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The President of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Претседател на Република Северна Македонија; Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut) is the head of state of North Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern North Macedonia state began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The North Macedonia presidency is largely a ceremonial post and the Prime Minister of North Macedonia is the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive.

President of the Republic of
North Macedonia

Претседател на Република
Северна Македонија


Presidenti i Republikës së
Maqedonisë së Veriut
Coat of arms of the President of North Macedonia.svg
Pentarovski2019.jpg
Incumbent
Stevo Pendarovski

since 12 May 2019
ResidenceVilla Vodno[1]
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderKiro Gligorov
27 January 1991
FormationConstitution of North Macedonia
16 April 1991
Websitepretsedatel.mk

The president must be a citizen of North Macedonia, be over 40 years of age and have lived in North Macedonia for at least ten of the previous fifteen years.[2]

Electoral systemEdit

The President of North Macedonia is elected using a modified two-round system; a candidate can only be elected in the first round of voting if they receive the equivalent of over 50% of the vote from all registered voters.[3] In the second round, voter turnout must be at least 40% for the result to be deemed valid.[4]

The Constitution mandates that the President must be over 40 years of age and have lived in the country for ten of the last fifteen years.

Before 2009, the constitution required a 50% turnout in the second round. The XXXI amendment voted on 9 January 2009 by all 86 present deputies lowered it to the current 40%,[5] as the government feared the tendency of ever lower election turnout would make presidential elections frequently invalidated. In the 2009 Macedonian presidential election that followed, the turnout in the second round ended up being 42.6%.[6]

HistoryEdit

During the period of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, there was a collective presidency which was abolished in 1991. Its first president was Metodija Andonov Čento elected at the first plenary session of ASNOM, when the modern Macedonian state was formed, while the last one was Vladimir Mitkov.[7]

Following the transition from socialist system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia changed the collective leadership with a single-president post in 1991. Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on 27 January 1991.[8] On 16 April 1991 the parliament adopted a constitutional amendment removing the term "Socialist" from the official name of the country, and on 7 June of the same year, the new name Republic of Macedonia was officially established.[9] Hence Gligorov continued his function as a president of the Republic of Macedonia. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence following a referendum held on 8 September 1991. On completing his second term as head of the independent state Gligorov was succeeded by Boris Trajkovski in 1999. Following Trajkovski's death in 2004, he was succeeded by Branko Crvenkovski. Gjorge Ivanov won the 2009 presidential election and took office on 12 May 2009. He was re-elected in 2014.

List of Presidents of North MacedoniaEdit

Socialist Republic of MacedoniaEdit

Parties

  KPM/SKM   Independent

Status
  Acting President
Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political party
President of Initiatory Committee for Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation of Macedonia
1943–1944
1 Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
  1 October 1943 2 August 1944 non-party
Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation (ASNOM)
1944–1945
Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
  2 August 1944 1 January 1945 non-party
Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
1945–1953
Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
  1 January 1945 15 March 1946 non-party
Dimitar Nestorov
(1890–1968)
  16 March 1946 30 December 1946 Communist Party of Macedonia
2 Blagoja Fotev
(1900–1993)
  1947 4 January 1951 Communist Party of Macedonia
Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
  4 January 1951 1953 Communist Party of Macedonia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the People's Assembly
1953–1974
3 Dimče Stojanov
(1910–1991)
  1953 19 December 1953 League of Communists of Macedonia
4 Lazar Koliševski
(1914–2000)
  19 December 1953 26 June 1962 League of Communists of Macedonia
5 Ljupčo Arsov
(1910–1986)
  26 June 1962 24 June 1963 League of Communists of Macedonia
6 Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
  25 June 1963 12 May 1967 League of Communists of Macedonia
7 Mito Hadživasilev
(1921–1968)
  12 May 1967 1 August 1968 League of Communists of Macedonia
8 Nikola Minčev
(1915–1997)
  23 December 1968 6 May 1974 League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1991
9 Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
  6 May 1974 31 October 1979 League of Communists of Macedonia
10 Ljupčo Arsov
(1910–1986)
  31 October 1979 29 April 1982 League of Communists of Macedonia
11 Angel Čemerski
(1923–2005)
  29 April 1982 29 April 1983 League of Communists of Macedonia
12 Blagoja Taleski
(1924–2001)
  29 April 1983 29 April 1984 League of Communists of Macedonia
13 Tome Bukleski
( 1921-2018)
  29 April 1984 26 April 1985 League of Communists of Macedonia
14 Vančo Apostolski
(1925–2008)
  26 April 1985 28 April 1986 League of Communists of Macedonia
Mateja Matevski
(1929–2018)
  28 April 1986 30 April 1986 League of Communists of Macedonia
15 Dragoljub Stavrev
(1932–2003)
  30 April 1986 May 1988 League of Communists of Macedonia
16 Jezdimir Bogdanski
(1930–2007)
  May 1988 28 April 1990 League of Communists of Macedonia
17 Vladimir Mitkov
(born 1931)
  28 April 1990 27 January 1991 League of Communists of Macedonia
18 Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
  27 January 1991 18 September 1991 League of Communists of Macedonia

Republic of North MacedoniaEdit

Parties

  LPM   DA   VMRO–DPMNE   SDSM   Independent

Status
  Acting president
Name
(Birth – death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political affiliation
1 Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
  1994 18 September 1991 4 October 1995 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
Stojan Andov
(born 1935)
  4 October 1995 17 November 1995 Liberal Party of Macedonia
(1) Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
  17 November 1995 19 November 1999 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
Savo Klimovski
(born 1947)
  19 November 1999 15 December 1999 Democratic Alternative
2 Boris Trajkovski
(1956–2004)
  1999 15 December 1999 26 February 2004
(Died in plane crash)
VMRO-DPMNE
Ljupčo Jordanovski
(1953–2010)
  26 February 2004 12 May 2004 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
3 Branko Crvenkovski
(born 1962)
  2004 12 May 2004 12 May 2009 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
4 Gjorge Ivanov
(born 1960)
  2009
2014
12 May 2009 12 May 2019 VMRO-DPMNE
5 Stevo Pendarovski
(born 1963)
  2019 12 May 2019 Incumbent Social Democratic Union of Macedonia

NotesEdit

Kiro Gligorov was incapacitated after an assassination attempt in 1995. Stojan Andov served as acting leader during Gligorov's incapacitation.

Latest electionEdit

2019 North Macedonian presidential election

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Blerim Reka Independent 79.888 10,60
Gordana Siljanovska-Davkova VMRO-DPMNE 318.341 42,25 377.713 44,73
Stevo Pendarovski Social Democratic Union of Macedonia 322.581 42,81 436.212 53,59
Invalid/blank votes 32.696 4,34 30.437 3,60
Total 753.520 100 844.360 100
Registered voters/turnout 1.808.131 41,67 1,808,131 46,70
Source: SEC

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "www.dnevnik.com.mk". Archived from the original on September 28, 2011.
  2. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, Article 80.
  3. ^ Polls Open in Macedonia Presidential Elections Balkan Insight, 13 April 2014
  4. ^ AMENDMENT XXXI Constitution of North Macedonia
  5. ^ "The Constitution of the Republic of North Macedonia". www.sobranie.mk.
  6. ^ Anna Fruhstorfer; Michael Hein (12 October 2016). Constitutional Politics in Central and Eastern Europe: From Post-Socialist Transition to the Reform of Political Systems. Springer. pp. 325–. ISBN 978-3-658-13762-5.
  7. ^ "Prof. Dr. Vladimir Mitkov - Faculty of Law, University of Skopje". Archived from the original on June 30, 2012.
  8. ^ Kiro Gligorov was elected as a President on 27 January 1991, when the Socialist Republic of Macedonia was still an official name of the state. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of Macedonia The Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA Archived 2008-01-25 at the Wayback Machine, see: 1991 (in Macedonian)

External linksEdit