Branko Crvenkovski

Branko Crvenkovski (Macedonian: Бранко Црвенковски [ˈbraŋkɔ tsr̩ˈvɛŋkɔfski] (listen); born 12 October 1962) is a Macedonian politician who served as Prime Minister of Macedonia from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2002 to 2004, and as President of Macedonia from 2004 to 2009. He was also leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.

Branko Crvenkovski
Бранко Црвенковски
3rd President of Macedonia
In office
12 May 2004 – 12 May 2009
Prime MinisterRadmila Šekerinska (Acting)
Hari Kostov
Radmila Šekerinska (Acting)
Vlado Bučkovski
Nikola Gruevski
Preceded byBoris Trajkovski
Succeeded byGjorge Ivanov
2nd Prime Minister of Macedonia
In office
1 November 2002 – 12 May 2004
PresidentBoris Trajkovski
Ljupčo Jordanovski
Preceded byLjubčo Georgievski
Succeeded byRadmila Šekerinska (Acting)
In office
17 August 1992 – 30 November 1998
PresidentKiro Gligorov
Stojan Andov
Kiro Gligorov
Preceded byNikola Kljusev
Succeeded byLjubčo Georgievski
Personal details
Born (1962-10-12) 12 October 1962 (age 59)
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia
Political partySocial Democratic Union
Spouse(s)Jasna Crvenkovska
Alma materSs. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje

Background and earlier careerEdit

Crvenkovski was born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then part of Yugoslavia.[1]

In 1986 he obtained a bachelor's degree in Computer Science and Automation from the School of Electrical Engineering at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje.

He was elected member of the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia at the first multi-party elections in Yugoslavia in 1990 after serving for several years as head of department at the Semos company in Skopje. A former communist, Crvenkovski has been at the head of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia since April 1991.

Prime Minister of MacedoniaEdit

On 5 September 1992 he became Macedonia's second prime minister after its secession from Yugoslavia and continued in the post for another four years following the December 1994 elections.

He served as Prime Minister from 1992 to 1998 and from 2002 until 2004. He was most recently elected in 2002 after his Social Democratic Union of Macedonia party won parliamentary elections.

In July 1997 he ordered that Albanian flags in front of government buildings in western part of Macedonia be removed. The situation escalated with one person dead and many injured. In 2005, on his initiative, the Albanian flag was legalized.

President of MacedoniaEdit

Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, US President George W Bush, President Branko Crvenkovski and Foreign Ministry Antonio Milošoski meeting in North Macedonia on April 5, 2008
Richard Graves, Branko Crvenkovski, Gillian Milovanovic, Charles Williams, and Stephen Ziegenfuss during a ground breaking ceremony for the new U.S. embassy in Skopje, Macedonia, March 2006

He won the April 2004 presidential election against Saško Kedev and took office on 12 May 2004. He then resigned as Prime Minister.

Crvenkovski did not run for a second term in the March 2009 presidential election. Instead, he returned to his party and was elected to be the head of the party on 24 May 2009.[2]

Honours and awardsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ President of Republic of Macedonia – Branko Crvenkovski Archived 29 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Социјалдемократски Сојуз на Македонија – Претседател". Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
  3. ^ "". Archived from the original on 31 August 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  4. ^ Received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Macedonia
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Macedonia
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of Macedonia
Succeeded by