Trần Đại Quang

Trần Đại Quang (12 October 1956 – 21 September 2018) was a Vietnamese politician and former public security general who served as the eighth President of Vietnam from 2 April 2016 until his death in 2018. Trần Đại Quang was elected to the post by the National Assembly of Vietnam, and nominated by his predecessor Trương Tấn Sang who retired from office. Trần Đại Quang was one of the country's top leaders, along with the Communist Party General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng (the de facto leader).

Trần Đại Quang
Tran Dai Quang 20170208.jpg
8th President of Vietnam
In office
2 April 2016 – 21 September 2018
Prime MinisterNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Vice PresidentĐặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
Preceded byTrương Tấn Sang
Succeeded byĐặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh (acting)
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
President of the Vietnam Red Cross Society
In office
16 August 2017 – 21 September 2018
Preceded byTrương Tấn Sang
Succeeded byNguyễn Phú Trọng
Member of the National Assembly
In office
22 May 2016 – 21 September 2018
Preceded byTrương Tấn Sang
Succeeded byNguyễn Xuân Phúc
ConstituencyHo Chi Minh City
Minister of Public Security
In office
3 August 2011 – 8 April 2016
Prime MinisterNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Preceded byLê Hồng Anh
Succeeded byTô Lâm
Secretary of the Central Police Party Committee
In office
30 August 2011 – 4 May 2016
Preceded byLê Hồng Anh
Succeeded byTô Lâm
Head of Central Highlands Steering Committee
In office
3 August 2011 – 31 July 2016
Preceded byLê Hồng Anh
Succeeded byTô Lâm
Member of the National Assembly
In office
2011–2016
ConstituencyNinh Binh
Personal details
Born(1956-10-12)12 October 1956
Ninh Bình Province, North Vietnam
Died21 September 2018(2018-09-21) (aged 61)
Hanoi, Vietnam
Resting placeKim Sơn District, Ninh Binh[1]
Political partyCommunist Party of Vietnam (1980–2018)
Spouse(s)Nguyễn Thị Hiền
Children1
EducationUniversity of Security (BA)
Vietnam National University, Hanoi LLB)
National Academy of Public Administration, Ho Chi Minh (PhD) (LLD)
ReligiousIrreligion
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Vietnam
Branch/serviceVietnam People's Public Security insignia.svg Vietnam People's Public Security
Years of service1972–2016
RankCấp hiệu Đại tướng Công an.png Police general
AwardsRibbon jose marti.png Order of José Martí (2016)
Vietnam Military Exploit Order ribbon.png Military Exploit Order (2011)
Vietnam Fatherland Defense Order ribbon.png Fatherland Defense Order (2011)
Vietnam Feat Order ribbon.png Feat Order

Trần Đại Quang previously served as Minister of Public Security from 2011 to 2016, Vice Head of Committee on HIV / AIDS Prevention from 2011 to 2014, and President of the Viet Nam Red Cross Society from 2017 to 2018.[2] He was a member of the 12th Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in which he was ranked second, after General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng.[3]

Trần Đại Quang joined the Communist Party of Vietnam on 26 July 1980 and became officially party member on 26 July 1981.[4] And from 1997 he became a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam and a member of the Central Committee of the party.

At the 12th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam in January 2016 Trần Đại Quang was nominated President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and confirmed on 2 April 2016 by the National Assembly of Vietnam. On that day, he succeeded Trương Tấn Sang. On the same day he proposed Nguyễn Xuân Phúc as the new head of government. He died in office on 21 September 2018, from a viral disease, aged 61.[5][6]

Early lifeEdit

Trần Đại Quang was born on 12 October 1956[7] in Ninh Bình Province, in what was then the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. His father worked as a fish catcher in the river, while his mother worked as a banana seller.[8] They had six children, four of them boys. Later his father died. His mother struggled to raise the children. Trần Đại Quang helped his mother in farming. He was well known for hard work, dedication, composure and calm qualities.[9]

HonorsEdit

Personal lifeEdit

Trần Đại Quang was married to Madam Nguyễn Thị Hiền,[15][16] who performed ceremonial functions as the de facto First Lady of Vietnam.

Trần Đại Quang was the second son in the family of four brothers Vinh, Quang, Sáng, Tỏ, and two sisters. His youngest brother is Trần Quốc Tỏ, who is the party secretary (governor) for Thái Nguyên Province.[17]

DeathEdit

Trần Đại Quang died at the 108 Military Central Hospital on 21 September 2018 in Hanoi from complications of a viral disease at the age of 61 while in office.[5][6] On 27 September, a state funeral was held in Hanoi, followed by a procession to his home town in Kim Sơn District, Ninh Binh where he was buried.[1] The memorial service was attended by many Vietnamese politicians and foreign dignitaries, including:

On 29 September, the United Nations General Assembly held a minute of silence to mourn his death.[23]

Published worksEdit

  • "Cyberspace – Future and Action", 2015[24]
  • The people have the strength to protect the National Security, 2015 [25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Vietnamese bid farewell to President Tran Dai Quang – VnExpress International". VnExpress International. 28 September 2018.
  2. ^ "President of the Viet Nam Red Cross Society". Viet Nam Red Cross Society. 22 August 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. 16 August 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Tiểu sử tân Chủ tịch nước Trần Đại Quang". 2 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b "Vietnam's President Tran Dai Quang dies". Bbc.com. 21 September 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b Pearson, Khanh Vu & James (21 September 2018). "Virus kills Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang, 61". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Cậu trò nghèo trường làng thành Chủ tịch nước | Báo Giao thông". 14 November 2017. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  9. ^ "Cậu trò nghèo trường làng thành Chủ tịch nước". Báo Giao thông. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  10. ^ "General Tran Dai Quang received Fatherland Defense Order". Public Security News.
  11. ^ "General Tran Dai Quang received Military Exploit Order". Public Security News.
  12. ^ "Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung awarded the Military Exploit Order to General Tran Dai Quang in 2015". von.vn.
  13. ^ "President Tran Dai Quang received Jose Martin Order (Vietnamese)". NEWSPAPER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM.
  14. ^ "Tran Dai Quang received the order of national gold by Mr Phankham Viphavanh, Vice President of Laos". Baochinhphu.vn.
  15. ^ "Vietnam president appears in public for first time in more than a month". Reuters. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  16. ^ "Cảm động với hình ảnh phu nhân Chủ tịch nước đến với bà con vùng lũ". Dantri.com (in vi-VN). Retrieved 19 March 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  17. ^ "Ông Trần Quốc Tỏ làm Bí thư Thái Nguyên". VietNamNet. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  18. ^ "MFA Press Statement: Visit of Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for National Security Teo Chee Hean to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam for the State Funeral of Vietnam President Tran Dai Quang". www.mfa.gov.sg. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  19. ^ "Party leader hails growing Vietnam-China relations". en.nhandan.vn. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  20. ^ "Российская делегация проводила в последний путь президента Вьетнама". Дума ТВ - Парламентское телевидение ГД ФС РФ (in Russian). Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  21. ^ Михаил Мясникович рассказал об итогах визита во Вьетнам, retrieved 4 July 2021
  22. ^ Rebelde, Radio. "Secretary General of the Communist Party of Vietnam receives Cuban VP". www.radiorebelde.cu. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  23. ^ VNA (22 September 2018). "UN General Assembly hold minute's silence to remember President Tran Dai Quang". VietnamPlus. Retrieved 19 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ "Minister Tran Dai Quang publishes the book "Cyberspace – Future and Action." in 2015". Trandaiquang.org.
  25. ^ "Minister Tran Dai Quang publishes the book "The people have the strength to protect the Fatherland." in 2015". Vietnamnet.vn.
Political offices
Preceded by President of Vietnam
2016–2018
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Minister of Public Security
2011–2016
Succeeded by
Order of precedence
Preceded byas General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam Rank of the Communist Party of Vietnam
12th Politburo
Succeeded byas Prime Minister of Vietnam
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by Chair of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
2017
Succeeded by