Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi

Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi (Arabic: جمال الدين الغَزْنَوي‎), was a Sunni Hanafi jurist, theologian, and Kalam scholar of the Maturidi school.[1][2][3]

Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi
جمال الدين الغَزْنَوي
TitleAl-Taj al-Hanafi
Personal
Died593 A.H. = 1196-7 A.D.
ReligionIslam
EraIslamic Golden Age
RegionGhazna (Ghaznin, Ghazni) is an important historical town of  Afghanistan
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
CreedMaturidi
Main interest(s)Aqidah, Kalam (Islamic theology), Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Usul al-Fiqh (principles of jurisprudence)
Notable work(s)Kitab Usul al-Din, Al-Hawi al-Qudsi fi Furu' al-Fiqh al-Hanafi
Muslim leader

NameEdit

Jamal al-Din Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Mahmud b. Sa'id b. Nuh al-Qabisi, widely known as al-Taj al-Hanafi, it has also been said his name was Muhammad instead of Ahmad.

BirthEdit

The date of his birth is unknown, nor are there many authentic circumstances related of his life.

LifeEdit

Not much of his early academic life is known nor documented except that many have mentioned his knowledge and his written works.

He lived in Aleppo for a period of time, and worked as a lecturer at al-Madrasa al-Nuriyya.[4]

TeachersEdit

Amongst his teachers was 'Ala' al-Din al-Kasani, author of Bada'i al-Sana'i (d. 587/1191), who died about a hundred years after Sarakhsi.

BooksEdit

Among his printed works are:[5]

  • Kitab Usul al-Din, The Book of the Principles of Religion (Islamic Theology).
  • Al-Hawi al-Qudsi fi Furu' al-Fiqh al-Hanafi, called so because written in Jerusalem (al-Quds).

and many more other works.[6]

DeathEdit

He died in 593 A.H. = 1196/7 A.D. in Aleppo, Syria.[7] And he was buried near the tomb of Prophet Ibrahim, according to Ibn al-'Adim, in his book "Bughyat al-Talab fi Tarikh Halab".[8][9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Al-Hawi al-Qudsi fi Furu' al-Fiqh al-Hanafi by Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi". Looh Press.
  2. ^ "Kitab Usul al-Din by Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi". Islam786books.
  3. ^ "80 Books on Sunni Creed according to the Hanafi Madhhab". Darul Tahqiq.
  4. ^ "Bughyat al-Talab fi Tarikh Halab: The History of Aleppo by Kamal al-Din Ibn al-'Adim". islamport.com.
  5. ^ "Kitab Usul al-Din by Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi". Islam786books.
  6. ^ "Al-Hawi al-Qudsi fi Furu' al-Fiqh al-Hanafi by Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi". Looh Press.
  7. ^ "Al-'Alam by al-Zirikli". shamela.ws.
  8. ^ "Bughyat al-Talab fi Tarikh Halab: The History of Aleppo by Kamal al-Din Ibn al-'Adim". islamport.com.
  9. ^ "Kitab Usul al-Din by Jamal al-Din al-Ghaznawi". Islam786books.com.
Muhammad (570–632 the Constitution of Medina, taught the Quran, and advised his companions
`Abd Allah bin Masud (died 650) taughtAli (607–661) fourth caliph taughtAisha, Muhammad's wife and Abu Bakr's daughter taughtAbd Allah ibn Abbas (618–687) taughtZayd ibn Thabit (610–660) taughtUmar (579–644) second caliph taughtAbu Hurairah (603–681) taught
Alqama ibn Qays (died 681) taughtHusayn ibn Ali (626–680) taughtQasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (657–725) taught and raised by AishaUrwah ibn Zubayr (died 713) taught by Aisha, he then taughtSaid ibn al-Musayyib (637–715) taughtAbdullah ibn Umar (614–693) taughtAbd Allah ibn al-Zubayr (624–692) taught by Aisha, he then taught
Ibrahim al-Nakha’i taughtAli ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin (659–712) taughtHisham ibn Urwah (667–772) taughtIbn Shihab al-Zuhri (died 741) taughtSalim ibn Abd-Allah ibn Umar taughtUmar ibn Abdul Aziz (682–720) raised and taught by Abdullah ibn Umar
Hammad bin ibi Sulman taughtMuhammad al-Baqir (676–733) taughtFarwah bint al-Qasim Jafar's mother
Abu Hanifa (699–767) wrote Al Fiqh Al Akbar and Kitab Al-Athar, jurisprudence followed by Sunni, Sunni Sufi, Barelvi, Deobandi, Zaidiyyah and originally by the Fatimid and taughtZayd ibn Ali (695–740)Ja'far bin Muhammad Al-Baqir (702–765) Muhammad and Ali's great great grand son, jurisprudence followed by Shia, he taughtMalik ibn Anas (711–795) wrote Muwatta, jurisprudence from early Medina period now mostly followed by Sunni in Africa and taughtAl-Waqidi (748–822) wrote history books like Kitab al-Tarikh wa al-Maghazi, student of Malik ibn AnasAbu Muhammad Abdullah ibn Abdul Hakam (died 829) wrote biographies and history books, student of Malik ibn Anas
Abu Yusuf (729–798) wrote Usul al-fiqhMuhammad al-Shaybani (749–805)Al-Shafi‘i (767–820) wrote Al-Risala, jurisprudence followed by Sunni and taughtIsmail ibn IbrahimAli ibn al-Madini (778–849) wrote The Book of Knowledge of the CompanionsIbn Hisham (died 833) wrote early history and As-Sirah an-Nabawiyyah, Muhammad's biography
Isma'il ibn Ja'far (719–775)Musa al-Kadhim (745–799)Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780–855) wrote Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal jurisprudence followed by Sunni and hadith booksMuhammad al-Bukhari (810–870) wrote Sahih al-Bukhari hadith booksMuslim ibn al-Hajjaj (815–875) wrote Sahih Muslim hadith booksMuhammad ibn Isa at-Tirmidhi (824–892) wrote Jami` at-Tirmidhi hadith booksAl-Baladhuri (died 892) wrote early history Futuh al-Buldan, Genealogies of the Nobles
Ibn Majah (824–887) wrote Sunan ibn Majah hadith bookAbu Dawood (817–889) wrote Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith Book
Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni (864- 941) wrote Kitab al-Kafi hadith book followed by Twelver ShiaMuhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838–923) wrote History of the Prophets and Kings, Tafsir al-TabariAbu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari (874–936) wrote Maqālāt al-islāmīyīn, Kitāb al-luma, Kitāb al-ibāna 'an usūl al-diyāna
Ibn Babawayh (923–991) wrote Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih jurisprudence followed by Twelver ShiaSharif Razi (930–977) wrote Nahj al-Balagha followed by Twelver ShiaNasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201–1274) wrote jurisprudence books followed by Ismaili and Twelver ShiaAl-Ghazali (1058–1111) wrote The Niche for Lights, The Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Alchemy of Happiness on SufismRumi (1207–1273) wrote Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi on Sufism
Key: Some of Muhammad's CompanionsKey: Taught in MedinaKey: Taught in IraqKey: Worked in SyriaKey: Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadithKey: Worked in Iran