France at the 1896 Summer Olympics
Twelve athletes from France competed in six sports at the 1896 Summer Olympics. France won the fourth-most gold medals with 5 and the fourth-most total medals with 11. Cycling was the sport in which the French competitors had the most success, as they completely dominated the field. The French team had 27 entries in 18 events, winning 11 medals.
|France at the|
1896 Summer Olympics
|NOC||French National Olympic and Sports Committee|
|Competitors||12 in 6 sports|
|Summer Olympics appearances (overview)|
|Other related appearances|
|1906 Intercalated Games|
|Gold||Paul Masson||Cycling||Men's 10 km||April 11|
|Men's time trial||April 11|
|Men's sprint||April 11|
|Gold||Léon Flameng||Cycling||Men's 100 km||April 8|
|Gold||Eugène-Henri Gravelotte||Fencing||Men's foil||April 7|
|Silver||Alexandre Tuffère||Athletics||Men's triple jump||April 6|
|Silver||Léon Flameng||Cycling||Men's 10 km||April 11|
|Silver||Henri Callot||Fencing||Men's foil||April 7|
|Silver||Joanni Perronet||Fencing||Men's masters foil||April 7|
|Bronze||Albin Lermusiaux||Athletics||Men's 1500 m||April 7|
|Bronze||Léon Flameng||Cycling||Men's sprint||April 11|
Results by eventEdit
The five French athletes won 2 medals between them. Tuffère appears to have entered the 100 metres but not started; some sources have André Tournois in the first heat of the 100 metres instead of Grisel. Grisel entered the triple jump, but did not start.
- Track and road events
|Adolphe Grisel||100 m||Unknown||Unknown||Did not advance|
|Adolphe Grisel||400 m||Unknown||Unknown||Did not advance|
|Frantz Reichel||Unknown||Unknown||Did not advance|
|Albin Lermusiaux||800 m||2:16.6||1 Q||DNS|
|Georges de la Nézière||Unknown||Unknown||Did not advance|
|Albin Lermusiaux||1500 m||n/a||4:37.0|
|Frantz Reichel||110 m hurdles||Unknown||3||Did not advance|
- Field events
|Adolphe Grisel||Discus throw||Unknown||5–9|
|Alexandre Tuffère||Triple jump||12.70|
|Adolphe Grisel||Long jump||5.83||5|
France dominated the cycling events, taking 4 of the 6 gold medals. Three were won by Paul Masson who won every event he entered, with Léon Flameng adding the fourth as well as a silver and a bronze. One of the two won each event that a Frenchman contested; the two gold medals won by other countries were in competitions that Masson and Flameng did not enter.
|Cyclist||Event||Time / Distance||Rank|
|Paul Masson||Time trial||24.0|
|Léon Flameng||Time trial||27.0||5|
The French fencers were held in high regard prior to the Games; Gravelotte and Callot validated those expectations in the amateur foil competition. Each went undefeated in their pool, advancing to face each other in the final. Gravelotte won the first-to-3 bout. Surprisingly, however, Perronet lost to the Greek Leonidas Pyrgos in the only match of the masters competition.
| Callot (FRA)
| Gravelote (FRA)
|Did not advance||5|
|Joanni Perronet||Masters foil||0||1||1||3||N/A|| Pyrgos (GRE)
Grisel competed in the parallel bars in the gymnastics program. The competitions had no formal scoring, the judges merely selecting the winner and runner-up. Grisel was neither in this competition.
|Adolphe Grisel||Parallel bars||Unknown||3–18|
Lermusiaux entered the military rifle event in the shooting program. His score and placing are unknown.
|Albin Lermusiaux||200 m military rifle||Unknown||Unknown||14–41|
Only the first initial and last name of the French tennis player in 1896 is known. He was defeated in the first round of the singles tournament.
|J. Defert||Singles|| Kasdaglis (GRE)
|Did not advance|
- Butler, Maynard. The Olympic Games. In Mallon & Widlund, pp. 37–41.
- Ekkehard zur Megede : The history of Olympic athletics. Volume 1: 1896-1936. Verlag Bartels & Wernitz KG, Berlin, 2nd edition 1970.
- "100 metres, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- "JEUX OLYMPIQUES" (PDF). athle.com. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- Lampros, S.P.; Polites, N.G.; De Coubertin, Pierre; Philemon, P.J.; Anninos, C. (1897). The Olympic Games: BC 776 – AD 1896. Athens: Charles Beck. (Digitally available at )
- Mallon, Bill; Widlund, Ture (1998). The 1896 Olympic Games. Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0379-9. (Excerpt available at )
- Smith, Michael Llewellyn (2004). Olympics in Athens 1896. The Invention of the Modern Olympic Games. London: Profile Books. ISBN 1-86197-342-X.