Leselidze (Georgian: ლესელიძე, Leselidze; Armenian: Լեսելիձե; Russian: Леселидзе) or Gyachrypsh (Abkhazian: Гьачрыҧшь, G'achryphsh; Russian: Гячрыпш) is a town in Abkhazia.[note 1] Formerly named Yermolovsk, the town is located on the shores of the Black Sea and is 14 kilometers from the city of Gagra.
ლესელიძე (in Georgian)
Гьачрыҧшь (in Abkhazian)
Լեսելիձե (in Armenian)
Town (and municipality)
|De facto state||Abkhazia[note 1]|
|• Mayor||Roman Rabaia[gcity 1]|
|• Deputy Mayor||Roman Kharabua[gcity 1]|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK)|
The town was founded in the 19th century as the settlement Yermolovsk (Russian: Ермоловск), named in honor of the Minister of Agriculture A.S. Yermolov who traveled to this place in 1894. Some authors linked the name of the settlement to General Yermolov (commander of the Caucasian war), but this presumption is apparently erroneous.
In 1944 the town was officially renamed in honor of the national hero Colonel-General Konstantin Leselidze (1903-1944) who fought in the Caucasus during World War II. In the post-war years the town saw a lot of improvements, it was developed as a vacation site. A children's sanatorium was built as well as a resort and a sports training base. The base was favored by top Soviet athletes. Soviet Union national football (soccer) team and other Soviet football clubs trained there as well as handball players and track-and-field athletes.
In 1975 a monument (created by Silovan Kakabadze) of Konstantin Leselidze was erected in the town. In September 1992, after the fall of Gagra during the 1992–1993 war in Abkhazia, Abkhazian troops destroyed the monument along with other Georgian landmarks.
In 1992, the town was renamed Gyachrypsh by the unrecognized Abkhazian authorities. The name “Gyachrypsh” originated from the territory which was ruled by the Abkhazian prince named Gech or Gechkuaj. In historical literature there is a variation: “Gechiler” (Circassian “Gech-chiler”).
In his book My War, Chechen diary of a trench General, Russian general Gennady Troshev accused Shamil Basayev of perpetrating war crimes in the area around Leselidze in the aftermath of the 1992–1993 war:
“The trademark of Basayev’s 'janissaries' (numbering around 5000) in that war was senseless cruelty. In autumn of 1993 in the vicinity of Gagra and the town Lеselidze 'the commander' personally led a punitive action for the extermination of refugees. Several thousand Georgians were killed, hundreds of Armenian, Russian and Greek families slaughtered. According to the accounts of miraculously survived eyewitnesses, the bandits took pleasure in videotaping the scenes of abuse and rape.”
Under Abkhazian control the town is known to feature two all-inclusive resorts - "Gech" and "Laguna".
In 1959, Leselidze was principally inhabited by Russians, Armenians, and Estonians.
- Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory and designates it as a territory occupied by Russia. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 7 out of 193 United Nations member states, 1 of which has subsequently withdrawn its recognition.
Gagra District AdministrationEdit
- "Администрация городов, сёл и посёлков Гагрского района". Gagra DistrictAdministration. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Гагрский район". Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Перепись населения 1989. Абхазская АССР". Archived from the original on 2021-06-14. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Перепись населения Абхазии 2011. Гагрский район". Archived from the original on 2013-09-29. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- Топонимический словарь Кавказа. А.В. Твердый. 2011
- Якушин Михаил - Вечная тайна футбола. Страница: 40
- "Выдающемуся полководцу. Открытие памятника Герою Советского Союза, генералу Леселидзе" (in Russian). Gagra: Газета «Авангард». Орган гагрского ГК КП Грузии и гагрского городского Совета депутатов трудящихся. № 56 (4403). 1975-05-12. Archived from the original on 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- О княжеском роде Гечба (in Russian). AKVA-ABAZA. 2007. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- Troshev, Gennady (2001). Моя война. Чеченский дневник окопного генерала (in Russian). Вагриус. ISBN 5-264-00657-1. Retrieved 17 August 2012.