1200s (decade)

The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

EventsEdit

1200

1201Edit

1202Edit

By areaEdit

AsiaEdit
EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

CultureEdit
ReligionEdit

1203Edit

By areaEdit

AsiaEdit
EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

MarketsEdit
  • First evidence that the Temple in London is extending loans to the king of England. The sums remain relatively small, but are often used for critical operations, such as the ransoming of the king’s soldiers captured by the French.[6]
ReligionEdit

1204Edit

 
Conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders

1205Edit

By areaEdit

AfricaEdit
  • General Muhammad al-Inti b. Abi Hafs establishes Almohad domination over the eastern parts of Ifriqiya, and enters Tripoli.[4]
AsiaEdit
EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

1206Edit

By areaEdit

AsiaEdit
EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

Arts and cultureEdit
  • Sugar, an import from the Muslim world, is mentioned for the first time in a royal English account. Almonds, cinnamon, ginger, and nutmeg are also imported for royal banquets.[27]
EducationEdit
ReligionEdit
TechnicsEdit
  • The Arab engineer al-Jazari describes many mechanical inventions in his book (title translated to English) The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices.

1207Edit

By areaEdit

AsiaEdit
EuropeEdit


By topicEdit

MarketsEdit
  • The first documentary evidence of forced loans in Venice. This technique becomes the staple of public finance in Europe, until the 16th century.[30]
ReligionEdit

1208Edit

By areaEdit

AsiaEdit
  • April 15 – A fire breaks out in the Song Chinese capital city of Hangzhou, raging for four days and nights, destroying 58,097 houses over an area of more than 3 miles (4.8 km), killing 59 people, and an unrecorded number of other people, who are trampled while attempting to flee. The government provides temporary lodging for 5,345 people, in nearby Buddhist and Taoist monasteries. The collective victims of the disaster are given 160,000 strings of cash, along with 400 tons of rice. Some of the government officials who lost their homes take up residence in rented boathouses, on the nearby West Lake.
EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

Arts and cultureEdit

1209Edit

By areaEdit

AsiaEdit
EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

EducationEdit
MarketsEdit
  • Philippe Auguste of France grants a "conduit" to merchants going to the Champagne fairs, guaranteeing the safety of their travel, as any attempt made against them is now to be considered as a crime of lese-majesty. The decision increases again the appeal of the fairs, to merchants from Italy and the Low Countries.[34]
  • The banking firm known as the Gran Tavola is formed; most of the partners are members of the Bonsignori Family. [35]
ReligionEdit

Significant peopleEdit

Pratheesh

BirthsEdit

1200

1201

1202

1203

1204

1205

1206

1207

1208

1209

DeathsEdit

1200

1201

1202

1203

1204

1205

1206

1207

1208

1209


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Warenęi, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 64.
  2. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. pp. 122–31.
  3. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. pp. 77–78.
  4. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  5. ^ Georg Haggren; Petri Halinen; Mika Lavento; Sami Raninen ja Anna Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. p. 380.
  6. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).
  7. ^ a b Þórðarson, Sturla (2012). "The Saga of Hacon, Hacon's Son". Icelandic Sagas and Other Historical Documents Relating to the Settlements and Descents of the Northmen of the British Isles. Volume 4: The Saga of Hacon, and a Fragment of the Saga of Magnus, with Appendices. Translated by George Webbe Dasent. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 2. ISBN 9781108052498.
  8. ^ a b Saint-Guillain, Guillaume (2011). "Tales of San Marco: Venetian Historiography and Thirteenth-century Byzantine Prosopography". In Herrin, Judith; Saint-Guillain, Guillaume (eds.). Identities and Allegiances in the Eastern Mediterranean After 1204. Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 274. ISBN 9781409410980.
  9. ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2014). Faiths Across Time: 5,000 Years of Religious History. Volume 2: 500 - 1399 CE. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 798. ISBN 9781610690263.
  10. ^ Queller, Donald E.; Madden, Thomas F. (1997). The Fourth Crusade: The Conquest of Constantinople. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 195. ISBN 9780812217131.
  11. ^ Tricht, Filip Van (2011). The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228). The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies and Cultures, 400 - 1500. Translated by Peter Longbottom. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 127. ISBN 9789004203921.
  12. ^ Tricht, Filip Van (2011). The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228). Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 351. ISBN 9789004203235.
  13. ^ Finlay, George (1877). A History of Greece: From Its Conquest by the Romans to the Present Time, B.C. 146 to A.D. 1864. Volume IV: Mediaeval Greece and the empire of Trebizond, A.D. 1204-1461. Clarendon Press. p. 121.
  14. ^ Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1976). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571. Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society: 114. Volume I: The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society. p. 21. ISBN 9780871691149.
  15. ^ Ciucu, Cristina (2018). "Being Truthful to 'Reality'. Grounds of non-violence in ascetic and mystical traditions.". In Chandra, Sudhir (ed.). Violence and Non-Violence across Time: History, Religion and Culture. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 275. ISBN 9780429880933.
  16. ^ Loos, Milan (1974). Dualist Heresy in the Middle Ages. Prague: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 227. ISBN 9789024716739.
  17. ^ Orfield, Lester B. (2002). The Growth of Scandinavian Law. Union, NJ: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. p. 137. ISBN 9781584771807.
  18. ^ Kibler, William W.; Zinn, Grover A. (2016) [1995]. Routledge Revivals: Medieval France (1995): An Encyclopedia. New York and London: Taylor & Francis. p. 33. ISBN 9781351665667.
  19. ^ Jordan, Alyce A. (2016). "The St Thomas Becket Windows at Angers and Coutances: Devotion, Subversion and the Scottish Connection". In Webster, Paul; Gelin, Marie-Pierre (eds.). The Cult of St Thomas Becket in the Plantagenet World, C.1170-c.1220. Boydell & Brewer. p. 178. ISBN 9781783271610.
  20. ^ Berlis, Angela (2017). "The Power of Place: Port-Royal, a Wounded Place Transfigured". In Berlis, Angela; Korte, Anne-Marie; Biezeveld, Kune (eds.). Everyday Life and the Sacred: Re/configuring Gender Studies in Religion. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 174. ISBN 9789004353794.
  21. ^ Heyberger, Joseph (1863). Bavaria: Landes- und Volkskunde des Königreichs Bayern : mit einer Uebersichtskarte des diesseitigen Bayerns in 15 Blättern. Oberpfalz und Regensburg, Schwaben und Neuburg ; Abth. 1, Oberpfalz und Regensburg. 2,1 (in German). Munich: Cotta. p. 467.
  22. ^ Wihoda, Martin (2015). Vladislaus Henry: The Formation of Moravian Identity. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 91. ISBN 9789004303836.
  23. ^ Church, Stephen (2015). King John: England, Magna Carta and the Making of a Tyrant. Basingstoke and Oxford: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 9780230772465.
  24. ^ Farran, Sue; Örücü, Esin (2016). A Study of Mixed Legal Systems: Endangered, Entrenched or Blended. London and New York: Routledge. p. 90. ISBN 9781317186496.
  25. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 111
  26. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 130
  27. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 139
  28. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562.
  29. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 11
  30. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562.
  31. ^ Sumption, Jonathan (1978). The Albigensian Crusade. London, England: Faber. ISBN 0-571-11064-9.
  32. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 171
  33. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 141
  34. ^ Recueils de la Société Jean Bodin pour l'histoire comparative des institutions. Paris: Éditions de la Librairie encyclopedique. 1953.
  35. ^ Catoni, Giuliano. "BONSIGNORI". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Retrieved 20 December 2011.
  36. ^ Thomas, Joseph (1870). Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott and Company. p. 1166.
  37. ^ a b Wise, Leonard F.; Hansen, Mark Hillary; Egan, E. W. (2005). Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 218. ISBN 9781402725920.
  38. ^ Martin, Therese, ed. (2012). Reassessing the Roles of Women as 'Makers' of Medieval Art and Architecture (2 Vol. Set). Visualizing the Middle Ages. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 1078. ISBN 9789004185555.
  39. ^ "Latin Emperors". Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  40. ^ State, Paul F. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 30. ISBN 9780810879218.
  41. ^ Michael Dillon (1 December 2016). Encyclopedia of Chinese History. Taylor & Francis. pp. 638–. ISBN 978-1-317-81716-1.
  42. ^ Carr, John (2015). Fighting Emperors of Byzantium. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. p. 269. ISBN 9781473856400.
  43. ^ Koestler-Grack, Rachel A. (2005). Eleanor of Aquitaine: Heroine of the Middle Ages. Philadelphia, PA: Infobase Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 9781438104164.
  44. ^ Henshall, Kenneth (2013). Historical Dictionary of Japan to 1945. Lanham, Toronto, Plymouth: Scarecrow Press. p. 257. ISBN 9780810878723.
  45. ^ Jaritz, Gerhard; Szende, Katalin (2016). Medieval East Central Europe in a Comparative Perspective: From Frontier Zones to Lands in Focus. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781317212249.
  46. ^ Bartlett, Robert (2013) [2000]. England under the Norman and Angevin Kings: 1075-1225. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192547378.
  47. ^ Clancy, Tim (2017) [2004]. Bosnia & Herzegovina 5. Chalfont St Peter and Guilford: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 260. ISBN 9781784770181.
  48. ^ Seeskin, Kenneth (1991). Maimonides: A Guide for Today's Perplexed. Millburn, NJ: Behrman House, Inc. pp. xv. ISBN 9780874415094.
  49. ^ "Fujiwara Shunzei | Japanese poet and critic". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  50. ^ Laale, Hans Willer (2011). Ephesus (Ephesos): An Abbreviated History from Androclus to Constantine XI. Bloomington, IN: WestBow Press. p. 394. ISBN 9781449716189.
  51. ^ Eleyot, Lawrence (2016). Philosophy of One on the Many. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781524635817.
  52. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pierre de Castelnau" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 591.
  53. ^ Ashley, Leonard (2013). The Complete Book of Vampires. Souvenir Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780285642270.