Year 1197 (MCXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1197 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1197
Ab urbe condita1950
Armenian calendar646
Assyrian calendar5947
Balinese saka calendar1118–1119
Bengali calendar604
Berber calendar2147
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 9 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1741
Burmese calendar559
Byzantine calendar6705–6706
Chinese calendar丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
3894 or 3687
    — to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
3895 or 3688
Coptic calendar913–914
Discordian calendar2363
Ethiopian calendar1189–1190
Hebrew calendar4957–4958
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1253–1254
 - Shaka Samvat1118–1119
 - Kali Yuga4297–4298
Holocene calendar11197
Igbo calendar197–198
Iranian calendar575–576
Islamic calendar593–594
Japanese calendarKenkyū 8
Javanese calendar1104–1106
Julian calendar1197
Korean calendar3530
Minguo calendar715 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−271
Seleucid era1508/1509 AG
Thai solar calendar1739–1740
Tibetan calendar阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1323 or 942 or 170
    — to —
(female Fire-Snake)
1324 or 943 or 171

Portrait of Philip of Swabia (1177–1208)

Events edit

By place edit

Europe edit

Wales edit

Levant edit

  • September 10Henry I (or Henry II), king of Jerusalem, dies from falling out a first-floor window at his palace in Acre. His widow, Isabella I, becomes regent while the kingdom is thrown into consternation.[6]
  • September 22 – About 16,000 German crusaders reach Acre, starting the crusade of 1197. Emperor Henry VI, who planned to join the forces later on, was forced to stay behind in Sicily due to illness. On September 28 he dies at Messina. Meanwhile the crusaders manage to reconquer Sidon and Beirut but return to Germany after receiving the news of the emperor's death.

Asia edit

  • Genghis Khan (or Temüjin), with help from the Keraites, defeats the Jurchens of the Jin Dynasty. The Jin bestowed Genghis' blood brother Toghrul with the honorable title of Ong Khan, and Genghis receives the lesser title of j'aut quri. During the winter, Toghrul returns and re-establishes himself as leader of the Keraites.[7]

By topic edit

Religion edit

Births edit

Deaths edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Henry VI died in Messina, poisoned, so it was believed, by his own entourage because of his Italian policy." P. 41 in Kenneth Varty (editor), Reynard the Fox: Social Engagement and Cultural Metamorphoses in the Beast Epic from the Middle Ages to the Present (Berghahn Books, 2000). ISBN 1-57181-737-9.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 92–93. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  3. ^ Engel, Pál (2001). The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895–1526. I.B. Tauris Publishers. pp. 86–87. ISBN 1-86064-061-3.
  4. ^ Unité mixte de recherche 5648--Histoire et archéologie des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux. Pays d'Islam et monde latin, Xe-XIIIe siècle: textes et documents. Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Sulev Vahtre (2007). Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia, 2007. Printed by "Olion". Pg 21.
  6. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 78. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  7. ^ Biran, Michal (2012). Genghis Khan, p. 35. London: Oneworld Publications. ISBN 978-1-78074-204-5.
  8. ^ Kleinhenz, Christopher (August 2, 2004). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 492. ISBN 978-1-135-94880-1.