand.
  • The athlete may touch the inside surface of the circle or toe board, but must not touch the top or outside of the circle or toe board, or the ground beyond the circle. Limbs may however extend over the lines of the circle in the air.
  • The shot must land in the legal sector (34.92°) of the throwing area.
  • The athlete must leave the throwing circle from the back.

Foul throwsEdit

Foul throws occur when an athlete:

  • Does not pause within the circle before beginning the putting motion.
  • Does not complete the putting movement within thirty seconds of having their name called.
  • Allows the shot to drop below his shoulder or outside the vertical plane of his shoulder during the put.

At any time if the shot loses contact with the neck then it is technically an illegal put.

  • During the putting motion, touches with any part of the body (including shoes):
    • the top or ends of the toe board
    • the top of the iron ring
    • anywhere outside the circle.
  • Puts a shot which either falls outside the throwing sector or touches a sector line on the initial impact.
  • Leaves the circle before the shot has landed.
  • Does not leave from the rear half of the circle.

Regulation misconceptionsEdit

The following are either obsolete or non-existent, but commonly believed rules within professional competition:

  • The athlete must enter the circle from the back (none of the rule books contain such a clause).
  • The athlete entering the circle, then exiting and re-entering it prior to starting the throw results in a foul (all the rule books allow an athlete to leave a circle prior to starting a throw, but this still counts within the one-minute time limit; the allowable method of exiting the circle varies by rule book).
  • Loose clothing, shoelaces, or long hair touching outside the circle during a throw, or an athlete bringing a towel into the circle and then throwing it out prior to the put results in a foul

CompetitionEdit

 
A shot putter with a representation of the circle and legal sector
 
Shot put area

Shot put competitions have been held at the modern Summer Olympic Games since their inception in 1896, and it is also included as an event in the World Athletics Championships.

Each competition has a set number of rounds of throws. Typically there are three preliminary rounds to determine qualification for the final, and then three more rounds in the final. Each competitor is credited with their longest throw, regardless of whether it was achieved in the preliminary or final rounds. The competitor with the longest legal put is declared the winner.

WeightEdit

In open competitions the men's shot weighs 7.260 kilograms (16.01 lb), and the women's shot weighs 4 kilograms (8.8 lb). Junior, school, and masters competitions often use different weights of shots, typically below the weights of those used in open competitions; the individual rules for each competition should be consulted in order to determine the correct weights to be used.

Putting stylesEdit

Two putting styles are in current general use by shot put competitors: the glide and the spin. With all putting styles, the goal is to release the shot with maximum forward velocity at an angle of approximately forty degrees.

GlideEdit

The origin of this technique glide dates to 1951, when Parry O'Brien from the United States invented a technique that involved the putter facing backwards, rotating 180 degrees across the circle, and then tossing the shot. Unlike spin this technique it is a linear movement.[4]

With this technique, a right-hand thrower would begin facing the rear of the circle, and then kick to the front with the left leg, while pushing off forcefully with the right. As the thrower crosses the circle, the hips twist toward the front, the left arm is swung out then pulled back tight, followed by the shoulders, and they then strike in a putting motion with their right arm. The key is to move quickly across the circle with as little air under the feet as possible, hence the name 'glide'.

SpinEdit

Also known as rotational technique.[5] It was first practiced in Europe in the 1950’s but did not receive much attention until the 1970’s.[6] In 1972 Aleksandr Baryshnikov set his first USSR record using a new putting style, the spin ("круговой мах" in Russian), invented by his coach Viktor Alexeyev.[7][8] The spin involves rotating like a discus thrower and using rotational momentum for power. In 1976 Baryshnikov went on to set a world record of 22.00 m (72.18 ft) with his spin style, and was the first shot putter to cross the 22-meter mark.[9]

With this technique, a right-hand thrower faces the rear, and begins to spin on the ball of the left foot. The thrower comes around and faces the front of the circle and drives the right foot into the center of the circle. Finally, the thrower reaches for the front of the circle with the left foot, twisting the hips and shoulders like in the glide, and puts the shot.

When the athlete executes the spin, the upper body is twisted hard to the right, so the imaginary lines created by the shoulders and hips are no longer parallel. This action builds up torque, and stretches the muscles, creating an involuntary elasticity in the muscles, providing extra power and momentum. When the athlete prepares to release, the left foot is firmly planted, causing the momentum and energy generated to be conserved, pushing the shot in an upward and outward direction.

Another purpose of the spin is to build up a high rotational speed, by swinging the right leg initially, then to bring all the limbs in tightly, similar to a figure skater bringing in their arms while spinning to increase their speed. Once this fast speed is achieved the shot is released, transferring the energy into the shot put.

UsageEdit

Currently, most top male shot putters use the spin. However the glide remains popular since the technique leads to greater consistency compared to the rotational technique. Almost all throwers start by using the glide. Tomasz Majewski notes that although most athletes use the spin,[10] he and some other top shot putters achieved success using this classic method (for example he became first to defend the Olympic title in 56 years).

The world record by a male putter of 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) by Randy Barnes was completed with the spin technique, while the second-best all-time put of 23.06 m (75 ft 7​34 in) by Ulf Timmermann was completed with the glide technique.

The decision to glide or spin may need to be decided on an individual basis, determined by the thrower's size and power. Short throwers may benefit from the spin and taller throwers may benefit from the glide, but many throwers do not follow this guideline.

Types of shotsEdit

The shot is made of different kinds of materials depending on its intended use. Materials used include sand, iron, cast iron, solid steel, stainless steel, brass, and synthetic materials like polyvinyl. Some metals are more dense than others making the size of the shot vary. For example, different materials are used to make indoor and outdoor shot - because damage to surroundings must be taken into account - so the latter are smaller. There are various size and weight standards for the implement that depend on the age and gender of the competitors as well as the national customs of the governing body.

World recordsEdit

The current world record holders are:

Type Athlete Distance Venue Date
Men
Outdoor Randy Barnes 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) Los Angeles, California, USA May 20, 1990
Indoor Randy Barnes 22.66 m (74 ft 4 in) Los Angeles, California, USA January 20, 1989
Women
Outdoor Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m (74 ft 2​34 in) Moscow, USSR June 7, 1987
Indoor Helena Fibingerová 22.50 m (73 ft 9​34 in) Jablonec, CZE February 19, 1977

Continental recordsEdit

The current records held on each continent are:[11]

Area Men's Women's
Distance Athlete Nation Distance Athlete Nation
Africa 21.97 m (72 ft 0​34 in) Janus Robberts   South Africa 18.43 m (60 ft 5​12 in) Vivian Chukwuemeka   Nigeria
Asia 21.13 m (69 ft 3​34 in) Sultan Abdulmajeed Al-Hebshi   Saudi Arabia 21.76 m (71 ft 4​12 in) Meisu Li   China
Europe 23.06 m (75 ft 7​34 in) Ulf Timmermann   East Germany 22.63 m (74 ft 2​34 in) WR Natalya Lisovskaya   Soviet Union
North and Central
America, and Caribbean
23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) WR Randy Barnes   United States 20.96 m (68 ft 9 in) A Belsy Laza   Cuba
Oceania 22.67 m (74 ft 4​12 in) Tomas Walsh   New Zealand 21.24 m (69 ft 8 in) Valerie Adams   New Zealand
South America 21.94 m (71 ft 11​34 in) Darlan Romani   Brazil 19.30 m (63 ft 3​34 in) A Elisângela Adriano   Brazil

Top 25 performersEdit

  • i = indoor performance
  • A = affected by altitude
  • Correct as of February 2018.[12][13]

MenEdit

Rank Mark Technique Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) spin Randy Barnes   United States 20 May 1990 Westwood
2 23.06 m (75 ft 7​34 in) glide Ulf Timmermann   East Germany 22 May 1988 Khania
3 22.91 m (75 ft 1​34 in) glide Alessandro Andrei   Italy 12 August 1987 Viareggio
4 22.86 m (75 ft 0 in) spin Brian Oldfield   United States 10 May 1975 El Paso
5 22.75 m (74 ft 7​12 in) glide Werner Günthör    Switzerland 23 August 1988 Bern
6 22.67 m (74 ft 4​12 in) spin Kevin Toth   United States 19 April 2003 Lawrence
spin Tomas Walsh   New Zealand 25 March 2018 Auckland [14]
8 22.65 m (74 ft 3​12 in) spin Ryan Crouser   United States 25 June 2017 Sacramento [15]
9 22.64 m (74 ft 3​14 in) glide Udo Beyer   East Germany 20 August 1986 Berlin
10 22.57 m (74 ft 0​12 in) spin Joe Kovacs   United States 18 May 2017 Tucson [16]
11 22.54 m (73 ft 11​14 in) spin Christian Cantwell   United States 5 June 2004 Gresham
12 22.52 m (73 ft 10​12 in) glide John Brenner   United States 26 April 1987 Walnut
13 22.51 m (73 ft 10 in) spin Adam Nelson   United States 18 May 2002 Gresham
14 22.44 m (73 ft 7​14 in) spin Darrell Hill   United States 31 August 2017 Brussels [17]
15 22.43 m (73 ft 7 in) spin Reese Hoffa   United States 3 August 2007 London
16 22.28 m (73 ft 1 in) spin Ryan Whiting   United States 10 May 2013 Doha
17 22.24 m (72 ft 11​12 in) glide Sergey Smirnov   Soviet Union 21 June 1986 Tallinn
18 22.21 m (72 ft 10​14 in) A spin Dylan Armstrong   Canada 25 June 2011 Calgary
19 22.20 m (72 ft 10 in) glide David Storl   Germany 9 July 2015 Lausanne [18]
spin John Godina   United States 22 May 2005 Carson
21 22.17 m (72 ft 8​34 in)i spin Tomáš Staněk   Czech Republic 6 February 2018 Düsseldorf [19]
22 22.10 m (72 ft 6 in) Sergey Gavryushin   Soviet Union 31 August 1986 Tbilisi
22.10 m (72 ft 6 in) spin Cory Martin   United States 23 May 2010 Tucson
24 22.09 m (72 ft 5​12 in)i spin Mika Halvari   Finland 7 February 2000 Tampere
25 22.08 m (72 ft 5​14 in) spin Michał Haratyk   Poland 13 June 2018 Ostrava [20]

NotesEdit

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 22.43m:

Non-legal marksEdit

WomenEdit

Rank Mark Technique Athlete Nationality Location Date
1 22.63 m (74 ft 2​34 in) glide Natalya Lisovskaya   Soviet Union Moscow June 7, 1987
2 22.50 m (73 ft 9​34 in)i glide Helena Fibingerová   Czechoslovakia Jablonec nad Nisou February 19, 1977
3 22.45 m (73 ft 7​34 in) glide Ilona Slupianek   East Germany Potsdam May 11, 1980
4 22.19 m (72 ft 9​12 in) glide Claudia Losch   West Germany Hainfeld August 23, 1987
5 21.89 m (71 ft 9​34 in) glide Ivanka Khristova   Bulgaria Belmeken July 4, 1976
6 21.86 m (71 ft 8​12 in) glide Marianne Adam   East Germany Leipzig June 23, 1979
7 21.76 m (71 ft 4​12 in) glide Li Meisu   China Shijiazhuang April 23, 1988
8 21.73 m (71 ft 3​12 in) glide Natalya Akhrimenko   Soviet Union Leselidze May 21, 1988
9 21.70 m (71 ft 2​14 in)i glide Nadzeya Ostapchuk   Belarus Mogilev February 12, 2010
10 21.69 m (71 ft 1​34 in) glide Vita Pavlysh   Ukraine Budapest August 15, 1998
11 21.66 m (71 ft 0​34 in) glide Sui Xinmei   China Beijing June 9, 1990
12 21.62 m (70 ft 11 in) glide Verzhinia Veselinova   Bulgaria Sofia August 21, 1982
13 21.60 m (70 ft 10​14 in)i glide Valentina Fedyushina   Soviet Union Simferopol December 28, 1991
14 21.58 m (70 ft 9​12 in) glide Margitta Pufe   East Germany Erfurt May 28, 1978
15 21.57 m (70 ft 9 in) glide Ines Müller   East Germany Athens May 16, 1988
16 21.53 m (70 ft 7​12 in) glide Nunu Abashidze   Soviet Union Kiev June 20, 1984
17 21.52 m (70 ft 7 in) glide Huang Zhihong   China Beijing June 27, 1990
18 21.46 m (70 ft 4​34 in) glide Larisa Peleshenko   Russia Budapest August 26, 2000
19 21.45 m (70 ft 4​14 in) glide Nadezhda Chizhova   Soviet Union Varna September 29, 1973
20 21.43 m (70 ft 3​12 in) glide Eva Wilms   West Germany Munich June 27, 1977
21 21.42 m (70 ft 3​14 in) glide Svetlana Krachevskaya   Soviet Union Moscow July 24, 1980
22 21.31 m (69 ft 10​34 in) glide Heike Hartwig   East Germany Athens May 16, 1988
23 21.27 m (69 ft 9​14 in) glide Liane Schmuhl   East Germany Cottbus June 26, 1982
24 21.24 m (69 ft 8 in) glide Valerie Adams   New Zealand Daegu August 29, 2011
25 21.22 m (69 ft 7​14 in) glide Astrid Kumbernuss   Germany Gothenburg August 5, 1995

NotesEdit

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 21.49m:

Olympic MedalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
Robert Garrett
  United States
Miltiadis Gouskos
  Greece
Georgios Papasideris
  Greece
1900 Paris
details
Richard Sheldon
  United States
Josiah McCracken
  United States
Robert Garrett
  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Ralph Rose
  United States
Wesley Coe
  United States
Lawrence Feuerbach
  United States
1908 London
details
Ralph Rose
  United States
Denis Horgan
  Great Britain
John Garrels
  United States
1912 Stockholm
details
Pat McDonald
  United States
Ralph Rose
  United States
Lawrence Whitney
  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Ville Pörhölä
  Finland
Elmer Niklander
  Finland
Harry Liversedge
  United States
1924 Paris
details
Bud Houser
  United States
Glenn Hartranft
  United States
Ralph Hills
  United States
1928 Amsterdam
details
John Kuck
  United States
Herman Brix
  United States
Emil Hirschfeld
  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Leo Sexton
  United States
Harlow Rothert
  United States
František Douda
  Czechoslovakia
1936 Berlin
details
Hans Woellke
  Germany
Sulo Bärlund
  Finland
Gerhard Stöck
  Germany
1948 London
details
Wilbur Thompson
  United States
Jim Delaney
  United States
Jim Fuchs
  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Parry O'Brien
  United States
Darrow Hooper
  United States
Jim Fuchs
  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Parry O'Brien
  United States
Bill Nieder
  United States
Jiří Skobla
  Czechoslovakia
1960 Rome
details
Bill Nieder
  United States
Parry O'Brien
  United States
Dallas Long
  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Dallas Long
  United States
Randy Matson
  United States
Vilmos Varjú
  Hungary
1968 Mexico City
details
Randy Matson
  United States
George Woods
  United States
Eduard Gushchin
  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Władysław Komar
  Poland
George Woods
  United States
Hartmut Briesenick
  East Germany
1976 Montreal
details
Udo Beyer
  East Germany
Yevgeniy Mironov
  Soviet Union
Aleksandr Baryshnikov
  Soviet Union
1980 Moscow
details
Vladimir Kiselyov
  Soviet Union
Aleksandr Baryshnikov
  Soviet Union
Udo Beyer
  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Alessandro Andrei
  Italy
Mike Carter
  United States
Dave Laut
  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Ulf Timmermann
  East Germany
Randy Barnes
  United States
Werner Günthör
  Switzerland
1992 Barcelona
details
Mike Stulce
  United States
Jim Doehring
  United States
Vyacheslav Lykho
  Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Randy Barnes
  United States
John Godina
  United States
Oleksandr Bagach
  Ukraine
2000 Sydney
details
Arsi Harju
  Finland
Adam Nelson
  United States
John Godina
  United States
2004 Athens
details
Adam Nelson
  United States
Joachim Olsen
  Denmark
Manuel Martínez
  Spain
2008 Beijing
details
Tomasz Majewski
  Poland
Christian Cantwell
  United States
Dylan Armstrong
  Canada
2012 London
details
Tomasz Majewski
  Poland
David Storl
  Germany
Reese Hoffa
  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ryan Crouser
  United States
Joe Kovacs
  United States
Tomas Walsh
  New Zealand

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London
details
Micheline Ostermeyer
  France
Amelia Piccinini
  Italy
Ina Schäffer
  Austria
1952 Helsinki
details
Galina Zybina
  Soviet Union
Marianne Werner
  Germany
Klavdiya Tochenova
  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Tamara Tyshkevich
  Soviet Union
Galina Zybina
  Soviet Union
Marianne Werner
  United Team of Germany
1960 Rome
details
Tamara Press
  Soviet Union
Johanna Lüttge
  United Team of Germany
Earlene Brown
  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Tamara Press
  Soviet Union
Renate Culmberger
  United Team of Germany
Galina Zybina
  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Margitta Gummel
  East Germany
Marita Lange
  East Germany
Nadezhda Chizhova
  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Nadezhda Chizhova
  Soviet Union
Margitta Gummel
  East Germany
Ivanka Khristova
  Bulgaria
1976 Montreal
details
Ivanka Khristova
  Bulgaria
Nadezhda Chizhova
  Soviet Union
Helena Fibingerová
  Czechoslovakia
1980 Moscow
details
Ilona Slupianek
  East Germany
Svetlana Krachevskaya
  Soviet Union
Margitta Pufe
  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Claudia Losch
  West Germany
Mihaela Loghin
  Romania
Gael Martin
  Australia
1988 Seoul
details
Natalya Lisovskaya
  Soviet Union
Kathrin Neimke
  East Germany
Li Meisu
  China
1992 Barcelona
details
Svetlana Krivelyova
  Unified Team
Huang Zhihong
  China
Kathrin Neimke
  Germany
1996 Atlanta
details
Astrid Kumbernuss
  Germany
Sui Xinmei
  China
Irina Khudoroshkina
  Russia
2000 Sydney
details
Yanina Karolchik
  Belarus
Larisa Peleshenko
  Russia
Astrid Kumbernuss
  Germany
2004 Athens
details
Yumileidi Cumbá
  Cuba
Nadine Kleinert
  Germany
Not awarded[21]
2008 Beijing
details
Valerie Vili
  New Zealand
Misleydis González
  Cuba
Gong Lijiao
  China
2012 London
details
Valerie Adams
  New Zealand
Gong Lijiao
  China
Li Ling
  China
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Michelle Carter
  United States
Valerie Adams
  New Zealand
Anita Márton
  Hungary

World Championship medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Edward Sarul (POL)   Ulf Timmermann (GDR)   Remigius Machura (TCH)
1987 Rome
details
  Werner Günthör (SUI)   Alessandro Andrei (ITA)   John Brenner (USA)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Werner Günthör (SUI)   Lars Arvid Nilsen (NOR)   Aleksandr Klimenko (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Werner Günthör (SUI)   Randy Barnes (USA)   Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  John Godina (USA)   Mika Halvari (FIN)   Randy Barnes (USA)
1997 Athens
details
  John Godina (USA)   Oliver-Sven Buder (GER)   C. J. Hunter (USA)
1999 Seville
details
  C. J. Hunter (USA)   Oliver-Sven Buder (GER)   Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
2001 Edmonton
details
  John Godina (USA)   Adam Nelson (USA)   Arsi Harju (FIN)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Andrei Mikhnevich (BLR)   Adam Nelson (USA)   Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Adam Nelson (USA)   Rutger Smith (NED)   Ralf Bartels (GER)
2007 Osaka
details
  Reese Hoffa (USA)   Adam Nelson (USA)   Rutger Smith (NED)
2009 Berlin
details
  Christian Cantwell (USA)   Tomasz Majewski (POL)   Ralf Bartels (GER)
2011 Daegu
details
  David Storl (GER)   Dylan Armstrong (CAN)   Christian Cantwell (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
  David Storl (GER)   Ryan Whiting (USA)   Dylan Armstrong (CAN)
2015 Beijing
details
  Joe Kovacs (USA)   David Storl (GER)   O'Dayne Richards (JAM)
2017 London
details
  Tomas Walsh (NZL)   Joe Kovacs (USA)   Stipe Žunić (CRO)

WomenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Helena Fibingerová (TCH)   Helma Knorscheidt (GDR)   Ilona Schoknecht-Slupianek (GDR)
1987 Rome
details
  Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)   Kathrin Neimke (GDR)   Ines Müller (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Huang Zhihong (CHN)   Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)   Svetlana Krivelyova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Huang Zhihong (CHN)   Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)   Kathrin Neimke (GER)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)   Huang Zhihong (CHN)   Svetla Mitkova (BUL)
1997 Athens
details
  Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)   Vita Pavlysh (UKR)   Stephanie Storp (GER)
1999 Seville
details
  Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)   Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Yanina Karolchik (BLR)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)   Vita Pavlysh (UKR)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)   Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)   Vita Pavlysh (UKR)
2005 Helsinki[22]
details
  Olga Ryabinkina (RUS)   Valerie Vili (NZL)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2007 Osaka
details
  Valerie Vili (NZL)   Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2009 Berlin
details
  Valerie Vili (NZL)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)   Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2011 Daegu
details
  Valerie Adams (NZL)   Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)   Jillian Camarena-Williams (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
  Valerie Adams (NZL)   Christina Schwanitz (GER)   Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2015 Beijing
details
  Christina Schwanitz (GER)   Gong Lijiao (CHN)   Michelle Carter (USA)
2017 London
details
  Gong Lijiao (CHN)   Anita Márton (HUN)   Michelle Carter (USA)

World Indoor Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]   Remigius Machura (TCH)   Udo Beyer (GDR)   Jānis Bojārs (URS)
1987 Indianapolis
details
  Ulf Timmermann (GDR)   Werner Günthör (SUI)   Sergey Smirnov (URS)
1989 Budapest
details
  Ulf Timmermann (GDR)   Randy Barnes (USA)   Georg Andersen (NOR)
1991 Seville
details
  Werner Günthör (SUI)   Klaus Bodenmüller (AUT)   Ron Backes (USA)
1993 Toronto
details
  Mike Stulce (USA)   Jim Doehring (USA)   Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
details
  Mika Halvari (FIN)   C. J. Hunter (USA)   Dragan Perić (FRY)
1997 Paris
details
  Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)   Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)   John Godina (USA)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)   John Godina (USA)   Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)
2001 Lisbon
details
  John Godina (USA)   Adam Nelson (USA)   Manuel Martínez (ESP)
2003 Birmingham
details
  Manuel Martínez (ESP)   John Godina (USA)   Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)
2004 Budapest
details
  Christian Cantwell (USA)   Reese Hoffa (USA)   Joachim Olsen (DEN)
2006 Moscow
details
  Reese Hoffa (USA)   Joachim Olsen (DEN)   Pavel Sofin (RUS)
2008 Valencia
details
  Christian Cantwell (USA)   Reese Hoffa (USA)   Tomasz Majewski (POL)
2010 Doha
details
  Christian Cantwell (USA)   Ralf Bartels (GER)   Dylan Armstrong (CAN)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Ryan Whiting (USA)   David Storl (GER)   Tomasz Majewski (POL)
2014 Sopot
details
  Ryan Whiting (USA)   David Storl (GER)   Tomas Walsh (NZL)
2016 Portland
details
  Tomas Walsh (NZL)   Andrei Gag (ROU)   Filip Mihaljević (CRO)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Tomas Walsh (NZL)   David Storl (GER)   Tomáš Staněk (CZE)

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]   Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)   Ines Müller (GDR)   Nunu Abashidze (URS)
1987 Indianapolis
details
  Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)   Ilona Briesenick (GDR)   Claudia Losch (FRG)
1989 Budapest
details
  Claudia Losch (FRG)   Huang Zhihong (CHN)   Christa Wiese (GDR)
1991 Seville
details
  Sui Xinmei (CHN)   Huang Zhihong (CHN)   Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)
1993 Toronto
details
  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)   Stephanie Storp (GER)   Zhang Liuhong (CHN)
1995 Barcelona
details
  Kathrin Neimke (GER)   Connie Price-Smith (USA)   Grit Hammer (GER)
1997 Paris
details
  Vita Pavlysh (UKR)   Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)   Irina Korzhanenko (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)   Krystyna Danilczyk-Zabawska (POL)   Teri Steer-Tunks (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
  Larisa Peleshenko (RUS)   Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)   Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)
2003 Birmingham
details
  Irina Korzhanenko (RUS)   Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)   Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)
2004 Budapest
details
  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)   Yumileidi Cumbá (CUB)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2006 Moscow
details
  Natallia Mikhnevich (BLR)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)   Olga Ryabinkina (RUS)
2008 Valencia
details
  Valerie Vili (NZL)   Li Meiju (CHN)   Misleydis González (CUB)
2010 Doha
details
  Valerie Adams (NZL)   Anna Avdeyeva (RUS)   Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Valerie Adams (NZL)   Michelle Carter (USA)   Jillian Camarena-Williams (USA)
2014 Sopot
details
  Valerie Adams (NZL)   Christina Schwanitz (GER)   Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2016 Portland
details
  Michelle Carter (USA)   Anita Márton (HUN)   Valerie Adams (NZL)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Anita Márton (HUN)   Danniel Thomas-Dodd (JAM)   Gong Lijiao (CHN)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

Season's bestsEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Colin White (31 December 2009). Projectile Dynamics in Sport: Principles and Applications. Taylor & Francis. pp. 131–. ISBN 978-0-415-47331-6. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Hammer Throw". IAAF. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Shot Put - Introduction. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-02-28.
  4. ^ https://www.thoughtco.com/shot-put-glide-technique-3259104
  5. ^ http://track.coachesdirectory.com/article/rotational-vs-glide-revisited--comparing-shot-techniques-article.html
  6. ^ http://digitaltrackandfield.com/shot-put-spin-glide-technique-comparison/
  7. ^ Aleksandr Baryshnikov biography on sportsdaily.ru (in Russian) reference tested at 11 May 2009
  8. ^ Aleksandr Baryshnikov, Athlete from Russia (in Russian) Archived 2010-09-17 at the Wayback Machine. reference tested at 11 May 2009
  9. ^ Григорий РУДЕРМАН (Израиль), заслуженный тренер России «Метания в хх веке : тенденции развития.» reference tested at 11 May 2009
  10. ^ Playboy Poland 8/2012, page 44,45
  11. ^ "Outdoor: Shot Put: Area Records". Official website. International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Retrieved 10 March 2011. 
  12. ^ Shot Put - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-24.
  13. ^ Shot Put - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-24.
  14. ^ Jon Mulkeen (25 March 2018). "Walsh blasts Oceanian shot put record of 22.67m in Auckland". IAAF. Retrieved 27 March 2018. 
  15. ^ "Ryan Crouser Wins Shot Put With The Longest Throw In The World Since 1989". flotrack.org. 25 June 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  16. ^ Jon Mulkeen (18 May 2017). "Kovacs throws 22.57m, best in the world for 14 years". IAAF. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  17. ^ Mike Rowbottom (31 August 2017). "Hill hits the shot put jackpot in Brussels' Place de la Monnaie – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  18. ^ "Shot Put Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 9 July 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  19. ^ "Shot Put Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 6 February 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2018. 
  20. ^ "Shot Put Results" (PDF). zlatatretra.cz. 13 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018. 
  21. ^ Athens 2004 Athletics Medalists. Olympic.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  22. ^ Revision of results following sanctions of Tsikhan and Ostapchuk

External linksEdit