1956 World Series
The 1956 World Series of Major League Baseball was played between the New York Yankees (representing the American League) and the defending champion Brooklyn Dodgers (representing the National League) during October 1956. The Series was a rematch of the 1955 World Series. It was the last all-New York Series until 2000; the Dodgers and the New York Giants moved to California after the 1957 season. Additionally, it was the last time a New York team represented the National League until 1969, when the New York Mets (an expansion team that debuted in 1962) delivered the biggest upset in World Series history by defeating the Baltimore Orioles in five games.
|1956 World Series|
|MVP||Don Larsen (New York)|
|Umpires||Babe Pinelli (NL), Hank Soar (AL), Dusty Boggess (NL), Larry Napp (AL), Tom Gorman (NL: outfield only), Ed Runge (AL: outfield only)|
|Hall of Famers||Yankees: Casey Stengel (mgr.), Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford, Mickey Mantle, Enos Slaughter.|
Dodgers: Walt Alston (mgr.), Roy Campanella, Don Drysdale, Sandy Koufax (dnp), Pee Wee Reese, Jackie Robinson, Duke Snider
|TV announcers||Mel Allen and Vin Scully|
|Radio announcers||Bob Wolff and Bob Neal|
The Yankees won the Series in seven games, 4–3, capturing their seventeenth championship. Brooklyn won Games 1 and 2, but New York pitchers threw five consecutive complete games (Games 3–7) to cap off the comeback. The highlight was Don Larsen's perfect game in Game 5. Larsen was named the Series MVP for his achievement. The Dodgers scored 19 runs in the first two games, but only 6 in the remaining five games, with just one in the final three games.
This was the last World Series to date not to have scheduled off days (although Game 2 was postponed a day due to rain).
As of April 2015, three original television broadcasts from this Series (Games 2 partial, Games 3 and 5) had been released on DVD.
|1||October 3||New York Yankees – 3, Brooklyn Dodgers – 6||Ebbets Field||2:32||34,479|
|2||October 5†||New York Yankees – 8, Brooklyn Dodgers – 13||Ebbets Field||3:26||36,217|
|3||October 6||Brooklyn Dodgers – 3, New York Yankees – 5||Yankee Stadium||2:17||73,977|
|4||October 7||Brooklyn Dodgers – 2, New York Yankees – 6||Yankee Stadium||2:43||69,705|
|5||October 8||Brooklyn Dodgers – 0, New York Yankees – 2||Yankee Stadium||2:06||64,519|
|6||October 9||New York Yankees – 0, Brooklyn Dodgers – 1 (10 innings)||Ebbets Field||2:37||33,224|
|7||October 10||New York Yankees – 9, Brooklyn Dodgers – 0||Ebbets Field||2:19||33,782|
†: postponed from October 4 due to rain
|WP: Sal Maglie (1–0) LP: Whitey Ford (0–1)|
NYY: Mickey Mantle (1), Billy Martin (1)
BRO: Jackie Robinson (1), Gil Hodges (1)
Three batters into the game, the Yankees led 2-0 on a Mickey Mantle home run. Brooklyn struck back with a Jackie Robinson homer in the second inning and a three-run Gil Hodges shot in the third, then won behind Sal Maglie's complete game.
|WP: Don Bessent (1–0) LP: Tom Morgan (0–1)|
NYY: Yogi Berra (1)
BRO: Duke Snider (1)
Neither starting pitcher survived the second inning, Don Newcombe giving up a Yogi Berra grand slam, and Don Larsen giving up four unearned runs. Little-known pitcher Don Bessent worked the final seven innings for the win. Larsen's next start would be somewhat better. (See Game 5.)
Game 2 set a number of peculiar records in World Series history, which are either matched or comparable with similar World Series records and performances, in limited instances:
- Game 2 is the first of only two World Series games in history in which a grand slam-hitting team failed to win the game. While the Yankees would prevail in the 1956 series, the 1988 Oakland Athletics would produce a grand slam in Game 1, lose that game, and furthermore lose that series.
- The number of Yankee runs put up in the game, 8, is the largest number of runs accumulated in a World Series game, by a team which lost the game, yet went on to win the series. This record is shared in common only with game 3 of 1947, with the Yankees repeating this unusual record here in another Yankee/Dodgers series.
- The combined run count of both teams in the game, 21, is the largest such combined run count between two teams in any one World Series game, such that the game losing team would go on to win the series, and the game winning team would go on to lose the series. The complementary record, the largest combined game run count with the game winning team being the series winning team, and the game losing team being the series losing team (and highest combined team run count ever in a World Series game) was set in 1993's game 4.
|WP: Whitey Ford (1–1) LP: Roger Craig (0–1)|
NYY: Billy Martin (2), Enos Slaughter (1)
|WP: Tom Sturdivant (1–0) LP: Carl Erskine (0–1)|
NYY: Mickey Mantle (2), Hank Bauer (1)
Hank Bauer's two-run homer in the seventh off Don Drysdale, pitching in relief, put the game away for the Yankees, who got a complete-game six-hitter from Tom Sturdivant. Mantle hit a home run off Ed Roebuck in the previous inning.
|WP: Don Larsen (1–0) LP: Sal Maglie (1–1)|
NYY: Mickey Mantle (3)
In Game 5, Larsen, working in an unusual "no-windup" style, pitched the only postseason perfect game, and the only postseason no-hitter until 2010. Of several close moments, the best remembered is Gil Hodges' fifth-inning line drive toward Yankee Stadium's famed "Death Valley" in left-center, snared by center fielder Mickey Mantle with a spectacular running catch.
A reporter asked Yankees manager Casey Stengel if this was the best game Larsen had ever pitched. Stengel diplomatically answered, "So far!" For Larsen, this was an especially satisfying performance, as he had acquired perhaps a better reputation as a night owl than as a pitcher. Stengel once said of Larsen, "The only thing he fears is sleep!" Larsen's perfect game was also the last game that umpire Babe Pinelli called behind the plate.
Sports cartoonist Willard Mullin drew an illustration of a happy Larsen painting a canvas titled The Perfect Game, observed by Mullin's classic "Brooklyn Bum." Referencing the old saw "I don't know much about art but I know what I like", the disgusted-looking Bum came up with a variation: "I don't care if it is art—I don't like it!"
|WP: Clem Labine (1–0) LP: Bob Turley (0–1)|
In a 10-inning scoreless pitching duel with both starters going all the way, Jackie Robinson's walk-off single to left in the bottom of the 10th won the game for Clem Labine and kept the Dodgers' championship hopes alive. Tough-luck loser Bob Turley gave up a 10th-inning walk to Jim Gilliam, a sacrifice bunt by Pee Wee Reese and intentional pass to Duke Snider before the decisive hit. Game 6 is one of only three games in World Series history to be held scoreless through regulation nine-inning play, the others being 1913's game 2 and 1991's game 7.
|WP: Johnny Kucks (1–0) LP: Don Newcombe (0–1)|
NYY: Yogi Berra 2 (3), Elston Howard (1), Bill Skowron (1)
Yogi Berra's two homers led New York to an unexpectedly easy title-clinching victory. Yankee pitcher Johnny Kucks struck out Jackie Robinson to end the game and the Series. It would be Robinson's final at-bat, as he retired at the season's end.
After belting the Yankee pitching staff for 19 runs and 21 hits in the first 2 games, the Dodger bats went silent in the next 5 games, scoring only 6 runs on 21 hits, batting only .142 (21-148). New York outscored Brooklyn 22-6 in Games 3-7, the Yankees winning their 17th World Series.
Composite line scoreEdit
|New York Yankees||6||6||2||6||0||5||6||1||1||0||33||58||6|
|Total attendance: 345,903 Average attendance: 49,415|
Winning player's share: $8,715 Losing player's share: $6,934
NBC televised the Series, with announcers Mel Allen (for the Yankees) and Vin Scully (for the Dodgers). In 2006, it was announced that a nearly-complete kinescope recording of the Game 5 telecast (featuring Larsen's perfect game) had been preserved and discovered by a collector. That kinescope recording aired during the MLB Network's first night on the air on January 1, 2009, supplemented with an interview of both Larsen and Yogi Berra by Bob Costas. The first inning of the telecast is still considered lost and was not aired by the MLB Network or included in a subsequent DVD release of the game.
The Mutual network aired the Series on radio, with Bob Wolff and Bob Neal announcing. This was the final World Series broadcast for Mutual, which had covered the event since 1935; NBC's radio network would gain exclusive national rights to baseball the following season.
- http://www.raresportsfilms.com/1956-world-series.html[permanent dead link]
- "1956 World Series Game 1 – New York Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1956 World Series Game 2 – New York Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1956 World Series Game 3 – Brooklyn Dodgers vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1956 World Series Game 4 – Brooklyn Dodgers vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1956 World Series Game 5 – Brooklyn Dodgers vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1956 World Series Game 6 – New York Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1956 World Series Game 7 – New York Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Nemec, David; Flatow, Scott. Great Baseball Feats, Facts and Figures (2008 ed.). New York: Penguin Group. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-451-22363-0.
- "Sal Maglie; Ann Miller; Phil Rizutto [panel]". What's My Line?. Episode 331. 7 Oct 1956. Retrieved 29 Jun 2017.
- "What's My Line? (1950-67 Daly)". Kent's Game Show Trading Page. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- 1956 World Series at WorldSeries.com (MLB.com)
- 1956 World Series at Baseball Almanac
- 1956 World Series at Baseball-Reference.com
- The 1956 Post-Season Games (box scores and play-by-play) at Retrosheet
- History of the World Series - 1956 at The SportingNews. Archived from the original on 2008.
- Kodak Presents – Baseball's 25 Greatest Moments: Don Larson's Perfect Game
- The Deadball Era Audio – Jackie Robinson drives in the winning run in Game 6
- The Deadball Era Audio – Final Out of Don Larson's Perfect Game