|Ab urbe condita||1874|
|Balinese saka calendar||1042–1043|
|English Regnal year||21 Hen. 1 – 22 Hen. 1|
|Chinese calendar||庚子年 (Metal Rat)|
3817 or 3757
— to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
3818 or 3758
|- Vikram Samvat||1177–1178|
|- Shaka Samvat||1042–1043|
|- Kali Yuga||4221–4222|
|Japanese calendar||Hōan 2|
|Minguo calendar||791 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1432/1433 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1663–1664|
1247 or 866 or 94
— to —
1248 or 867 or 95
- Emperor John II (Komnenos) recovers southwestern Anatolia (modern Turkey) from the Seljuk Turks and then hastens to the Balkans, where the Pechenegs are continuing their incursions. He transfers Byzantine troops to the Danube frontier at Paristrion.
- Summer – Seljuk forces under Toghtekin make extensive raids into Galilee. King Baldwin II, in reprisal, crosses the Jordan River with a Crusader army, and ravages the countryside. He occupies and destroys a fortress that Toghtekin has built at Jerash.
- March 2 – Petronilla of Lorraine becomes regent of Holland (Low Countries) after her husband, Floris II (the Fat) dies. He is succeeded by his 6-year-old son Dirk VI (or Theodoric).
- A large rebellion takes place in Córdoba (modern Spain) against the ruling Almoravid Dynasty.
- January 24 – Adeliza of Louvain, age 17, marries King Henry I two months after the accidental death of the heir to the English throne, Henry's only legitimate son, William Adelin.
- Summer – Sultan Mahmud II of the Seljuk Empire declares a Holy War on Georgia. He sends an expedition under Ilghazi ibn Arttuq, Artukid ruler of Mardin, to invade Georgia.
- August 12 – Battle of Didgori: King David IV (the Builder) of Georgia, with a Georgian army (55,600 men), defeats the 300,000-strong Seljuk coalition forces at Mount Didgori.
- Emperor Hui Zong sends an expedition to crush the rebellion at Hangzhou (modern-day Zhejiang) in China. The rebels are defeated, their leader Fang La is captured and executed.
- Spring – Peter Abelard, a French theologian and philosopher, is condemned and charged with the heresy of Sabellius in a synod at Soissons. Abelard writes Sic et Non.
- April 22 – Antipope Gregory VIII (supported by Emperor Henry V) is arrested by papal troops at Sutri. He is taken to Rome and imprisoned in the Septizonium.
- December 25 (Christmas Day) – The Praemonstratensian Order (Norbertines) is formed, when a group of canons make solemn vows at Prémontré.
- Henry I founds Reading Abbey in England. The Cluniac Order populates the abbey.
- The third and largest church is completed at Cluny Abbey (modern France).
- L'Aumône Abbey is founded by Count Theobald IV of Blois at Loir-et-Cher.
- January 7 – Erminold, German Benedictine abbot
- January 18 – William of Champeaux, French philosopher
- February 10 – Domnall Ua Lochlainn, Irish king (b. 1048)
- March 2 – Floris II (the Fat), count of Holland (b. 1085)
- April 23 – Jón Ögmundsson, Icelandic bishop (b. 1052)
- August 7 – Ulrich I (or Udalrich), German bishop
- December 11 – Al-Afdal Shahanshah, Fatimid caliph (b. 1066)
- December 13 – Ulrich of Eppenstein, German abbot
- Abd al-Aziz ibn Mansur, Hammadid governor and ruler
- Alfanus II (or Alfano), Lombard archbishop of Salerno
- Al-Tughrai, Persian official, poet and alchemist (b. 1061)
- Bartolf Leslie (or Bartholomew), Scottish nobleman
- Fang La, Chinese rebel leader (executed in Kaifeng)
- Frederick of Liege, German prince-bishop and saint
- Lü Shinang, Chinese religious leader (Manichaean cult)
- Masud Sa'd Salman, Persian poet (approximate date)
- Muireadhach Ua Flaithbheartaigh, king of Iar Connacht
- Robert of Bounalbergo, Norman nobleman and crusader
- Zhou Bangyan, Chinese bureaucrat and ci poet (b. 1056)
- Zhou Tong, Chinese archery teacher and martial artist
- Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 128. ISBN 978-0241-29876-3.
- Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique: de l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 87.
- "History of the Norbertines and St. Norbert". Orange County, California: St Michael's Abbey. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.
- Santoro, Nicholas J. (2011). Mary In Our Life: Atlas of the Names and Titles of Mary, The Mother of Jesus, and Their Place in Marian Devotion. Bloomington: University. p. 195.