The Reginarids (or Regnarids, Regniers, Reiniers, etc.) were a family of magnates in Lower Lotharingia during the Carolingian and Ottonian period. Their modern name is derived from the personal name which many members of the family bore, and which is seen as a Leitname of the family. At least two Dukes of Lotharingia in the 10th century belonged to this family. After a period of exile and rebellion, the two brothers who returned to power founded the first dynasties of the County of Hainault and County of Louvain. The latter were ancestors of the House of Brabant, Landgraves and later Dukes of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg. The Reginarid Brabant dynasty ended in 1355, leaving its duchies to the House of Luxembourg which in turn left them to the House of Valois-Burgundy in 1383. Junior branches of the male line include the medieval male line of the English House of Percy, Earls of Northumberland, and the German House of Hesse which ruled Hesse from 1264 until 1918 and still exists today.
|House of Brabant|
Maison de Brabant
House of Hainaut, House of Louvain
|Ducal noble family|
|Country|| Holy Roman Empire|
Kingdom of France
Kingdom of England
Duchy of Brabant
|Etymology||Descendant of Reginar|
|Founder||Reginar I, Count of Hainaut|
|Current head||Donatus, Landgrave of Hesse|
|Final ruler||Joanna, Duchess of Brabant|
The first probable ancestor known with any confidence is Gilbert, Count of the Maasgau (mentioned in 841) who served King Lothair I, but defected to Lothair's half-brother Charles the Bald during the civil war of 840–843. In 846 Gilbert abducted an unnamed daughter of Lothair and married her in an attempt to force Lothair to reinstate him. Reginar, Duke of Lorraine (c. 850–916) is believed to be Gilbert's son. Following the death of Charles the Fat, the Reginarids began a long fight with the Conradines for supremacy in Lotharingia. When they triumphed, in 910, it was in electing Charles the Simple as king. It was the combined forces of Bruno I of Lorraine and the Carolingians of West Francia that finally broke the Reginarids' hold on power. In 958, Reginar III had his lands confiscated and redistributed to Gerard, Count of Metz, of the Matfridings, enemies of his family since the reign of Zwentibold.
The Reginarids were no longer a unified family by the end of the tenth century. Their descendants in Mons and Louvain continued their spirit of opposition to the king. The house also produced a queen-consort of England in the form of Adeliza of Leuven, who married Henry I of England.
- Reginar I (r. ?-898 and 908–915)
- Reginar II (r. 915-after 932)
- Reginar III (r. before 940–958)
- Reginar IV (r. 973–974)
- Reginar V (r. 1013–1039), acquired the southern part of the Brabant province around 1024
- Herman (r. 1039–1051), married Richilda, acquired Valenciennes around 1045 or 1049
- 1003–1015 : Lambert I, was the first Count of Louvain, son of Reginar III Count of Hainaut
- 1015–1038 : Henry I, (son of Lambert I)
- 1038–1040 : Otto
- 1040–1054 : Lambert II, (son of Lambert I)
- 1054–1079 : Henry II, (son of Lambert II)
- 1079–1086 : Henry III, (son of Henry II)
- Godfrey I of Leuven (1106–1129) (also known as Godfrey V), brother of Henry III, Count of Louvain
- Godfrey II of Leuven (1139–1142) (also known as Godfrey VI)
- Godfrey III of Leuven (1142–1190) (also known as Godfrey VII)
- Henry I (1190–1235); already Duke of Brabant from 1183/1184
- Henry II (1235–1248)
- Henry III (1248–1261), his younger half brother Henry I, Landgrave of Hesse inherited Hesse from his mother and became the founder of the House of Hesse
- Henry IV (1261–1267)
- Reuter, Timothy. Germany in the Early Middle Ages 800–1056. New York: Longman, 1991.
- Family tree of Reginars and Balderics: KUPPER, Jean-Louis. Annexe II. Les Régnier et les Balderic In: Liège et l’Église impériale aux XIe-XIIe siècles [en línea]. Liége: Presses universitaires de Liège, 1981 (generado el 02 julio 2017). Disponible en Internet: <http://books.openedition.org/pulg/1472>. ISBN 9782821828681. DOI: 10.4000/books.pulg.1472.