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Boris Trajkovski GCMG (Macedonian: Борис Трајковски [ˈbɔris ˈtrajkɔfski] (listen); 25 June 1956 – 26 February 2004) was the president and Supreme Commander of the Republic of Macedonia from 1999 to 2004, when he died in a plane crash.
Trajkovski in May 2001
|2nd President of Macedonia|
19 November 1999 – 26 February 2004
|Preceded by||Kiro Gligorov|
|Succeeded by||Branko Crvenkovski|
|Born||25 June 1956|
SR Macedonia, Yugoslavia
|Died||26 February 2004 (aged 47)|
Berkovići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Trajkovski was born into a Methodist family. His father, Kiro, who died in September 2008, was a landworker who had served in the Bulgarian Army and had been imprisoned for two years for feeding prisoners of war. Trajkovski graduated in 1980 with a degree in law from the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje. He subsequently specialized in commercial and employment law and made several visits to the United States, where he studied theology to become a Methodist lay minister.
After he finished his studies, the communist government confined him for a time to a remote village because of his religious activities. There he took care of Kočani, an impoverished partly Romani congregation of the Evangelical Methodist Church of Macedonia, connected to the United Methodist Church of the U.S. Following political liberalisation in the 1980s, he went on to head the legal department of the Sloboda construction company in Skopje. He served as Methodist youth secretary in the former Yugoslavia for over 12 years. Later he was President of the Church Council of the Macedonian Evangelical Methodist Church. From 1988 he took part in the ongoing Youth Exchange programme between the Methodist Church of Macedonia and the Berkhamsted and Hemel Hempstead Methodist Circuit in England. In 1991, he studied English at a Christian Language College in Bournemouth, England.
Career in politicsEdit
Trajkovski became active in politics following Macedonia's declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in November 1991, when he joined the VMRO-DPMNE party. He played an important role in developing the party's relations with other European political parties and was appointed Chairman of the party's Foreign Relations Commission. In 1997, he became the Chief of Staff of the Mayor of Kisela Voda, a municipality in Skopje. He was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs on 21 December 1998 but served in this post for less than a year.
Largely because of his reputation as a moderate reformist, Trajkovski was selected as VMRO-DPMNE's candidate for president in the November 1999 election held to replace the outgoing president, Kiro Gligorov. In the presidential election of 14 November 1999, Trajkovski defeated Tito Petkovski by 52% to 45%. He was scheduled to take office just five days later, on 19 November, but because the results were disputed, parliamentary chairman Savo Klimovski became acting president until Petkovski's supporters lost their last appeal a month later.
Trajkovski's term was marked by tensions between ethnic Macedonians and the republic's large ethnic Albanian minority. The aftermath of the Kosovo War led to months of violent armed clashes between Macedonian security forces and Albanian rebels seeking improvements on their status as a legitimate minority and generally better economical, administrative and legal conditions. Although his powers were limited and his role largely ceremonial, he presided over a NATO-brokered peace deal in 2001 that ended the violence and prevented a full-blown civil war in Macedonia. He was seen as a moderate in the ethnic dialogue, arguing for greater inclusion of ethnic Albanians, and has been credited with being a key figure in resolving the conflict. Boris Trajkovski's friend and advisor was his chief of staff Zoran Jolevski, who was the Macedonian Ambassador in the United States of America and the negotiator of the state name in the Macedonia name dispute.
In 2002 he was made an honorary knight of the Order of St Michael and St George by HM Queen Elizabeth II.
|Date||26 February 2004 at 08:00 a.m. CET|
|Summary||Controlled flight into terrain likely caused by inclement weather|
|Site||Poplat, Berkovići Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Aircraft type||Beechcraft Super King Air 200|
|Operator||Republic of Macedonia|
Trajkovski died on 26 February 2004 in a plane crash en route to an economic conference in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The aircraft crashed in thick fog and heavy rain on a mountainside in southeastern Herzegovina, near the villages of Poplat and Vrsnik some eight miles (15 km) south-south-east of Mostar. Eight other people were also aboard but none survived the impact, which broke the aircraft into three pieces. It came down in an area that had been heavily mined during the Bosnian War of the 1990s, which significantly hampered the rescue and recovery efforts.
Although the cause of the crash is not known, it seems likely that it was the result of a controlled flight into terrain, possibly exacerbated by alleged mistakes made by the SFOR air traffic controllers at Mostar Ortiješ International Airport. The approach to the airport's Runway 34 has been criticized by pilots for being difficult to handle, and as the runway is not equipped with precision landing systems, it is especially challenging in bad weather. The crash is not the first major air accident to kill a politician in southern Herzegovina: on April 3, 1996, the United States Secretary of Commerce Ronald Brown was killed while en route from Bosnia to Croatia.
After his death there was a State Funeral in his honour and on his gravestone is the verse from the Bible "Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall be called the sons of God."
After his death his family continue his legacy through the Boris Trajkovski Foundation.
Awards and recognitionsEdit
- "Boris Trajkovski". The Telegraph. 27 February 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- "Утрински Весник". Star.utrinski.com.mk. Archived from the original on 2016-06-01. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
- "VEST - Macedonian daily newspaper". Star.vest.com.mk. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
- "I declare open the Commemorative Session on the occasion of the death of Mr. Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic North of Macedonia, who lost his life while performing his duty in an airplane accident near Mostar, together with his closest associates and the crew of the airplane" (DOC). Sobranie.mk. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
- "Утрински Весник". Star.utrinski.com.mk. Archived from the original on 2017-02-26. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boris Trajkovski.|
- Official website of the President of Macedonia
- The Boris Trajkovski International Foundation
- The Evangelical Methodist Church of Macedonia
- Ley Hill Methodist Church website – see their History page
| President of Macedonia