Western Bloc

The Western Bloc, also known as the Capitalist Bloc, the American Bloc,[citation needed] and the NATO Bloc,[citation needed] was a coalition of countries that were officially allied with the United States during the Cold War of 1947–1991. While the NATO member states, in Western Europe and North America, were pivotal to the bloc, it included many other countries, in the broader Asia-Pacific region, Middle East, Latin America, and Africa with histories of anti-Soviet, anti-communist and, in some cases anti-socialist, ideologies and policies. As such, the bloc was opposed to the political systems and foreign policies of communist countries, which were centered on the Soviet Union, other members of the Warsaw Pact and, usually, the People's Republic of China. The name "Western bloc" emerged in response to, and as the antithesis of, its communist counterpart: the Eastern bloc. Throughout the Cold War, the governments and the Western media were more inclined to refer to themselves as the Free World or the First World, whereas the Eastern bloc was often referred to as the "Communist World" or, less commonly, the "Second World".

The "Three Worlds" of the Cold War era, AprilAugust 1975
  First World: Western Bloc led by the USA, the UK, NATO, Japan and their allies
  Second World: Eastern Bloc led by the USSR, the Warsaw Pact, China and their allies
  Third World: Non-Aligned Movement (led by India and Yugoslavia) and other neutral countries
Political situation in Europe during the Cold War

1947–1991 Western Bloc associationsEdit

NATOEdit

* Indicates founding member state

Five EyesEdit

ANZUSEdit

Anti-Soviet communist or socialist states (until 1989)Edit

Compact of Free AssociationEdit

METO, Baghdad Pact, CENTO (until 1979)Edit

Rio TreatyEdit

SEATO (until 1977)Edit

 
Map of SEATO members in 1959, shown in blue

Middle East/North Africa RegionEdit

Asia, Southeast Asian and Oceania PartnersEdit

OthersEdit

Post-1991 Western-aligned associationsEdit

NATOEdit

* Indicates pre-1991 member state

Major non-NATO ally (MNNA)Edit

Middle Eastern PartnersEdit

Asia, South East Asian and Oceania PartnersEdit

Inter-American PartnersEdit

Quadrilateral Security DialogueEdit

OthersEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

SourcesEdit