Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics

Greece was the host nation of the 1896 Summer Olympics held in Athens. The number of Greek contestants is commonly cited as 169, but as many as 176 Greeks[1] contested events in all nine sports. The Greeks were by far the most successful nation in terms of total medals with 47, 27 more than the United States of America. Nevertheless, their number of first-place finishes (10) was one fewer than the Americans' 11. The Greeks had 172 entries in 39 events. Only 4 events had no Greek entrants—the 400 metres and the high jump in athletics and the vault and the team horizontal bar in gymnastics.

Greece at the
1896 Summer Olympics
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg
IOC codeGRE
NOCHellenic Olympic Committee
Websitewww.hoc.gr (in Greek and English)
in Athens
Competitors169 in 9 sports
Medals
Ranked 2nd
Gold
10
Silver
18
Bronze
19
Total
47
Summer Olympics appearances (overview)
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games

MedalistsEdit

Medal Name Sport Event
  Gold Spyridon Louis Athletics Men's marathon
  Gold Aristidis Konstantinidis Cycling Men's road race
  Gold Leonidas Pyrgos Fencing Men's masters foil
  Gold Ioannis Georgiadis Fencing Men's sabre
  Gold Ioannis Mitropoulos Gymnastics Men's rings
  Gold Nikolaos Andriakopoulos Gymnastics Men's rope climbing
  Gold Pantelis Karasevdas Shooting Men's 200 m military rifle
  Gold Georgios Orphanidis Shooting Men's 300 m free rifle, three positions
  Gold Ioannis Frangoudis Shooting Men's 25 m rapid fire pistol
  Gold Ioannis Malokinis Swimming Men's sailors 100 m freestyle
  Silver Charilaos Vasilakos Athletics Men's marathon
  Silver Miltiadis Gouskos Athletics Men's shot put
  Silver Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos Athletics Men's discus throw
  Silver Stamatios Nikolopoulos Cycling Men's sprint
Men's time trial
  Silver Georgios Kolettis Cycling Men's 100 km
  Silver Tilemachos Karakalos Fencing Men's sabre
  Silver Thomas Xenakis Gymnastics Men's rope climbing
  Silver Nikolaos Andriakopoulos, Spyridon Athanasopoulos,
Petros Persakis, Thomas Xenakis
Gymnastics Men's team parallel bars
  Silver Pavlos Pavlidis Shooting Men's 200 m military rifle
  Silver Ioannis Frangoudis Shooting Men's 300 m free rifle, three positions
  Silver Georgios Orphanidis Shooting Men's 25 m rapid fire pistol
  Silver Antonios Pepanos Swimming Men's 500 m freestyle
  Silver Ioannis Andreou Swimming Men's 1200 m freestyle
  Silver Spyridon Chazapis Swimming Men's sailors 100 m freestyle
  Silver Dionysios Kasdaglis Tennis Men's singles
  Silver Dionysios Kasdaglis, Demetrios Petrokokkinos Tennis Men's doubles
  Silver Georgios Tsitas Wrestling Men's Greco-Roman
  Bronze Dimitrios Golemis Athletics Men's 800 m
  Bronze Evangelos Damaskos Athletics Men's pole vault
  Bronze Ioannis Theodoropoulos Athletics Men's pole vault
  Bronze Ioannis Persakis Athletics Men's triple jump
  Bronze Georgios Papasideris Athletics Men's shot put
  Bronze Sotirios Versis Athletics Men's discus throw
  Bronze Periklis Pierrakos-Mavromichalis Fencing Men's foil
  Bronze Athanasios Vouros Fencing Men's foil
  Bronze Petros Persakis Gymnastics Men's rings
  Bronze Ioannis Chrysafis, Filippos Karvelas,
Dimitrios Loundras, Ioannis Mitropoulos
Gymnastics Men's team parallel bars
  Bronze Nikolaos Trikoupis Shooting Men's 200 m military rifle
  Bronze Nikolaos Morakis Shooting Men's 25 m military pistol
  Bronze Ioannis Frangoudis Shooting Men's 30 m free pistol
  Bronze Efstathios Chorafas Swimming Men's 500 m freestyle
  Bronze Dimitrios Drivas Swimming Men's sailors 100 m freestyle
  Bronze Konstantinos Paspatis Tennis Men's singles
  Bronze Alexandros Nikolopoulos Weightlifting Men's one hand lift
  Bronze Sotirios Versis Weightlifting Men's two hand lift
  Bronze Stephanos Christopoulos Wrestling Men's Greco-Roman

Results by eventEdit

AquaticsEdit

SwimmingEdit

Some of the Greek swimmers' names were not recorded. Greece's only swimming gold medal came in an event in which only Greek swimmers were allowed to compete, as did a silver and a bronze. In the three open events, the Greeks took two silvers and one bronze, all in the two longer races.

Swimmer Event Final
Time Rank
Georgios Anninos 100 m freestyle Unknown 3–10
Efstathios Chorafas Unknown 3–10
Alexandros Chrysafos Unknown 3–10
Antonios Pepanos 500 m freestyle 9:57.6  
Efstathios Chorafas Unknown  
Ioannis Andreou 1200 m freestyle 21:03.4  
Efstathios Chorafas Unknown Unknown
N. Katravas Unknown Unknown
Ioannis Malokinis Men's sailors 100 metre freestyle 2:20.4  
Spyridon Chazapis Unknown  
Dimitrios Drivas Unknown  

AthleticsEdit

The Greeks entered every event on the athletics program save the 400 metres and the high jump. They took 1 gold, 3 silver, and 6 bronze medals in the sport. It was initially thought that the Greek team had swept the top three places of the marathon event, until it was discovered that Spiridon Belokas had covered part of the distance by cart and was disqualified.

Track & road events
Athlete Events Heat Final
Time Rank Time Rank
Alexandros Chalkokondylis Men's 100 metres 12.8 2 Q 12.6 5
Georgios Gennimatas Unknown 4/5 Did not advance
Dimitrios Golemis Men's 800 metres 2:16.8 2 Q 2:28.0  
Angelos Fetsis Unknown 4 Did not advance
Dimitrios Tomprof Unknown 5 Did not advance
Angelos Fetsis Men's 1500 metres N/A Unknown 5
Dimitrios Golemis Unknown 6
Konstantinos Karakatsanis Unknown 7/8
Dimitrios Tomprof Unknown 7/8
Athanasios Skaltsogiannis Men's 110 metre hurdles Unknown 3/4 Did not advance
Anastasios Andreou Unknown 4 Did not advance
Spiridon Louis Men's marathon N/A 2:58.50  
Charilaos Vasilakos 3:06:03  
Ioannis Vrettos Unknown 4
Eleftherios Papasymeon Unknown 5
Dimitrios Deligiannis Unknown 6
Evangelos Gerakeris Unknown 7
Stamatios Masouris Unknown 8
Ioannis Lavrentis Did not finish
Georgios Grigoriou Did not finish
Ilias Kafetzis Did not finish
Dimitrios Christopoulos Did not finish
Spyridon Belokas Disqualified
Field events
Athlete Events Final
Result Rank
Alexandros Chalkokondylis Men's long jump 5.74 4
Athanasios Skaltsogiannis Unknown 9
Ioannis Persakis Men's triple jump 12.52  
Christos Zoumis Unknown 6–7
Evangelos Damaskos Men's pole vault 2.60  
Ioannis Theodoropoulos 2.60  
Vasilios Xydas 2.40 5
Miltiadis Gouskos Men's shot put 11.03  
Georgios Papasideris 10.36  
Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos Men's discus throw 28.95  
Sotirios Versis 27.78  
Georgios Papasideris Unknown 5–9

CyclingEdit

Greece had entries in all six cycling events, winning one and taking second place in three more.

Cyclist Event Time/Distance Place
Stamatios Nikolopoulos Men's time trial 26.0 seconds  
Stamatios Nikolopoulos Men's sprint 5:00.2  
Aristidis Konstantinidis Men's 10 kilometres Unknown 5
Georgios Kolettis Did not finish
Georgios Kolettis Men's 100 kilometres Unknown  
Aristidis Konstantinidis Did not finish
Georgios Paraskevopoulos Men's 12 hour race Did not finish
Nikos Loverdos Did not finish
A. Tryfiatis-Tripiaris Did not finish
Konstantinos Konstantinou Did not finish
Aristidis Konstantinidis Men's individual road race 3:22:31  
Georgios Aspiotis Unknown 4–7
Miltiades Iatrou Unknown 4–7
Konstantinos Konstantinou Unknown 4–7
Georgios Paraskevopoulos Unknown 4–7

FencingEdit

 
Group of French and Greek fencers at 1896 Summer Olympics

Greek fencers won the top two places in the sabre competition, third place in the amateur foil competition, and in a major upset, Pyrgos defeated Joanni Perronet in the sole match of the masters foil event.

Fencer Event Record Touches Round-robin Final Rank
Wins Losses For Against
Periklis Pierrakos-Mavromichalis Men's foil 2 1 7 4 2nd
Group A
Did not advance  
Athanasios Vouros 2 1 8 4 2nd
Group B
Did not advance  
Konstantinos Komninos-Miliotis 1 2 5 7 3rd
Group B
Did not advance 6
Georgios Balakakis 0 3 3 9 4th
Group B
Did not advance 7
Ioannis Poulos 0 3 4 9 4th
Group A
Did not advance 8
Leonidas Pyrgos Man's masters foil 1 0 3 1 N/A Won
3-1
 
Ioannis Georgiadis Men's sabre 4 0 12 6 1st N/A  
Tilemachos Karakalos 3 1 11 5 2nd N/A  
Georgios Iatridis 0 4 3 12 5th N/A 5
Opponent nation Wins Losses Percent
Austria 2 1 .667
Denmark 2 1 .667
France 2 6 .250
Total international 6 8 .429
Greece 7 7 .500
Total 13 15 .464

GymnasticsEdit

The names of the members of the two teams that competed in the team events are, for the most part, unknown. The vault and the team horizontal bar were two of the four events (the other two in the athletics program) that had no Greek entrants. The Greeks took two of each color medal, with two medals in each of the rope climbing (gold and silver), rings (gold and bronze), and team parallel bars (silver and bronze) competitions.

ArtisticEdit

Gymnast Event Score Rank
Filippos Karvelas Parallel bars Unknown 3–18
Ioannis Mitropoulos Unknown 3–18
Antonios Papagiannou Unknown 3–18
Ioannis Mitropoulos Rings Unknown  
Petros Persakis Unknown  
Aristovoulos Petmezas Pommel horse Unknown 3–15
Antonios Papagiannou Horizontal bar Unknown 3–15
Leonidas Tsiklitiras Unknown 3–15
Athlete Event Result Rank
Nikolaos Andriakopoulos Rope climbing 14.0  
Thomas Xenakis 14.0  
Team Event Rank
Panellinios G.S. Team parallel bars  
Ethnikos G.S. Athens  

ShootingEdit

Greek shooters dominated the two rifle events and the rapid fire pistol competition, but were largely unable to compete with the Paine brothers of the United States in the pistol events that the two brothers entered.

Shooter Event Hits Score Rank
Pantelis Karasevdas Men's 200 metre military rifle 40 2350  
Panagiotis Pavlidis 38 1978  
Nikolaos Trikoupis 34 1713  
Anastasios Metaxas Unknown 1701 4
Georgios Orphanidis Unknown 1698 5
Georgios Diamantis Unknown 1456 7
Ioannis Theofilakis Unknown 1261 9
Alexios Fetsios Unknown 894 11
Spiridon Stais Unknown 845 12
Aristovoulos Petmezas Unknown Unknown 14–41
G. Karagiannopoulos Unknown Unknown 14–41
Georgios Orphanidis Men's 300 metre free rifle, three positions 37 1583  
Ioannis Frangoudis 31 1312  
Anastasios Metaxas Unknown 1102 4
Pantelis Karasevdas Unknown 1039 5
Antelothanasis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Georgios Diamantis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Alexios Fetsios Unknown Unknown 6–18
Karakatsanis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Hatzidakis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Nikolaos Levidis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Zinon Michailidis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Moustakopoulos Unknown Unknown 6–18
Panagiotis Pavlidis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Alexandros Theofilakis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Ioannis Theofilakis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Nikolaos Trikoupis Unknown Unknown 6–18
Leonidas Langakis Did not finish
Ioannis Vourakis Did not finish
Nikolaos Morakis Men's 25 metre military pistol 205 Unknown  
Ioannis Frangoudis Unknown Unknown 4
Zinon Michailidis Unknown Unknown 6–13
Georgios Orphanidis Unknown Unknown 6–13
Pantazidis Unknown Unknown 6–13
Patsouris Unknown Unknown 6–13
Panagiotis Pavlidis Unknown Unknown 6–13
Aristovoulos Petmezas Unknown Unknown 6–13
Platis Unknown Unknown 6–13
Vavis Unknown Unknown 6–13
Pantelis Karasevdas Did not finish
Sanidis Did not finish
Ioannis Frangoudis Men's 25 metre rapid fire pistol 23 344  
Georgios Orphanidis 20 248  
Ioannis Frangoudis Men's 30 metre free pistol Unknown Unknown  
Leonidas Morakis Unknown Unknown 4
Georgios Orphanidis Unknown Unknown 5

TennisEdit

Greece earned a silver medal and a bronze medal in the singles tournament. Kasdaglis and Petrokokkinos competed as a mixed team, winning another silver which is not counted in the Greek total.

Athlete Event First round Quarterfinals Semifinals Finals
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Dionysios Kasdaglis Men's singles   Defert (FRA)
W
  K. Akratopoulos (GRE)
W
  Tapavica (HUN)
W
  Boland (GBR)
L 3-6, 1-6
 
Konstantinos Paspatis   Robertson (GBR)
W
  A. Akratopoulos (GRE)
W
  Boland (GBR)
L
Did not advance  
Aristidis Akratopoulos   Flack (AUS)
W
  Paspatis (GRE)
L
Did not advance 5
Evangelos Rallis   Petrokokkinos (GRE)
W
  Boland (GBR)
L
Did not advance 5
Konstantinos Akratopoulos Bye   Kasdaglis (GRE)
L
Did not advance 5
Demetrios Petrokokkinos   Rallis (GRE)
L
Did not advance 8
Dimitris Frangopoulos   Tapavica (HUN)
L
Did not advance 8
Dionysios Kasdaglis
Demetrios Petrokokkinos
Men's doubles n/a   Paspatis/
Rallis (GRE)
W
  Flack (AUS)/
  Robertson (GBR)
W
  Boland (GBR)/
  Traun (GER)
L 7-5, 4-6, 1-6
 
Aristidis Akratopoulos
Konstantinos Akratopoulos
n/a   Boland (GBR)/
  Traun (GER)
L
Did not advance
Konstantinos Paspatis
Evangelos Rallis
n/a   Kasdaglis/
Petrokokkinos (GRE)
L
Did not advance
Opponent nation Wins Losses Percent
  Australia 1 0 1.000
  France 1 0 1.000
  Hungary 1 1 .500
  Great Britain 1 3 .250
  Mixed team 1 2 .250
Total international 5 6 .454
Greece 4 4 .500
Total 9 10 .474

WeightliftingEdit

In the one handed event, weightlifters had to lift with each hand successively. Nikolopoulos was able to list 57 kilograms with one hand, but only 40 kilograms with the other. He was judged to have come in third place in the event between the silver medallist Viggo Jensen who had lifted 57 with each hand and 4th-place finisher Versis who had lifted 40 with each, but had not been able to lift 57 with either.

Lifting form was used to break ties in the two handed competition.

Lifter Event Weight Rank
Alexandros Nikolopoulos One hand lift 57.0  
Sotirios Versis 40.0 4
Sotirios Versis Two hand lift 90.0  
Georgios Papasideris 90.0 4

WrestlingEdit

Christopoulos won a battle of endurance against Momcsilló Tapavicza in the quarterfinals of the wrestling tournament. He then had to face Tsitas, who had received a bye in that round. Tsitas won, giving Christopoulos the bronze medal and a shoulder injury. Tsitas then faced Carl Schuhmann in the final. Schuhmann, having had a bye in the semifinals, took two days to defeat Tsitas, the match having to be postponed on account of darkness at the end of 40 minutes in the first day.

Wrestler Event Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Georgios Tsitas Greco-Roman Bye   Christopoulos (GRE)
W
  Schuhmann (GER)
L
 
Stephanos Christopoulos   Tapavica (HUN)
W
  Tsitas (GRE)
L
Did not advance  


Opponent nation Wins Losses Percent
Germany 0 1 .000
Hungary 1 0 1.000
Total international 1 1 .500
Greece 1 1 .500
Total 2 2 .500

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The names of 103 competitors are known. Up to 7 unknown swimmers, 22 unknown shooters, and 44 unknown gymnasts competed for a total of 176. Most historians reduce the number of swimmers to 6 unknowns, saying that two of the entries were by the same swimmer, as well as noting that the 104 known competitors include three gymnasts who probably were among the 44 unnamed competitors in the team event. These two changes reduce the total competitors to 172. A comparison of Mallon's tables of multiple-event athletes indicates that he believes 3 of the unknown gymnasts also competed in other sports, reducing the number further to 169, which is the number he uses for Greece, Smyrna and Cyprus.

ReferencesEdit

  • Lampros, S.P.; Polites, N.G.; De Coubertin, Pierre; Philemon, P.J.; Anninos, C. (1897). The Olympic Games: BC 776 – AD 1896. Athens: Charles Beck. (Digitally available at [1])
  • Mallon, Bill; Widlund, Ture (1998). The 1896 Olympic Games. Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0379-9. (Excerpt available at [2])
  • Smith, Michael Llewellyn (2004). Olympics in Athens 1896. The Invention of the Modern Olympic Games. London: Profile Books. ISBN 1-86197-342-X.