1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1870th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 870th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 19th century, and the 1st year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1870, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1870 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1870
Ab urbe condita2623
Armenian calendar1319
Assyrian calendar6620
Baháʼí calendar26–27
Balinese saka calendar1791–1792
Bengali calendar1277
Berber calendar2820
British Regnal year33 Vict. 1 – 34 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2414
Burmese calendar1232
Byzantine calendar7378–7379
Chinese calendar己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4567 or 4360
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4568 or 4361
Coptic calendar1586–1587
Discordian calendar3036
Ethiopian calendar1862–1863
Hebrew calendar5630–5631
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1926–1927
 - Shaka Samvat1791–1792
 - Kali Yuga4970–4971
Holocene calendar11870
Igbo calendar870–871
Iranian calendar1248–1249
Islamic calendar1286–1287
Japanese calendarMeiji 3
Javanese calendar1798–1799
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4203
Minguo calendar42 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar402
Thai solar calendar2412–2413
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1996 or 1615 or 843
    — to —
(male Iron-Horse)
1997 or 1616 or 844
July 19: Start of the Franco-Prussian War

Events edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

October–December edit

Date unknown edit

Births edit

January–June edit

Ernst Barlach
Gustav Bauer
Vladimir Lenin
Franz Lehár

July–December edit

Maria Montessori
Georges Claude

Deaths edit

January–June edit

Francisco Solano López
Charles Dickens

July–December edit

Aasmund Olavsson Vinje
Alexandre Dumas, père

References edit

  1. ^ Seitsemän veljestä 150 juhlavuosi – Nurmijärvi (in Finnish)
  2. ^ García-Albarido, Francisco; Lorca, Rodrigo; Rivera, Francisco (2010). "Arquelogía histórica en el mineral de Caracoles, Región de Antofagasta, Chile (1870-1989)". Revista de Arqueología Histórica Argentina y Latinoamericana (in Spanish). 4: 169–194.
  3. ^ Bethell, Leslie, ed. (1993). Chile Since Independence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-0-521-43375-4. LCCN 92017160. OCLC 25873947.
  4. ^ "Mineral de Caracoles". Memoria Chilena (in Spanish). Biblioteca Nacional de Chile.
  5. ^ Prudencia Lizón, Ramiro (2004). "El problema marítimo boliviano". Agenda Internacional (in Spanish). XI (21): 27–45. doi:10.18800/agenda.200402.002. S2CID 258521758.
  6. ^ a b "China", in The World's Progress: A Dictionary of Dates, ed. by George P. Putnam and F. B. Perkins (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1878) p. 133.
  7. ^ Olivia B. Waxman (December 23, 2016). "The Surprising Story of Christmas in the United States". Time. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  8. ^ Ronald G. Mayer Junior (June 28, 2019). "Christmas in June". Signalsaz. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  9. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
  10. ^ Smith, Denis (2001). Civil Engineering Heritage: London and the Thames Valley. Thomas Telford. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-0-7277-2876-0.
  11. ^ West, Graham (2005). Innovation and the Rise of the Tunnelling Industry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 116–118. ISBN 978-0-521-33512-6.
  12. ^ Lengermann, Patricia M.; Niebrugge-Brantley, Jill (1998). "Marianne Weber (1870- 1954): A Woman-Centered Sociology". The Women Founders: Sociology and Social Theory, 1830-1930 : a Text/reader. Boston: McGraw-Hill. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-57766-509-0.
  13. ^ "Dickens, Charles" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  14. ^ Pages from the Goncourt Journals (2006). NYRB Classics. ISBN 159017190X.
  15. ^ "Prosper Mérimée". Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  16. ^ Douglas Munro (1978). Alexandre Dumas Père: A Bibliography of Works Translated Into English to 1910. Garland Pub. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-8240-9836-0.

Further reading edit

  • Carruth, Gorton. "1870: Publishing; arts and music; popular entertainment; architecture; theatre." The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates by Gorton Carruth, (9th ed., HarperCollins, 1993), p. 302. online

External links edit